NHS Profile, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 3,567,980 1,793,675 1,774,300
Canadian citizens 3,326,540 1,676,365 1,650,175
Canadian citizens aged under 18 780,625 400,615 380,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,545,915 1,275,750 1,270,165
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 241,435 117,310 124,125
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,305
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 2,864,240 1,449,740 1,414,500
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 644,115 313,170 330,940
Before 1971 92,610 45,390 47,220
1971 to 1980 83,620 41,910 41,710
1981 to 1990 86,190 41,145 45,040
1991 to 2000 124,465 58,970 65,495
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 257,230 125,755 131,475
2001 to 2005 113,060 56,395 56,660
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 144,170 69,360 74,815
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 59,620 30,765 28,855
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 644,115 313,170 330,940
Under 5 years 67,765 33,995 33,775
5 to 14 years 116,525 60,020 56,510
15 to 24 years 141,775 66,170 75,600
25 to 44 years 265,305 128,535 136,765
45 years and over 52,740 24,450 28,290
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 2,864,245 1,449,740 1,414,500
Born in province of residence 1,911,800 962,140 949,665
Born outside province of residence 952,440 487,600 464,835
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 644,115 313,170 330,945
Americas 86,500 41,270 45,230
United States 31,050 13,785 17,265
Jamaica 4,340 2,120 2,220
Guyana 2,330 1,115 1,220
Haiti 720 340 380
Mexico 10,755 5,325 5,430
Trinidad and Tobago 2,950 1,470 1,480
Colombia 6,860 3,470 3,395
El Salvador 5,535 2,730 2,800
Peru 1,310 575 740
Chile 4,305 2,285 2,015
Other places of birth in Americas 16,345 8,070 8,275
Europe 178,660 88,400 90,265
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 58,245 28,985 29,260
Italy 8,050 4,135 3,920
Germany 20,085 9,780 10,310
Poland 16,335 7,335 8,995
Portugal 3,465 1,775 1,695
Netherlands 15,290 7,980 7,310
France 2,390 1,120 1,270
Romania 6,235 3,155 3,085
Russian Federation 5,900 2,590 3,310
Greece 1,455 800 660
Ukraine 6,430 2,860 3,565
Croatia 2,775 1,365 1,410
Hungary 3,620 1,960 1,660
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,720 1,940 1,780
Serbia 1,865 890 970
Ireland, Republic of 2,795 1,430 1,365
Other places of birth in Europe 19,995 10,305 9,690
Africa 55,855 29,580 26,275
Morocco 890 530 360
Algeria 695 365 330
Egypt 3,120 1,735 1,390
South Africa, Republic of 6,010 2,965 3,045
Nigeria 5,575 2,885 2,690
Ethiopia 6,375 3,385 2,990
Kenya 4,005 2,130 1,880
Other places of birth in Africa 29,180 15,580 13,595
Asia 314,145 149,480 164,670
India 59,020 29,590 29,430
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 49,595 23,180 26,420
Philippines 69,575 29,270 40,305
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 17,300 8,410 8,890
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 26,020 12,470 13,545
Pakistan 19,110 9,910 9,195
Sri Lanka 3,295 1,650 1,645
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 5,595 3,095 2,500
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 9,575 4,485 5,085
Lebanon 8,390 4,580 3,810
Taiwan 2,960 1,375 1,585
Iraq 3,825 2,120 1,705
Bangladesh 3,680 1,920 1,760
Afghanistan 4,345 2,240 2,105
Japan 2,935 955 1,980
Turkey 1,670 970 700
Other places of birth in Asia 27,270 13,255 14,010
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 8,955 4,440 4,510
Fiji 4,140 1,985 2,150
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 4,815 2,455 2,360
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 59,625 30,765 28,855
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 144,165 69,360 74,810
Americas 21,555 10,565 10,990
United States 6,190 2,820 3,375
Mexico 4,115 2,090 2,020
Cuba 440 265 180
Haiti 430 210 220
Jamaica 495 265 225
Brazil 795 335 460
Colombia 3,100 1,630 1,470
Guyana 95 35 60
Peru 515 205 305
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,930 985 950
Other places of birth in Americas 3,455 1,720 1,730
Europe 19,295 9,720 9,580
France 480 210 270
Germany 1,710 890 825
Poland 985 385 595
Romania 1,550 750 805
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 495 295 200
Russian Federation 1,695 800 895
Ukraine 1,350 600 755
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 7,335 3,980 3,355
Other places of birth in Europe 3,700 1,810 1,890
Africa 17,435 8,980 8,450
Nigeria 3,200 1,620 1,580
Ethiopia 2,355 1,190 1,165
Mauritius 320 190 130
Somalia 1,275 685 595
Algeria 255 125 130
Egypt 910 480 425
Morocco 400 210 195
Tunisia 175 105 75
Cameroon 615 340 275
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 365 215 155
South Africa, Republic of 1,500 715 790
Other places of birth in Africa 6,065 3,115 2,950
Asia 84,520 39,440 45,080
Philippines 29,215 13,025 16,190
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 10,395 4,735 5,660
India 16,810 8,390 8,420
Pakistan 6,070 2,830 3,240
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,820 1,055 770
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,995 1,355 1,635
Sri Lanka 1,245 625 625
Iraq 1,040 505 535
Bangladesh 1,405 695 705
Lebanon 1,440 795 640
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,855 665 1,195
Taiwan 445 155 295
Afghanistan 785 385 400
Japan 955 330 625
Turkey 370 210 165
Israel 215 110 110
Nepal 770 390 380
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 660 195 470
United Arab Emirates 530 310 220
Saudi Arabia 545 305 240
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 210 95 120
Other places of birth in Asia 4,740 2,280 2,460
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,360 645 705
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 715,370 349,885 365,480
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 681,780 341,775 340,005
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 2,170,835 1,102,015 1,068,820
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 656,325 326,340 329,985
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 156,665 81,035 75,630
Chinese 133,390 64,845 68,550
Black 74,435 39,170 35,265
Filipino 106,035 47,370 58,660
Latin American 41,305 21,205 20,095
Arab 34,920 18,510 16,415
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 41,025 20,440 20,585
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 16,030 8,600 7,425
Korean 15,000 7,235 7,765
Japanese 12,415 5,595 6,820
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 6,270 3,130 3,140
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 18,840 9,210 9,630
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 2,911,650 1,467,335 1,444,315
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 3,567,980 1,793,680 1,774,300
North American Aboriginal origins 263,720 129,275 134,445
First Nations (North American Indian) 177,140 86,660 90,480
Inuit 3,245 1,590 1,655
Métis 94,615 46,195 48,420
Other North American origins 830,700 424,805 405,895
Acadian 4,775 2,595 2,175
American 71,430 35,370 36,065
Canadian 776,695 397,910 378,785
New Brunswicker 70 45 25
Newfoundlander 1,890 1,150 740
Nova Scotian 120 45 75
Ontarian 65 45 20
Québécois 1,070 625 440
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 980 500 480
European origins 2,506,665 1,254,145 1,252,520
British Isles origins 1,537,660 763,770 773,890
Channel Islander 160 90 75
Cornish 170 105 70
English 886,760 436,945 449,815
Irish 565,120 271,495 293,630
Manx 680 335 345
Scottish 670,950 331,010 339,950
Welsh 75,870 37,375 38,495
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 79,300 38,965 40,330
French origins 396,230 194,565 201,665
Alsatian 115 45 70
Breton 70 35 40
French 396,110 194,520 201,595
Western European origins (except French origins) 876,045 435,855 440,190
Austrian 36,670 18,235 18,440
Belgian 20,390 10,200 10,190
Dutch 182,265 91,305 90,955
Flemish 2,380 1,340 1,045
Frisian 840 435 405
German 683,835 339,445 344,390
Luxembourger 635 305 330
Swiss 23,020 11,185 11,840
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 400 180 220
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 321,840 154,735 167,105
Danish 59,060 28,725 30,335
Finnish 16,280 7,680 8,600
Icelandic 17,075 8,110 8,970
Norwegian 152,645 74,105 78,535
Swedish 96,890 45,025 51,865
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 12,810 6,245 6,570
Eastern European origins 638,385 314,745 323,645
Bulgarian 2,300 1,190 1,110
Byelorussian 1,965 985 980
Czech 18,910 9,420 9,490
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 9,465 4,430 5,035
Estonian 2,860 1,295 1,570
Hungarian 52,020 25,995 26,025
Latvian 2,985 1,440 1,545
Lithuanian 5,310 2,655 2,650
Moldovan 690 445 245
Polish 174,380 84,820 89,560
Romanian 29,425 13,740 15,690
Russian 99,775 49,080 50,700
Slovak 10,090 5,090 4,995
Ukrainian 345,405 170,140 175,270
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,145 550 590
Southern European origins 182,520 91,290 91,225
Albanian 1,540 820 720
Bosnian 2,960 1,540 1,420
Croatian 10,060 5,175 4,880
Cypriot 125 45 75
Greek 12,395 6,395 5,995
Italian 88,710 44,945 43,760
Kosovar 145 95 55
Macedonian 835 475 355
Maltese 1,180 640 540
Montenegrin 140 70 70
Portuguese 18,775 9,225 9,550
Serbian 5,970 3,070 2,895
Sicilian 310 150 155
Slovenian 3,290 1,780 1,510
Spanish 39,320 18,840 20,480
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 5,515 2,525 2,990
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 75 45 35
Other European origins 24,670 12,435 12,240
Basque 345 160 185
Jewish 15,815 7,655 8,165
Roma (Gypsy) 510 275 235
Slavic, n.o.s. 905 440 460
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 7,250 3,990 3,260
Caribbean origins 25,035 12,420 12,620
Antiguan 240 120 120
Bahamian 245 135 105
Barbadian 1,765 870 890
Bermudan 170 105 75
Carib 215 95 125
Cuban 1,790 970 820
Dominican 475 325 150
Grenadian 545 280 265
Haitian 1,375 655 715
Jamaican 11,400 5,620 5,785
Kittitian/Nevisian 55 20 35
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 55 0 45
Puerto Rican 285 125 160
St. Lucian 190 75 120
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 3,910 2,055 1,860
Vincentian/Grenadinian 305 140 165
West Indian, n.o.s. 2,145 885 1,255
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 1,425 645 785
Latin, Central and South American origins 54,650 27,550 27,105
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 1,270 625 645
Argentinian 1,155 555 605
Belizean 100 65 35
Bolivian 480 265 220
Brazilian 1,740 910 835
Chilean 6,325 3,200 3,120
Colombian 8,270 4,100 4,170
Costa Rican 595 245 350
Ecuadorian 795 355 445
Guatemalan 2,020 900 1,110
Guyanese 2,345 1,115 1,235
Hispanic 950 545 405
Honduran 615 365 250
Maya 375 200 175
Mexican 14,465 7,555 6,905
Nicaraguan 1,010 505 505
Panamanian 225 80 140
Paraguayan 85 30 55
Peruvian 1,615 790 830
Salvadorean 6,900 3,425 3,470
Uruguayan 285 175 115
Venezuelan 3,500 1,760 1,740
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 2,310 1,255 1,060
African origins 78,580 41,680 36,895
Central and West African origins 15,040 8,320 6,720
Akan 140 100 40
Angolan 275 140 140
Ashanti 55 20 35
Beninese 75 40 40
Burkinabe 60 30 35
Cameroonian 775 390 385
Chadian 145 75 70
Congolese 1,775 945 830
Gabonese 50 30 0
Gambian 25 0 0
Ghanaian 2,705 1,615 1,090
Guinean 220 90 135
Ibo 600 295 305
Ivorian 135 85 50
Liberian 365 215 160
Malian 50 40 0
Nigerian 5,305 2,905 2,400
Peulh 45 25 20
Senegalese 220 160 60
Sierra Leonean 455 255 200
Togolese 140 80 50
Yoruba 1,210 665 545
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 1,200 630 565
North African origins 15,000 7,900 7,095
Algerian 900 400 505
Berber 235 135 100
Coptic 145 70 70
Dinka 575 355 225
Egyptian 5,125 2,630 2,495
Libyan 700 335 360
Maure 30 20 0
Moroccan 1,125 610 510
Sudanese 6,130 3,310 2,820
Tunisian 520 300 220
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 110 50 60
Southern and East African origins 32,030 16,875 15,155
Afrikaner 315 190 125
Amhara 345 185 155
Bantu, n.o.s. 80 35 40
Burundian 475 305 165
Eritrean 2,805 1,380 1,420
Ethiopian 7,760 4,115 3,650
Harari 60 0 45
Kenyan 1,385 770 615
Malagasy 125 50 70
Mauritian 315 155 160
Oromo 420 230 185
Rwandan 875 425 450
Seychellois 75 55 0
Somali 7,110 3,910 3,205
South African 5,400 2,810 2,590
Tanzanian 915 465 450
Tigrian 175 95 85
Ugandan 790 425 365
Zambian 110 60 50
Zimbabwean 1,650 785 860
Zulu 145 70 80
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 2,480 1,255 1,230
Other African origins 18,640 9,810 8,830
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,860 925 935
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 16,930 8,975 7,955
Asian origins 551,715 271,145 280,570
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 69,000 36,790 32,205
Afghan 6,935 3,600 3,335
Arab, n.o.s. 7,565 4,110 3,460
Armenian 1,305 715 590
Assyrian 380 200 180
Azerbaijani 380 225 155
Georgian 260 150 105
Iranian 9,215 5,075 4,140
Iraqi 4,470 2,375 2,090
Israeli 1,065 525 545
Jordanian 1,155 545 615
Kazakh 390 205 185
Kurd 1,465 820 645
Kuwaiti 110 60 55
Lebanese 25,960 13,575 12,385
Palestinian 2,525 1,420 1,105
Pashtun 435 230 200
Saudi Arabian 560 380 180
Syrian 2,655 1,310 1,345
Tajik 225 75 155
Tatar 460 195 265
Turk 4,480 2,495 1,980
Uighur 260 95 165
Uzbek 180 100 80
Yemeni 510 295 215
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,765 910 860
South Asian origins 159,055 82,060 76,995
Bangladeshi 2,740 1,355 1,385
Bengali 1,280 735 550
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 125,105 64,275 60,835
Goan 425 210 215
Gujarati 360 175 180
Kashmiri 360 190 170
Nepali 1,695 910 785
Pakistani 17,825 9,300 8,525
Punjabi 8,730 4,580 4,150
Sinhalese 1,035 520 520
Sri Lankan 3,750 1,975 1,775
Tamil 625 300 315
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 2,900 1,530 1,370
East and Southeast Asian origins 327,245 154,405 172,845
Burmese 790 405 385
Cambodian (Khmer) 3,555 1,845 1,710
Chinese 155,965 75,840 80,125
Filipino 113,210 50,625 62,580
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 2,795 1,310 1,485
Japanese 15,645 7,175 8,470
Korean 15,865 7,645 8,220
Laotian 1,855 980 880
Malaysian 2,440 1,195 1,240
