Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Registered or Treaty Indian status

Part A - Short definition:

Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition:

'Registered or Treaty Indian status' refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Reported in:


Reported for:

Population in private households

Question number(s):

Direct variable: Question 20


Respondents could reply 'No' or 'Yes, Status Indian (Registered or Treaty)' by checking off the appropriate mark-in circle in Question 20.

The resulting standard classification is:

  • Registered or Treaty Indian
  • Not a Registered or Treaty Indian.


The 2011 NHS Registered or Treaty Indian status question asked: 'Is this person a Status Indian (Registered or Treaty Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada)?'

As well, additional instructions were provided to respondents in the 2011 National Household Survey Guide:

Select the circle 'Yes, Status Indian (Registered or Treaty)' for persons who:

  • are Registered Indians under the Indian Act
  • are Treaty Indians, only if they are Registered Indians under the Indian Act
  • have become registered since June 1985, when Bill C-31 changed the Indian Act.

All other persons should mark 'No' including persons who may be entitled to register under provisions of the Indian Act, but for some reason have not.

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

For additional information on the collection and dissemination of Aboriginal data, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, National Household Survey, 2011.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: