Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick and New Brunswick [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton--Oromocto
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
New Brunswick

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick Data quality : New Brunswick [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 137,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 747,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 135,467  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 751,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... -0.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 65,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 57,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 14,514.34  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,388.81  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 137,525 67,665 69,865 747,105 365,355 381,745
0 to 14 years 22,355 11,330 11,025 110,495 56,320 54,180
0 to 4 years 7,230 3,670 3,565 34,365 17,505 16,860
5 to 9 years 7,700 3,915 3,780 38,250 19,515 18,735
10 to 14 years 7,425 3,745 3,685 37,880 19,295 18,585
15 to 64 years 91,375 45,360 46,020 487,820 240,535 247,285
15 to 19 years 7,890 4,065 3,830 40,605 20,905 19,705
20 to 24 years 9,375 4,910 4,470 41,445 21,280 20,165
25 to 29 years 8,790 4,510 4,285 39,245 19,745 19,505
30 to 34 years 8,720 4,365 4,360 41,510 20,140 21,365
35 to 39 years 8,655 4,170 4,485 44,435 21,585 22,850
40 to 44 years 8,955 4,330 4,630 48,430 23,520 24,910
45 to 49 years 9,210 4,555 4,655 51,300 25,195 26,105
50 to 54 years 10,560 5,195 5,365 61,055 29,795 31,265
55 to 59 years 10,050 4,930 5,115 61,740 30,210 31,530
60 to 64 years 9,165 4,335 4,830 58,060 28,170 29,895
65 years and over 23,790 10,970 12,820 148,785 68,500 80,280
65 to 69 years 8,330 4,100 4,235 52,160 25,595 26,570
70 to 74 years 5,920 2,860 3,055 36,050 17,695 18,360
75 to 79 years 4,165 1,960 2,205 25,300 11,835 13,465
80 to 84 years 2,755 1,170 1,580 17,650 7,515 10,135
85 years and over 2,615 880 1,740 17,620 5,860 11,765
85 to 89 years 1,625 620 1,005 10,670 3,910 6,760
90 to 94 years 780 215 565 5,305 1,595 3,715
95 to 99 years 190 45 150 1,435 330 1,110
100 years and over 25 0 25 205 30 185
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 16.7 15.8 14.8 15.4 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.4 67.0 65.9 65.3 65.8 64.8
65 years and over 17.3 16.2 18.3 19.9 18.7 21.0
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.1 43.6 42.7 44.5
Median age of the population 41.7 40.6 42.7 45.7 44.8 46.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 38,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 15,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 135,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 115,170 56,330 58,840 636,605 309,040 327,570
Married or living common law 70,205 35,045 35,160 379,605 189,790 189,820
Married 57,645 28,765 28,875 302,020 151,100 150,925
Living common law 12,565 6,280 6,285 77,580 38,685 38,895
Not married and not living common law 44,965 21,290 23,675 257,000 119,250 137,745
Never married 28,865 15,850 13,010 158,070 85,640 72,430
Separated 3,435 1,575 1,855 21,290 9,530 11,760
Divorced 6,330 2,545 3,780 35,680 15,275 20,405
Widowed 6,340 1,315 5,025 41,965 8,805 33,160
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 40,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 40,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 34,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 28,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 34,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 18,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 15,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,315 11,330 11,990 128,775 61,010 67,770
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 39,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 214,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 17,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 15,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 136,390 67,235 69,150 736,280 360,440 375,840
English only 108,115 54,480 53,635 420,820 210,555 210,260
French only 690 335 355 63,140 29,955 33,190
English and French 26,875 12,095 14,780 249,950 118,705 131,245
Neither English nor French 705 320 385 2,370 1,220 1,150
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 136,390 67,235 69,155 736,280 360,440 375,845
English 125,620 62,060 63,560 498,365 244,230 254,135
French 9,560 4,625 4,935 232,450 113,500 118,945
English and French 530 240 280 3,210 1,550 1,655
Neither English nor French 685 310 375 2,255 1,150 1,100
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,820 4,745 5,075 234,055 114,280 119,775
