NHS Profile, Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner
Alberta
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 97,225 48,025 49,200
Canadian citizens 94,005 46,630 47,375
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,570 12,065 11,505
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,435 34,560 35,870
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,220 1,400 1,820
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 97,225 48,025 49,200
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 88,980 43,960 45,015
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,200 3,620 3,575
Before 1971 1,855 865 990
1971 to 1980 795 405 390
1981 to 1990 805 420 385
1991 to 2000 1,140 600 535
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,605 1,335 1,270
2001 to 2005 1,055 595 460
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,555 735 810
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,050 445 610
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,195 3,620 3,575
Under 5 years 1,325 660 670
5 to 14 years 1,315 675 640
15 to 24 years 1,805 930 875
25 to 44 years 2,415 1,170 1,240
45 years and over 340 185 155
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 97,225 48,025 49,200
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 88,980 43,965 45,015
Born in province of residence 59,560 29,340 30,220
Born outside province of residence 29,420 14,625 14,795
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,200 3,620 3,575
Americas 2,530 1,195 1,340
United States 1,195 480 710
Jamaica 15 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 875 495 385
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 95 40 60
El Salvador 115 70 50
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 165 85 80
Europe 3,270 1,810 1,465
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,405 790 605
Italy 45 35 0
Germany 495 260 235
Poland 120 65 60
Portugal 25 0 0
Netherlands 440 240 195
France 45 15 25
Romania 75 55 20
Russian Federation 55 20 30
Greece 10 0 0
Ukraine 95 45 50
Croatia 15 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 185 105 75
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 55 20 30
Other places of birth in Europe 200 120 85
Africa 430 200 225
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 25 15
Nigeria 60 30 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 300 130 165
Asia 915 390 525
India 170 85 90
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 170 70 100
Philippines 165 50 110
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 50 30 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 20 25
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 70 40 30
Lebanon 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 55 30 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 60 0 50
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 45 50
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 30 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 30 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,050 440 610
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,550 740 815
Americas 680 325 355
United States 385 200 180
Mexico 205 95 120
Cuba 30 0 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 0 0
Europe 400 230 170
France 0 0 0
Germany 75 50 30
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 40 25 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 215 140 80
Other places of birth in Europe 45 15 30
Africa 225 90 135
Nigeria 45 25 20
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 165 65 105
Asia 240 80 160
Philippines 95 30 65
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 35 0 20
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 55 30 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 97,225 48,025 49,200
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,600 4,225 4,375
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 15,930 7,840 8,090
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 72,695 35,960 36,735
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 97,225 48,025 49,200
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,520 1,670 1,850
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 470 250 220
Chinese 465 215 255
Black 780 380 395
Filipino 445 200 250
Latin American 490 245 245
Arab 135 85 55
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 155 80 75
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 0 0 0
Korean 100 55 45
Japanese 300 80 220
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 35 15 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 140 65 70
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 93,705 46,360 47,350
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 97,225 48,030 49,200
North American Aboriginal origins 9,975 4,940 5,030
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,555 3,750 3,810
Inuit 20 0 0
Métis 2,615 1,300 1,325
Other North American origins 24,765 12,500 12,265
Acadian 185 160 20
American 2,910 1,340 1,565
Canadian 22,875 11,560 11,310
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 77,685 37,880 39,805
British Isles origins 46,635 22,415 24,220
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 28,345 13,150 15,195
Irish 15,290 7,090 8,200
Manx 30 10 15
Scottish 19,385 9,320 10,065
Welsh 2,090 990 1,105
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,830 890 940
French origins 9,380 4,350 5,030
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 9,370 4,345 5,025
Western European origins (except French origins) 39,805 19,585 20,220
Austrian 690 330 360
Belgian 610 345 265
Dutch 4,775 2,430 2,345
Flemish 55 30 25
Frisian 70 25 40
German 35,230 17,200 18,030
Luxembourger 15 0 0
Swiss 980 520 465
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 11,720 5,450 6,270
Danish 2,800 1,350 1,455
Finnish 475 235 235
Icelandic 595 305 290
Norwegian 5,555 2,705 2,850
Swedish 2,995 1,345 1,650
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 555 195 355
Eastern European origins 16,935 8,090 8,855