Mongolian 930 445 485
Singaporean 215 105 110
Taiwanese 1,545 740 800
Thai 1,990 765 1,225
Tibetan 365 190 175
Vietnamese 32,510 15,860 16,640
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 995 455 535
Other Asian origins 1,770 920 855
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,775 915 855
Oceania origins 12,985 6,620 6,360
Australian 6,765 3,480 3,290
New Zealander 2,520 1,275 1,245
Pacific Islands origins 3,945 1,970 1,980
Fijian 2,345 1,190 1,155
Hawaiian 375 175 200
Maori 735 335 400
Polynesian, n.o.s. 155 75 80
Samoan 110 75 40
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 265 135 130
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Buddhist 44,410 20,725 23,680
Christian 2,152,200 1,029,310 1,122,890
Anglican 140,665 65,130 75,535
Baptist 66,635 31,645 34,990
Catholic 866,305 422,160 444,145
Christian Orthodox 51,340 25,145 26,190
Lutheran 119,345 56,120 63,220
Pentecostal 60,960 28,580 32,380
Presbyterian 36,765 16,835 19,925
United Church 268,675 123,255 145,420
Other Christian 541,520 260,440 281,075
Hindu 36,845 19,120 17,725
Jewish 10,900 5,405 5,495
Muslim 113,445 59,005 54,435
Sikh 52,335 26,825 25,510
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 15,100 7,420 7,680
Other religions 16,605 7,525 9,080
No religious affiliation 1,126,130 618,330 507,800
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 3,567,975 1,793,675 1,774,300
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 220,695 108,295 112,400
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 116,670 56,470 60,200
Métis single identity 96,870 48,345 48,525
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 1,985 1,035 950
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 1,870 965 905
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 3,300 1,480 1,815
Non-Aboriginal identity 3,347,280 1,685,380 1,661,900
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,567,980 1,793,675 1,774,300
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 106,420 51,075 55,340
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 3,461,560 1,742,600 1,718,955
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 3,567,980 1,793,675 1,774,300
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 263,725 129,275 134,440
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 177,140 86,660 90,480
Métis ancestry 94,620 46,195 48,420
Inuit ancestry 3,240 1,585 1,655
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 3,304,255 1,664,400 1,639,855
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 835,380 407,550 427,825
Aboriginal languages 33,960 15,990 17,970
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 10 0 0
Blackfoot 4,235 2,050 2,185
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 22,770 10,740 12,025
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 805 310 490
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 80 0 50
Dene 2,070 1,025 1,045
Tlicho (Dogrib) 30 0 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 65 25 45
Stoney 3,485 1,685 1,800
Inuktitut 90 15 75
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 1,070 420 650
Non-Aboriginal languages 801,660 391,660 409,995
Italian 19,380 9,620 9,760
Portuguese 9,745 5,010 4,735
Romanian 7,310 3,655 3,650
Spanish 81,350 40,470 40,875
Dutch 21,190 10,420 10,770
Flemish 340 150 190
German 83,680 41,610 42,075
Yiddish 265 155 110
Danish 3,280 1,675 1,600
Norwegian 1,700 870 830
Swedish 1,565 695 870
Afrikaans 4,090 1,980 2,115
Gaelic languages 665 345 320
Bosnian 2,260 1,170 1,090
Bulgarian 1,190 620 570
Croatian 4,630 2,275 2,355
Czech 3,380 1,710 1,675
Macedonian 360 195 165
Polish 21,900 10,105 11,795
Russian 20,640 9,950 10,690
Serbian 3,805 1,945 1,865
Serbo-Croatian 900 465 440
Slovak 2,400 1,190 1,205
Slovenian 720 315 410
Ukrainian 31,845 15,100 16,745
Latvian 435 230 210
Lithuanian 425 210 215
Greek 4,325 2,265 2,065
Armenian 525 265 265
Albanian 1,365 710 655
Estonian 180 95 90
Finnish 1,185 475 710
Hungarian 7,465 3,730 3,730
Turkish 3,445 1,945 1,505
Berber languages (Kabyle) 40 25 15
Oromo 1,775 915 855
Somali 5,905 3,195 2,705
Amharic 6,640 3,565 3,075
Arabic 40,920 21,880 19,035
Hebrew 2,410 1,175 1,235
Maltese 100 45 50
Tigrigna 2,235 1,140 1,090
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 715 355 360
Bengali 6,115 3,220 2,895
Gujarati 11,875 5,820 6,055
Hindi 40,745 20,960 19,790
Konkani 385 140 245
Marathi 1,330 675 655
Panjabi (Punjabi) 62,815 32,460 30,355
Sindhi 3,490 1,610 1,880
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,715 1,450 1,265
Urdu 26,820 13,960 12,860
Nepali 1,800 960 840
Kurdish 1,920 1,000 920
Pashto 2,485 1,250 1,230
Persian (Farsi) 12,660 6,990 5,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,360 740 620
Kannada 670 345 330
Malayalam 3,800 1,955 1,845
Tamil 3,995 2,040 1,955
Telugu 1,275 675 600
Japanese 8,650 3,875 4,770
Korean 13,930 6,690 7,240
Cantonese 46,015 21,690 24,325
Fukien 520 270 250
Hakka 340 145 200
Mandarin 29,850 14,075 15,780
Taiwanese 495 200 300
Chinese, n.o.s. 48,155 23,055 25,105
Lao 1,325 680 645
Thai 1,935 780 1,155
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,805 1,385 1,420
Vietnamese 29,200 14,170 15,030
Bisayan languages 3,425 1,390 2,035
Ilocano 3,575 1,410 2,160
Malay 2,400 1,150 1,255
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 87,385 37,700 49,685
Akan (Twi) 1,815 1,035 775
Lingala 680 425 260
Rundi (Kirundi) 450 265 190
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 775 375 400
Swahili 5,000 2,720 2,280
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,955 1,065 890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,075 2,095 1,975
African languages, n.i.e. 4,705 2,470 2,240
Creoles 2,570 1,315 1,255
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 16,515 7,485 9,030
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 3,518,330 1,768,715 1,749,615
Non-movers 2,985,105 1,496,890 1,488,215
Movers 533,225 271,825 261,400
Non-migrants 332,955 170,485 162,475
Migrants 200,265 101,340 98,925
Internal migrants 163,305 83,180 80,125
Intraprovincial migrants 107,935 54,425 53,505
Interprovincial migrants 55,375 28,755 26,615
External migrants 36,960 18,160 18,800
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 3,324,205 1,668,830 1,655,375
Non-movers 1,830,575 912,005 918,575
Movers 1,493,630 756,825 736,805
Non-migrants 793,470 402,170 391,300
Migrants 700,160 354,660 345,500
Internal migrants 537,455 273,585 263,865
Intraprovincial migrants 321,605 161,280 160,325
Interprovincial migrants 215,850 112,310 103,540
External migrants 162,705 81,070 81,635
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 2,888,735 1,445,820 1,442,920
No certificate, diploma or degree 550,465 283,115 267,350
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 764,390 365,625 398,765
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,573,885 797,085 776,800
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 318,280 233,190 85,095
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 530,100 225,215 304,885
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 122,465 51,345 71,120
