Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Esquimalt, DM - British Columbia

Map of Esquimalt, DM (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Esquimalt, DM

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Esquimalt, DM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Esquimalt, DM - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
40
Nat. rank
252

In 2011, Esquimalt (District municipality) had a population of 16,209, representing a percentage change of -3.7% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 7.08 square kilometres with a population density of 2,290.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Esquimalt (District municipality) had 8,038 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 0.4%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Esquimalt (District municipality) is part of the census metropolitan area of Victoria.

Population and dwelling counts

Esquimalt (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Esquimalt (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Saanich, B.C. DM 109,752 108,265 1.4
Victoria, B.C. CY 80,017 78,057 2.5
Colwood, B.C. CY 16,093 14,687 9.6
View Royal, B.C. T 9,381 8,768 7.0
Capital H (Part 1), B.C. RDA 4,173 4,250 -1.8
New Songhees 1A, B.C. IRI 1,678 1,643 2.1

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Esquimalt, DM – Age distribution

Table 4 Esquimalt, DM – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 11.8% 12.3% 11.2%
15 to 64 72.1% 74.0% 70.4%
65 and over 16.1% 13.8% 18.5%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Esquimalt, DM was 16.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 72.1% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 11.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Esquimalt, DM – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Esquimalt, DM – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 16,210 16,840 -630 -3.7
0 to 14 1,905 2,195 -290 -13.2
15 to 64 11,695 12,060 -365 -3.0
65 and over 2,610 2,590 20 0.8
Males
Total 8,035 8,280 -245 -3.0
0 to 14 990 1,145 -155 -13.5
15 to 64 5,945 6,100 -155 -2.5
65 and over 1,105 1,035 70 6.8
Females
Total 8,170 8,560 -390 -4.6
0 to 14 915 1,050 -135 -12.9
15 to 64 5,750 5,960 -210 -3.5
65 and over 1,510 1,550 -40 -2.6

Esquimalt, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Esquimalt, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 16,210 8,035 8,170
0 to 4 years 715 385 335
5 to 9 years 600 295 305
10 to 14 years 590 310 275
15 to 19 years 725 370 350
20 to 24 years 1,185 630 555
25 to 29 years 1,240 675 565
30 to 34 years 1,235 655 585
35 to 39 years 1,055 515 540
40 to 44 years 1,080 560 520
45 to 49 years 1,330 685 645
50 to 54 years 1,435 710 725
55 to 59 years 1,290 590 695
60 to 64 years 1,120 550 570
65 to 69 years 750 365 390
70 to 74 years 550 245 305
75 to 79 years 495 225 275
80 to 84 years 410 140 270
85 years and over 400 125 270
Median age 43.5 41.4 45.5

Esquimalt, DM – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Esquimalt, DM was 43.5 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Esquimalt, DM – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Esquimalt, DM 41.7 43.5

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Esquimalt was 4,210, which represents a change of -5.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Esquimalt, 58.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 22.4% were common-law-couples and 18.9% were lone-parent families.

Esquimalt – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Esquimalt, DM and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Esquimalt, DM 4,210 2,470 58.7 945 22.4 795 18.9 -5.3
Saanich, DM 31,310 22,765 72.7 3,720 11.9 4,820 15.4 0.4
Victoria, CY 18,375 10,315 56.1 4,635 25.2 3,415 18.6 0.3
Colwood, CY 4,920 3,590 73.0 685 13.9 645 13.1 9.5
View Royal, T 2,775 2,000 72.1 390 14.1 380 13.7 10.8
Capital H (Part 1), RDA 1,345 970 72.1 250 18.6 120 8.9 2.7
New Songhees 1A, IRI 465 240 51.6 95 20.4 130 28.0 0.0

Esquimalt – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Esquimalt, 35.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 915
Married couples without children * 1,555
Common-law-couples with children * 310
Common-law-couples without children * 635

Esquimalt – Marital status

In Esquimalt, 48.9% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (35.7%) or living with a common-law partner (13.3%).

The remaining 51.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Esquimalt, DM – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Esquimalt, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 14,305 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 7,000 48.9 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 5,100 35.7 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 1,900 13.3 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 7,305 51.1 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 4,345 30.4 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 495 3.5 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 1,610 11.3 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 855 6.0 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Esquimalt – Types of private households

There were 8,035 private households3 in Esquimalt in 2011, a change of 0.4% from 2006. Of these, 14.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -7.4% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Esquimalt, DM – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Esquimalt, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 8,035 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
1,190 14.8 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
2,120 26.4 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 760 9.5 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 3,240 40.3 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 70 0.9 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households9 655 8.2 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Esquimalt – Structural type of dwelling

In Esquimalt, 25.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 5.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Esquimalt, DM – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Esquimalt, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 8,040 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 2,025 25.2 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 665 8.3 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 385 4.8 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 455 5.7 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 3,690 45.9 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 795 9.9 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 15 0.2 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 5 0.1 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Esquimalt, DM – Mother tongue

Chart J: Esquimalt, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Esquimalt, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Esquimalt, 87.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 3.5% reported French only, and 7.7% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 94.5% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.6% spoke only French and 2.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Esquimalt, DM – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 16,075 100.0 16,075 100.0
English 14,080 87.6 15,185 94.5
French 560 3.5 250 1.6
Non-official language 1,230 7.7 345 2.1
Multiple responses 205 1.3 295 1.8
Table 13 Esquimalt, DM – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.7 0.2
French 69.0 45.0 24.0
Non-official language 60.6 36.1 24.5

Esquimalt, DM – Non-official languages

In Esquimalt, the three most common mother tongues were German (1.0%), Spanish (0.8%) and Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (0.7%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Esquimalt, DM – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 165 12.1 1.0
Spanish 125 9.2 0.8
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 8.8 0.7
Vietnamese 80 5.9 0.5
Dutch 70 5.1 0.4

Esquimalt, DM – Bilingualism

Table 15 Esquimalt, DM – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 11.0 8.1 87.5 8.5
0 to 19 15.5 13.3 81.3 15.0
20 to 44 12.8 9.5 90.9 12.8
45 to 64 9.2 5.8 90.0 6.1
65 and over 5.9 4.0 83.3 5.3
Table 16 Esquimalt, DM – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 16,075 100.0
English only 14,200 88.3
French only 30 0.2
English and French 1,815 11.3
Neither English nor French 35 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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