NHS Profile, Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nanaimo--Ladysmith
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 112,445 55,015 57,435
Canadian citizens 108,680 53,270 55,405
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,865 10,480 9,380
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 88,815 42,790 46,025
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,775 1,740 2,030
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 112,445 55,015 57,435
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 95,730 47,090 48,635
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 15,965 7,550 8,420
Before 1971 6,895 3,395 3,495
1971 to 1980 2,820 1,310 1,510
1981 to 1990 1,840 805 1,040
1991 to 2000 1,910 855 1,055
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,505 1,190 1,315
2001 to 2005 1,005 450 550
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,505 745 760
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 755 375 375
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 15,970 7,550 8,415
Under 5 years 2,135 1,030 1,105
5 to 14 years 2,770 1,455 1,315
15 to 24 years 4,025 1,835 2,190
25 to 44 years 5,890 2,690 3,200
45 years and over 1,145 545 605
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 112,450 55,015 57,430
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 95,730 47,090 48,640
Born in province of residence 62,070 30,685 31,390
Born outside province of residence 33,650 16,405 17,245
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 15,965 7,550 8,415
Americas 2,155 895 1,260
United States 1,565 685 880
Jamaica 60 15 45
Guyana 20 0 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 90 30 60
Trinidad and Tobago 95 20 70
Colombia 15 0 0
El Salvador 25 0 15
Peru 40 0 35
Chile 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 190 85 105
Europe 9,405 4,695 4,715
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 5,585 2,760 2,820
Italy 150 65 80
Germany 835 425 405
Poland 215 115 95
Portugal 45 20 25
Netherlands 635 315 315
France 100 30 65
Romania 100 50 45
Russian Federation 90 0 60
Greece 55 35 20
Ukraine 45 10 35
Croatia 130 80 55
Hungary 165 110 55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 0 0
Serbia 35 0 25
Ireland, Republic of 210 80 125
Other places of birth in Europe 990 520 470
Africa 670 320 345
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 460 225 235
Nigeria 45 20 25
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 20 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 120 50 70
Asia 3,310 1,415 1,895
India 905 420 485
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 440 205 235
Philippines 415 105 310
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 120 60 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 305 160 145
Pakistan 60 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 180 85 95
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 235 85 150
Lebanon 15 0 0
Taiwan 90 40 45
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 155 40 115
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 355 165 195
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 430 220 210
Fiji 50 20 30
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 380 200 180
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 750 375 380
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,505 740 760
Americas 280 135 145
United States 185 105 80
Mexico 55 0 35
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 20 10 0
Europe 460 260 200
France 0 0 0
Germany 40 30 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 15 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 45 0 25
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 220 125 100
Other places of birth in Europe 120 75 45
Africa 95 45 50
Nigeria 35 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 20 15
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 650 290 360
Philippines 145 65 80
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 170 80 90
India 125 55 65
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 30 0 10
Taiwan 30 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 50 0 35
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 25 0 20
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 112,450 55,015 57,435
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 17,105 8,165 8,935
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 24,745 11,850 12,895
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 70,600 35,000 35,600
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 112,445 55,015 57,430
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 7,305 3,340 3,960
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,980 955 1,025
Chinese 1,770 760 1,005
Black 510 250 255
Filipino 620 235 390
Latin American 305 125 180
Arab 75 45 30
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 645 345 300
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 205 100 105
Korean 335 135 195
Japanese 495 215 280
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 200 65 135
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 165 115 55
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 105,145 51,675 53,470
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 112,445 55,015 57,430
North American Aboriginal origins 9,495 4,285 5,210
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,085 3,150 3,935
Inuit 80 45 40
Métis 2,545 1,180 1,365
Other North American origins 29,190 14,565 14,625
Acadian 120 75 45
American 2,280 1,265 1,015
Canadian 27,425 13,600 13,830
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 90 60 30
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 91,885 45,175 46,705
British Isles origins 70,110 34,620 35,490
Channel Islander 15 0 15
Cornish 25 10 10
English 44,945 22,150 22,800
Irish 21,655 10,235 11,415
Manx 45 0 35
Scottish 30,075 14,550 15,520
Welsh 4,100 1,965 2,130
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,600 1,840 1,765
French origins 12,110 5,675 6,435
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 12,090 5,660 6,425
Western European origins (except French origins) 23,470 11,415 12,050
Austrian 1,285 600 680
Belgian 715 345 365
Dutch 6,435 3,145 3,290
Flemish 175 115 65
Frisian 20 0 15
German 16,175 7,850 8,330
Luxembourger 35 20 20
Swiss 660 295 365