Bulgarian 20 0 15
Byelorussian 25 20 0
Czech 360 160 200
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 430 250 185
Estonian 75 0 0
Hungarian 1,725 790 930
Latvian 35 25 15
Lithuanian 145 60 80
Moldovan 45 40 0
Polish 3,595 1,470 2,125
Romanian 840 350 490
Russian 6,270 3,080 3,190
Slovak 140 95 45
Ukrainian 5,970 2,785 3,190
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 3,575 1,730 1,845
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 110 60 50
Croatian 145 120 30
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 245 135 110
Italian 2,110 990 1,115
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 155 60 100
Serbian 30 15 15
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 35 25 0
Spanish 680 305 365
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 155 70 80
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 400 225 175
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 280 165 120
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 105 55 55
Caribbean origins 340 165 170
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 85 55 35
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 20 0 0
Jamaican 190 75 115
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 55 20 30
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 750 385 365
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 30 0 15
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 60 0 50
Colombian 95 35 60
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 30 15 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 10 0 10
Mexican 285 165 120
Nicaraguan 35 25 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 0 0 0
Salvadorean 145 95 50
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 15 0 10
African origins 685 310 370
Central and West African origins 90 40 50
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 70 30 30
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 140 55 85
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 0 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 140 55 80
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 160 70 85
Afrikaner 15 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 30 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 10
South African 15 0 10
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 45 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 325 155 165
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 40 15 25
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 295 150 145
Asian origins 2,775 1,260 1,515
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 510 250 265
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 125 70 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 20 0 10
Iraqi 60 30 25
Israeli 85 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 170 70 100
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 15 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 570 295 280
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 510 260 245
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 30 20 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,730 730 1,000
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 10 0 0
Chinese 660 280 375
Filipino 475 205 270
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 375 120 255
Korean 115 55 60
Laotian 35 20 15
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 40 15 30
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 75 50 30
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 10 10
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 15 0 10
Oceania origins 265 145 120
Australian 195 95 95
New Zealander 25 15 10
Pacific Islands origins 50 30 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 20 10 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 20 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 97,225 48,030 49,200
Buddhist 255 110 140
Christian 69,965 33,195 36,770
Anglican 3,510 1,555 1,955
Baptist 1,450 625 825
Catholic 20,805 10,115 10,690
Christian Orthodox 260 130 130
Lutheran 5,940 2,585 3,360
Pentecostal 2,135 970 1,160
Presbyterian 960 455 505
United Church 9,315 4,095 5,225
Other Christian 25,590 12,660 12,925
Hindu 40 15 20
Jewish 85 40 40
Muslim 435 240 190
Sikh 205 105 95
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,180 620 560
Other religions 220 130 90
No religious affiliation 24,845 13,565 11,280
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 97,225 48,025 49,200
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 8,670 4,170 4,500
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,230 2,950 3,275
Métis single identity 2,285 1,135 1,150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 20 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 70 45 15
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 70 35 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 88,555 43,855 44,705
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 97,225 48,030 49,195
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 5,870 2,895 2,970
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 91,360 45,135 46,225
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 97,225 48,030 49,200
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 9,970 4,940 5,035
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,555 3,750 3,805
Métis ancestry 2,620 1,295 1,320
Inuit ancestry 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 87,255 43,085 44,170
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 10,930 5,600 5,335
Aboriginal languages 2,070 925 1,145
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 1,850 910 940
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 195 0 190
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 130 0 130
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 10 0 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,865 4,680 4,185
Italian 110 70 45
Portuguese 85 80 0
Romanian 30 20 0
Spanish 1,285 790 495
Dutch 495 240 255
Flemish 0 0 0
German 3,980 2,100 1,885
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 45 20 25
Norwegian 25 20 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 25 15 10
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 135 80 50
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 40 15
Czech 25 0 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 135 55 80
Russian 165 60 105
Serbian 65 40 20
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 185 90 95
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 35 25 15
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 95 35 60
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 240 130 115
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 140 85 55
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 190 100 90
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 285 165 120
Korean 100 60 40
Cantonese 70 25 45
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 60 30 30
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 80 140
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0
Vietnamese 55 30 25
Bisayan languages 30 0 30
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 355 160 195
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 25 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 60 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30
African languages, n.i.e. 35 0 35
Creoles 140 75 70
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 245 155 95
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 95,915 47,415 48,500
Non-movers 83,065 41,000 42,060
Movers 12,855 6,410 6,440
Non-migrants 7,805 3,850 3,955
Migrants 5,050 2,565 2,485
Internal migrants 4,240 2,135 2,105
Intraprovincial migrants 2,775 1,410 1,360
Interprovincial migrants 1,465 725 745
External migrants 810 425 380
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 90,370 44,550 45,820
Non-movers 53,185 26,475 26,710
Movers 37,185 18,080 19,110
Non-migrants 19,700 9,680 10,020
Migrants 17,485 8,400 9,090
Internal migrants 15,410 7,380 8,025
Intraprovincial migrants 10,665 5,010 5,660
Interprovincial migrants 4,740 2,380 2,365
External migrants 2,080 1,015 1,065
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 77,075 37,990 39,085
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,870 10,040 8,825
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 22,155 10,485 11,675
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 36,050 17,465 18,585
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,880 6,930 2,950
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,080 5,745 9,335
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,290 780 1,515
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 8,795 4,020 4,780
Bachelor's degree 6,565 2,675 3,890
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,230 1,340 890
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 51,245 25,095 26,150
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,665 4,680 3,980
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 14,105 6,815 7,290
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 28,470 13,595 14,880
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,425 5,345 2,080
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,055 4,440 7,615
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,700 630 1,065
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 7,300 3,175 4,120
Bachelor's degree 5,490 2,140 3,355
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 1,810 1,040 765
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 77,075 37,990 39,085
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,025 20,525 20,500
Education 3,265 990 2,275
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 945 420 520
Humanities 1,180 570 610
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,310 655 1,655
Business, management and public administration 7,020 1,720 5,300
Physical and life sciences and technologies 660 390 270
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 625 390 235
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,385 8,870 510
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,455 1,130 325
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,365 965 5,400
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,835 1,350 1,480
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 77,075 37,990 39,085
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,025 20,525 20,500
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 36,050 17,465 18,585
Location of study inside Canada 32,685 15,725 16,960
Same as province or territory of residence 25,625 12,210 13,415
Another province or territory 7,065 3,520 3,545
Location of study outside Canada 3,365 1,735 1,625
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,845 29,440 26,400
Single responses 55,745 29,400 26,350
English 55,545 29,320 26,220
French 60 0 50
Non-official languages 145 65 80
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 65 40 25
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 40 20 20
Multiple responses 90 40 50
English and French 15 0 0
English and non-official language 80 40 35
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,845 29,440 26,405
English 55,545 29,320 26,225
French 60 0 45
Non-official language 145 65 80
Aboriginal 25 10 10
Non-Aboriginal 120 55 65
English and French 15 0 0
English and non-official language 80 40 40
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 77,075 37,990 39,085
In the labour force 51,545 27,645 23,900
Employed 47,860 25,495 22,365
Unemployed 3,685 2,150 1,535
Not in the labour force 25,525 10,345 15,185
Participation rate 66.9 72.8 61.1
Employment rate 62.1 67.1 57.2
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.8 6.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 51,550 27,650 23,900
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 725 355 365
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,825 27,290 23,530
Employee 43,765 22,675 21,090