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 603,040 287,335 315,705
Bachelor's degree 418,180 190,245 227,930
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 184,860 97,085 87,775
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 2,035,330 1,023,280 1,012,055
No certificate, diploma or degree 250,265 134,640 115,620
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 484,725 232,685 252,040
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,300,340 655,945 644,395
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 249,160 184,955 64,200
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 435,350 186,075 249,275
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 95,155 40,740 54,415
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 520,675 244,180 276,500
Bachelor's degree 359,350 161,790 197,565
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 161,320 82,390 78,935
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 2,888,740 1,445,820 1,442,915
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 1,314,855 648,740 666,115
Education 120,550 29,945 90,600
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 45,060 19,555 25,505
Humanities 64,505 25,750 38,755
Social and behavioural sciences and law 130,730 43,390 87,335
Business, management and public administration 323,075 117,110 205,970
Physical and life sciences and technologies 62,865 33,885 28,975
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 53,890 33,040 20,845
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 421,245 383,815 37,430
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 40,880 26,055 14,820
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 229,155 43,370 185,785
Personal, protective and transportation services 81,860 41,125 40,735
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 80 40 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 2,888,735 1,445,815 1,442,920
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,314,855 648,735 666,120
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,573,880 797,080 776,800
Location of study inside Canada 1,309,625 664,085 645,540
Same as province or territory of residence 991,315 500,695 490,625
Another province or territory 318,310 163,390 154,920
Location of study outside Canada 264,255 132,995 131,260
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,259,370 1,205,500 1,053,870
Single responses 2,248,270 1,200,270 1,048,005
English 2,224,725 1,189,110 1,035,615
French 6,355 2,170 4,185
Non-official languages 17,190 8,990 8,200
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,980 1,525 1,450
Cantonese 2,355 1,075 1,285
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,805 1,060 745
Mandarin 685 390 290
Spanish 1,575 865 710
Korean 650 315 335
German 1,690 1,215 475
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 460 230 225
Portuguese 75 20 55
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 4,915 2,295 2,625
Multiple responses 11,100 5,235 5,865
English and French 2,920 1,350 1,565
English and non-official language 7,975 3,785 4,190
French and non-official language 35 0 20
English, French and non-official language 170 90 85
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 2,259,370 1,205,500 1,053,870
English 2,224,725 1,189,110 1,035,615
French 6,355 2,170 4,185
Non-official language 17,185 8,990 8,195
Aboriginal 1,000 510 485
Non-Aboriginal 16,190 8,480 7,710
English and French 2,915 1,350 1,565
English and non-official language 7,975 3,780 4,195
French and non-official language 35 0 20
English, French and non-official language 170 85 80
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 2,888,735 1,445,815 1,442,920
In the labour force 2,115,640 1,143,840 971,800
Employed 1,993,225 1,078,370 914,855
Unemployed 122,415 65,470 56,945
Not in the labour force 773,095 301,975 471,120
Participation rate 73.2 79.1 67.3
Employment rate 69.0 74.6 63.4
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.7 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 2,115,640 1,143,840 971,800
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 27,490 12,545 14,945
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,088,150 1,131,295 956,855
Employee 1,841,365 972,890 868,470
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 246,785 158,405 88,380
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 2,115,640 1,143,840 971,800
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 27,490 12,545 14,945
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,088,150 1,131,295 956,855
0 Management occupations 248,520 160,145 88,370
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 347,880 93,875 254,005
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 168,725 131,715 37,005
3 Health occupations 125,125 22,050 103,070
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 211,945 71,815 140,135
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 45,140 18,290 26,855
6 Sales and service occupations 438,865 180,675 258,190
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 367,650 342,230 25,425
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 69,950 59,115 10,835
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 64,345 51,385 12,960
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 2,115,640 1,143,840 971,795
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 27,490 12,545 14,945
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 2,088,145 1,131,295 956,855
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 61,165 41,465 19,700
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 136,500 104,825 31,670
22 Utilities 22,035 15,725 6,305
23 Construction 195,905 166,270 29,635
31-33 Manufacturing 123,465 93,895 29,570
41 Wholesale trade 89,000 63,590 25,415
44-45 Retail trade 229,225 104,725 124,500
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 104,770 76,070 28,700
51 Information and cultural industries 35,465 18,990 16,470
52 Finance and insurance 68,760 24,355 44,410
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 40,090 22,305 17,790
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 162,490 91,715 70,780
55 Management of companies and enterprises 2,535 1,270 1,260
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 72,965 40,320 32,645
61 Educational services 141,550 44,045 97,505
62 Health care and social assistance 206,695 33,030 173,665
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 39,720 19,510 20,215
72 Accommodation and food services 125,810 50,795 75,020
81 Other services (except public administration) 101,275 49,330 51,950
91 Public administration 128,720 69,075 59,650
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 2,115,640 1,143,840 971,800
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 90,620 42,595 48,025
Worked in 2010 2,025,020 1,101,245 923,775
1 to 13 weeks 97,210 44,235 52,975
14 to 26 weeks 161,360 80,900 80,460
27 to 39 weeks 129,755 69,470 60,285
40 to 48 weeks 340,265 182,895 157,370
49 to 52 weeks 1,296,435 723,745 572,690