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 11,805 5,600 6,205
Danish 2,145 950 1,195
Finnish 1,315 590 730
Icelandic 845 450 395
Norwegian 4,815 2,415 2,395
Swedish 3,410 1,580 1,825
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 490 210 285
Eastern European origins 13,510 6,555 6,955
Bulgarian 20 0 0
Byelorussian 20 0 15
Czech 705 375 330
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 150 65 85
Estonian 105 45 55
Hungarian 1,345 645 705
Latvian 70 40 30
Lithuanian 155 65 90
Moldovan 20 0 0
Polish 3,625 1,730 1,895
Romanian 720 355 365
Russian 2,255 965 1,290
Slovak 135 50 90
Ukrainian 6,165 3,005 3,160
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 65 35 30
Southern European origins 6,515 3,240 3,270
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 410 200 215
Cypriot 25 15 0
Greek 410 175 235
Italian 4,110 2,060 2,050
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 20 0
Maltese 120 45 70
Montenegrin 15 0 0
Portuguese 360 175 180
Serbian 80 45 35
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 110 75 35
Spanish 840 385 455
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 275 150 120
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 765 300 460
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 400 145 255
Roma (Gypsy) 70 25 45
Slavic, n.o.s. 60 25 40
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 230 105 125
Caribbean origins 645 310 335
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 105 30 75
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 25 15 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 25 0 10
Jamaican 215 120 100
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 55 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 75 45 25
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 85 55 35
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 40 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 680 325 360
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 25 15 10
Argentinian 40 30 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 50 20 30
Chilean 95 35 55
Colombian 20 0 0
Costa Rican 30 0 35
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 45 40 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 25 0 20
Mexican 195 85 105
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 0
Peruvian 70 50 0
Salvadorean 30 0 20
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 780 380 400
Central and West African origins 55 20 40
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 15 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 0 20
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 50 20 30
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 45 15 30
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 405 220 185
Afrikaner 15 20 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 15 10 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 350 175 170
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 0
Other African origins 280 125 155
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 45 0 40
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 230 115 115
Asian origins 7,010 3,250 3,755
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 555 320 235
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 40 30 0
Armenian 25 20 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 265 145 115
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 80 50 30
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 45 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 75 25 50
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,085 1,020 1,060
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,865 890 970
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 10 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 105 65 0
Punjabi 90 50 45
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 15 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 20 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,390 1,930 2,460
Burmese 30 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 80 40 35
Chinese 1,920 825 1,100
Filipino 650 230 420
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 160 100 55
Japanese 630 280 350
Korean 330 135 195
Laotian 40 0 30
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 75 0 60
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 55 30 25
Thai 135 40 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 430 225 205
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 760 325 435
Australian 385 155 235
New Zealander 245 125 120
Pacific Islands origins 130 45 85
Fijian 15 0 0
Hawaiian 90 25 65
Maori 20 0 15
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 112,445 55,015 57,435
Buddhist 805 395 410
Christian 48,570 21,630 26,940
Anglican 7,890 3,305 4,590
Baptist 2,255 1,100 1,155
Catholic 12,315 5,580 6,740
Christian Orthodox 420 190 225
Lutheran 1,965 855 1,110
Pentecostal 1,830 830 995
Presbyterian 1,490 670 820
United Church 8,275 3,355 4,920
Other Christian 12,125 5,740 6,380
Hindu 295 135 165
Jewish 120 45 70
Muslim 270 155 115
Sikh 1,065 530 530
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 400 205 190
Other religions 1,270 575 695
No religious affiliation 59,650 31,345 28,305
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 112,450 55,015 57,430
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 8,020 3,670 4,350
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,380 2,425 2,955
Métis single identity 2,365 1,110 1,260
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 70 0 60
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 65 45 15
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 140 75 65
Non-Aboriginal identity 104,420 51,345 53,080
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 112,445 55,015 57,435
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 4,295 2,000 2,295
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 108,150 53,015 55,135
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 112,445 55,015 57,435
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 9,490 4,285 5,210
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,085 3,150 3,935
Métis ancestry 2,545 1,180 1,360
Inuit ancestry 80 40 40
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 102,955 50,730 52,225