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,060 4,620 2,440
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 51,545 27,650 23,900
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 725 355 365
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,825 27,290 23,530
0 Management occupations 6,225 4,010 2,210
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 6,825 1,535 5,295
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,210 1,815 395
3 Health occupations 3,760 510 3,250
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,195 1,540 3,655
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,015 370 645
6 Sales and service occupations 10,750 4,065 6,680
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,740 8,975 765
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,260 2,765 490
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,840 1,700 140
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 51,545 27,645 23,900
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 725 360 365
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,820 27,290 23,530
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,305 2,285 1,015
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 3,570 3,280 290
22 Utilities 305 280 25
23 Construction 4,875 4,145 725
31-33 Manufacturing 1,995 1,495 495
41 Wholesale trade 1,370 1,085 275
44-45 Retail trade 6,025 2,760 3,260
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,275 1,720 555
51 Information and cultural industries 600 335 265
52 Finance and insurance 1,370 315 1,055
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 695 370 320
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,575 1,375 1,195
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 30 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,310 685 620
61 Educational services 3,570 1,000 2,570
62 Health care and social assistance 6,545 880 5,665
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 935 435 500
72 Accommodation and food services 3,185 1,235 1,950
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,435 1,225 1,210
91 Public administration 3,845 2,340 1,505
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 51,545 27,645 23,905
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,360 1,080 1,280
Worked in 2010 49,190 26,565 22,620
1 to 13 weeks 2,895 1,415 1,475
14 to 26 weeks 4,275 1,935 2,340
27 to 39 weeks 3,620 2,040 1,575
40 to 48 weeks 7,695 4,235 3,455
49 to 52 weeks 30,700 16,935 13,765
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.9 44.5 43.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 51,545 27,645 23,900
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,355 1,080 1,275
Worked in 2010 49,185 26,565 22,620
Worked full-time in 2010 38,515 23,295 15,215
Worked part-time in 2010 10,670 3,270 7,400
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 47,865 25,495 22,370
Worked at home 3,835 1,895 1,940
Worked outside Canada 110 75 35
No fixed workplace address 8,535 6,850 1,685
Worked at usual place 35,380 16,670 18,705
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 43,915 23,520 20,395
Car, truck or van - as a driver 37,600 20,195 17,410
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,405 1,260 1,140
Public transit 775 320 455
Walked 2,145 1,110 1,030
Bicycle 265 220 45
Other methods 725 415 315
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 43,915 23,520 20,395
Median commuting duration 15.2 15.5 10.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 43,915 23,520 20,395
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,370 8,350 3,025
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,445 11,670 12,775
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,095 3,500 4,600
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 38,525 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 34,625 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,905 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 38,525 ... ...
1960 or before 7,985 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,955 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,360 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,280 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,785 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,160 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 38,525 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,145 ... ...
5 rooms 5,370 ... ...
6 rooms 5,035 ... ...
7 rooms 5,915 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,070 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 38,525 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,570 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,335 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,540 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,075 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 38,525 ... ...
Owner 29,660 ... ...
Renter 8,340 ... ...
Band housing 530 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 38,525 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,875 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 34,655 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 38,525 ... ...
1 household maintainer 23,915 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,090 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 520 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 38,525 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,630 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,150 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,585 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,025 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,165 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,790 ... ...
75 years and over 4,180 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 38,525 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 37,930 ... ...
More than one person per room 595 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 38,525 ... ...
Suitable 37,010 ... ...
