Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Table 3.1 Summary of low-income lines in the 2011 National Household Survey


This table describes the various dimensions of the three low-income concepts available on the National Household Survey database. The column headings are: dimensions and low-income concept divided in low income measures (LIM); low-income cut-offs (LICO) and market basket measure (MBM). The rows describe for which geography the concept is defined, whether the unit for income is household or economic families and persons aged 15 and over not in an economic family, what adjustment factor is used to adjust a specific low-income threshold to account for families or households of different sizes, to determine which income variable should be used to compare to each low-income threshold, and lastly, to determine how each line was defined.

Table 3.1 Summary of low-income lines in the 2011 National Household Survey
Dimensions Low-income concept
Low Income Measures (LIM) Low-income cut-offs (LICO) Market Basket Measure (MBM)
Geography One level across Canada  Size of area of residence  49 regions 
Unit for income Households  Economic families and persons 15+ not in EF Economic families and persons 15+ not in EF
Adjustment factor Square root of household  size Different lines based on size of economic family up to 7+ members category Square root of economic family size
Income Disposable income for MBM for economic families and persons not in economic familiesFootnote 6
Line Half the median of adjusted income Income level at which families usually spend 20 percentage points more than the average family on shelter, food and clothingFootnote 7 Price of the basket of goods and services for the reference familyFootnote 8

Source: Statistics Canada, Income Statistics Division.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: