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NHS Profile, South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic South Surrey--White Rock
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 91,965 43,585 48,380
Canadian citizens 86,080 41,090 44,995
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,595 7,785 7,810
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,485 33,305 37,185
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,885 2,495 3,390
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 91,965 43,590 48,375
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 67,055 32,300 34,755
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,285 11,055 13,230
Before 1971 7,330 3,370 3,955
1971 to 1980 3,715 1,715 1,995
1981 to 1990 2,635 1,215 1,420
1991 to 2000 4,235 1,875 2,360
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,370 2,870 3,500
2001 to 2005 2,845 1,345 1,505
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,525 1,525 2,000
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 630 240 390
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,280 11,055 13,230
Under 5 years 2,560 1,145 1,415
5 to 14 years 4,670 2,325 2,345
15 to 24 years 5,410 2,355 3,060
25 to 44 years 9,420 4,120 5,300
45 years and over 2,225 1,115 1,110
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 91,965 43,590 48,375
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 67,055 32,300 34,760
Born in province of residence 42,950 21,050 21,895
Born outside province of residence 24,105 11,240 12,860
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,280 11,050 13,230
Americas 2,380 1,015 1,360
United States 1,580 655 930
Jamaica 65 15 50
Guyana 35 0 35
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 110 45 65
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 30
Colombia 80 30 50
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 25 15 0
Chile 40 20 20
Other places of birth in Americas 370 205 165
Europe 10,290 4,705 5,590
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 5,025 2,265 2,760
Italy 285 180 105
Germany 1,210 545 670
Poland 365 170 195
Portugal 145 75 80
Netherlands 500 235 265
France 100 50 50
Romania 120 30 95
Russian Federation 180 80 95
Greece 50 25 20
Ukraine 295 100 195
Croatia 100 35 65
Hungary 160 70 90
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 45 45
Serbia 85 45 40
Ireland, Republic of 305 170 140
Other places of birth in Europe 1,265 580 685
Africa 765 305 455
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 40 15 25
South Africa, Republic of 385 155 235
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 150 45 100
Other places of birth in Africa 160 90 75
Asia 10,370 4,770 5,605
India 2,295 1,130 1,165
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,775 1,205 1,575
Philippines 735 310 425
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 375 175 195
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 30 20
Pakistan 115 65 50
Sri Lanka 15 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 110 70 40
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,215 520 695
Lebanon 40 0 35
Taiwan 1,910 950 960
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 20 0 0
Japan 120 35 85
Turkey 70 35 35
Other places of birth in Asia 510 210 305
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 475 255 225
Fiji 75 25 50
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 400 230 175
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 625 240 395
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,525 1,530 2,000
Americas 310 145 165
United States 195 80 115
Mexico 30 20 10
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 25 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 330 160 175
France 0 0 0
Germany 30 20 15
Poland 25 0 20
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 35 10 20
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 145 70 75
Other places of birth in Europe 80 55 30
Africa 30 10 20
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 10
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 2,825 1,210 1,615
Philippines 175 70 105
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,345 550 795
India 120 65 55
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 460 175 290
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 0 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 560 280 275
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 15 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 75 30 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 0 25
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 91,965 43,590 48,375
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,360 11,540 13,820
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 24,250 11,555 12,695
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 42,350 20,490 21,860
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 91,965 43,585 48,380
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 17,355 8,300 9,055
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,495 2,815 2,680
Chinese 6,610 3,090 3,520
Black 505 250 255
Filipino 1,240 530 705
Latin American 345 160 180
Arab 260 130 140
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 275 130 145
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 100 70 30
Korean 1,575 695 880
Japanese 480 220 265
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 140 65 75
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 335 145 180
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,610 35,290 39,320
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 91,965 43,585 48,380
North American Aboriginal origins 2,375 1,190 1,185
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,500 805 700
Inuit 20 0 20
Métis 895 405 490
Other North American origins 20,760 10,185 10,570
Acadian 125 85 40
American 1,765 810 955
Canadian 19,355 9,535 9,825
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 25 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 30 0 15
European origins 67,260 31,765 35,495
British Isles origins 46,585 21,835 24,755
Channel Islander 10 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 29,945 13,935 16,015
Irish 15,160 7,075 8,090
Manx 50 0 30
Scottish 19,385 8,875 10,505
Welsh 2,520 1,225 1,295
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,510 1,210 1,300
French origins 7,255 3,270 3,980