Not suitable 1,515 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 36,010 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 28,660 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,350 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 6,095 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,825 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 872 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 970 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,598 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 277,530 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 8,220 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 782 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 825 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 77,075 37,990 39,085
Without income 3,395 1,365 2,025
With income 73,680 36,625 37,055
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,850 3,955 3,895
$5,000 to $9,999 5,115 1,350 3,765
$10,000 to $14,999 6,425 2,115 4,310
$15,000 to $19,999 6,355 2,075 4,280
$20,000 to $29,999 11,575 4,945 6,635
$30,000 to $39,999 8,445 3,740 4,705
$40,000 to $49,999 7,110 3,860 3,250
$50,000 to $59,999 5,410 3,225 2,185
$60,000 to $79,999 6,595 4,580 2,015
$80,000 to $99,999 4,345 2,900 1,445
$100,000 and over 4,445 3,880 570
$100,000 to $124,999 2,365 2,030 335
$125,000 and over 2,080 1,840 235
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,534 40,075 22,579
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,940 50,027 29,970
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 77,075 37,990 39,085
Without after-tax income 3,390 1,365 2,030
With after-tax income 73,685 36,625 37,055
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,975 3,985 4,000
$5,000 to $9,999 5,185 1,390 3,795
$10,000 to $14,999 6,570 2,130 4,445
$15,000 to $19,999 7,130 2,400 4,725
$20,000 to $29,999 12,740 5,450 7,290
$30,000 to $39,999 9,955 4,820 5,135
$40,000 to $49,999 7,930 4,585 3,345
$50,000 to $59,999 4,905 3,315 1,585
$60,000 to $79,999 6,795 4,765 2,030
$80,000 to $99,999 2,535 2,055 480
$100,000 and over 1,960 1,720 235
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,452 36,122 21,561
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,219 41,895 26,633
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.0 91.6 81.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.5 78.2 68.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.2 74.3 65.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.4 3.9 2.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.6 6.6 6.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.4 5.7 5.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.1 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.0 8.4 18.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.8 3.2 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.2 2.4 4.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.1 1.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.1 4.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.8 1.5 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 16.3 11.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 83.7 88.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.1 2.3 1.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,910 15,520 10,390
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,899 56,938 39,180
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,698 65,024 44,265
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,800 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,489 ... ...
Average family income ($) 88,739 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,478 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,947 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,825 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,664 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,723 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,816 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,014 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,780 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,847 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,271 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,062 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,870 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,390 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,158 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,683 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,227 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,575 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 12,810 6,330 6,480
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,284 32,119 25,639
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,167 41,720 32,721
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,033 29,395 23,680
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,022 35,130 28,987
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 97,225 48,025 49,200
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 49,955 23,655 26,300
In bottom decile 9,210 4,510 4,695
In second decile 10,665 4,840 5,825
In third decile 11,145 5,160 5,985
In fourth decile 9,315 4,430 4,885
In fifth decile 9,615 4,705 4,915
In top half of the Canadian distribution 47,270 24,375 22,895
In sixth decile 9,340 4,665 4,675
In seventh decile 9,185 4,660 4,520
In eighth decile 9,260 4,810 4,445
In ninth decile 10,645 5,505 5,145
In top decile 8,840 4,730 4,110
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 38,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,060 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,160 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,635 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,715 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,825 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,330 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,315 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,680 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,475 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,610 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,690 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,575 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 38,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,110 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 460 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,790 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,970 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,235 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,110 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,440 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,315 