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.2 7.1 7.3 31.8 31.7 31.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 136,385 67,235 69,155 736,280 360,440 375,845
Single responses 134,800 66,505 68,295 726,990 356,005 370,990
Official languages 127,875 63,030 64,845 703,840 344,285 359,555
English 118,200 58,355 59,845 472,725 231,595 241,135
French 9,675 4,675 5,000 231,110 112,690 118,415
Non-official languages 6,925 3,475 3,450 23,150 11,715 11,435
Aboriginal languages 145 65 85 2,165 1,035 1,135
Algonquian languages 140 65 80 2,130 1,020 1,110
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 140 65 75 2,115 1,010 1,105
Malecite 100 45 55 280 125 155
Mi'kmaq 35 15 20 1,835 885 950
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,780 3,405 3,365 20,990 10,685 10,300
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,085 590 490 3,190 1,805 1,385
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 30 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 5 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,075 590 490 3,110 1,760 1,355
Amharic 40 25 15 65 35 25
Arabic 975 525 450 2,855 1,615 1,235
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 60 35 25 170 90 80
Maltese 0 5 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 10 5 0 20 15 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 105 95 635 305 330
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 10 5 10
Vietnamese 195 105 90 620 305 320
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 215 85 135 1,375 510 865
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 20 10 10 105 35 65
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ilocano 0 5 0 50 15 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 25 10 15 45 20 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 60 100 1,120 420 700
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Creole languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 15 10 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 80 30 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 30 10
Dravidian languages 80 45 40 285 155 130
Kannada 10 5 5 20 15 10
Malayalam 5 5 5 40 15 20
Tamil 45 25 20 105 60 50
Telugu 15 10 10 110 60 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 3,125 1,545 1,580 9,325 4,790 4,530
Albanian 25 10 15 50 25 25
Armenian 10 5 5 30 15 10
Balto-Slavic languages 740 360 390 1,740 865 875
Baltic languages 20 10 15 55 30 30
Latvian 5 0 5 25 10 10
Lithuanian 15 5 10 35 15 15
Slavic languages 725 345 375 1,685 835 850
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 40 20 15 50 25 25
Bulgarian 10 5 5 20 10 10
Croatian 35 10 25 75 35 40
Czech 15 5 10 55 25 25
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Polish 80 35 40 230 105 125
Russian 390 200 190 880 440 435
Serbian 80 40 35 105 55 45
Serbo-Croatian 25 5 10 35 15 20
Slovak 0 0 0 25 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 15 10 10
Ukrainian 55 25 30 170 85 90
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 0 5 30 5 20
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 885 410 480 2,875 1,415 1,465
Afrikaans 5 0 0 50 30 25
Danish 25 10 15 125 55 75
Dutch 290 155 135 885 470 410
Frisian 5 0 0 35 25 10
German 520 220 300 1,650 780 865
Icelandic 0 5 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 10 5 5 40 25 20
Swedish 25 5 15 50 15 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 10 10
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 35 20 10 145 100 50
Indo-Iranian languages 845 450 390 1,850 1,020 835
Indo-Aryan languages 495 270 230 1,175 655 525
Bengali 85 50 35 205 120 85
Gujarati 25 10 15 75 40 30
Hindi 100 50 55 225 135 95
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 25 10 15 50 20 25
Nepali 140 70 70 180 90 90
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 0 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 10 125 75 50
Sindhi 5 5 0 25 10 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 30 15 15
Urdu 70 40 30 240 140 100
Iranian languages 345 180 165 655 355 305
Kurdish 15 10 10 55 30 25
Pashto 15 5 5 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 315 165 145 580 310 270
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 580 295 290 2,605 1,355 1,250
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 75 45 35 400 225 175
Portuguese 80 35 40 260 130 130
Romanian 70 35 40 485 250 240
Spanish 350 180 170 1,460 755 705
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 30 0 25 110 25 85
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Korean 375 200 170 1,550 800 750