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 12,680 5,820 6,860
Aboriginal languages 410 210 200
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 45 0 25
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 355 185 180
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,295 5,630 6,665
Italian 430 185 240
Portuguese 115 55 60
Romanian 85 50 35
Spanish 1,745 760 985
Dutch 770 355 415
Flemish 30 35 0
German 1,895 945 950
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 300 140 160
Norwegian 115 60 55
Swedish 130 60 70
Afrikaans 255 145 115
Gaelic languages 20 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 235 130 105
Czech 205 85 115
Macedonian 25 0 0
Polish 275 110 165
Russian 245 85 160
Serbian 90 45 45
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 20
Slovak 45 15 30
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 225 80 145
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 85 50 30
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 15 0 0
Finnish 165 60 100
Hungarian 215 110 110
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 125 95 30
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 45 25 25
Hindi 425 200 230
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,355 650 705
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 65 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 240 110 130
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 505 235 270
Korean 265 125 145
Cantonese 165 75 95
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 440 210 230
Taiwanese 55 30 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 605 255 350
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 130 50 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 50 30
Vietnamese 385 205 180
Bisayan languages 15 0 15
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 65 0 40
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 445 120 325
Akan (Twi) 25 0 25
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 20 15 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 55 95
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 20 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 310 125 185
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 111,500 54,585 56,920
Non-movers 93,795 45,905 47,890
Movers 17,710 8,680 9,030
Non-migrants 10,735 5,220 5,515
Migrants 6,970 3,460 3,510
Internal migrants 6,445 3,225 3,225
Intraprovincial migrants 5,040 2,555 2,485
Interprovincial migrants 1,410 665 735
External migrants 525 235 290
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 107,235 52,335 54,905
Non-movers 60,850 29,400 31,450
Movers 46,385 22,930 23,460
Non-migrants 25,015 12,375 12,640
Migrants 21,375 10,550 10,820
Internal migrants 19,115 9,415 9,695
Intraprovincial migrants 14,050 6,960 7,090
Interprovincial migrants 5,065 2,455 2,610
External migrants 2,260 1,140 1,120
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 96,230 46,475 49,755
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,725 8,080 7,645
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 26,975 12,615 14,355
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,530 25,775 27,755
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,940 8,780 4,165
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,640 7,405 11,235
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,815 2,235 3,580
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,130 7,350 8,780
Bachelor's degree 10,105 4,335 5,770
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,030 3,015 3,015
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 61,580 29,510 32,070
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,225 3,330 2,895
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,025 7,835 8,190
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 39,325 18,345 20,985
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,055 6,020 3,035
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,755 5,490 8,265
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,050 1,520 2,525
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,475 5,315 7,155
Bachelor's degree 8,125 3,385 4,740
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,345 1,935 2,415
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 96,230 46,475 49,755
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 42,700 20,700 22,000
Education 4,435 1,085 3,355
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,890 750 1,140
Humanities 2,505 1,075 1,430
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,300 1,575 2,730
Business, management and public administration 10,125 3,370 6,755
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,740 1,015 725
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,060 650 415
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,610 11,170 440
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,520 1,050 475
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 10,135 1,805 8,330
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,205 2,240 1,965
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 96,230 46,475 49,755
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,700 20,700 22,000
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,530 25,780 27,755
Location of study inside Canada 46,975 22,385 24,585
Same as province or territory of residence 34,480 16,175 18,305
Another province or territory 12,495 6,215 6,280
Location of study outside Canada 6,555 3,390 3,170
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,360 32,170 31,190
Single responses 63,215 32,105 31,110
English 62,875 31,990 30,885
French 185 55 130
Non-official languages 155 55 95
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 0 25
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 45 0 40
Multiple responses 145 65 75
English and French 20 0 0
English and non-official language 115 50 65
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,355 32,170 31,190
English 62,875 31,990 30,885
French 185 50 130
Non-official language 150 55 95
Aboriginal 0 0 10
Non-Aboriginal 150 55 90
English and French 20 0 0
English and non-official language 115 50 60
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 96,235 46,475 49,755
In the labour force 58,765 30,225 28,540
Employed 53,515 27,140 26,380
Unemployed 5,250 3,085 2,160
