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Industry (based on the North American Industry Classification System [NAICS] 2007)

Part A - Short definition:

Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition:

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked.

The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007. The NAICS provides enhanced industry comparability among the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trading partners (Canada, United States and Mexico). This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 20 sectors, 102 subsectors and 324 industry groups. The criteria used to create these categories are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used by the establishment.

Reported in:


Reported for:

Population aged 15 years and over in private households, who worked since January 1, 2010. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2010, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

Question number(s):

Coded variable: Questions 40 and 41


The industry questions request write-in responses indicating for whom the respondents worked (their employer) and the kind of business or service offered by this employer. The National Household Survey coders assigned an industry code from these responses, based on NAICS 2007.


The NAICS 2007 is a revision of the NAICS 2002.

The 2011 industry data can be tabulated for a number of populations, among which the most frequently used are:

  1. the employed;
  2. the experienced labour force - persons who were either employed or unemployed in the reference week but who had worked since January 1, 2010;
  3. those who have worked since January 1, 2010, regardless of whether or not they were in the labour force in the reference week.

The remaining components of the labour force, unemployed persons who worked prior to January 1, 2010, or who never worked, are shown in the data under the category 'Industry - Not applicable.'

Coding of responses to the industry questions was done, where possible, using a pre-coded list of establishments to ensure uniformity with the NAICS codes assigned to the same establishments by other Statistics Canada surveys.

Comparable industry information based on NAICS 2007 is also available from the Labour Force Survey.

For more information on the NAICS 2007, see North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007, Catalogue no. 12-501-XIE.

For information on the comparability of the 2011 National Household Survey labour force status data with those of the Labour Force Survey, see Appendix 2.1.

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