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Mongolian 0 5 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 155 80 70 700 385 315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 5 60 35 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 40 30 15
Ga 5 5 5 5 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 30 20 10
Lingala 5 0 5 25 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 45 25 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 40 20 20
Shona 0 0 5 20 10 10
Swahili 50 20 25 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 30 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 195 105 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sign languages 45 20 25 145 75 70
American Sign Language 15 5 10 40 20 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 95 55 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,310 655 650 3,115 1,570 1,545
Chinese languages 1,310 655 655 3,085 1,555 1,530
Cantonese 130 65 65 440 225 210
Hakka 10 10 5 20 10 10
Mandarin 1,025 520 505 2,250 1,105 1,150
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 35 100 45 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 30 240 150 85
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 60 15 50
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 20 5 15 55 10 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 40 25 20 105 60 45
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 30 15 15 75 50 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Uralic languages 75 30 40 250 115 135
Estonian 10 5 5 20 5 10
Finnish 15 5 10 45 15 30
Hungarian 45 25 25 185 90 95
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 25 10 10
Multiple responses 1,585 730 855 9,290 4,440 4,855
English and French 1,060 475 580 7,285 3,470 3,815
English and non-official language 445 215 230 1,535 725 810
French and non-official language 45 20 25 330 175 155
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 145 65 75
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 136,385 67,235 69,155 736,280 360,435 375,845
Single responses 134,450 66,285 68,160 724,940 355,025 369,910
Official languages 130,495 64,260 66,235 712,250 348,510 363,740
English 124,970 61,530 63,435 505,935 247,610 258,325
French 5,535 2,730 2,805 206,315 100,900 105,415
Non-official languages 3,950 2,025 1,925 12,690 6,515 6,175
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 820 400 420
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 820 395 420
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 815 395 420
Malecite 20 10 10 50 25 25
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 765 370 395
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,925 2,010 1,915 11,870 6,115 5,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 735 370 360 2,285 1,210 1,075
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 20 5 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 730 375 360 2,265 1,200 1,065
Amharic 15 5 5 20 10 10
Arabic 685 355 335 2,110 1,125 990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 15 15 130 60 70
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 525 255 270
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Vietnamese 160 85 80 520 250 270
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60 25 40 510 235 270
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 0 0 40 15 25
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 10 5 5 15 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25 450 215 235
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 5 0 5 65 25 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 20 0 15
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Dravidian languages 40 20 15 110 60 45
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tamil 20 10 10 35 20 20
Telugu 15 10 10 45 30 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,475 755 720 4,160 2,175 1,990
Albanian 15 10 10 30 15 10
Armenian 10 5 10 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 465 240 225 975 505 470
Baltic languages 10 5 5 35 20 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Lithuanian 15 5 0 25 15 10
Slavic languages 450 230 225 935 480 455
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 10 10 25 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Croatian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 15 10 5 55 25 30
Russian 295 150 145 620 320 305
Serbian 65 30 30 80 45 35
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 5 5 5
Slovak 0 0 0 5 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 15 15 90 50 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 145 70 75 640 320 320
Afrikaans 0 0 0 35 15 20
Danish 0 0 5 5 5 5
Dutch 40 25 20 150 80 75
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 95 45 50 425 215 210
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 5 0 5 5 0 5