Not in the labour force 37,465 16,250 21,215
Participation rate 61.1 65.0 57.4
Employment rate 55.6 58.4 53.0
Unemployment rate 8.9 10.2 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,765 30,225 28,540
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,500 965 535
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,270 29,260 28,005
Employee 48,760 23,935 24,830
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,505 5,330 3,175
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,770 30,225 28,540
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,500 965 535
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,265 29,260 28,005
0 Management occupations 5,895 3,585 2,310
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,045 1,920 6,125
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,205 2,510 700
3 Health occupations 4,560 905 3,650
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,440 2,105 4,335
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,565 750 820
6 Sales and service occupations 15,520 6,455 9,065
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,375 8,850 525
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,425 1,135 290
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,245 1,050 195
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,765 30,230 28,540
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,500 965 535
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,265 29,260 28,005
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,560 1,190 375
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 405 330 70
22 Utilities 250 205 45
23 Construction 5,335 4,660 670
31-33 Manufacturing 2,240 1,770 470
41 Wholesale trade 1,800 1,475 325
44-45 Retail trade 8,245 3,615 4,635
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,040 2,225 815
51 Information and cultural industries 1,465 800 670
52 Finance and insurance 1,860 585 1,275
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,285 710 580
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,315 1,735 1,580
55 Management of companies and enterprises 30 0 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,445 1,405 1,035
61 Educational services 4,175 1,285 2,890
62 Health care and social assistance 7,425 1,435 6,000
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,290 720 575
72 Accommodation and food services 4,960 2,115 2,850
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,860 1,230 1,625
91 Public administration 3,265 1,755 1,505
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,765 30,225 28,540
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,550 1,870 1,675
Worked in 2010 55,215 28,355 26,865
1 to 13 weeks 3,475 1,670 1,810
14 to 26 weeks 4,850 2,400 2,450
27 to 39 weeks 4,250 2,175 2,075
40 to 48 weeks 9,585 4,850 4,730
49 to 52 weeks 33,060 17,255 15,800
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.5 43.8 43.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,765 30,230 28,540
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,550 1,875 1,675
Worked in 2010 55,215 28,355 26,865
Worked full-time in 2010 39,765 22,880 16,885
Worked part-time in 2010 15,450 5,475 9,980
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 53,520 27,140 26,380
Worked at home 4,185 2,030 2,155
Worked outside Canada 210 180 30
No fixed workplace address 8,315 6,195 2,120
Worked at usual place 40,805 18,735 22,065
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 49,125 24,930 24,190
Car, truck or van - as a driver 39,220 19,875 19,340
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,895 1,260 1,630
Public transit 1,560 700 870
Walked 3,470 1,660 1,805
Bicycle 865 690 175
Other methods 1,115 745 370
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 49,120 24,935 24,190
Median commuting duration 15.3 15.6 15.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 49,120 24,930 24,190
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,285 6,250 3,035
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 28,215 13,250 14,965
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,620 5,430 6,195
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 49,435 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 46,190 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,250 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 49,435 ... ...
1960 or before 7,775 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,185 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,015 ... ...
1991 to 2000 9,925 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,405 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,135 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 49,435 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,925 ... ...
5 rooms 8,150 ... ...
6 rooms 7,845 ... ...
7 rooms 5,935 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,585 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 49,440 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,370 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,175 ... ...
3 bedrooms 16,475 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,425 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 49,435 ... ...
Owner 37,070 ... ...
Renter 12,095 ... ...
Band housing 265 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 49,435 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 6,165 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 43,275 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 49,440 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,325 ... ...
2 household maintainers 18,775 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,335 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 49,435 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,590 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,360 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,095 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,565 ... ...
55 to 64 years 10,875 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,550 ... ...
75 years and over 6,415 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 49,435 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 49,070 ... ...
More than one person per room 365 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 49,440 ... ...
Suitable 47,710 ... ...
