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NHS Profile, Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Middlesex-London Health Unit
Ontario
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 432,370 210,565 221,815
Canadian citizens 411,275 200,455 210,815
Canadian citizens aged under 18 85,975 44,670 41,310
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 325,295 155,785 169,500
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 21,105 10,105 11,000
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 432,375 210,565 221,815
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 343,845 167,930 175,920
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 83,795 40,200 43,600
Before 1971 23,885 11,175 12,710
1971 to 1980 10,160 4,735 5,430
1981 to 1990 13,500 6,740 6,760
1991 to 2000 14,340 6,915 7,425
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 21,915 10,640 11,270
2001 to 2005 10,100 4,890 5,215
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,815 5,755 6,060
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,735 2,430 2,295
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 83,800 40,200 43,595
Under 5 years 9,730 4,805 4,925
5 to 14 years 16,755 8,640 8,120
15 to 24 years 20,075 8,905 11,170
25 to 44 years 32,190 15,515 16,670
45 years and over 5,050 2,330 2,715
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 432,375 210,565 221,815
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 343,845 167,930 175,915
Born in province of residence 312,975 153,165 159,810
Born outside province of residence 30,870 14,765 16,100
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 83,795 40,200 43,595
Americas 14,650 7,385 7,260
United States 4,185 1,995 2,190
Jamaica 945 570 380
Guyana 450 225 225
Haiti 55 30 30
Mexico 485 255 225
Trinidad and Tobago 580 215 365
Colombia 3,705 1,905 1,800
El Salvador 1,510 765 750
Peru 115 45 65
Chile 235 140 95
Other places of birth in Americas 2,380 1,245 1,135
Europe 40,820 19,050 21,775
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 11,520 5,425 6,090
Italy 2,310 1,160 1,150
Germany 2,460 1,065 1,395
Poland 4,465 1,985 2,485
Portugal 4,675 2,065 2,610
Netherlands 4,015 1,885 2,125
France 265 85 180
Romania 790 290 500
Russian Federation 435 245 185
Greece 1,225 630 595
Ukraine 665 280 385
Croatia 675 315 360
Hungary 940 475 470
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,120 590 530
Serbia 600 265 330
Ireland, Republic of 635 280 350
Other places of birth in Europe 4,030 2,000 2,030
Africa 3,960 2,005 1,955
Morocco 75 40 40
Algeria 55 25 30
Egypt 790 390 405
South Africa, Republic of 415 200 210
Nigeria 160 95 60
Ethiopia 325 155 175
Kenya 215 125 90
Other places of birth in Africa 1,935 980 950
Asia 23,970 11,570 12,395
India 2,590 1,250 1,335
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,985 1,370 1,615
Philippines 1,380 485 900
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 805 375 425
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,630 840 795
Pakistan 910 490 425
Sri Lanka 265 110 155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,130 575 555
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,385 1,155 1,235
Lebanon 1,575 770 805
Taiwan 285 100 185
Iraq 1,840 915 925
Bangladesh 195 110 80
Afghanistan 625 300 325
Japan 150 50 95
Turkey 100 50 45
Other places of birth in Asia 5,115 2,625 2,490
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 400 190 210
Fiji 65 0 40
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 340 170 165
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,730 2,435 2,300
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,810 5,755 6,055
Americas 3,810 2,000 1,805
United States 755 375 380
Mexico 165 105 60
Cuba 90 50 35
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 85 0
Brazil 50 20 35
Colombia 2,020 1,045 975
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 210 120 90
Other places of birth in Americas 365 195 170
Europe 1,460 680 780
France 45 25 20
Germany 75 45 30
Poland 80 25 55
Romania 100 45 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 25 15 15
Russian Federation 110 65 40
Ukraine 75 15 55
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 450 215 235
Other places of birth in Europe 495 235 265
Africa 1,040 480 560
Nigeria 80 50 0
Ethiopia 35 0 35
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 25 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 365 175 180
Morocco 35 0 20
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 85 35 50
Other places of birth in Africa 405 180 220
Asia 5,445 2,545 2,900
Philippines 235 55 175
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 760 355 405
India 440 215 230
Pakistan 130 65 70
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 215 85 130
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 695 315 380
Sri Lanka 20 0 15
Iraq 565 245 325
Bangladesh 85 45 40
Lebanon 225 100 120
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 80 35 45
Taiwan 20 0 0
Afghanistan 235 155 85
Japan 30 0 35
Turkey 40 20 20
Israel 30 20 0
Nepal 90 25 65
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 0 0
United Arab Emirates 100 65 35
Saudi Arabia 275 125 150
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 100 40 55
Other places of birth in Asia 1,050 570 485
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 45 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 432,375 210,565 221,810
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 89,610 43,160 46,450
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 89,180 43,550 45,630
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 253,585 123,855 129,730
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 432,375 210,560 221,810
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 59,345 29,665 29,685
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 8,305 4,035 4,270
Chinese 7,230 3,390 3,840
Black 8,925 4,670 4,255
Filipino 2,340 950 1,380
Latin American 9,755 5,145 4,605
Arab 9,385 4,745 4,640
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,825 1,950 1,880
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,970 1,590 1,380
Korean 3,285 1,660 1,620
Japanese 545 250 295
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 805 400 415
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,985 885 1,100
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 373,025 180,900 192,125
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 432,375 210,565 221,810
North American Aboriginal origins 14,090 6,790 7,295
First Nations (North American Indian) 12,160 5,885 6,275
Inuit 185 110 75
Métis 1,835 835 1,000
Other North American origins 121,855 59,010 62,845
Acadian 380 190 190
American 5,290 2,385 2,905
Canadian 117,850 57,200 60,655
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 205 90 115
Nova Scotian 85 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 100 50 55
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 0 15
European origins 321,645 155,815 165,830
British Isles origins 220,605 106,175 114,425
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 20 20 0
English 134,975 64,015 70,960
Irish 87,530 41,275 46,255
Manx 125 65 55
Scottish 92,960 44,485 48,470
Welsh 8,670 4,220 4,455
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 13,630 6,515 7,110
French origins 42,605 20,175 22,425
Alsatian 25 10 20
Breton 0 0 0
French 42,580 20,170 22,405
Western European origins (except French origins) 85,570 41,610 43,960
Austrian 1,965 985 970
Belgian 4,175 2,155 2,025
Dutch 33,390 16,275 17,115
Flemish 375 170 205
Frisian 150 60 85
German 51,035 24,615 26,420
Luxembourger 35 10 20
Swiss 1,875 955 920
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 25 0 20
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 8,590 4,170 4,415
Danish 2,470 1,235 1,230
Finnish 1,890 975 915
Icelandic 415 190 230
Norwegian 1,850 845 1,005
Swedish 2,265 1,125 1,150
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 290 125 165
Eastern European origins 41,810 20,100 21,710
Bulgarian 230 115 110
Byelorussian 240 130 115
Czech 1,430 670 760
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 735 350 385
Estonian 220 95 120
Hungarian 6,725 3,340 3,390
Latvian 485 225 265
Lithuanian 1,155 570 580
Moldovan 35 0 20
Polish 17,530 8,250 9,285
Romanian 2,025 850 1,180
Russian 4,455 2,240 2,215
Slovak 1,810 910 895
Ukrainian 10,295 4,830 5,465
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 85 55 30
Southern European origins 48,025 24,365 23,655
Albanian 1,005 500 505
Bosnian 980 550 435
Croatian 2,105 1,125 980
Cypriot 65 25 40
Greek 4,600 2,400 2,200
Italian 18,875 9,725 9,150
Kosovar 125 55 70
Macedonian 395 170 225
Maltese 1,510 765 745
Montenegrin 45 25 20
Portuguese 12,650 6,155 6,500
Serbian 1,560 850 715
Sicilian 105 60 45
Slovenian 880 395 480
Spanish 4,895 2,580 2,320
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,080 490 590
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,040 1,575 1,470
Basque 40 15 0
Jewish 2,415 1,225 1,190
Roma (Gypsy) 30 0 10
Slavic, n.o.s. 60 30 35
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 505 285 220
Caribbean origins 5,380 2,765 2,615
Antiguan 10 0 10
Bahamian 70 50 15
Barbadian 460 240 225
Bermudan 45 0 0
Carib 70 35 30
Cuban 260 105 155
Dominican 100 35 60
Grenadian 150 75 70
Haitian 95 45 50
Jamaican 2,770 1,515 1,260
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 40 0 20
St. Lucian 35 25 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,010 455 555
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 425 185 240
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 145 85 65
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,005 5,685 5,320
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 165 70 95
Argentinian 180 50 125
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 10
Brazilian 265 150 120
Chilean 255 135 120
Colombian 4,330 2,290 2,035
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 75 35 45
Guatemalan 325 165 160
Guyanese 685 315 365
Hispanic 130 50 80
Honduran 135 70 70
Maya 70 55 10
Mexican 920 430 495
Nicaraguan 645 395 255
Panamanian 50 30 25
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 140 60 85
Salvadorean 2,360 1,215 1,145
Uruguayan 50 0 0
Venezuelan 265 185 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 400 190 210
African origins 7,520 3,760 3,755
Central and West African origins 810 465 340
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 100 30 60
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 175 105 75
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 20 0 20
Ivorian 35 30 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 195 115 85
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 25 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 25 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 150 70 80
North African origins 1,950 925 1,030
Algerian 105 45 60
Berber 20 0 0
Coptic 45 0 35
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,070 500 570
Libyan 85 60 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 90 45 45
Sudanese 645 305 345
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,335 1,045 1,290
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 50 20 25
Eritrean 570 270 295
Ethiopian 465 200 265
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 120 65 50
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 60 30 30
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 250 130 120
South African 450 180 270
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 105 45 60
Zambian 30 0 0
Zimbabwean 85 40 45
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 155 80 80
Other African origins 2,625 1,425 1,200
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 285 145 135
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,360 1,295 1,065
Asian origins 42,865 20,820 22,040
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 15,595 7,950 7,645
Afghan 975 470 505
Arab, n.o.s. 1,965 1,105 860
Armenian 235 130 110
Assyrian 565 290 275
Azerbaijani 90 40 55
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,445 735 715
Iraqi 1,635 790 845
Israeli 140 70 70
Jordanian 235 125 105
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 800 410 390
Kuwaiti 35 25 0
Lebanese 4,555 2,225 2,330
Palestinian 1,485 810 680
Pashtun 10 10 0
Saudi Arabian 360 170 195
Syrian 1,075 580 500
Tajik 15 0 0
Tatar 30 0 0
Turk 525 275 250
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 70 40 35
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 710 425 285
South Asian origins 8,775 4,130 4,645
Bangladeshi 175 85 85
Bengali 75 30 45
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 6,815 3,255 3,565
Goan 30 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 20 20 0
Nepali 65 45 25
Pakistani 1,000 470 535
Punjabi 205 100 105
Sinhalese 45 20 20
Sri Lankan 280 105 175
Tamil 150 75 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 300 115 185
East and Southeast Asian origins 18,930 8,910 10,015
Burmese 170 80 85
Cambodian (Khmer) 785 385 395
Chinese 8,250 3,880 4,370
Filipino 2,710 1,100 1,605
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 420 200 225