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 10 5 5 45 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 575 305 275 1,140 595 545
Indo-Aryan languages 305 160 150 655 335 325
Bengali 55 30 20 130 70 60
Gujarati 15 10 5 40 15 20
Hindi 65 35 30 115 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nepali 105 45 55 135 60 75
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 0 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 5 10 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Urdu 40 25 20 140 75 70
Iranian languages 270 140 130 470 255 220
Kurdish 10 5 5 35 25 10
Pashto 5 5 0 15 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 425 225 195
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 250 130 125 1,305 705 600
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 15 5 10 85 40 45
Portuguese 35 15 15 110 50 60
Romanian 35 15 15 290 145 140
Spanish 175 90 85 820 470 350
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0 20 10 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 285 155 130 1,245 645 605
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 40 240 125 120
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 5 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 10 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 20 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 30 10 20 80 35 45
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 50 25 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 55 30 20 200 115 85
American Sign Language 20 10 10 55 30 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 150 90 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,010 520 495 2,390 1,210 1,175
Chinese languages 1,010 520 495 2,365 1,195 1,170
Cantonese 65 30 35 260 130 130
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 850 445 405 1,855 930 920
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 15 10 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 85 40 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 140 80 55
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 30 15 10
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 25 15 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 10 5 70 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5 5 5 5
Hungarian 10 5 0 55 30 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 1,940 945 990 11,345 5,415 5,925
English and French 765 365 400 7,275 3,370 3,905
English and non-official language 1,090 550 545 3,435 1,715 1,720
French and non-official language 15 5 10 340 185 160
English, French and non-official language 65 25 35 290 140 145
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 136,390 67,235 69,155 736,280 360,435 375,845
None 125,145 61,995 63,155 647,960 318,560 329,400
English 4,140 2,045 2,095 49,925 24,065 25,855
French 4,805 2,120 2,685 30,030 13,760 16,275
Non-official language 2,110 985 1,120 7,545 3,650 3,895
Aboriginal 200 85 120 1,300 625 685
Non-Aboriginal 1,905 900 1,000 6,240 3,030 3,210
English and French 40 20 20 180 90 90
English and non-official language 55 25 30 300 160 145
French and non-official language 90 40 50 335 155 185
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,825 55,140 57,680 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,315 52,475 54,845 594,705 289,220 305,485
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,067 42,066 27,457 30,961 37,516 25,796
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,380 52,480 54,900 594,920 289,245 305,680
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,556 36,813 25,263 28,107 33,169 23,945
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,705 48,655 48,050 516,780 259,945 256,835
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,955 40,346 24,937 28,444 34,830 23,278
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,365 31,615 42,745 439,645 193,975 245,675
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,686 7,283 6,264 8,164 9,210 7,321
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,115 40,970 38,145 423,915 219,135 204,780
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,591 39,771 26,296 29,124 34,784 24,769
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 112,805 55,100 57,705 620,395 301,650 318,745
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,280 52,295 54,980 594,650 289,140 305,510
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,974 49,193 35,108 39,141 46,154 32,504
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,330 52,300 55,030 594,870 289,165 305,700
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,134 40,486 30,048 33,022 38,151 28,171
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,730 48,590 48,140 516,685 259,855 256,830