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.3 44.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 2,115,635 1,143,845 971,795
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 90,620 42,595 48,025
Worked in 2010 2,025,020 1,101,245 923,775
Worked full-time in 2010 1,651,205 983,985 667,225
Worked part-time in 2010 373,815 117,265 256,550
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 1,993,220 1,078,370 914,850
Worked at home 147,245 71,245 76,005
Worked outside Canada 6,620 5,175 1,445
No fixed workplace address 292,055 228,125 63,930
Worked at usual place 1,547,305 773,825 773,480
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 1,839,355 1,001,955 837,405
Car, truck or van - as a driver 1,406,150 798,140 608,010
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 103,715 43,990 59,725
Public transit 193,115 91,260 101,855
Walked 91,005 40,550 50,450
Bicycle 19,535 13,950 5,585
Other methods 25,835 14,055 11,780
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 1,839,360 1,001,950 837,410
Median commuting duration 20.5 20.8 20.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 1,839,355 1,001,950 837,405
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 528,920 362,385 166,535
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 973,100 477,425 495,670
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 337,340 162,140 175,205
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 1,390,285 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 1,292,560 ... ...
Major repairs needed 97,720 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 1,390,280 ... ...
1960 or before 189,745 ... ...
1961 to 1980 440,825 ... ...
1981 to 1990 202,060 ... ...
1991 to 2000 214,705 ... ...
2001 to 2005 170,660 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 172,290 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 1,390,280 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 301,090 ... ...
5 rooms 212,625 ... ...
6 rooms 201,400 ... ...
7 rooms 187,790 ... ...
8 or more rooms 487,370 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 1,390,280 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 141,360 ... ...
2 bedrooms 293,000 ... ...
3 bedrooms 503,185 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 452,740 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 1,390,280 ... ...
Owner 1,022,645 ... ...
Renter 357,945 ... ...
Band housing 9,690 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 1,390,280 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 222,565 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 1,167,720 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 1,390,285 ... ...
1 household maintainer 808,030 ... ...
2 household maintainers 543,070 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 39,185 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 1,390,280 ... ...
Under 25 years 62,550 ... ...
25 to 34 years 260,090 ... ...
35 to 44 years 275,550 ... ...
45 to 54 years 316,310 ... ...
55 to 64 years 240,245 ... ...
65 to 74 years 130,355 ... ...
75 years and over 105,175 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 1,390,280 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 1,364,455 ... ...
More than one person per room 25,825 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 1,390,280 ... ...
Suitable 1,320,980 ... ...
Not suitable 69,300 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 1,344,820 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 1,025,590 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 319,230 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 259,570 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 991,025 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,251 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,314 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,684 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 398,839 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 356,510 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,017 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,079 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 2,888,740 1,445,820 1,442,915
Without income 137,995 59,510 78,490
With income 2,750,740 1,386,310 1,364,430
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 265,850 120,180 145,675
$5,000 to $9,999 171,645 55,860 115,785
$10,000 to $14,999 206,060 76,365 129,695
$15,000 to $19,999 202,130 76,375 125,755
$20,000 to $29,999 340,195 137,535 202,660
$30,000 to $39,999 293,435 132,145 161,285
$40,000 to $49,999 268,335 130,180 138,160
$50,000 to $59,999 219,080 120,865 98,215
$60,000 to $79,999 303,265 188,080 115,185
$80,000 to $99,999 196,520 127,695 68,830
$100,000 and over 284,220 221,025 63,195
$100,000 to $124,999 122,465 89,525 32,935
$125,000 and over 161,750 131,500 30,250
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,306 47,110 27,769
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,956 64,260 37,439
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 2,888,735 1,445,820 1,442,920
Without after-tax income 138,405 59,560 78,850
With after-tax income 2,750,335 1,386,260 1,364,070
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 270,365 121,600 148,760
$5,000 to $9,999 174,380 56,550 117,830
$10,000 to $14,999 211,595 78,920 132,675
$15,000 to $19,999 218,045 82,215 135,825
$20,000 to $29,999 395,905 163,345 232,560
$30,000 to $39,999 366,300 172,860 193,435
$40,000 to $49,999 314,285 169,130 145,160
$50,000 to $59,999 226,575 136,200 90,380
$60,000 to $79,999 292,585 189,230 103,350
$80,000 to $99,999 129,970 94,450 35,515
$100,000 and over 150,330 121,760 28,575
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,847 41,012 25,889
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 41,962 51,587 32,179
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.7 95.3 88.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.3 84.2 76.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 78.2 81.0 73.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 3.2 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.2 5.9 6.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.7 3.7 3.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.4 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.3 4.7 11.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.1 1.7 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.7 1.2 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.8 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.2 0.9 1.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.7 19.7 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.3 80.3 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.5 2.6 2.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 1,133,280 670,880 462,405
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,507 63,635 46,698
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 69,438 80,112 53,952
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 989,485 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,393 ... ...
