2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions and Dissemination Areas, 2011 Census

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This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,665 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,780 4,130,085 5,580,580 592,190
English 18,858,980 17,162,570 6,240 1,682,285 7,880
French 7,054,970 50,620 3,869,850 3,132,950 1,550
Non-official languages 6,567,680 4,965,590 254,000 765,340 582,755
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,240 13,525 8,935 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,425 111,805 12,865 6,460 4,300
Algonquin 1,585 295 605 675 20
Atikamekw 5,820 0 4,965 200 655
Blackfoot 2,860 2,840 0 10 10
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,575 130 3,975 2,215
Swampy Cree 70 70 0 5 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 0 0
Woods Cree 70 65 0 0 0
Cree, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0
Malecite 415 405 0 10 0
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,290 25 270 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,965 7,115 995 710
Naskapi 605 430 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,625 17,165 10 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,500 5 20 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 60 50 0 5 5
Michif 450 370 0 80 5
Athapaskan languages 19,215 18,415 20 105 675
Carrier 1,290 1,270 5 15 5
Wetsuweten 125 120 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 740 0 0 25
Dene 11,220 10,710 0 25 480
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,930 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 350 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 220 200 0 5 10
South Slavey 510 495 0 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,535 1,455 10 25 45
Sarcee 150 145 0 5 0
Beaver 245 235 0 0 0
Sekani 55 50 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 255 255 0 0 0
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 180 175 0 0 5
Southern Tutchone 110 110 0 0 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 75 70 0 0 0
Haida 50 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 770 0 70 5
Mohawk 410 350 0 60 0
Cayuga 215 210 0 5 0
Oneida 160 155 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 60 5 10 0
Kutenai 90 90 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,440 2,410 0 30 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 570 565 0 10 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 365 370 0 0 0
Halkomelem 455 445 0 10 0
Lillooet 260 260 0 0 0
Okanagan 285 280 0 5 0
Squamish 55 55 0 5 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 295 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,200 4,160 0 30 10
Dakota 1,060 1,050 0 10 5
Stoney 3,045 3,015 0 20 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 90 0 0 0
Tlingit 100 100 0 0 5
Tsimshian languages 1,550 1,545 0 10 0
Gitksan 785 785 0 0 0
Nisga'a 535 530 0 5 0
Tsimshian 230 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 930 905 0 15 5
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 265 0 5 0
Haisla 145 140 0 5 0
Heiltsuk 75 70 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 425 0 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,950 610 2,110 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,080 4,975
Inuinnaqtun 390 370 0 0 20
Inuvialuktun 475 470 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 260 15 25 5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 680 30 40 15
Romance languages 1,120,585 685,590 91,985 256,705 86,305
Italian 407,485 254,515 18,665 106,005 28,310
Portuguese 211,335 147,380 10,565 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,300 43,290 8,295 34,020 4,690
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 600 245 75 270 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 90 10 80 20
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,540 15,105
Dutch 110,490 100,050 205 9,800 435
Flemish 4,695 3,215 110 1,350 15
Frisian 2,135 2,005 0 125 5
German 409,195 365,945 1,225 29,545 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,435 40 3,740 1,995
Scandinavian languages 28,790 26,305 25 2,365 90
Danish 14,150 13,265 10 845 30
Icelandic 1,500 1,400 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,290 10 480 30
Swedish 7,345 6,360 10 950 25
Afrikaans 8,770 8,335 5 345 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 400 90 35 275 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,515 45 425 20
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,380 10 245 15
Welsh 1,255 1,120 5 130 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 35 60 5
Slavic languages 687,935 569,890 11,770 75,140 31,145
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 415 15 95 35
Bosnian 11,685 9,235 780 1,020 655
Bulgarian 19,045 11,065 1,555 5,625 810
Croatian 49,735 44,270 335 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,580 20,040 150 2,855 535
Macedonian 17,245 15,690 40 715 805
Polish 191,650 161,300 1,645 21,045 7,655
Russian 164,330 125,090 5,110 21,655 12,475
Serbian 56,420 46,940 775 5,740 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 7,305 655 1,805 385
Slovak 17,585 15,250 80 1,825 430
Slovenian 10,775 9,690 20 980 85
Ukrainian 111,540 100,480 550 7,785 2,725
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 3,135 70 320 110
Baltic languages 13,450 11,305 30 1,950 160
Latvian 6,200 5,230 10 895 65
Lithuanian 7,250 6,070 25 1,050 100
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,280 6,895
Armenian 29,795 12,840 1,285 13,910 1,755