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,448 47,691 33,137 37,432 44,240 30,543
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,395 31,560 42,835 440,195 194,240 245,955
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,935 8,091 7,821 8,938 9,519 8,480
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,115 40,665 38,450 423,915 218,800 205,110
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,172 46,505 33,474 37,611 43,456 31,376
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 112,800 55,100 57,700 620,390 301,645 318,745
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 40,255 21,840 18,420 197,290 104,215 93,075
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,642 56,390 43,972 46,349 52,010 41,058
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,305 62,480 48,984 54,011 60,796 46,415
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.0 90.2 82.7 83.2 86.2 79.0
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 73.5 66.8 68.5 71.3 64.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.0 9.8 17.3 16.8 13.8 21.0
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 112,825 55,145 57,680 620,390 301,650 318,745
Without total income 5,510 2,665 2,840 25,680 12,430 13,260
With total income 107,315 52,475 54,840 594,710 289,220 305,490
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.2 95.1 95.9 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,500 5,940 8,560 80,700 32,655 48,050
$10,000 to $19,999 17,915 6,545 11,375 109,015 40,415 68,600
$20,000 to $29,999 15,815 6,255 9,555 99,025 40,480 58,540
$30,000 to $39,999 13,340 6,210 7,130 83,770 41,360 42,405
$40,000 to $49,999 11,825 5,915 5,915 65,795 35,080 30,715
$50,000 to $59,999 9,250 5,375 3,870 44,810 26,560 18,250
$60,000 to $69,999 7,495 4,860 2,635 32,185 20,270 11,920
$70,000 to $79,999 5,435 3,275 2,160 24,565 14,130 10,430
$80,000 to $89,999 3,650 2,220 1,435 17,095 9,915 7,180
$90,000 to $99,999 2,200 1,490 705 10,240 6,980 3,260
$100,000 and over 5,885 4,385 1,505 27,515 21,380 6,135
$100,000 to $149,999 4,255 3,130 1,120 19,765 15,195 4,570
$150,000 and over 1,635 1,250 385 7,750 6,185 1,565
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 112,825 55,140 57,680 620,390 301,645 318,750
Without after-tax income 5,450 2,665 2,780 25,470 12,405 13,070
With after-tax income 107,380 52,480 54,895 594,920 289,240 305,680
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 95.9 95.9 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,165 6,035 9,135 83,590 33,140 50,455
$10,000 to $19,999 18,975 7,005 11,965 115,730 43,245 72,485
$20,000 to $29,999 18,640 7,705 10,930 118,940 51,335 67,610
$30,000 to $39,999 16,485 7,995 8,485 98,230 50,770 47,460
$40,000 to $49,999 13,525 7,535 5,985 67,470 38,665 28,810
$50,000 to $59,999 9,820 6,315 3,500 42,775 26,495 16,280
$60,000 to $69,999 6,200 3,695 2,510 28,790 16,435 12,355
$70,000 to $79,999 3,215 2,170 1,040 14,945 10,205 4,740
$80,000 and over 5,360 4,020 1,340 24,450 18,955 5,500
$80,000 to $89,999 1,905 1,410 495 8,385 6,340 2,040
$90,000 to $99,999 1,060 805 255 5,060 3,970 1,090
$100,000 and over 2,400 1,810 590 11,005 8,640 2,365
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 112,825 55,145 57,680 620,390 301,645 318,745
Without employment income 33,710 14,175 19,530 196,475 82,515 113,965
With employment income 79,115 40,970 38,145 423,910 219,140 204,775
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.3 66.1 68.3 72.6 64.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,660 4,455 5,210 54,590 26,540 28,045
$5,000 to $9,999 6,575 2,820 3,755 36,840 15,720 21,120
$10,000 to $19,999 11,085 4,825 6,255 65,895 29,920 35,975
$20,000 to $29,999 10,040 4,410 5,630 59,240 25,955 33,280
$30,000 to $39,999 8,420 4,085 4,340 50,190 24,930 25,260
$40,000 to $49,999 8,160 4,045 4,110 42,140 22,160 19,980
$50,000 to $59,999 6,505 3,955 2,550 29,910 18,180 11,730
$60,000 to $69,999 5,605 3,675 1,930 23,390 14,620 8,770
$70,000 to $79,999 4,250 2,455 1,795 19,515 10,565 8,950
$80,000 and over 8,815 6,245 2,565 42,210 30,540 11,665
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 1,745 1,035 13,190 7,840 5,345
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 1,145 545 8,105 5,685 2,420
$100,000 and over 4,345 3,355 985 20,915 17,015 3,895