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,945 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,490 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,455 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 38,530 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,524 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,386 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,470 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,445 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,685 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,149 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,996 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,129 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,573 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,840 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,131 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 88,945 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,766 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 76,151 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 92,560 45,720 46,835
Less than 18 years 22,605 11,520 11,090
Less than 6 years 7,655 3,735 3,925
18 to 64 years 57,105 27,930 29,170
65 years and over 12,845 6,270 6,580
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 11,680 5,375 6,300
Less than 18 years 3,670 1,875 1,800
Less than 6 years 1,365 715 655
18 to 64 years 6,900 3,075 3,825
65 years and over 1,105 430 680
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.6 11.8 13.5
Less than 18 years (%) 16.2 16.3 16.2
Less than 6 years (%) 17.8 19.1 16.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.0 13.1
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta (Code 48027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta

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Census data

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Census data, Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner
Alberta
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 102,850 50,520 52,330
0 to 4 years 7,145 3,705 3,440
5 to 9 years 7,015 3,520 3,495
10 to 14 years 7,140 3,525 3,610
15 to 19 years 7,025 3,620 3,405
15 years 1,475 760 710
16 years 1,485 780 705
17 years 1,430 750 680
18 years 1,320 645 670
19 years 1,325 680 645
20 to 24 years 6,350 3,215 3,140
25 to 29 years 6,675 3,300 3,375
30 to 34 years 6,635 3,260 3,380
35 to 39 years 6,230 3,125 3,110
40 to 44 years 6,210 3,085 3,125
45 to 49 years 7,170 3,510 3,660
50 to 54 years 7,735 3,825 3,910
55 to 59 years 7,000 3,465 3,530
60 to 64 years 5,595 2,685 2,915
65 to 69 years 4,280 2,030 2,255
70 to 74 years 3,455 1,655 1,805
75 to 79 years 2,865 1,355 1,505
80 to 84 years 2,220 935 1,290
85 years and over 2,090 710 1,385
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.8 36.7 38.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.3 78.7 79.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 81,550 39,765 41,790
Married or living with a common-law partner 50,155 25,080 25,075
Married (and not separated) 43,320 21,675 21,645
Living common law 6,835 3,400 3,435
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,390 14,680 16,710
Single (never legally married) 19,445 10,675 8,770
Separated 2,055 895 1,160
Divorced 5,085 2,140 2,950
Widowed 4,805 975 3,830
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 28,150 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,655 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,760 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,145 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 28,150 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 23,955 ... ...
Married couples 20,545 ... ...
Without children at home 10,370 ... ...
With children at home 10,180 ... ...
1 child 3,640 ... ...
2 children 3,865 ... ...
3 or more children 2,670 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,410 ... ...
Without children at home 1,880 ... ...
With children at home 1,525 ... ...
1 child 725 ... ...
2 children 505 ... ...
3 or more children 300 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,185 ... ...
Female parent 3,285 ... ...
1 child 1,800 ... ...
2 children 1,010 ... ...
3 or more children 475 ... ...
Male parent 910 ... ...
1 child 605 ... ...
2 children 215 ... ...
3 or more children 80 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,550 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,985 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,880 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,960 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,840 ... ...
25 years and over 1,890 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 97,245 48,055 49,190
Number of persons not in census families 14,590 7,110 7,480
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,760 830 930
Living with non-relatives only 3,065 1,750 1,320
Living alone 9,765 4,530 5,235
Number of census family persons 82,655 40,950 41,705
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,220 6,135 7,085
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,035 1,135 2,900
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 295 75 215
Living with non-relatives only 175 75 95
Living alone 3,570 985 2,585
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,185 5,000 4,185
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 38,590 ... ...
Census-family households 27,465 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,465 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,325 ... ...
Without children 11,455 ... ...
With children 10,870 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,135 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,000 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,355 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 810 ... ...
Without children 355 ... ...
With children 455 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 545 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 645 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,120 ... ...
One-person households 9,765 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,360 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 38,585 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,175 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 200 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,255 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 8,950 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,585 ... ...
Row house 1,845 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 550 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,925 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 38,585 ... ...
1 person 9,765 ... ...
2 persons 14,320 ... ...
3 persons 5,710 ... ...
4 persons 4,960 ... ...
