2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status and Place of Birth (38), Sex (3) and Age Groups (10) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||April 8, 2008|
|Topic:||Immigration and citizenship|
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
|Immigrant status and place of birth (38)||Sex (3)|
|Total - Sex||Male||Female|
|Total - Immigrant status and place of birthFootnote 2||31,241,030||15,326,265||15,914,760|
|Born in province of residence||20,933,115||10,340,345||10,592,765|
|Born outside province of residence||3,855,610||1,888,630||1,966,980|
|United States of America||250,535||108,325||142,215|
|Caribbean and Bermuda||317,765||138,300||179,460|
|Other Southern Europe||401,230||201,235||199,995|
|Other Northern Europe||64,900||31,385||33,520|
|Asia and the Middle East||2,525,160||1,207,000||1,318,160|
|West Central Asia and the Middle East||370,515||193,405||177,110|
|China, People's Republic of||466,940||213,950||252,990|
|Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region||215,430||103,225||112,205|
|Other Eastern Asia||191,995||87,590||104,405|
|Other Southeast Asia||257,800||122,015||135,780|
|Other Southern Asia||275,590||140,865||134,725|
|Oceania and otherFootnote 5||59,410||28,045||31,360|
|Non-permanent residentsFootnote 6||265,355||133,130||132,225|
- Footnote 1
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 2
For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
- Footnote 3
Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.
- Footnote 4
Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
- Footnote 5
'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.
- Footnote 6
Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006016.
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- Footnote b
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- Footnote c
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- Footnote d
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