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,347  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,088  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,553  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,802  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,747  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 42,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,063  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,926  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 42,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,878  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 57,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 319,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 40,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,438  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,444  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 17,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,988  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,801  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,671  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 40,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,971  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,197  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,097  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,512  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,180 10,415 10,765 114,825 54,970 59,850
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,907 32,573 27,738 27,250 30,122 25,182
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,336 29,248 25,955 25,167 27,154 23,916
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,125 10,245 10,880 114,375 54,300 60,075
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,192 39,252 35,253 34,738 37,330 32,395
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,695 32,874 30,585 29,845 31,431 28,411
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 135,130 66,445 68,685 730,710 357,860 372,850
In the bottom half of the distribution 74,220 35,650 38,575 428,180 204,170 224,005
In the bottom decile 14,950 7,180 7,765 80,120 37,430 42,695
In the second decile 14,755 6,660 8,095 94,165 42,190 51,980
In the third decile 14,580 7,050 7,530 87,075 41,905 45,170
In the fourth decile 15,160 7,425 7,745 85,610 42,275 43,335
In the fifth decile 14,775 7,330 7,440 81,200 40,375 40,825
In the top half of the distribution 60,910 30,800 30,110 302,530 153,685 148,845
In the sixth decile 15,105 7,625 7,485 77,345 38,915 38,425
In the seventh decile 14,395 7,325 7,070 73,185 37,190 36,005
In the eighth decile 13,075 6,545 6,525 65,090 32,815 32,275
In the ninth decile 10,850 5,505 5,350 52,050 26,635 25,410
In the top decile 7,485 3,805 3,680 34,860 18,130 16,730
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 133,325 65,570 67,760 722,550 353,870 368,680
0 to 17 years 26,260 13,365 12,895 131,930 67,285 64,645
0 to 5 years 8,555 4,325 4,225 40,900 20,805 20,100
18 to 64 years 84,625 41,660 42,965 452,805 221,675 231,130
65 years and over 22,445 10,545 11,900 137,820 64,915 72,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,700 9,520 11,180 123,820 55,990 67,825
0 to 17 years 5,345 2,720 2,620 29,250 14,930 14,320
0 to 5 years 1,820 910 910 10,285 5,260 5,030
18 to 64 years 11,865 5,440 6,420 66,745 29,975 36,770
65 years and over 3,490 1,355 2,135 27,830 11,090 16,745
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.5 16.5 17.1 15.8 18.4
0 to 17 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.3 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 21.0 21.5 25.1 25.3 25.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.0 13.1 14.9 14.7 13.5 15.9
65 years and over (%) 15.5 12.8 17.9 20.2 17.1 23.0
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,025 4,925 5,105 49,830 24,165 25,660
0 to 17 years 2,355 1,220 1,135 11,520 5,890 5,630
0 to 5 years 815 410 405 4,200 2,145 2,055
18 to 64 years 7,285 3,555 3,735 35,680 17,255 18,425
65 years and over 385 150 235 2,630 1,025 1,605
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.5 7.5 7.5 6.9 6.8 7.0
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.1 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.7
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.5 9.6 10.3 10.3 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.5 8.7 7.9 7.8 8.0
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.4 2.0 1.9 1.6 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 135,130 66,445 68,685 730,710 357,855 372,850
Official languages 134,440 66,135 68,310 728,310 356,615 371,690
English 133,855 65,820 68,040 666,315 326,905 339,415
French 27,275 12,245 15,025 310,550 147,845 162,705
Non-official languages 9,660 4,755 4,900 34,880 17,355 17,525
Aboriginal languages 430 190 240 3,065 1,470 1,595
Algonquian languages 400 185 215 2,990 1,455 1,540
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 0 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 390 185 205 2,965 1,435 1,530
Malecite 300 140 155 720 335 385
Mi'kmaq 95 45 50 2,265 1,115 1,150