Japanese 710 335 375
Korean 3,395 1,705 1,695
Laotian 180 75 105
Malaysian 130 40 90
Mongolian 40 20 20
Singaporean 30 0 20
Taiwanese 110 40 70
Thai 140 45 95
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,595 1,310 1,285
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 270 155 110
Other Asian origins 85 60 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 90 55 25
Oceania origins 745 325 415
Australian 475 195 275
New Zealander 190 85 110
Pacific Islands origins 75 45 30
Fijian 50 0 30
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 432,370 210,565 221,810
Buddhist 2,845 1,345 1,495
Christian 276,405 128,325 148,085
Anglican 33,370 14,920 18,450
Baptist 12,035 5,530 6,500
Catholic 114,540 53,935 60,600
Christian Orthodox 6,855 3,480 3,375
Lutheran 5,340 2,435 2,905
Pentecostal 5,440 2,480 2,960
Presbyterian 13,150 5,835 7,315
United Church 45,940 20,655 25,285
Other Christian 39,745 19,055 20,690
Hindu 2,885 1,350 1,540
Jewish 1,745 830 910
Muslim 15,880 8,035 7,845
Sikh 730 345 385
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,150 595 555
Other religions 2,220 1,015 1,210
No religious affiliation 128,510 68,720 59,785
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 432,375 210,560 221,810
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 9,860 4,765 5,095
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,745 3,750 4,005
Métis single identity 1,710 795 910
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 40 0 20
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 100 80 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 255 130 130
Non-Aboriginal identity 422,515 205,800 216,720
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 432,375 210,565 221,810
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 5,620 2,855 2,770
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 426,750 207,710 219,040
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 432,375 210,565 221,810
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 14,090 6,795 7,295
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 12,165 5,880 6,275
Métis ancestry 1,835 840 995
Inuit ancestry 185 110 75
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 418,285 203,770 214,515
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 90,800 43,695 47,110
Aboriginal languages 345 180 170
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 50 40 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 30 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 240 110 130
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,460 43,515 46,945
Italian 4,540 2,230 2,315
Portuguese 7,580 3,505 4,075
Romanian 800 330 470
Spanish 13,420 6,675 6,745
Dutch 4,745 2,100 2,645
Flemish 350 170 180
German 5,960 2,960 3,000
Yiddish 65 20 45
Danish 235 140 95
Norwegian 55 15 40
Swedish 130 70 60
Afrikaans 200 105 95
Gaelic languages 85 60 30
Bosnian 745 385 360
Bulgarian 75 35 40
Croatian 955 490 475
Czech 380 190 190
Macedonian 175 75 100
Polish 6,575 3,000 3,570
Russian 1,840 890 950
Serbian 915 460 455
Serbo-Croatian 405 195 210
Slovak 475 170 300
Slovenian 270 150 120
Ukrainian 1,120 520 600
Latvian 115 40 80
Lithuanian 165 75 90
Greek 2,500 1,340 1,160
Armenian 100 65 35
Albanian 1,010 485 525
Estonian 105 55 55
Finnish 120 30 95
Hungarian 1,495 715 780
Turkish 180 80 95
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 35 0 25
Somali 195 100 100
Amharic 275 115 155
Arabic 10,220 5,180 5,040
Hebrew 375 215 160
Maltese 305 180 120
Tigrigna 490 215 275
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 675 350 330
Bengali 295 145 150
Gujarati 815 395 425
Hindi 2,265 1,095 1,170
Konkani 15 0 0
Marathi 35 10 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,265 650 615
Sindhi 50 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 25 75
Urdu 1,415 730 685
Nepali 155 60 95
Kurdish 1,060 585 475
Pashto 85 50 35
Persian (Farsi) 2,100 1,075 1,030
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 25
Kannada 60 30 30
Malayalam 550 285 260
Tamil 445 220 225
Telugu 115 50 70
Japanese 425 205 220
Korean 3,185 1,655 1,530
Cantonese 1,680 810 875
Fukien 15 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,110 1,025 1,090
Taiwanese 75 30 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,600 1,225 1,375
Lao 130 55 75
Thai 160 60 100
Khmer (Cambodian) 730 340 390
Vietnamese 2,125 1,030 1,095
Bisayan languages 80 30 55
Ilocano 110 30 80
Malay 265 135 130
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,555 550 1,000
Akan (Twi) 95 80 20
Lingala 40 20 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 20 30
Swahili 180 85 95
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 160 75 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60
African languages, n.i.e. 120 85 40
Creoles 170 100 70
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 2,165 955 1,210
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 427,770 208,110 219,655
Non-movers 368,515 178,870 189,640
Movers 59,255 29,245 30,015
Non-migrants 39,915 20,035 19,875
Migrants 19,345 9,205 10,135
Internal migrants 16,150 7,620 8,540
Intraprovincial migrants 14,200 6,670 7,535
Interprovincial migrants 1,955 945 1,000
External migrants 3,190 1,590 1,600
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 408,305 198,235 210,075
Non-movers 240,115 116,975 123,140
Movers 168,190 81,260 86,930
Non-migrants 106,915 52,205 54,710
Migrants 61,275 29,055 32,215
Internal migrants 47,600 22,410 25,190
Intraprovincial migrants 42,025 19,690 22,340
Interprovincial migrants 5,575 2,720 2,855
External migrants 13,675 6,645 7,025
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 359,740 173,010 186,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 63,590 31,795 31,795
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 101,180 48,680 52,495
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 194,970 92,535 102,440
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 26,240 17,480 8,760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 80,560 34,260 46,300
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 12,370 5,385 6,980
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 75,800 35,405 40,400
Bachelor's degree 44,850 19,780 25,080
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 30,950 15,630 15,320
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 236,290 114,055 122,235
No certificate, diploma or degree 23,970 13,045 10,920
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 60,000 29,845 30,160
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 152,320 71,165 81,155