Average family income ($) 116,232 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 80,271 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,558 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 368,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,508 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,010 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,666 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,857 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 462,040 ... ...
Median family income ($) 113,083 ... ...
Average family income ($) 138,026 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 96,123 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 112,543 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 124,075 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,173 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,937 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,270 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,113 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 532,580 282,405 250,175
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,269 42,017 30,411
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 47,235 53,740 39,892
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,451 36,646 28,211
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 39,159 43,626 34,116
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 3,567,980 1,793,675 1,774,300
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 1,424,520 684,890 739,630
In bottom decile 300,070 145,930 154,140
In second decile 249,625 112,160 137,470
In third decile 280,285 133,410 146,870
In fourth decile 289,115 141,080 148,035
In fifth decile 305,425 152,305 153,125
In top half of the Canadian distribution 2,143,455 1,108,785 1,034,670
In sixth decile 328,845 165,690 163,155
In seventh decile 353,860 180,665 173,200
In eighth decile 392,595 202,775 189,820
In ninth decile 458,395 237,235 221,160
In top decile 609,755 322,420 287,335
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 1,390,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 37,520 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 18,100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 31,510 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 43,880 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 87,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 102,290 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 100,165 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 100,965 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 184,540 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 166,110 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 158,540 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 113,010 ... ...
$150,000 and over 245,665 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 1,390,280 ... ...
Under $5,000 38,565 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 18,540 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 32,040 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 45,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 98,740 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 121,260 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 126,895 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 120,695 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 224,435 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 176,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 386,990 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 152,515 ... ...
$125,000 and over 234,475 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 1,390,280 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 78,632 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 100,819 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,086 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 83,011 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 341,265 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 40,146 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 52,454 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,396 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 43,179 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,049,015 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 94,053 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 116,553 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 80,916 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 95,969 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 3,519,390 1,768,955 1,750,430
Less than 18 years 802,170 411,460 390,710
Less than 6 years 281,690 144,015 137,675
18 to 64 years 2,356,095 1,188,915 1,167,180
65 years and over 361,125 168,580 192,545
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 376,820 176,880 199,940
Less than 18 years 107,535 54,770 52,765
Less than 6 years 39,715 20,070 19,645
18 to 64 years 241,025 113,825 127,195
65 years and over 28,260 8,290 19,975
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.7 10.0 11.4
Less than 18 years (%) 13.4 13.3 13.5
Less than 6 years (%) 14.1 13.9 14.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.6 10.9
65 years and over (%) 7.8 4.9 10.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Alberta (Code 48) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

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Alberta

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.4%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 3,290,350  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 10.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,505,007 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,390,275 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 640,081.87 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 3,645,260 1,827,815 1,817,440
0 to 4 years 244,880 125,665 119,210
5 to 9 years 218,990 112,005 106,990
10 to 14 years 220,920 113,415 107,505
15 to 19 years 238,205 122,065 116,145
15 years 46,985 23,995 22,995
16 years 47,235 24,330 22,910
17 years 47,280 24,370 22,910
18 years 47,780 24,435 23,345
19 years 48,920 24,935 23,985
20 to 24 years 258,475 131,510 126,965
25 to 29 years 288,735 146,330 142,405
30 to 34 years 274,390 138,600 135,795
35 to 39 years 260,135 131,810 128,325
40 to 44 years 258,515 130,630 127,890
45 to 49 years 280,635 140,575 140,060
50 to 54 years 279,705 141,370 138,335
55 to 59 years 233,785 118,750 115,030
60 to 64 years 182,160 90,975 91,185
65 to 69 years 125,700 61,790 63,905
70 to 74 years 94,775 45,220 49,555
75 to 79 years 76,040 35,205 40,835
80 to 84 years 57,725 24,810 32,915
85 years and over 51,485 17,095 34,390
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.5 35.9 37.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.2 80.8 81.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 2,960,470 1,476,730 1,483,735
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,756,855 881,840 875,015
Married (and not separated) 1,484,700 745,670 739,035
Living common law 272,155 136,180 135,980
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,203,610 594,890 608,725
Single (never legally married) 823,935 460,575 363,355
Separated 70,860 31,685 39,170
Divorced 177,375 75,875 101,500
Widowed 131,440 26,745 104,695
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 999,530 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 484,825 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 213,675 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 203,800 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 97,225 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 999,530 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 855,015 ... ...
Married couples 719,360 ... ...
Without children at home 314,230 ... ...
With children at home 405,125 ... ...
1 child 146,820 ... ...
2 children 174,625 ... ...
3 or more children 83,680 ... ...
Common-law couples 135,660 ... ...
Without children at home 83,430 ... ...
With children at home 52,230 ... ...
1 child 26,160 ... ...
2 children 17,235 ... ...
3 or more children 8,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 144,510 ... ...
Female parent 110,800 ... ...
1 child 64,825 ... ...
2 children 32,100 ... ...
3 or more children 13,875 ... ...
Male parent 33,710 ... ...
1 child 22,340 ... ...
2 children 8,595 ... ...
3 or more children 2,775 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 1,097,320 ... ...
Under six years of age 284,605 ... ...
6 to 14 years 386,605 ... ...
15 to 17 years 134,350 ... ...
18 to 24 years 202,260 ... ...
25 years and over 89,505 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 3,567,935 1,793,260 1,774,675
Number of persons not in census families 616,070 324,140 291,930
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 86,005 42,230 43,775
Living with non-relatives only 187,325 112,605 74,725
Living alone 342,730 169,305 173,430
Number of census family persons 2,951,870 1,469,120 1,482,750
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 366,105 171,780 194,330
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 114,455 34,650 79,805
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 15,895 3,895 12,000
Living with non-relatives only 7,200 3,595 3,605
Living alone 91,355 27,160 64,195
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 251,650 137,125 114,525
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,390,275 ... ...
Census-family households 969,755 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 870,680 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 764,130 ... ...
Without children 354,595 ... ...
With children 409,535 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 106,550 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 99,070 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 71,170 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 49,400 ... ...
Without children 20,350 ... ...
With children 29,050 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 21,775 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 27,900 ... ...
Non-census-family households 420,520 ... ...