Not suitable 1,725 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 48,685 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 33,980 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,710 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,500 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 36,760 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 868 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,019 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,362 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 380,341 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 12,045 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 51.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 849 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 896 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 96,230 46,475 49,755
Without income 3,900 1,730 2,170
With income 92,330 44,740 47,585
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,640 3,880 4,765
$5,000 to $9,999 7,260 2,575 4,685
$10,000 to $14,999 9,655 3,880 5,770
$15,000 to $19,999 9,495 3,680 5,810
$20,000 to $29,999 14,075 5,800 8,280
$30,000 to $39,999 11,855 5,715 6,140
$40,000 to $49,999 10,160 5,190 4,970
$50,000 to $59,999 6,290 3,685 2,605
$60,000 to $79,999 7,840 4,970 2,865
$80,000 to $99,999 3,720 2,625 1,090
$100,000 and over 3,345 2,740 605
$100,000 to $124,999 1,935 1,545 390
$125,000 and over 1,405 1,190 215
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,826 34,381 23,146
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,078 41,745 28,809
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 96,230 46,480 49,755
Without after-tax income 3,910 1,730 2,180
With after-tax income 92,315 44,745 47,570
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,875 3,925 4,950
$5,000 to $9,999 7,440 2,620 4,820
$10,000 to $14,999 9,860 3,995 5,865
$15,000 to $19,999 10,015 3,985 6,030
$20,000 to $29,999 16,235 6,735 9,500
$30,000 to $39,999 14,090 6,800 7,285
$40,000 to $49,999 9,580 5,480 4,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,245 3,840 2,400
$60,000 to $79,999 6,575 4,555 2,015
$80,000 to $99,999 2,040 1,645 395
$100,000 and over 1,380 1,155 220
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,956 31,510 21,913
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,823 36,118 25,844
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.1 86.9 80.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 66.5 68.8 63.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 61.6 62.8 60.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.8 6.0 3.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.3 4.9 5.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.7 12.0 9.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.3 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.9 13.1 19.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.7 5.2 6.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.4 3.5 5.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.4 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 2.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.9 2.9 2.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.1 13.5 10.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.9 86.5 89.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.6 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 27,335 15,440 11,895
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,685 50,143 40,660
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,436 56,308 42,814
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 33,375 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,603 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,880 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,285 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,263 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 16,080 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,691 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,479 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,563 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,369 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,355 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,631 ... ...
Average family income ($) 98,006 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,992 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,978 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,845 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,222 ... ...
Average family income ($) 46,557 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,462 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 42,646 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 20,540 9,730 10,810
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,273 23,934 24,530
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,138 32,822 29,624
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,957 22,524 23,180
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,618 28,683 26,660
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 112,450 55,015 57,435
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 61,305 29,040 32,265
In bottom decile 13,255 6,565 6,695
In second decile 13,305 6,140 7,170
In third decile 11,445 5,075 6,370
In fourth decile 12,290 5,940 6,350
In fifth decile 11,010 5,325 5,685
In top half of the Canadian distribution 51,140 25,975 25,165
In sixth decile 11,220 5,590 5,630
In seventh decile 11,215 5,685 5,530
In eighth decile 10,885 5,300 5,580
In ninth decile 10,020 5,270 4,745
In top decile 7,800 4,125 3,680
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 49,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,270 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,180 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,100 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,910 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,070 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,245 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,160 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,155 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,985 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,490 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,950 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 49,440 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,285 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,200 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,165 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,080 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,560 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,045 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,670 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,890 