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 18,290 11,875 6,410
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 63,730 27,070 36,665
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 8,625 3,855 4,770
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 61,670 28,360 33,310
Bachelor's degree 35,955 15,910 20,050
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 25,715 12,450 13,260
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 359,740 173,010 186,735
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 164,770 80,475 84,295
Education 13,795 3,665 10,125
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,135 3,210 3,930
Humanities 12,645 5,275 7,375
Social and behavioural sciences and law 22,405 7,770 14,640
Business, management and public administration 37,785 14,740 23,055
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,800 3,970 3,835
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,935 5,155 2,775
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 36,295 33,650 2,640
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,775 2,640 1,135
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 34,595 6,880 27,710
Personal, protective and transportation services 10,775 5,570 5,205
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 359,740 173,010 186,735
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 164,770 80,475 84,295
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 194,975 92,530 102,440
Location of study inside Canada 167,925 78,175 89,745
Same as province or territory of residence 158,280 73,660 84,615
Another province or territory 9,645 4,520 5,125
Location of study outside Canada 27,050 14,360 12,695
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 248,390 125,940 122,450
Single responses 246,705 125,205 121,500
English 244,240 124,150 120,095
French 1,210 305 900
Non-official languages 1,255 750 505
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 100 40
Cantonese 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 0
Spanish 230 105 125
Korean 110 65 45
German 60 45 15
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 65 45 20
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 560 340 220
Multiple responses 1,685 730 950
English and French 525 180 345
English and non-official language 1,135 545 585
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 20 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 248,390 125,940 122,450
English 244,240 124,150 120,090
French 1,205 305 900
Non-official language 1,255 750 505
Aboriginal 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,245 740 505
English and French 525 180 345
English and non-official language 1,140 545 590
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 20
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 359,745 173,010 186,735
In the labour force 235,395 120,025 115,375
Employed 215,495 109,430 106,070
Unemployed 19,905 10,595 9,305
Not in the labour force 124,345 52,985 71,355
Participation rate 65.4 69.4 61.8
Employment rate 59.9 63.3 56.8
Unemployment rate 8.5 8.8 8.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 235,400 120,020 115,375
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 6,715 3,525 3,190
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 228,685 116,500 112,190
Employee 206,720 102,225 104,490
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 21,965 14,270 7,700
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 235,400 120,020 115,375
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,715 3,525 3,185
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 228,685 116,495 112,190
0 Management occupations 23,130 14,495 8,635
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 35,630 10,170 25,465
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 13,110 10,310 2,795
3 Health occupations 17,450 3,775 13,675
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 29,720 10,345 19,375
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,875 2,575 3,295
6 Sales and service occupations 57,825 24,845 32,975
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 29,905 28,170 1,735
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,505 2,735 770
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 12,535 9,075 3,460
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 235,395 120,020 115,375
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,710 3,525 3,185
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 228,685 116,495 112,185
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,935 2,710 1,230
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 260 210 55
22 Utilities 1,155 925 230
23 Construction 13,720 12,245 1,475
31-33 Manufacturing 24,790 18,325 6,465
41 Wholesale trade 8,115 5,780 2,335
44-45 Retail trade 25,935 11,625 14,315
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 10,250 7,710 2,535
51 Information and cultural industries 4,285 2,140 2,145
52 Finance and insurance 12,925 4,830 8,095
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,275 2,540 1,735
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 13,510 7,350 6,160
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 70 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,545 6,350 5,195
61 Educational services 21,330 7,955 13,375
62 Health care and social assistance 31,295 6,100 25,195
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,115 2,695 2,415
72 Accommodation and food services 16,105 6,785 9,325
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,800 4,575 5,230
91 Public administration 10,215 5,585 4,635
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 235,400 120,020 115,375
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 13,025 6,500 6,530
Worked in 2010 222,370 113,520 108,850
1 to 13 weeks 11,695 5,615 6,080
14 to 26 weeks 17,550 8,695 8,855
27 to 39 weeks 13,140 6,545 6,595
40 to 48 weeks 31,270 15,510 15,760
49 to 52 weeks 148,715 77,160 71,555
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.1 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 235,395 120,025 115,375
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 13,030 6,500 6,530
Worked in 2010 222,370 113,525 108,845
Worked full-time in 2010 170,825 94,725 76,105
Worked part-time in 2010 51,540 18,795 32,745
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 215,495 109,430 106,070
Worked at home 15,070 8,175 6,895
Worked outside Canada 705 565 140
No fixed workplace address 21,710 15,795 5,920
Worked at usual place 178,010 84,900 93,110