One-person households 342,735 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 77,790 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,390,275 ... ...
Single-detached house 883,265 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 58,205 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 46,590 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 402,215 ... ...
Semi-detached house 71,845 ... ...
Row house 97,865 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 33,505 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 197,940 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,060 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,390,275 ... ...
1 person 342,730 ... ...
2 persons 477,095 ... ...
3 persons 224,925 ... ...
4 persons 211,645 ... ...
5 persons 85,495 ... ...
6 or more persons 48,385 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,567,935 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,610,185 1,811,450 1,798,730
  Single responses  3,547,680 1,781,135 1,766,545
    English  2,780,200 1,405,655 1,374,545
    French  68,545 35,355 33,195
    Non-official languages  698,930 340,125 358,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 22,005 10,540 11,470
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  16,745 8,035 8,710
        Dene  1,680 825 855
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  65 20 40
        Mi'kmaq  20 15 10
        Ojibway  455 190 260
        Oji-Cree  5 5 10
        Stoney  3,035 1,465 1,570
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 665,865 324,165 341,705
        African languages, n.i.e 3,380 1,855 1,525
        Afrikaans  2,420 1,200 1,220
        Akan (Twi)  1,100 620 485
        Albanian  1,685 915 770
        Amharic  5,110 2,595 2,515
        Arabic  28,000 15,335 12,665
        Armenian  390 185 195
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,265 635 625
        Bengali  5,030 2,640 2,385
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  60 30 25
        Bisayan languages  3,255 1,340 1,910
        Bosnian  1,745 875 875
        Bulgarian  1,280 635 650
        Burmese  320 160 160
        Cantonese  34,985 16,440 18,540
        Chinese, n.o.s.  49,270 23,520 25,745
        Creoles  1,180 610 570
        Croatian  3,960 1,950 2,005
        Czech  2,880 1,405 1,475
        Danish  2,805 1,445 1,360
        Dutch  17,950 9,095 8,855
        Estonian  195 100 95
        Finnish  895 355 545
        Flemish  345 175 170
        Fukien  445 205 235
        German  80,905 39,730 41,175
        Greek  2,965 1,565 1,405
        Gujarati  8,675 4,300 4,375
        Hakka  325 135 190
        Hebrew  780 415 370
        Hindi  12,290 6,260 6,030
        Hungarian  6,700 3,315 3,385
        Ilocano  3,010 1,265 1,745
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,070 580 490
        Italian  11,960 6,145 5,815
        Japanese  4,560 1,640 2,920
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,745 810 930
        Korean  13,885 6,545 7,340
        Kurdish  1,230 705 525
        Lao  1,035 515 520
        Latvian  330 160 165
        Lingala  155 80 75
        Lithuanian  380 170 210
        Macedonian  275 140 135
        Malay  1,080 470 610
        Malayalam  2,760 1,425 1,330
        Maltese  75 35 35
        Mandarin  19,325 9,120 10,210
        Marathi  850 460 395
        Nepali  1,605 870 735
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,075 1,120 960
        Norwegian  1,180 540 635
        Oromo  1,405 790 610
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  49,940 25,350 24,590
        Pashto  1,850 950 900
        Persian (Farsi)  10,655 5,630 5,025
        Polish  19,890 9,335 10,560
        Portuguese  7,380 3,610 3,770
        Romanian  6,550 3,335 3,215
        Rundi (Kirundi)  235 110 120
        Russian  13,840 6,355 7,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  440 225 215
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 680 360 325
        Serbian  3,560 1,795 1,765
        Serbo-Croatian  930 455 475
        Shanghainese  130 50 80
        Sign languages, n.i.e 465 250 215
        Sindhi  2,560 1,205 1,355
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,940 1,030 915
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 650 335 315
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 325 160 165
        Slovak  2,145 1,045 1,100
        Slovenian  745 350 395
        Somali  5,515 2,875 2,640
        Spanish  44,020 22,045 21,975
        Swahili  1,455 775 680
        Swedish  950 420 530
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  60,085 25,720 34,370
        Taiwanese  340 150 190
        Tamil  2,645 1,425 1,215
        Telugu  1,085 565 520
        Thai  1,310 420 890
        Tibetan languages  335 170 165
        Tigrigna  2,340 1,245 1,095
        Turkish  2,460 1,415 1,050
        Ukrainian  24,575 11,095 13,475
        Urdu  19,900 10,265 9,630
        Vietnamese  21,195 9,930 11,265
        Yiddish  165 85 80
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 11,055 5,420 5,635
  Multiple responses          62,505 30,325 32,185
    English and French  8,410 4,045 4,365
    English and non-official language  49,970 24,210 25,760
    French and non-official language  2,945 1,500 1,440
    English, French and non-official language 1,185 565 620
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,610,185 1,811,450 1,798,735
  English only 3,321,810 1,679,330 1,642,480
  French only 3,205 1,430 1,780
  English and French 235,565 110,485 125,075
  Neither English nor French 49,600 20,210 29,395
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,610,180 1,811,455 1,798,735
  English 3,484,240 1,751,785 1,732,460
  French 65,105 33,810 31,295
  English and French 12,530 6,305 6,225
  Neither English nor French 48,310 19,555 28,750
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 71,370 36,960 34,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 2.0 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,610,185 1,811,455 1,798,730
  Single responses 3,499,490 1,757,090 1,742,400
    English 3,095,250 1,557,420 1,537,830
    French 24,690 12,545 12,140
    Non-official languages 379,550 187,125 192,425
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 9,525 4,800 4,730
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 6,470 3,255 3,215
        Dene 880 475 400
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 5
        Ojibway 95 35 60
        Oji-Cree 0 5 0
        Stoney 2,070 1,025 1,045
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 366,215 180,370 185,850
        African languages, n.i.e. 1,880 990 885
        Afrikaans 1,435 715 715
        Akan (Twi) 460 235 225
        Albanian 915 505 410
        Amharic 3,555 1,770 1,790
        Arabic 16,655 8,765 7,890
        Armenian 205 100 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 395 190 205
        Bengali 3,540 1,820 1,720
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 15
        Bisayan languages 1,125 530 595
        Bosnian 885 450 430
        Bulgarian 755 375 375
        Burmese 215 115 105
        Cantonese 24,790 11,520 13,270
        Chinese, n.o.s. 32,395 15,515 16,880
        Creoles 630 315 310
        Croatian 1,375 645 735
        Czech 755 380 375
        Danish 175 95 80
        Dutch 2,390 1,180 1,210