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,085 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,015 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,480 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,965 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 49,440 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 53,927 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 65,513 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,555 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,559 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 14,250 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,506 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,164 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,827 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,152 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,190 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,943 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,211 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,639 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,660 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 110,815 54,195 56,620
Less than 18 years 19,560 10,345 9,215
Less than 6 years 6,100 3,135 2,965
18 to 64 years 70,140 33,895 36,245
65 years and over 21,115 9,955 11,160
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 18,985 9,030 9,960
Less than 18 years 4,060 2,140 1,920
Less than 6 years 1,275 660 620
18 to 64 years 12,315 5,905 6,405
65 years and over 2,615 980 1,635
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.1 16.7 17.6
Less than 18 years (%) 20.8 20.7 20.8
Less than 6 years (%) 20.9 21.1 20.9
18 to 64 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7
65 years and over (%) 12.4 9.8 14.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia (Code 59018) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nanaimo--Ladysmith
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 115,000 55,830 59,170
0 to 4 years 5,250 2,665 2,580
5 to 9 years 5,240 2,675 2,560
10 to 14 years 5,845 2,975 2,865
15 to 19 years 6,875 3,555 3,320
15 years 1,310 655 660
16 years 1,315 695 625
17 years 1,375 730 650
18 years 1,395 725 670
19 years 1,470 750 720
20 to 24 years 6,755 3,375 3,380
25 to 29 years 6,420 3,185 3,230
30 to 34 years 5,835 2,840 2,990
35 to 39 years 6,095 2,975 3,120
40 to 44 years 7,245 3,450 3,795
45 to 49 years 8,490 4,035 4,455
50 to 54 years 9,585 4,590 4,995
55 to 59 years 9,505 4,470 5,045
60 to 64 years 9,170 4,430 4,745
65 to 69 years 6,975 3,465 3,510
70 to 74 years 5,160 2,545 2,610
75 to 79 years 4,110 2,000 2,105
80 to 84 years 3,285 1,500 1,785
85 years and over 3,170 1,095 2,070
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 46.2 45.3 47.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.8 85.1 86.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 98,670 47,510 51,160
Married or living with a common-law partner 57,470 28,680 28,790
Married (and not separated) 46,815 23,365 23,455
Living common law 10,650 5,320 5,335
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 41,205 18,830 22,370
Single (never legally married) 23,615 12,975 10,635
Separated 3,015 1,310 1,710
Divorced 8,025 3,155 4,865
Widowed 6,550 1,390 5,160
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 33,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 20,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,510 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,025 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,780 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 33,650 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 28,135 ... ...
Married couples 22,840 ... ...
Without children at home 13,535 ... ...
With children at home 9,305 ... ...
1 child 3,970 ... ...
2 children 3,985 ... ...
3 or more children 1,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,290 ... ...
Without children at home 3,390 ... ...
With children at home 1,905 ... ...
1 child 915 ... ...
2 children 665 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,515 ... ...
Female parent 4,265 ... ...
1 child 2,575 ... ...
2 children 1,290 ... ...
3 or more children 400 ... ...
Male parent 1,250 ... ...
1 child 835 ... ...
2 children 340 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 27,940 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,275 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,850 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,805 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,370 ... ...
25 years and over 2,640 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.8 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 112,445 54,750 57,695
Number of persons not in census families 22,725 10,675 12,050
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,235 950 1,285
Living with non-relatives only 6,275 3,530 2,745
Living alone 14,210 6,190 8,020
Number of census family persons 89,725 44,080 45,645
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 20,875 10,005 10,870
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,570 2,070 4,495
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 630 135 495
Living with non-relatives only 490 245 245
Living alone 5,450 1,695 3,760
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,305 7,935 6,375
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 49,415 ... ...
Census-family households 32,825 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 29,600 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 25,425 ... ...
Without children 15,415 ... ...
With children 10,010 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,175 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,220 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,430 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,540 ... ...
Without children 795 ... ...
With children 745 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 885 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 790 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,590 ... ...
One-person households 14,210 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,385 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 49,415 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,440 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,115 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,675 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 14,185 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,910 ... ...
Row house 2,030 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,100 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 6,985 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 49,415 ... ...
1 person 14,210 ... ...
2 persons 19,845 ... ...
3 persons 7,075 ... ...
4 persons 5,510 ... ...
5 persons 1,915 ... ...
