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2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Aboriginal Identity (8), Area of Residence (6), Age Groups (12) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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Canada Click to view data quality notes
Aboriginal identity (8) Area of residence (6)
Total - Area of residence 1 On reserve 2 Rural Total urban Urban non-census metropolitan area Urban census metropolitan area
Note(s) :
  1. Total - Area of residence
    'Area of residence' refers to the following geographic areas: on reserve, urban census metropolitan area, urban non-census metropolitan area and rural area. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Aboriginal population is residing.

    'On reserve' includes eight census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-E), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK), Nisga'a village (NVL), Nisga'a land (NL) and Teslin land (TL), as well as 35 additional CSDs of various other types that are generally northern communities in Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory, which have large concentrations of Registered Indians.

    An urban area has a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and a population density of at least 400 persons per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All territory outside urban areas is classified as rural. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.

    A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large urban area and has a population of at least 100,000.

    Urban non-census metropolitan areas are smaller urban areas with a population of less than 100,000.

    Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.

    Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  2. On reserve
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
  3. Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population
    This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
  4. Total Aboriginal identity population
    Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
  5. North American Indian single response
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
  6. Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere
    Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population 3 31,241,030 342,865 5,926,685 24,971,480 5,039,875 19,931,595
Total Aboriginal identity population 4 1,172,790 308,490 240,825 623,470 257,305 366,165
North American Indian single response 5 698,025 300,755 85,210 312,055 123,895 188,160
Métis single response 389,780 4,320 114,905 270,555 109,680 160,870
Inuit single response 50,480 435 31,065 18,980 14,765 4,210
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 160 1,835 5,745 2,165 3,585
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 6 26,760 2,825 7,810 16,135 6,800 9,335
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 34,375 5,685,855 24,348,005 4,782,575 19,565,435
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-558-XCB2006006 (Canada, Code01)