        Estonian 25 10 15
        Finnish 115 50 60
        Flemish 40 20 20
        Fukien 120 45 75
        German 35,485 17,490 18,000
        Greek 905 440 460
        Gujarati 5,040 2,450 2,590
        Hakka 110 50 60
        Hebrew 370 190 180
        Hindi 6,955 3,525 3,425
        Hungarian 1,900 920 980
        Ilocano 1,060 490 575
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 510 260 245
        Italian 3,235 1,455 1,785
        Japanese 2,125 890 1,235
        Khmer (Cambodian) 960 445 510
        Korean 10,340 4,980 5,370
        Kurdish 785 435 350
        Lao 530 250 285
        Latvian 85 55 35
        Lingala 45 25 25
        Lithuanian 85 40 40
        Macedonian 110 55 55
        Malay 370 200 165
        Malayalam 1,495 760 735
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 14,910 7,300 7,610
        Marathi 430 230 205
        Nepali 1,190 625 570
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 595 285 305
        Norwegian 190 95 95
        Oromo 1,050 565 485
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 38,215 19,220 19,000
        Pashto 1,235 625 610
        Persian (Farsi) 7,260 3,680 3,580
        Polish 7,935 3,805 4,125
        Portuguese 2,915 1,400 1,515
        Romanian 3,735 1,930 1,805
        Rundi (Kirundi) 100 40 60
        Russian 8,360 4,115 4,250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 220 115 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 375 185 190
        Serbian 2,025 1,010 1,015
        Serbo-Croatian 435 225 210
        Shanghainese 65 35 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 685 415 270
        Sindhi 1,105 490 610
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,000 530 465
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 500 260 240
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35
        Slovak 680 340 335
        Slovenian 120 50 70
        Somali 4,110 2,130 1,985
        Spanish 27,405 13,830 13,575
        Swahili 580 310 275
        Swedish 115 55 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 33,190 15,940 17,255
        Taiwanese 130 60 70
        Tamil 1,515 805 715
        Telugu 565 295 270
        Thai 595 270 325
        Tibetan languages 235 120 110
        Tigrigna 1,595 820 775
        Turkish 1,610 860 750
        Ukrainian 2,985 1,365 1,620
        Urdu 13,740 7,005 6,735
        Vietnamese 15,080 7,140 7,945
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,810 1,955 1,850
  Multiple responses         110,695 54,360 56,335
    English and French 4,945 2,520 2,425
    English and non-official language 102,995 50,465 52,535
    French and non-official language 1,115 570 550
    English, French and non-official language 1,640 815 825
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 3,610,185 1,811,455 1,798,730
  None 3,175,225 1,598,555 1,576,670
  Single responses  427,270 209,070 218,200
    English  175,275 88,065 87,205
    French  36,995 17,270 19,730
    Non-official languages  215,005 103,740 111,265
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 11,185 5,305 5,880
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  9,370 4,490 4,885
        Dene  655 290 365
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  55 20 35
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 10
        Ojibway  220 90 130
        Oji-Cree  5 0 5
        Stoney  855 405 450
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 197,700 95,500 102,195
        African languages, n.i.e 970 540 430
        Afrikaans  935 475 455
        Akan (Twi)  620 350 270
        Albanian  490 265 230
        Amharic  1,395 750 650
        Arabic  12,895 6,955 5,945
        Armenian  95 40 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 550 265 285
        Bengali  1,010 515 490
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  830 330 505
        Bosnian  580 280 305
        Bulgarian  320 150 175
        Burmese  115 60 55
        Cantonese  9,235 4,460 4,775
        Chinese, n.o.s.  10,445 5,115 5,330
        Creoles  720 360 355
        Croatian  1,555 775 780
        Czech  990 480 515
        Danish  945 430 515
        Dutch  5,765 2,795 2,965
        Estonian  50 30 25
        Finnish  300 130 175
        Flemish  70 40 35
        Fukien  155 75 80
        German  18,255 8,815 9,440
        Greek  1,720 850 870
        Gujarati  2,970 1,465 1,500
        Hakka  105 40 65
        Hebrew  600 300 290
        Hindi  7,045 3,685 3,365
        Hungarian  2,015 970 1,040
        Ilocano  845 360 480
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 320 175 140
        Italian  5,390 2,700 2,685
        Japanese  2,250 960 1,290
        Khmer (Cambodian)  525 255 270
        Korean  2,420 1,125 1,290
        Kurdish  300 165 135
        Lao  365 190 175
        Latvian  80 30 50
        Lingala  230 115 115
        Lithuanian  95 45 45
        Macedonian  90 40 50
        Malay  460 205 255
        Malayalam  960 485 470
        Maltese  15 10 10
        Mandarin  4,300 1,965 2,335
        Marathi  240 130 110
        Nepali  235 135 90
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,685 860 830
        Norwegian  355 160 195
        Oromo  255 130 130
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  8,810 4,560 4,245
        Pashto  340 170 170
        Persian (Farsi)  2,105 1,130 980
        Polish  6,180 2,890 3,290
        Portuguese  3,195 1,565 1,630
        Romanian  1,715 865 850
        Rundi (Kirundi)  120 65 55
        Russian  4,020 1,825 2,200
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  195 100 100
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 185 100 90
        Serbian  1,135 575 555
        Serbo-Croatian  260 125 140
        Shanghainese  40 15 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 645 270 375
        Sindhi  1,185 560 630
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  755 395 360
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 115 65 50
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 85 50 40
        Slovak  605 300 300
        Slovenian  250 120 130
        Somali  1,435 745 690
        Spanish  18,355 9,210 9,145
        Swahili  1,145 610 540
        Swedish  450 205 245
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  18,450 6,985 11,460
        Taiwanese  125 60 65
        Tamil  880 460 420
        Telugu  360 195 165
        Thai  575 185 390
        Tibetan languages  60 35 30
        Tigrigna  740 395 345
        Turkish  640 370 270
        Ukrainian  7,440 3,335 4,105
        Urdu  4,905 2,555 2,355
        Vietnamese  4,960 2,345 2,615
        Yiddish  60 30 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,125 2,940 3,190
  Multiple responses          7,690 3,825 3,865
    English and French  995 520 475
    English and non-official language  2,860 1,445 1,405
    French and non-official language  3,785 1,820 1,960
    English, French and non-official language  55 35 25

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

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Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Alberta (Code 48) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Alberta

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Alberta (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data