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 7,250 3,270 3,980
Western European origins (except French origins) 17,585 8,380 9,210
Austrian 1,080 490 590
Belgian 435 220 210
Dutch 4,125 1,985 2,140
Flemish 70 45 25
Frisian 0 0 0
German 12,880 6,185 6,685
Luxembourger 45 0 35
Swiss 810 380 425
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 7,755 3,455 4,300
Danish 1,415 590 825
Finnish 660 330 330
Icelandic 450 225 230
Norwegian 3,220 1,505 1,715
Swedish 2,495 1,020 1,475
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 205 75 125
Eastern European origins 12,415 5,870 6,545
Bulgarian 35 25 0
Byelorussian 65 35 30
Czech 400 180 220
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 235 90 145
Estonian 160 60 100
Hungarian 1,275 555 715
Latvian 135 70 65
Lithuanian 145 75 65
Moldovan 25 0 0
Polish 3,485 1,635 1,850
Romanian 580 285 290
Russian 2,655 1,375 1,285
Slovak 175 75 95
Ukrainian 5,280 2,365 2,910
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 45 25 20
Southern European origins 6,140 3,030 3,110
Albanian 30 0 0
Bosnian 65 30 35
Croatian 405 200 205
Cypriot 20 0 15
Greek 530 220 310
Italian 3,105 1,570 1,535
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 0 0
Maltese 90 30 60
Montenegrin 15 0 0
Portuguese 675 340 335
Serbian 225 85 135
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 115 65 40
Spanish 890 395 490
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 375 210 165
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,120 600 520
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 670 345 330
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 70 55 10
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 405 215 190
Caribbean origins 365 180 190
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 30 20 0
Bermudan 20 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 60 40 15
Dominican 10 0 0
Grenadian 20 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 95 30 65
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 30 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 20 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 30 0 25
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 30 0 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 730 335 395
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 45 0 40
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 30 20 20
Colombian 115 45 75
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 60 0 40
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 325 185 140
Nicaraguan 20 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 15 0 0
Peruvian 30 0 0
Salvadorean 25 20 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 805 365 445
Central and West African origins 15 0 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 60 35 30
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 30 15 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 20 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 370 195 175
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 20 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 305 145 155
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 0 0
Other African origins 370 130 240
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 20 0 10
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 350 120 230
Asian origins 16,840 7,955 8,885
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 790 395 395
Afghan 35 20 20
Arab, n.o.s. 180 75 105
Armenian 65 45 15
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 175 130 45
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 140 50 90
Palestinian 15 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 25 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 150 60 90
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 15 0
South Asian origins 5,480 2,790 2,690
Bangladeshi 20 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,940 2,515 2,420
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 15 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 240 130 105
Punjabi 585 295 290
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 15 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 75 35 35
East and Southeast Asian origins 10,685 4,815 5,870
Burmese 20 0 20
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 6,375 2,895 3,475
Filipino 1,225 530 695
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 95 50 45
Japanese 620 270 340
Korean 1,600 705 900
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 35 0 35
Mongolian 25 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 840 450 395
Thai 210 80 130
Tibetan 25 0 0
Vietnamese 75 45 30
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 0
Other Asian origins 30 20 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 30 20 0
Oceania origins 535 250 280
Australian 265 120 140
New Zealander 90 50 40
Pacific Islands origins 180 85 95
Fijian 85 45 40
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 25 0 20
Polynesian, n.o.s. 55 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 91,965 43,585 48,380
Buddhist 1,330 540 790
Christian 47,905 21,195 26,710
Anglican 6,165 2,705 3,460
Baptist 2,390 1,080 1,305
Catholic 13,895 6,320 7,580
Christian Orthodox 1,050 395 655
Lutheran 2,540 1,015 1,525
Pentecostal 815 385 425
Presbyterian 1,255 540 715
United Church 7,025 2,895 4,135
Other Christian 12,765 5,855 6,910
Hindu 485 250 225
Jewish 600 340 265
Muslim 1,035 500 540
Sikh 3,945 2,005 1,940
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 675 205 470
No religious affiliation 35,980 18,550 17,435
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 91,965 43,585 48,375
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,555 840 720
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 675 385 290
Métis single identity 740 365 375
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 60 0 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 10 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 75 55 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 90,405 42,750 47,660
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 91,965 43,585 48,380
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 360 195 165
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 91,600 43,390 48,210
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 91,965 43,585 48,375
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,380 1,195 1,190
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,500 805 700
Métis ancestry 900 405 490
Inuit ancestry 20 0 25
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 89,590 42,395 47,190
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 23,290 10,575 12,720
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,275 10,575 12,705
Italian 675 360 315
Portuguese 360 210 150
Romanian 120 30 90
Spanish 1,905 850 1,055
Dutch 845 410 440
Flemish 45 40 0
German 2,700 1,220 1,475
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 415 180 235
Norwegian 170 50 120
Swedish 225 65 165
Afrikaans 295 150 145
Gaelic languages 10 0 0
Bosnian 45 25 20
Bulgarian 20 15 0
Croatian 170 60 105
Czech 110 45 65
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 465 175 285
Russian 615 285 335
Serbian 230 100 130
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 45 25 20
Slovenian 50 30 20
Ukrainian 415 160 260
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 145 55 90
Armenian 15 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 55 0 40
Finnish 150 75 70
Hungarian 245 75 170
Turkish 95 35 55
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 125 50 75
Hebrew 45 25 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 125 60 65
Hindi 775 355 420
Konkani 10 0 10
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 3,890 1,970 1,920
Sindhi 55 20 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 245 115 130
Nepali 25 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 25 15 0
Persian (Farsi) 185 130 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 15 0 0
Malayalam 20 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 15 0 0
Japanese 365 125 240
Korean 1,525 670 855
Cantonese 675 240 435
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 3,400 1,530 1,875
Taiwanese 255 110 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,040 955 1,090
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 125 40 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 45 25 20
Bisayan languages 45 0 35
Ilocano 20 0 0
Malay 55 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 800 285 510
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 80 40 35
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 250 110 140
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 91,370 43,245 48,125
Non-movers 78,580 37,320 41,255
Movers 12,795 5,920 6,870
Non-migrants 6,180 2,845 3,335
Migrants 6,610 3,080 3,535
Internal migrants 5,475 2,520 2,950
Intraprovincial migrants 4,710 2,155 2,555
Interprovincial migrants 765 365 400
External migrants 1,140 560 580
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 88,225 41,700 46,530
Non-movers 51,015 23,965 27,050
Movers 37,205 17,730 19,475
Non-migrants 18,285 8,685 9,600
Migrants 18,925 9,045 9,880
Internal migrants 15,435 7,480 7,950
Intraprovincial migrants 12,540 6,055 6,480
Interprovincial migrants 2,895 1,425 1,470
External migrants 3,490 1,560 1,925
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 78,705 37,060 41,645
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,155 4,475 4,685
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,125 9,215 11,915
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 48,425 23,375 25,050
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,040 4,725 2,315
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,425 6,220 9,210
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,325 2,085 3,240
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,640 10,345 10,295
Bachelor's degree 11,920 5,720 6,200
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,715 4,625 4,090
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 48,805 22,850 25,950
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,220 1,175 1,040
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,455 5,160 6,290
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,135 16,515 18,620
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,395 3,085 1,315
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,935 4,415 6,525
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,535 1,360 2,180
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,265 7,665 8,605
Bachelor's degree 9,525 4,330 5,195
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,740 3,330 3,410
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 78,705 37,060 41,645
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 30,280 13,685 16,600
Education 4,735 1,175 3,565
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,940 785 1,155
Humanities 2,890 1,010 1,880
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,260 2,040 3,220
Business, management and public administration 11,545 5,185 6,355
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,795 945 850
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,400 915 485
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,630 8,020 605
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 940 630 305
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,115 1,510 5,605
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,170 1,145 1,025
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 78,710 37,060 41,645
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 30,285 13,685 16,595
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 48,420 23,375 25,050
Location of study inside Canada 37,800 18,175 19,635
Same as province or territory of residence 28,105 13,385 14,715
Another province or territory 9,705 4,785 4,915
Location of study outside Canada 10,620 5,200 5,420
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,265 26,220 25,045
Single responses 50,875 26,055 24,820
English 49,560 25,355 24,210
French 105 25 85
Non-official languages 1,210 675 530
Chinese, n.o.s. 335 190 140
Cantonese 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 185 120 65
Mandarin 425 245 185
Spanish 35 15 20
Korean 95 40 50
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 105 55 50
Multiple responses 390 165 225
English and French 80 20 60
English and non-official language 310 145 165
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,265 26,225 25,045
English 49,565 25,355 24,210
French 100 25 80
Non-official language 1,205 680 530
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,210 680 530
English and French 75 20 55
English and non-official language 310 145 165
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 78,705 37,060 41,650
In the labour force 47,150 24,325 22,825