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 15 15 0
Algonquin 10 0 0 0 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 20 55 10 45
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 20 45 10 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,250 4,570 4,680 31,865 15,915 15,955
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,515 760 760 4,355 2,385 1,980
Berber languages 0 0 0 80 40 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,515 760 755 4,300 2,340 1,960
Amharic 55 35 20 165 100 65
Arabic 1,260 635 630 3,685 2,030 1,660
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 205 100 105 435 205 230
Maltese 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tigrigna 10 0 0 50 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 155 130 835 430 400
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Vietnamese 275 155 125 820 435 390
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 210 80 135 1,790 695 1,090
Bikol 10 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 10 0 10 185 70 115
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 35 10 30
Ilocano 15 10 10 50 10 45
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 10 15
Malay 35 15 25 75 20 55
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155 65 95 1,595 625 970
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 0
Creole languages 30 20 0 430 195 235
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole, n.o.s. 25 20 10 240 105 135
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 75 65
Dravidian languages 150 75 75 435 245 195
Kannada 15 0 10 60 30 25
Malayalam 0 0 0 55 35 25
Tamil 95 55 45 190 115 75
Telugu 65 30 35 175 90 85
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Indo-European languages 4,920 2,355 2,560 16,505 8,155 8,350
Albanian 45 25 20 80 45 35
Armenian 45 20 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 850 425 430 2,065 1,100 965
Baltic languages 20 10 10 55 40 20
Latvian 10 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 15 10 0 30 20 10
Slavic languages 840 420 420 2,025 1,070 955
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 55 30 25 75 40 40
Bulgarian 20 0 20 45 15 35
Croatian 45 10 35 95 45 55
Czech 25 15 15 115 65 45
Macedonian 10 10 0 35 25 10
Polish 120 60 60 320 165 160
Russian 530 280 255 1,200 630 570
Serbian 40 30 10 90 70 20
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 40 30 10
Slovak 10 0 10 45 15 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 15 10 0
Ukrainian 85 25 60 310 145 165
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Celtic languages 55 20 35 140 40 100
Scottish Gaelic 30 0 20 95 20 75
Welsh 10 0 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages 1,400 685 715 4,745 2,360 2,380
Afrikaans 10 0 0 130 70 60
Danish 30 10 15 155 60 95
Dutch 440 205 240 1,185 560 625
Frisian 0 0 0 50 40 15
German 970 485 480 3,260 1,675 1,580
Icelandic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 20 10 10 130 65 65
Swedish 35 10 20 110 45 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 40 20 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 20 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 70 35 40 220 125 95
Indo-Iranian languages 1,065 545 515 2,325 1,275 1,050
Indo-Aryan languages 710 380 325 1,570 875 695
Bengali 100 75 25 225 150 80
Gujarati 55 25 25 110 45 65
Hindi 325 170 155 790 430 355
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 0 10 55 20 30
Nepali 175 80 90 185 90 95
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 35 205 130 75
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 35 10 20
Urdu 105 60 50 355 215 140
Iranian languages 380 185 195 805 430 375
Kurdish 40 15 25 130 65 60
Pashto 35 20 10 60 45 20
Persian (Farsi) 305 145 155 620 330 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 1,600 710 890 7,600 3,540 4,055
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 190 70 110 825 405 420
Portuguese 130 80 55 450 250 200
Romanian 40 20 25 555 290 265
Spanish 1,315 585 730 6,065 2,775 3,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Japanese 105 40 65 430 190 240
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 450 235 215 1,695 860 835
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 10 10 10
Mongolian 10 10 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 305 190 110 1,525 890 640
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 35 15 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 155 70 85
Edo 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 100 85 15
Ga 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ganda 0 10 0 10 10 0
Igbo 15 15 0 60 50 15
Lingala 10 0 0 125 95 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 90 55 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 10 70 40 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 25