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 199,720 100,690 99,030
Car, truck or van - as a driver 155,690 81,120 74,565
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 13,575 5,805 7,775
Public transit 14,710 5,965 8,745
Walked 11,070 4,900 6,175
Bicycle 2,935 2,095 845
Other methods 1,740 810 930
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 199,720 100,690 99,035
Median commuting duration 17.4 20.1 15.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 199,720 100,690 99,035
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 42,220 26,890 15,330
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 113,085 52,285 60,790
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 44,420 21,510 22,905
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 180,295 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 169,280 ... ...
Major repairs needed 11,015 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 180,295 ... ...
1960 or before 49,120 ... ...
1961 to 1980 57,740 ... ...
1981 to 1990 29,680 ... ...
1991 to 2000 20,905 ... ...
2001 to 2005 11,145 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 11,700 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 180,295 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 40,910 ... ...
5 rooms 22,990 ... ...
6 rooms 26,395 ... ...
7 rooms 25,495 ... ...
8 or more rooms 64,505 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 180,295 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 25,575 ... ...
2 bedrooms 42,815 ... ...
3 bedrooms 69,985 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 41,920 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 180,295 ... ...
Owner 119,310 ... ...
Renter 60,970 ... ...
Band housing 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 180,295 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 23,150 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 157,140 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 180,295 ... ...
1 household maintainer 107,145 ... ...
2 household maintainers 70,030 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,115 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 180,295 ... ...
Under 25 years 8,620 ... ...
25 to 34 years 27,575 ... ...
35 to 44 years 30,975 ... ...
45 to 54 years 39,885 ... ...
55 to 64 years 32,930 ... ...
65 to 74 years 21,090 ... ...
75 years and over 19,225 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 180,295 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 178,210 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,080 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 180,295 ... ...
Suitable 171,185 ... ...
Not suitable 9,115 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 177,575 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 130,250 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 47,320 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 38,810 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 116,990 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,023 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,111 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 230,121 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 261,355 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 60,800 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 780 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 818 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 359,745 173,010 186,735
Without income 17,725 8,200 9,525
With income 342,015 164,805 177,210
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 35,665 17,630 18,040
$5,000 to $9,999 25,415 9,825 15,585
$10,000 to $14,999 30,415 12,115 18,310
$15,000 to $19,999 30,800 12,145 18,655
$20,000 to $29,999 50,285 21,415 28,865
$30,000 to $39,999 40,905 18,505 22,405
$40,000 to $49,999 35,875 17,850 18,025
$50,000 to $59,999 25,020 13,395 11,620
$60,000 to $79,999 32,105 18,770 13,340
$80,000 to $99,999 18,485 10,890 7,600
$100,000 and over 17,040 12,270 4,765
$100,000 to $124,999 9,075 6,230 2,845
$125,000 and over 7,970 6,040 1,925
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,662 35,064 25,650
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,412 45,993 33,292
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 359,745 173,010 186,735
Without after-tax income 17,750 8,200 9,555
With after-tax income 341,995 164,810 177,180
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 36,210 17,780 18,425
$5,000 to $9,999 26,145 9,930 16,220
$10,000 to $14,999 31,420 12,460 18,960
$15,000 to $19,999 33,125 13,215 19,910
$20,000 to $29,999 57,600 24,635 32,965
$30,000 to $39,999 50,165 24,035 26,130
$40,000 to $49,999 37,860 19,795 18,070
$50,000 to $59,999 24,405 14,110 10,295
$60,000 to $79,999 28,720 17,045 11,675
$80,000 to $99,999 9,425 6,590 2,840
$100,000 and over 6,915 5,220 1,695
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,424 32,006 24,138
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,382 38,168 28,931
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.3 89.3 82.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.8 75.8 68.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.5 69.1 65.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.2 6.7 3.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 3.8 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.9 8.5 7.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.2 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.7 10.7 17.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.5 4.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.0 2.2 4.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.2 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.8 3.7 4.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.3 17.0 13.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.7 83.0 86.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.3 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 124,885 68,580 56,305
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,644 52,179 43,235
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,889 63,269 49,116
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 121,405 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,526 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,654 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,686 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,507 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 45,595 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,950 ... ...