Albanian 23,820 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,200 895 25 125 150
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 585 9,740 3,740
Estonian 6,390 5,515 5 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 15 1,120 230
Hungarian 67,920 56,100 565 7,790 3,470
Turkic languages 35,010 24,920 2,395 4,575 3,120
Azerbaijani 2,485 2,025 20 255 180
Turkish 29,640 20,715 2,250 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,180 125 285 300
Mongolian 1,025 840 40 90 55
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,500 246,605 60,395 114,465 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 85 3,555 1,985 230
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,710 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,135 3,415 3,960 3,190 570
Somali 31,385 25,290 685 3,185 2,220
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,265 104,970 23,925
Amharic 18,020 16,330 55 1,060 580
Arabic 327,870 157,655 51,005 99,215 19,995
Hebrew 18,455 14,270 115 3,730 340
Maltese 6,225 6,025 5 150 40
Tigrigna 10,220 9,180 35 430 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,970 14,145 45 385 2,400
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,365 210 935 1,130 90
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,080 905,905 5,785 59,375 114,005
Indo-Aryan languages 887,515 748,680 2,145 39,210 97,470
Bengali 59,370 49,540 610 6,160 3,055
Gujarati 91,450 78,140 240 4,940 8,130
Hindi 90,545 82,895 85 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,820 2,635 15 135 35
Marathi 5,830 5,335 5 335 155
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,705 346,465 520 13,080 70,635
Sindhi 11,325 10,080 20 795 430
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,185 13,310 15 565 295
Urdu 172,795 153,930 495 8,615 9,760
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,315 152,850 3,525 19,805 16,130
Kurdish 9,800 7,840 310 630 1,015
Pashto 12,465 10,260 160 700 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,045 134,755 3,050 18,470 13,775
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 120 355 405
Dravidian languages 159,730 137,550 695 9,390 12,090
Kannada 2,725 2,505 0 165 50
Malayalam 16,080 14,975 10 565 525
Tamil 131,265 111,100 675 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,320 8,650 5 355 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 0 15 10
Japanese 39,985 35,055 190 2,180 2,555
Korean 137,930 116,260 205 5,600 15,850
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,540 813,195 7,840 48,900 214,605
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,690 7,805 48,610 212,450
Cantonese 372,465 274,100 1,035 14,125 83,195
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,690 35 190 665
Fukien 5,925 4,265 5 125 1,530
Hakka 5,115 4,095 20 240 765
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,380 10,320 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,885 10 105 930
Taiwanese 9,635 7,435 15 385 1,795
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,440 5,310 23,125 78,340
Tibetan languages 4,640 3,960 10 165 510
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 65 265
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,900 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,260 1,795 3,075 1,775
Lao 12,970 7,665 1,675 2,585 1,050
Thai 7,935 6,595 120 490 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,325 109,015 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,605 3,085 4,345 2,405
Vietnamese 144,880 99,405 6,730 18,005 20,735
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,345 640 9,270 4,490
Bisayan languages 16,245 15,665 20 400 155
Ilocano 17,910 17,135 5 425 345
Malay 10,910 10,055 30 535 285
Pampango 2,720 2,625 5 45 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,450 316,720 135 7,105 3,485
Bikol 1,220 1,160 0 40 20
Malagasy 1,015 20 410 580 10
Fijian 940 900 0 20 20
Pangasinan 1,035 1,000 0 15 20
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,075 40 100 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,545 9,975 16,495 1,320
Akan (Twi) 12,685 11,495 20 995 175
Bantu languages 31,915 15,150 6,000 10,000 765
Lingala 3,085 100 1,570 1,380 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 260 1,305 2,295 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,395 100
Shona 2,695 2,560 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,385 2,230 370
Ganda 1,025 935 0 70 15
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 4,650 895 1,500 115
Edo 1,350 1,285 5 45 15
Igbo 2,925 2,745 5 135 35
Wolof 2,240 75 840 1,280 45
Bamanankan 885 10 470 395 5
Ewe 1,315 700 195 395 20
Ga 955 845 5 95 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,235 2,425 3,160 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,130 7,635 380 860 255
Creoles 61,725 4,610 30,925 24,160 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,430 2,905 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,160 1,425 10 95 635
Quebec Sign Language 455 0 265 75 110
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,810 1,475 180 115 2,045
Other languages 2,470 1,770 90 205 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,930 214,990 3,730
English and French 144,685 14,585 4,620 125,375 105
English and non-official language 396,330 357,875 740 34,980 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,880 34,140 770
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 690 20,500 115

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011035.

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