5 persons 2,220 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,605 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,245 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,625 50,085 51,535
  Single responses  100,760 49,680 51,085
    English  87,025 43,065 43,960
    French  1,025 510 515
    Non-official languages  12,710 6,095 6,610
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 5 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 15
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,385 5,470 5,915
        African languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Afrikaans  45 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  20 15 5
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  145 85 60
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  5 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 0 15
        Bosnian  75 45 30
        Bulgarian  0 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  80 40 50
        Chinese, n.o.s.  260 130 135
        Creoles  15 10 5
        Croatian  45 25 25
        Czech  25 15 15
        Danish  35 5 25
        Dutch  460 225 235
        Estonian  0 5 5
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  7,480 3,580 3,900
        Greek  40 25 15
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  20 10 15
        Hungarian  125 75 55
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  85 45 40
        Japanese  65 25 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 10
        Korean  75 35 35
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  15 5 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  45 25 20
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 15
        Norwegian  25 10 20
        Oromo  10 0 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  80 45 35
        Pashto  5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  15 5 10
        Polish  145 70 75
        Portuguese  40 15 25
        Romanian  40 25 15
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  80 30 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  30 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Sindhi  15 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Slovak  15 10 10
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  40 15 20
        Spanish  635 315 320
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  280 115 165
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  115 50 70
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  175 75 105
        Urdu  55 25 30
        Vietnamese  65 35 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,300 620 680
  Multiple responses          860 410 450
    English and French  115 55 55
    English and non-official language  700 325 375
    French and non-official language  40 25 15
    English, French and non-official language 5 5 0
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,620 50,085 51,535
  English only 97,625 48,165 49,460
  French only 20 10 10
  English and French 3,035 1,460 1,575
  Neither English nor French 940 455 485
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,620 50,085 51,535
  English 99,820 49,190 50,630
  French 825 420 400
  English and French 60 30 25
  Neither English nor French 915 440 470
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 855 435 420
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 0.8 0.9 0.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,620 50,085 51,535
  Single responses 100,630 49,610 51,025
    English 93,475 46,120 47,355
    French 245 110 135
    Non-official languages 6,910 3,380 3,535
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,530 3,185 3,345
        African languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Afrikaans 30 15 15
        Akan (Twi) 0 5 0
        Albanian 20 15 5
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 95 55 40
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 5
        Bosnian 25 10 10
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 45 20 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 170 80 90
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 15 5 10
        Czech 0 5 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 60 35 30
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 4,895 2,355 2,535
        Greek 10 5 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 10 5 5
        Hungarian 25 15 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 10 5 10
        Japanese 20 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
        Korean 55 25 30
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 5 0 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 30 20 10
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 50 35 20
        Pashto 5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 10 0 5
        Polish 30 15 15
        Portuguese 15 5 5
        Romanian 10 5 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 20 15 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 10 5
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 40 20 20
        Spanish 365 190 175
        Swahili 5 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 125 65 60
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 110 50 60
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 0 0
        Turkish 0 0 0
        Ukrainian 5 5 5
        Urdu 30 10 20
        Vietnamese 35 15 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 385 200 185
  Multiple responses         985 475 515
    English and French 45 20 25
    English and non-official language 920 440 475
    French and non-official language 15 10 10
    English, French and non-official language 5 5 5
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,620 50,085 51,535
  None 94,510 46,670 47,840
  Single responses  7,025 3,375 3,655
    English  3,525 1,715 1,820
    French  555 245 315
    Non-official languages  2,935 1,420 1,520
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 0 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 15
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,160 1,055 1,100
        African languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  50 25 25
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Bengali  5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  15 10 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 15 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  50 30 25
        Creoles  5 0 0
        Croatian  10 10 5
        Czech  5 5 5
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  135 65 75
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  910 435 480
        Greek  20 10 10
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  25 15 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  30 20 10
        Japanese  40 20 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  0 0 0
        Polish  35 20 15
        Portuguese  20 10 10
        Romanian  15 15 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  20 10 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  0 5 0
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  280 155 125
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  120 45 70
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 5
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  30 15 15
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  25 20 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 755 355 400
  Multiple responses          85 45 45
    English and French  5 0 5
    English and non-official language  25 15 10
    French and non-official language  60 30 30
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta (Code 48027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Alberta

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner, Alberta (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Medicine Hat--Cardston--Warner (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Alberta

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census