Average family income ($) 83,589 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,367 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,634 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 53,215 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,372 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,951 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,217 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,308 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 19,205 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,776 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,638 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,549 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,606 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 70,915 32,505 38,415
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,189 26,177 26,214
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,882 36,677 33,363
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,607 24,287 24,795
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,009 30,880 29,273
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 432,375 210,560 221,810
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 218,660 103,830 114,830
In bottom decile 47,500 23,195 24,305
In second decile 42,210 18,950 23,265
In third decile 44,005 20,500 23,505
In fourth decile 42,210 20,135 22,070
In fifth decile 42,735 21,050 21,690
In top half of the Canadian distribution 213,715 106,735 106,980
In sixth decile 43,375 21,300 22,075
In seventh decile 43,255 21,400 21,860
In eighth decile 44,640 22,470 22,175
In ninth decile 43,015 21,500 21,515
In top decile 39,425 20,060 19,360
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 180,290 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,485 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,690 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,460 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,745 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 17,730 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 17,700 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,435 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 24,685 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 19,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,630 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,375 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 180,295 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,540 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,760 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,655 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,185 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 19,605 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 21,100 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 20,590 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 17,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 27,520 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 19,460 ... ...
$100,000 and over 29,645 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,230 ... ...
$125,000 and over 15,415 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 180,295 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,987 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 74,765 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,003 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,322 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 52,060 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,251 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,005 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,838 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,276 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 128,235 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,412 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 89,281 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,922 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 75,519 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 430,115 209,445 220,675
Less than 18 years 89,035 46,340 42,690
Less than 6 years 28,380 14,620 13,755
18 to 64 years 281,080 136,405 144,680
65 years and over 60,005 26,695 33,305
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 67,685 31,360 36,320
Less than 18 years 17,345 9,130 8,210
Less than 6 years 5,710 3,210 2,500
18 to 64 years 45,670 20,875 24,795
65 years and over 4,665 1,355 3,310
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.7 15.0 16.5
Less than 18 years (%) 19.5 19.7 19.2
Less than 6 years (%) 20.1 22.0 18.2
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2 15.3 17.1
65 years and over (%) 7.8 5.1 10.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario (Code 3544) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 23, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Middlesex-London Health Unit
Ontario
(Health region, December 2013)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 439,150 212,850 226,300
0 to 4 years 24,110 12,435 11,680
5 to 9 years 23,415 11,915 11,500
10 to 14 years 25,270 12,905 12,365
15 to 19 years 30,440 15,665 14,775
15 years 5,615 2,895 2,715
16 years 5,915 3,045 2,865
17 years 6,060 3,140 2,920
18 years 6,200 3,200 3,000
19 years 6,650 3,385 3,270
20 to 24 years 32,930 16,320 16,615
25 to 29 years 30,240 14,810 15,430
30 to 34 years 27,320 13,425 13,895
35 to 39 years 26,835 13,135 13,705
40 to 44 years 29,280 14,340 14,940
45 to 49 years 34,715 16,850 17,865
50 to 54 years 33,965 16,330 17,640
55 to 59 years 29,475 14,090 15,385
60 to 64 years 25,965 12,405 13,565
65 to 69 years 19,270 9,115 10,155
70 to 74 years 14,720 6,815 7,905
75 to 79 years 12,135 5,275 6,855
80 to 84 years 9,595 3,955 5,640
85 years and over 9,470 3,070 6,405
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.8 38.4 41.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.4 82.5 84.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 366,355 175,595 190,765
Married or living with a common-law partner 205,190 102,445 102,745
Married (and not separated) 174,445 87,085 87,355
Living common law 30,745 15,360 15,385
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 161,170 73,150 88,020
Single (never legally married) 105,455 55,470 49,985
Separated 12,190 5,110 7,080
Divorced 22,395 8,515 13,880
Widowed 21,125 4,055 17,070
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 121,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 60,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 25,970 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 24,020 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 10,865 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 121,695 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 100,655 ... ...
Married couples 85,295 ... ...
Without children at home 38,480 ... ...
With children at home 46,820 ... ...
1 child 17,075 ... ...
2 children 20,440 ... ...
3 or more children 9,295 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,355 ... ...
Without children at home 9,590 ... ...
With children at home 5,770 ... ...
1 child 2,835 ... ...
2 children 1,945 ... ...
3 or more children 985 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 21,040 ... ...
Female parent 16,945 ... ...
1 child 10,030 ... ...
2 children 5,015 ... ...
3 or more children 1,905 ... ...
Male parent 4,095 ... ...
1 child 2,740 ... ...
2 children 1,045 ... ...
3 or more children 315 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 131,525 ... ...
Under six years of age 28,485 ... ...
6 to 14 years 43,720 ... ...
15 to 17 years 16,950 ... ...