Employed 44,375 22,930 21,450
Unemployed 2,770 1,395 1,375
Not in the labour force 31,560 12,735 18,820
Participation rate 59.9 65.6 54.8
Employment rate 56.4 61.9 51.5
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.7 6.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 47,150 24,325 22,825
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 785 380 405
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,370 23,950 22,420
Employee 38,110 18,820 19,290
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,255 5,130 3,125
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 47,150 24,325 22,820
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 780 380 400
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,365 23,950 22,420
0 Management occupations 7,670 5,110 2,560
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,305 2,570 5,735
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,125 2,680 450
3 Health occupations 3,150 765 2,380
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,115 2,035 4,075
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,870 770 1,095
6 Sales and service occupations 9,820 4,330 5,495
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,775 4,545 230
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 795 575 220
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 740 565 175
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 47,150 24,325 22,825
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 780 375 400
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,370 23,945 22,420
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 690 450 235
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 170 145 20
22 Utilities 310 230 85
23 Construction 3,760 3,235 525
31-33 Manufacturing 2,660 1,970 690
41 Wholesale trade 2,315 1,630 685
44-45 Retail trade 4,920 2,345 2,575
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,655 1,930 730
51 Information and cultural industries 980 640 340
52 Finance and insurance 2,285 970 1,310
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,635 860 770
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,255 2,415 1,840
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 75 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,745 875 870
61 Educational services 4,080 1,105 2,975
62 Health care and social assistance 4,830 1,025 3,805
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,245 670 570
72 Accommodation and food services 2,805 1,215 1,590
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,895 730 1,160
91 Public administration 3,015 1,425 1,590
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 47,150 24,325 22,825
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,215 940 1,275
Worked in 2010 44,935 23,385 21,550
1 to 13 weeks 2,140 1,145 995
14 to 26 weeks 3,530 1,695 1,835
27 to 39 weeks 2,860 1,395 1,465
40 to 48 weeks 8,110 4,075 4,030
49 to 52 weeks 28,305 15,080 13,225
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.0 44.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 47,150 24,325 22,825
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,210 940 1,275
Worked in 2010 44,935 23,385 21,545
Worked full-time in 2010 33,445 19,585 13,860
Worked part-time in 2010 11,490 3,805 7,690
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,380 22,930 21,450
Worked at home 5,200 2,615 2,590
Worked outside Canada 435 315 120
No fixed workplace address 5,995 4,090 1,900
Worked at usual place 32,750 15,910 16,840
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 38,740 20,000 18,740
Car, truck or van - as a driver 31,625 16,860 14,765
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,900 820 1,080
Public transit 2,745 1,165 1,585
Walked 1,650 690 960
Bicycle 260 150 105
Other methods 560 310 250
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 38,740 20,000 18,745
Median commuting duration 26.0 30.3 20.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 38,740 20,000 18,745
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,410 5,995 3,420
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 21,325 10,265 11,060
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,000 3,735 4,260
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 38,455 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 36,855 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,595 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 38,455 ... ...
1960 or before 3,075 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,655 ... ...
1981 to 1990 10,230 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,910 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,020 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,565 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 38,455 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,050 ... ...
5 rooms 5,190 ... ...
6 rooms 5,015 ... ...
7 rooms 4,345 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,855 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 38,455 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,890 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,925 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,405 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,235 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 38,455 ... ...
Owner 31,155 ... ...
Renter 7,300 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 38,455 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 11,690 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 26,765 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 38,455 ... ...
1 household maintainer 22,475 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,360 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 620 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 38,455 ... ...
Under 25 years 390 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,765 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,575 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,400 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,765 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,390 ... ...
75 years and over 6,170 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 38,450 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,085 ... ...
More than one person per room 370 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 38,455 ... ...
Suitable 37,180 ... ...
