2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Work Activity in 2005 (14), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Age Groups (9) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-560-XCB2006026
Release date:July 29, 2008
Topic:Education
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

More information will be available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, to be published later in 2008.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details immigrant status and period of immigration , work activity in 2005 , highest certificate, diploma or degree , age groups and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 1
Highest certificate, diploma or degree (7) Work activity in 2005 (14)
Total - Work activity in 2005 Did not work in 2005Footnote 2 Worked in 2005 Worked 1 to 48 weeks Worked 49 to 52 weeks Average weeks worked in 2005 Worked mostly full time Worked 1 to 48 weeks Worked 49 to 52 weeksFootnote 3 Average weeks worked mostly full time Worked mostly part time Worked 1 to 48 weeks Worked 49 to 52 weeks Average weeks worked mostly part time
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 4 25,664,220 7,805,645 17,858,580 6,855,725 11,002,850 43.2 13,869,780 4,287,505 9,582,275 45.8 3,988,800 2,568,225 1,420,580 34.0
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,098,325 3,331,140 2,767,185 1,388,880 1,378,305 38.4 1,828,610 712,790 1,115,820 43.3 938,570 676,085 262,485 28.8
High school certificate or equivalentFootnote 5 6,553,420 1,825,150 4,728,275 1,908,980 2,819,290 42.4 3,501,470 1,134,700 2,366,770 45.1 1,226,805 774,285 452,525 34.5
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,785,420 702,555 2,082,865 749,140 1,333,725 44.7 1,773,920 564,285 1,209,635 46.1 308,950 184,855 124,095 36.4
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diplomaFootnote 6 4,435,135 854,700 3,580,435 1,175,035 2,405,400 45.0 2,893,495 783,920 2,109,575 46.8 686,940 391,115 295,820 37.5
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 1,136,145 303,250 832,895 305,760 527,135 44.3 663,315 196,815 466,500 46.5 169,580 108,945 60,635 35.4
University certificate or degree 4,655,770 788,850 3,866,920 1,327,925 2,538,995 44.8 3,208,965 894,990 2,313,975 46.7 657,955 432,935 225,015 35.3

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2005 only, or persons who worked in 2006 only.

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Footnote 3

Persons in this category are also referred to as full-year, full-time workers.

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Footnote 4

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

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Footnote 5

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

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Footnote 6

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-560-XCB2006026.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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