18 to 24 years 28,800 ... ...
25 years and over 13,570 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 432,320 210,170 222,155
Number of persons not in census families 78,450 35,960 42,485
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,015 3,335 4,680
Living with non-relatives only 17,865 10,080 7,780
Living alone 52,570 22,550 30,025
Number of census family persons 353,875 174,210 179,670
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 60,400 26,800 33,595
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 20,460 5,410 15,045
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,270 480 1,785
Living with non-relatives only 1,000 475 525
Living alone 17,195 4,460 12,735
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 39,940 21,385 18,555
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 180,280 ... ...
Census-family households 119,435 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 111,060 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 93,845 ... ...
Without children 44,840 ... ...
With children 49,010 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 17,215 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 8,380 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,195 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,910 ... ...
Without children 1,565 ... ...
With children 2,345 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,275 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,185 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,840 ... ...
One-person households 52,565 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 8,275 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 180,280 ... ...
Single-detached house 101,035 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 30,935 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 490 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 47,820 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,660 ... ...
Row house 19,565 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,130 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 17,220 ... ...
Other single-attached house 245 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 180,280 ... ...
1 person 52,570 ... ...
2 persons 61,820 ... ...
3 persons 27,270 ... ...
4 persons 25,075 ... ...
5 persons 9,365 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,175 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 432,320 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 433,960 210,835 223,125
  Single responses  427,725 207,840 219,885
    English  346,595 168,990 177,605
    French  5,370 2,420 2,955
    Non-official languages  75,755 36,425 39,325
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 50 25 30
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  0 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  35 15 20
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 75,010 36,075 38,935
        African languages, n.i.e 215 110 110
        Afrikaans  75 40 40
        Akan (Twi)  55 30 25
        Albanian  925 460 460
        Amharic  245 130 120
        Arabic  7,745 4,005 3,735
        Armenian  90 45 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 50 50
        Bengali  375 205 170
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  60 20 40
        Bosnian  665 345 325
        Bulgarian  75 35 45
        Burmese  15 10 5
        Cantonese  1,150 555 595
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,930 1,330 1,600
        Creoles  40 20 25
        Croatian  900 455 445
        Czech  405 190 215
        Danish  240 125 115
        Dutch  4,130 1,910 2,225
        Estonian  60 20 40
        Finnish  110 50 60
        Flemish  270 115 160
        Fukien  15 10 5
        German  3,710 1,655 2,050
        Greek  1,860 935 925
        Gujarati  480 245 230
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  100 55 40
        Hindi  650 320 325
        Hungarian  1,380 665 715
        Ilocano  85 30 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Italian  3,405 1,735 1,675
        Japanese  200 80 120
        Khmer (Cambodian)  785 380 405
        Korean  2,540 1,230 1,305
        Kurdish  830 440 390
        Lao  105 40 60
        Latvian  100 45 60
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  180 70 110
        Macedonian  80 35 55
        Malay  120 60 65
        Malayalam  265 140 125
        Maltese  250 120 120
        Mandarin  1,400 655 740
        Marathi  45 25 25
        Nepali  140 75 70
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 100 45 55
        Norwegian  30 20 10
        Oromo  30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  770 405 365
        Pashto  90 45 45
        Persian (Farsi)  1,685 875 810
        Polish  5,945 2,755 3,195
        Portuguese  5,950 2,845 3,105
        Romanian  865 380 485
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 20 25
        Russian  1,225 555 670
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 915 455 460
        Serbian  875 455 420
        Serbo-Croatian  320 155 165
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Sindhi  55 30 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  85 35 50
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 205 105 105
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 70 35 35
        Slovak  355 165 195
        Slovenian  255 105 150
        Somali  240 110 130
        Spanish  8,970 4,265 4,705
        Swahili  80 40 40
        Swedish  70 30 45
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,250 440 810
        Taiwanese  40 20 20
        Tamil  260 135 125
        Telugu  90 45 45
        Thai  50 20 30
        Tibetan languages  0 5 5
        Tigrigna  250 120 130
        Turkish  300 175 130
        Ukrainian  985 455 525
        Urdu  1,165 595 575
        Vietnamese  1,610 765 845
        Yiddish  30 20 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 695 330 370
  Multiple responses          6,235 3,000 3,240
    English and French  950 420 530
    English and non-official language  4,760 2,340 2,425
    French and non-official language  350 165 190
    English, French and non-official language 180 80 100
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 433,960 210,840 223,120
  English only 399,540 196,405 203,135
  French only 240 120 120
  English and French 29,215 12,405 16,810
  Neither English nor French 4,970 1,910 3,060
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 433,965 210,835 223,120
  English 422,000 205,720 216,280
  French 5,265 2,385 2,875
  English and French 1,890 905 985
  Neither English nor French 4,810 1,830 2,980
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,210 2,835 3,370
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.3 1.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 433,960 210,840 223,125
  Single responses 421,795 204,945 216,850
    English 383,505 186,655 196,850