Not suitable 1,275 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 38,180 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 28,435 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,750 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,690 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,975 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 51.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 21.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 966 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,344 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 648,929 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 716,174 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 7,280 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 944 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,121 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 78,710 37,060 41,650
Without income 3,475 1,525 1,950
With income 75,230 35,535 39,700
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,280 3,190 4,090
$5,000 to $9,999 4,730 1,610 3,125
$10,000 to $14,999 5,735 2,180 3,555
$15,000 to $19,999 6,540 2,355 4,190
$20,000 to $29,999 9,445 3,465 5,985
$30,000 to $39,999 7,755 3,270 4,485
$40,000 to $49,999 6,960 3,095 3,865
$50,000 to $59,999 5,690 2,900 2,790
$60,000 to $79,999 8,445 4,730 3,715
$80,000 to $99,999 4,740 2,900 1,840
$100,000 and over 7,910 5,845 2,065
$100,000 to $124,999 3,090 2,050 1,040
$125,000 and over 4,820 3,790 1,030
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,974 44,985 27,800
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,826 65,116 38,035
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 78,705 37,060 41,645
Without after-tax income 3,485 1,525 1,955
With after-tax income 75,225 35,535 39,690
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,655 3,370 4,280
$5,000 to $9,999 4,935 1,635 3,295
$10,000 to $14,999 5,925 2,250 3,675
$15,000 to $19,999 6,735 2,440 4,295
$20,000 to $29,999 10,875 4,130 6,740
$30,000 to $39,999 9,100 3,790 5,310
$40,000 to $49,999 7,870 3,960 3,915
$50,000 to $59,999 6,130 3,380 2,745
$60,000 to $79,999 7,760 4,485 3,270
$80,000 to $99,999 3,635 2,470 1,165
$100,000 and over 4,610 3,610 995
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,891 40,348 25,791
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 41,881 52,091 32,740
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.3 93.2 85.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 68.5 72.2 62.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 63.4 66.8 58.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.1 5.4 4.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 10.4 9.4 11.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.0 9.2 8.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.4 2.3 2.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.7 6.8 14.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.1 3.2 5.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.1 2.1 4.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.8 0.5 1.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.7 0.0 1.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.1 0.9 1.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.6 20.0 13.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.4 80.0 86.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 6.0 6.1 5.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 23,650 13,685 9,965
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 59,933 66,794 50,171
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 73,815 85,544 57,703
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,545 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,565 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,885 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,630 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,082 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,655 ... ...
Median family income ($) 81,251 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,437 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,166 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,857 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,370 ... ...
Median family income ($) 120,172 ... ...
Average family income ($) 147,009 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 103,256 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 119,410 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 2,935 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,115 ... ...
Average family income ($) 63,968 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,599 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,670 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,740 5,360 8,375
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,903 38,692 31,529
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,776 51,295 40,606
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,676 34,763 29,109
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,892 42,031 35,244
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 91,965 43,590 48,380
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 34,295 15,155 19,140
In bottom decile 7,530 3,385 4,145
In second decile 6,245 2,450 3,795
In third decile 6,530 2,870 3,655
In fourth decile 6,600 3,065 3,530
In fifth decile 7,400 3,385 4,015
In top half of the Canadian distribution 57,670 28,430 29,235
In sixth decile 7,210 3,390 3,820
In seventh decile 8,980 4,385 4,600
In eighth decile 10,665 4,995 5,675
In ninth decile 12,085 6,145 5,935
In top decile 18,720 9,515 9,205
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 38,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 800 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 610 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,620 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,245 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,120 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,780 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,165 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,750 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,060 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,730 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,760 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 38,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 935 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 655 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 875 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,465 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,595 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,630 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,260 