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NHS Profile, Canada, 2011
|Non-official languages spoken|
|Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64||8,165,495||3,923,340||4,242,155|
|Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65||96,690||47,240||49,450|
|Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66||23,460||10,990||12,470|
|Berber languages (Kabyle)||7,430||4,105||3,330|
|Semitic languages, n.i.e.||19,975||9,865||10,115|
|Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.||8,615||4,390||4,220|
|Bantu languages, n.i.e.||13,470||6,675||6,795|
|Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.||29,240||15,060||14,180|
|African languages, n.i.e.||14,135||7,660||6,480|
|Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67||133,190||62,175||71,020|
National Household Survey data: Footnotes
- Footnote 64
Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.
Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer
- Footnote 65
Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).
Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer
- Footnote 66
This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.
Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer
- Footnote 67
This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.
Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer
How to cite
How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada (Code 01) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 1, 2023).
2011 National Household Survey
NHS data quality
- Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%
- Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Download NHS data for a complete geographic level
|Population and dwelling counts|
|Population in 2011Census data footnote 1||33,476,688†||...||...|
|Population in 2006Census data footnote 1||31,612,897†||...||...|
|2006 to 2011 population change (%)||5.9||...||...|
|Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2||14,569,633||...||...|
|Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3||13,320,614||...||...|
|Population density per square kilometre||3.7||...||...|
|Land area (square km)||8,965,121.42||...||...|
|Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4||33,476,685||16,414,225||17,062,460|
|0 to 4 years||1,877,095||961,150||915,945|
|5 to 9 years||1,809,895||925,965||883,935|
|10 to 14 years||1,920,355||983,995||936,360|
|15 to 19 years||2,178,135||1,115,845||1,062,295|
|20 to 24 years||2,187,450||1,108,775||1,078,670|
|25 to 29 years||2,169,590||1,077,275||1,092,315|
|30 to 34 years||2,162,905||1,058,810||1,104,095|
|35 to 39 years||2,173,930||1,064,200||1,109,735|
|40 to 44 years||2,324,875||1,141,720||1,183,155|
|45 to 49 years||2,675,130||1,318,715||1,356,420|
|50 to 54 years||2,658,965||1,309,030||1,349,940|
|55 to 59 years||2,340,635||1,147,300||1,193,335|
|60 to 64 years||2,052,670||1,002,690||1,049,985|
|65 to 69 years||1,521,715||738,010||783,705|
|70 to 74 years||1,153,065||543,435||609,630|
|75 to 79 years||922,700||417,945||504,755|
|80 to 84 years||702,070||291,085||410,985|
|85 years and over||645,515||208,300||437,215|
|Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5||40.6||39.6||41.5|
|% of the population aged 15 and over||83.2||82.5||84.0|
|Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6||27,869,340||13,543,130||14,326,215|
|Married or living with a common-law partner||16,084,490||8,045,795||8,038,700|
|Married (and not separated)||12,941,960||6,470,300||6,471,660|
|Living common law||3,142,525||1,575,495||1,567,035|
|Not married and not living with a common-law partner||11,784,855||5,497,335||6,287,515|
|Single (never legally married)||7,816,045||4,206,320||3,609,730|
|Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7||9,389,695||...||...|
|Size of census family: 2 persons||4,679,700||...||...|
|Size of census family: 3 persons||2,048,560||...||...|
|Size of census family: 4 persons||1,870,305||...||...|
|Size of census family: 5 or more persons||791,130||...||...|
|Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8||9,389,700||...||...|
|Total couple families by family structure and number of children||7,861,855||...||...|
|Without children at home||2,891,215||...||...|
|With children at home||3,402,735||...||...|
|3 or more children||638,740||...||...|
|Without children at home||861,350||...||...|
|With children at home||706,555||...||...|
|3 or more children||111,075||...||...|
|Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children||1,527,845||...||...|
|3 or more children||137,920||...||...|
|3 or more children||24,860||...||...|
|Total children in census families in private households||9,971,320||...||...|
|Under six years of age||2,217,355||...||...|
|6 to 14 years||3,322,875||...||...|
|15 to 17 years||1,240,565||...||...|
|18 to 24 years||2,062,245||...||...|
|25 years and over||1,128,280||...||...|
|Average number of children at home per census family||1.1||...||...|
|Household and dwelling characteristics|
|Total number of persons in private households||32,856,980||16,153,945||16,703,035|
|Number of persons not in census families||5,634,105||2,678,530||2,955,575|
|Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9||735,685||309,510||426,175|
|Living with non-relatives only||1,225,115||689,960||535,150|
|Number of census family persons||27,222,870||13,475,410||13,747,460|
|Average number of persons per census family||2.9||...||...|
|Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households||4,551,900||2,081,795||2,470,110|
|Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over||1,527,630||445,865||1,081,770|
|Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9||224,755||52,375||172,380|
|Living with non-relatives only||87,185||42,230||44,955|
|Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over||3,024,275||1,635,935||1,388,340|
|Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10||13,320,615||...||...|
|One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11||8,263,885||...||...|
|Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12||7,070,680||...||...|
|Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13||840,075||...||...|
|One-family households with persons not in a census family||572,015||...||...|
|Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14||389,775||...||...|
|Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15||13,320,615||...||...|
|Apartment, building that has five or more storeys||1,234,770||...||...|
|Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16||183,510||...||...|
|Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17||4,573,185||...||...|
|Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys||2,397,550||...||...|
|Other single-attached house||33,310||...||...|
|Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18||13,320,615||...||...|
|6 or more persons||392,885||...||...|
|Number of persons in private households||32,856,975||...||...|
|Average number of persons in private households||2.5||...||...|
|Detailed mother tongue|
|Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19||33,121,175||16,265,870||16,855,305|
|Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20||177,360||86,870||90,490|
|Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21||6,312,435||3,032,860||3,279,570|
|African languages, n.i.e.||9,125||4,920||4,205|
|Bantu languages, n.i.e.||7,150||3,565||3,590|
|Berber languages (Kabyle)||5,855||3,210||2,645|
|Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.||5,255||2,860||2,395|
|Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.||14,075||7,385||6,685|
|Semitic languages, n.i.e.||16,970||8,395||8,575|
|Sign languages, n.i.e.||3,815||2,050||1,760|
|Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e.||4,360||2,225||2,135|
|Slavic languages, n.i.e.||3,630||1,850||1,785|
|Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)||327,445||131,405||196,045|
|Other languagesCensus data footnote 22||77,890||38,055||39,835|
|English and French||144,685||69,975||74,710|
|English and non-official language||396,330||192,000||204,330|
|French and non-official language||74,430||36,535||37,890|
|English, French and non-official language||24,095||11,965||12,130|
|Knowledge of official languages|
|Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19||33,121,175||16,265,870||16,855,305|
|English and French||5,795,570||2,876,560||2,919,005|
|Neither English nor French||595,920||241,790||354,135|
|First official language spoken|
|First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19||33,121,175||16,265,875||16,855,300|
|English and French||367,635||186,235||181,405|
|Neither English nor French||582,755||235,280||347,475|
|Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23||7,691,705||3,764,930||3,926,770|
|Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23||23.2||23.1||23.3|
|Detailed language spoken most often at home|
|Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19||33,121,175||16,265,875||16,855,300|
|Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20||114,610||58,055||56,550|
|Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21||3,531,990||1,695,585||1,836,405|
|African languages, n.i.e.||4,130||2,085||2,045|
|Bantu languages, n.i.e.||1,815||865||950|
|Berber languages (Kabyle)||1,995||1,045||950|
|Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.||2,285||1,165||1,120|
|Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.||3,785||1,800||1,985|
|Semitic languages, n.i.e.||11,670||5,640||6,030|
|Sign languages, n.i.e.||6,305||3,685||2,620|
|Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e.||3,525||1,795||1,730|
|Slavic languages, n.i.e.||1,135||545||590|
|Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)||161,080||71,145||89,935|
|Other languagesCensus data footnote 22||27,265||13,670||13,595|
|English and French||131,205||63,475||67,730|
|English and non-official language||875,135||425,370||449,765|
|French and non-official language||109,700||53,010||56,690|
|English, French and non-official language||46,330||22,845||23,485|
|Detailed other language spoken regularly at home|
|Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19||33,121,175||16,265,870||16,855,305|
|Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20||62,935||29,835||33,100|
|Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21||1,857,185||887,115||970,070|
|African languages, n.i.e.||3,625||1,930||1,695|
|Bantu languages, n.i.e.||3,595||1,735||1,860|
|Berber languages (Kabyle)||2,040||1,085||955|
|Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.||1,845||980||870|
|Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.||10,610||5,245||5,365|
|Semitic languages, n.i.e.||3,685||1,850||1,835|
|Sign languages, n.i.e.||4,300||1,800||2,505|
|Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e.||465||240||225|
|Slavic languages, n.i.e.||970||490||485|
|Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)||107,960||40,085||67,870|
|Other languagesCensus data footnote 22||44,985||21,360||23,630|
|English and French||40,280||20,290||19,995|
|English and non-official language||49,905||24,725||25,180|
|French and non-official language||56,385||26,370||30,010|
|English, French and non-official language||1,485||755||730|
... not applicable
A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:
- A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.
† excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')
Census data: Footnotes
- Footnote 1
Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.
Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.
- Footnote 2
A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.
- Footnote 3
A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.
- Footnote 4
Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.
Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.
- Footnote 5
The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.
- Footnote 6
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.
- Footnote 7
Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.
- Footnote 8
Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.
- Footnote 9
Non-relatives may be present.
- Footnote 10
Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.
Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
- Footnote 11
Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.
- Footnote 12
Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.
- Footnote 13
Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.
- Footnote 14
Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.
- Footnote 15
Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.
- Footnote 16
Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
- Footnote 17
The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.
- Footnote 18
Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.
- Footnote 19
The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.
- Footnote 20
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.
- Footnote 21
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.
- Footnote 22
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.
- Footnote 23
English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.
How to cite
How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Canada (Code 01) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 1, 2023).
2011 Census of Population
Census data quality
- Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Download census data for complete geographic level
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