6 or more persons 865 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,445 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 113,755 55,340 58,410
  Single responses  112,765 54,880 57,885
    English  101,310 49,485 51,830
    French  1,565 785 775
    Non-official languages  9,885 4,605 5,275
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 15
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,620 4,490 5,135
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  90 40 50
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  0 5 0
        Arabic  115 75 35
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 10
        Bosnian  10 5 0
        Bulgarian  15 10 5
        Burmese  0 5 0
        Cantonese  210 95 110
        Chinese, n.o.s.  575 265 305
        Creoles  10 10 0
        Croatian  165 80 90
        Czech  130 65 70
        Danish  290 140 145
        Dutch  725 350 370
        Estonian  15 10 10
        Finnish  150 65 90
        Flemish  15 10 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  1,550 740 805
        Greek  100 65 40
        Gujarati  45 20 25
        Hakka  10 0 5
        Hebrew  15 15 5
        Hindi  95 45 50
        Hungarian  245 125 120
        Ilocano  15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  305 155 150
        Japanese  240 80 155
        Khmer (Cambodian)  90 45 45
        Korean  295 135 160
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 0 10
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  20 5 10
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  325 140 185
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Norwegian  105 50 55
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  965 485 480
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  105 50 55
        Polish  265 120 140
        Portuguese  100 45 55
        Romanian  50 25 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  195 75 120
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  50 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 0
        Sindhi  10 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Slovak  50 25 25
        Slovenian  25 5 15
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  440 185 255
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  105 40 60
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  390 125 270
        Taiwanese  30 15 15
        Tamil  0 0 5
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  60 10 55
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  20 15 0
        Ukrainian  215 95 115
        Urdu  30 10 20
        Vietnamese  340 155 185
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 240 105 140
  Multiple responses          990 460 525
    English and French  245 120 125
    English and non-official language  670 305 365
    French and non-official language  45 20 30
    English, French and non-official language 25 15 15
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 113,755 55,340 58,410
  English only 106,200 51,955 54,250
  French only 40 20 20
  English and French 7,120 3,220 3,900
  Neither English nor French 390 150 250
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 113,750 55,340 58,415
  English 111,840 54,445 57,400
  French 1,400 695 705
  English and French 130 65 65
  Neither English nor French 375 140 235
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,470 730 745
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.3 1.3 1.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 113,750 55,340 58,410
  Single responses 112,460 54,755 57,700
    English 109,000 53,145 55,850
    French 340 140 200
    Non-official languages 3,115 1,465 1,650
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,070 1,445 1,625
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 40 20 20
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 40 25 15
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 0 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 95 45 50
        Chinese, n.o.s. 300 150 150
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 45 20 25
        Czech 60 30 30
        Danish 15 5 5
        Dutch 80 35 40
        Estonian 0 0 5
        Finnish 15 5 10
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 145 65 80
        Greek 45 25 20
        Gujarati 10 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 45 25 20
        Hungarian 50 25 25
        Ilocano 10 10 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 45 20 25
        Japanese 65 30 35
        Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35
        Korean 195 95 100
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 225 105 120
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 600 290 310
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 45 25 25
        Polish 70 30 40
        Portuguese 25 10 15
        Romanian 10 0 5
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 75 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Serbian 15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 155 75 90
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 40 65
        Taiwanese 20 10 10
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 10 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 0 0
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 15 5 10
        Vietnamese 235 110 125
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 20 25
  Multiple responses         1,295 585 710
    English and French 100 55 45
    English and non-official language 1,165 520 645
    French and non-official language 0 0 0
    English, French and non-official language 25 10 20
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 113,755 55,345 58,410
  None 107,060 52,285 54,775
  Single responses  6,550 2,990 3,555
    English  1,545 710 835
    French  1,035 450 585
    Non-official languages  3,970 1,830 2,140
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,545 1,610 1,930
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  55 25 30
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  45 30 20
        Armenian  0 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 10
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 5 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  65 25 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  145 70 80
        Creoles  10 10 0
        Croatian  60 25 35
        Czech  40 20 20
        Danish  85 45 45
        Dutch  200 90 120
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  45 15 25
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  515 235 275
        Greek  50 30 20
        Gujarati  30 15 15
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 0
        Hindi  75 30 45
        Hungarian  75 35 45
        Ilocano  10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  105 50 55
        Japanese  155 65 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 15 5
        Korean  65 35 30
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 5 0
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  105 40 60
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Norwegian  50 20 25
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  280 140 145
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  35 15 15
        Polish  85 40 45
        Portuguese  35 20 20
        Romanian  20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  55 30 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 15
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  405 185 215
        Swahili  0 0 5
        Swedish  45 20 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  185 55 130
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  30 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 0
        Ukrainian  40 20 20
        Urdu  15 5 10
        Vietnamese  80 40 45
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 425 215 205
  Multiple responses          145 70 75
    English and French  10 5 10
    English and non-official language  25 10 10
    French and non-official language  105 50 60
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia (Code 59018) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Nanaimo--Ladysmith (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Nanaimo--Ladysmith, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Nanaimo--Ladysmith, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Nanaimo--Ladysmith (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census