    French 1,580 730 850
    Non-official languages 36,710 17,565 19,150
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,465 17,440 19,025
        African languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35
        Afrikaans 35 20 15
        Akan (Twi) 15 10 10
        Albanian 525 255 270
        Amharic 130 60 70
        Arabic 4,435 2,215 2,220
        Armenian 30 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
        Bengali 245 135 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 365 185 185
        Bulgarian 35 15 20
        Burmese 5 5 0
        Cantonese 695 335 365
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,925 905 1,020
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 360 170 185
        Czech 120 60 60
        Danish 15 10 5
        Dutch 265 115 145
        Estonian 5 5 5
        Finnish 5 5 5
        Flemish 30 10 15
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 650 300 350
        Greek 755 365 395
        Gujarati 275 140 135
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 35 15 15
        Hindi 290 140 150
        Hungarian 420 200 215
        Ilocano 25 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 910 415 495
        Japanese 95 40 50
        Khmer (Cambodian) 450 210 240
        Korean 1,970 940 1,030
        Kurdish 530 275 255
        Lao 45 25 20
        Latvian 15 5 10
        Lingala 5 5 0
        Lithuanian 50 20 30
        Macedonian 35 15 20
        Malay 30 15 15
        Malayalam 130 65 60
        Maltese 35 20 15
        Mandarin 1,045 495 550
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 120 60 60
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 15 5 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 415 205 210
        Pashto 80 35 35
        Persian (Farsi) 1,125 565 560
        Polish 2,880 1,350 1,530
        Portuguese 2,460 1,140 1,320
        Romanian 420 205 215
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
        Russian 600 290 315
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 635 300 325
        Serbian 510 260 250
        Serbo-Croatian 165 80 85
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45
        Sindhi 20 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 190 95 95
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 125 60 60
        Slovenian 55 25 30
        Somali 180 80 100
        Spanish 5,975 2,785 3,185
        Swahili 40 20 15
        Swedish 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 195 285
        Taiwanese 20 10 5
        Tamil 125 65 60
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 20 10 15
        Tibetan languages 5 0 0
        Tigrigna 105 45 55
        Turkish 185 100 85
        Ukrainian 310 130 180
        Urdu 680 335 350
        Vietnamese 1,125 530 595
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 230 115 115
  Multiple responses         12,165 5,890 6,275
    English and French 525 230 300
    English and non-official language 11,305 5,510 5,795
    French and non-official language 90 45 40
    English, French and non-official language 250 105 145
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 433,960 210,840 223,125
  None 386,795 188,265 198,530
  Single responses  46,160 22,100 24,060
    English  16,800 8,285 8,515
    French  4,300 1,765 2,530
    Non-official languages  25,065 12,055 13,005
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 85 30 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 5 0
        Ojibway  65 20 45
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,540 11,835 12,710
        African languages, n.i.e 110 50 55
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  40 25 20
        Albanian  255 130 120
        Amharic  95 50 45
        Arabic  2,865 1,520 1,350
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 20 35
        Bengali  90 45 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  200 105 100
        Bulgarian  25 10 15
        Burmese  15 5 5
        Cantonese  345 175 170
        Chinese, n.o.s.  650 290 365
        Creoles  50 20 30
        Croatian  330 160 175
        Czech  135 55 80
        Danish  60 30 35
        Dutch  1,225 550 675
        Estonian  30 10 15
        Finnish  40 20 25
        Flemish  40 15 25
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  1,295 550 740
        Greek  1,030 535 495
        Gujarati  125 65 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  90 50 35
        Hindi  405 200 200
        Hungarian  455 210 250
        Ilocano  30 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Italian  1,355 660 695
        Japanese  105 40 65
        Khmer (Cambodian)  255 135 120
        Korean  375 195 185
        Kurdish  180 100 85
        Lao  50 25 25
        Latvian  25 10 20
        Lingala  15 5 10
        Lithuanian  65 30 35
        Macedonian  25 5 20
        Malay  40 20 25
        Malayalam  100 50 45
        Maltese  85 40 45
        Mandarin  315 150 165
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  10 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 35 35
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  255 140 110
        Pashto  15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  390 200 195
        Polish  1,725 805 920
        Portuguese  2,520 1,225 1,295
        Romanian  275 110 170
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 15 15
        Russian  375 170 210
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 180 95 90
        Serbian  240 115 125
        Serbo-Croatian  60 30 35
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 35 55
        Sindhi  25 20 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 20 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Slovak  100 45 55
        Slovenian  95 35 55
        Somali  80 40 40
        Spanish  2,655 1,315 1,335
        Swahili  50 25 30
        Swedish  30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  440 140 300
        Taiwanese  10 5 10
        Tamil  110 55 55
        Telugu  30 15 15
        Thai  20 10 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  100 55 55
        Turkish  95 55 40
        Ukrainian  320 150 170
        Urdu  455 230 220
        Vietnamese  390 185 205
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 435 195 245
  Multiple responses          1,010 475 535
    English and French  190 85 105
    English and non-official language  255 120 130
    French and non-official language  555 260 300
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Middlesex-London Health Unit, Ontario (Code 3544) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 23, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map

Map: Middlesex-London Health Unit (Health region, December 2013)

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Map: 3544, Health region (shaded in green)

Geographic hierarchy

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