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,615 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,045 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,700 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,935 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,765 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 38,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,421 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,438 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 63,251 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 81,929 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,767 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,338 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,261 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,081 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,255 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 93,634 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 120,845 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 81,653 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 99,123 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 91,860 43,525 48,330
Less than 18 years 16,715 8,310 8,400
Less than 6 years 4,595 2,330 2,270
18 to 64 years 55,925 26,480 29,450
65 years and over 19,220 8,735 10,480
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 10,495 4,485 6,015
Less than 18 years 2,080 1,000 1,080
Less than 6 years 400 225 170
18 to 64 years 6,700 2,965 3,740
65 years and over 1,715 520 1,195
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.4 10.3 12.4
Less than 18 years (%) 12.4 12.0 12.9
Less than 6 years (%) 8.7 9.7 7.5
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.2 12.7
65 years and over (%) 8.9 6.0 11.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia (Code 59030) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 9, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic South Surrey--White Rock
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 94,680 44,765 49,915
0 to 4 years 3,845 1,935 1,910
5 to 9 years 4,225 2,150 2,075
10 to 14 years 5,125 2,600 2,525
15 to 19 years 5,930 3,020 2,910
15 years 1,215 605 610
16 years 1,140 610 530
17 years 1,255 640 615
18 years 1,175 595 580
19 years 1,140 565 575
20 to 24 years 4,740 2,435 2,305
25 to 29 years 3,930 1,895 2,035
30 to 34 years 3,990 1,855 2,135
35 to 39 years 5,025 2,345 2,680
40 to 44 years 6,285 2,925 3,365
45 to 49 years 7,335 3,460 3,875
50 to 54 years 7,590 3,600 3,995
55 to 59 years 7,800 3,695 4,105
60 to 64 years 7,615 3,560 4,055
65 to 69 years 5,950 2,895 3,050
70 to 74 years 4,470 2,100 2,375
75 to 79 years 3,665 1,645 2,020
80 to 84 years 3,205 1,315 1,890
85 years and over 3,950 1,340 2,610
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 48.0 46.9 48.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.1 85.1 86.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 81,485 38,085 43,400
Married or living with a common-law partner 49,640 24,690 24,945
Married (and not separated) 44,555 22,130 22,425
Living common law 5,085 2,565 2,520
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,845 13,395 18,455
Single (never legally married) 17,890 9,400 8,490
Separated 2,015 790 1,220
Divorced 5,795 2,005 3,785
Widowed 6,155 1,195 4,960
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,940 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,290 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,205 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,960 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,390 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 24,005 ... ...
Married couples 21,485 ... ...
Without children at home 11,035 ... ...
With children at home 10,450 ... ...
1 child 3,900 ... ...
2 children 4,750 ... ...
3 or more children 1,800 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,520 ... ...
Without children at home 1,760 ... ...
With children at home 770 ... ...
1 child 390 ... ...
2 children 255 ... ...
3 or more children 120 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,380 ... ...
Female parent 2,685 ... ...
1 child 1,685 ... ...
2 children 795 ... ...
3 or more children 205 ... ...
Male parent 700 ... ...
1 child 465 ... ...
2 children 195 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 25,405 ... ...
Under six years of age 4,635 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,455 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,515 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,980 ... ...
25 years and over 2,815 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 91,845 43,680 48,165
Number of persons not in census families 15,050 5,850 9,205
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,530 580 950
Living with non-relatives only 2,485 1,215 1,270
Living alone 11,040 4,050 6,985
Number of census family persons 76,800 37,835 38,965
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 19,160 8,690 10,470
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,335 1,690 4,640
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 625 140 485
Living with non-relatives only 335 155 175
Living alone 5,375 1,395 3,975
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 12,825 7,000 5,830
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 38,435 ... ...
Census-family households 26,460 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,090 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,355 ... ...
Without children 11,530 ... ...
With children 9,825 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,735 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,370 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,515 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,150 ... ...
Without children 405 ... ...
With children 740 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 370 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 855 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,980 ... ...
One-person households 11,035 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 945 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 38,435 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,670 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 995 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 285 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 16,485 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,330 ... ...
Row house 3,810 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,785 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,495 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 38,440 ... ...
1 person 11,040 ... ...
2 persons 14,070 ... ...
3 persons 5,285 ... ...
4 persons 5,140 ... ...
5 persons 1,910 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,000 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 91,850 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,930 44,115 48,815
  Single responses  91,655 43,520 48,135
    English  70,935 34,025 36,910
    French  1,210 505 700
    Non-official languages  19,520 8,995 10,525
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,410 8,940 10,460
        African languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
        Afrikaans  120 55 60
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 0
        Amharic  0 0 5
        Arabic  125 60 60
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  25 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  55 15 35
        Bosnian  10 10 5
        Bulgarian  40 20 20
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  435 190 240
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,835 845 985
        Creoles  5 5 0
        Croatian  190 95 100
        Czech  170 80 90
        Danish  255 125 130
        Dutch  640 290 355
        Estonian  75 30 45
        Finnish  120 50 75
        Flemish  20 15 5
        Fukien  10 0 10
        German  2,200 980 1,220
        Greek  140 75 65
        Gujarati  115 45 65
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  20 10 10
        Hindi  180 85 100
        Hungarian  235 115 120
        Ilocano  35 5 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  425 230 195
        Japanese  275 90 180
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  1,390 635 760
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  20 15 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  35 10 20
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 5
        Mandarin  2,990 1,430 1,555
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  95 45 50
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,035 1,515 1,520
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  130 80 55
        Polish  375 170 205
        Portuguese  195 95 95
        Romanian  145 70 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  450 205 250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  180 85 90
        Serbo-Croatian  20 10 15
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  35 15 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  70 30 40
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  630 285 350
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  80 25 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  620 160 455
        Taiwanese  195 100 95
        Tamil  5 0 5
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  40 5 30
        Tibetan languages  15 5 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  40 15 20
        Ukrainian  365 135 225
        Urdu  175 95 85
        Vietnamese  100 45 50
        Yiddish  15 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 45 55
  Multiple responses          1,270 585 685
    English and French  205 95 105
    English and non-official language  975 445 525
    French and non-official language  60 25 30
    English, French and non-official language 30 20 15
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,930 44,110 48,820
  English only 83,555 40,090 43,465
  French only 30 10 20
  English and French 7,620 3,275 4,345
  Neither English nor French 1,720 740 980
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,935 44,115 48,820
  English 89,740 42,755 46,985
  French 1,160 480 685
  English and French 340 155 190
  Neither English nor French 1,685 725 965
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,330 555 775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.3 1.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,930 44,115 48,820
  Single responses 90,630 43,055 47,575
    English 80,625 38,360 42,265
    French 305 125 185
    Non-official languages 9,705 4,575 5,130
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,665 4,555 5,110
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 65 30 30
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 55 25 25
        Armenian 10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 10 5
        Bosnian 5 5 0
        Bulgarian 15 10 10
        Burmese 5 5 0
        Cantonese 235 110 130
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,370 625 740
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 40 20 20
        Czech 45 25 20
        Danish 10 0 5
        Dutch 50 25 20
        Estonian 15 5 10
        Finnish 40 20 20
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 305 125 180
        Greek 35 15 20
        Gujarati 45 20 30
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 70 30 35
        Hungarian 45 20 20
        Ilocano 15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 75 35 40
        Japanese 125 60 75
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 1,110 505 605
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 5 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 2,580 1,250 1,335
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 10 5 5
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,750 865 885
        Pashto 5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 55 30 30
        Polish 105 50 55
        Portuguese 45 25 25
        Romanian 80 40 45
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 260 110 150
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Serbian 90 45 45
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 25 10 15
        Slovenian 5 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 240 110 135
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155 60 95
        Taiwanese 135 70 65
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 10 5 0
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 5 5 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 45 20 20
        Urdu 95 50 50
        Vietnamese 75 45 35
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 20 20
  Multiple responses         2,300 1,055 1,245
    English and French 125 55 70
    English and non-official language 2,120 975 1,145
    French and non-official language 15 10 10
    English, French and non-official language 40 15 20
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,935 44,115 48,820
  None 82,000 39,125 42,880
  Single responses  10,785 4,920 5,865
    English  3,995 1,880 2,115
    French  870 385 490
    Non-official languages  5,920 2,655 3,265
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,850 2,625 3,220
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  60 25 30
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  10 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 0 10
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  130 60 70
        Chinese, n.o.s.  295 130 165
        Creoles  5 0 0
        Croatian  70 40 35
        Czech  70 30 35
        Danish  85 35 50
        Dutch  215 90 125
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  35 15 15
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  735 315 420
        Greek  70 45 25
        Gujarati  70 35 40
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  145 70 70
        Hungarian  75 30 40
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  165 90 75
        Japanese  120 50 75
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  190 95 100
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  380 180 200
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,155 575 585
        Pashto  10 0 10
        Persian (Farsi)  45 25 20
        Polish  125 45 75
        Portuguese  75 30 45
        Romanian  40 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  110 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  60 30 30
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  10 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  365 165 200
        Swahili  10 0 5
        Swedish  30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  300 70 235
        Taiwanese  75 35 40
        Tamil  5 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  15 10 10
        Ukrainian  55 20 40
        Urdu  85 45 40
        Vietnamese  20 5 15
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 30 40
  Multiple responses          145 70 80
    English and French  15 10 5
    English and non-official language  45 20 20
    French and non-official language  90 40 50
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia (Code 59030) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 9, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: South Surrey--White Rock (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: South Surrey--White Rock, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: South Surrey--White Rock (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census