Swahili 75 45 25 355 185 170
Wolof 0 0 0 70 45 25
Yoruba 40 25 15 60 45 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 545 315 230
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 235 85 150 1,155 450 705
American Sign Language 105 25 75 425 150 280
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 745 305 435
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,370 740 635 3,585 1,885 1,700
Chinese languages 1,370 740 630 3,510 1,855 1,660
Cantonese 150 75 70 610 285 320
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,170 650 520 2,760 1,455 1,310
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 60 30 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 40 35 140 65 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 40 20 310 195 115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 10 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 70 30 40
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 10 0 10 65 25 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 30 85 20 65
Lao 0 0 10 10 0 10
Thai 35 10 25 80 20 60
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 25 30 175 105 75
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 50 25 30 165 105 60
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 60 25 40 270 130 140
Estonian 10 10 0 20 15 0
Finnish 10 0 10 35 15 20
Hungarian 45 20 25 220 105 115
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 100 70 30
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 135,130 66,445 68,685 730,710 357,855 372,855
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 129,930 63,810 66,120 710,775 347,905 362,875
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,770 13,210 12,560 130,785 66,795 63,990
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 104,165 50,600 53,560 579,995 281,110 298,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,200 2,635 2,565 19,925 9,950 9,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 135,135 66,445 68,685 730,710 357,855 372,850
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 124,825 61,375 63,450 692,535 339,090 353,445
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 9,270 4,430 4,835 33,810 16,175 17,640
Before 1981 2,755 1,285 1,470 11,545 5,265 6,275
1981 to 1990 775 375 400 2,735 1,340 1,390
1991 to 2000 975 460 520 2,975 1,490 1,490
2001 to 2010 2,065 1,005 1,060 7,235 3,530 3,710
2001 to 2005 715 320 395 2,435 1,110 1,330
2006 to 2010 1,350 685 670 4,800 2,415 2,385
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,695 1,310 1,380 9,330 4,560 4,770
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,035 640 400 4,360 2,590 1,770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 9,270 4,430 4,835 33,815 16,175 17,635
Under 5 years 1,275 550 720 5,135 2,350 2,790
5 to 14 years 2,050 980 1,070 7,290 3,585 3,705
15 to 24 years 1,665 745 925 5,790 2,525 3,265
25 to 44 years 3,510 1,720 1,795 12,640 6,100 6,535
45 years and over 765 445 320 2,955 1,615 1,340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,270 4,430 4,840 33,815 16,175 17,635
Americas 1,755 810 945 9,420 4,205 5,210
Brazil 15 10 10 55 20 30
Colombia 40 25 15 215 85 130
El Salvador 70 45 25 115 85 30
Guyana 20 0 20 80 40 45
Haiti 0 10 0 170 70 100
Jamaica 30 20 10 120 85 40
Mexico 20 15 10 160 50 110
Peru 10 10 10 60 35 25
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 10 115 70 40
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,325 585 735 7,620 3,315 4,305
Other places of birth in Americas 180 75 105 715 355 360
Europe 3,060 1,430 1,635 10,985 5,335 5,650
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 30 35 100 55 50
Croatia 15 0 0 60 35 25
France 85 40 45 760 425 340
Germany 550 220 335 1,615 740 880
Greece 15 10 10 95 60 40
Hungary 30 15 20 100 35 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 20 15 160 75 85
Italy 25 15 10 210 125 85
Netherlands 330 180 155 975 505 465
Poland 65 30 35 195 90 100
Portugal 45 30 20 130 85 45
Romania 35 15 20 485 245 240
Russian Federation 60 35 25 245 115 135
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 30 25 10
Ukraine 130 55 75 250 120 130
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,275 615 665 4,600 2,160 2,445
Other places of birth in Europe 270 120 155 970 455 515
Africa 620 345 270 2,565 1,420 1,140
Algeria 10 10 0 165 90 75
Egypt 45 30 10 120 75 45
Ethiopia 50 25 25 120 65 60
Kenya 20 15 10 60 30 30
Morocco 20 10 10 200 120 75
Nigeria 70 35 35 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 15 10 10
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10 165 85 80
Other places of birth in Africa 385 220 170 1,615 885 725
Asia 3,755 1,820 1,940 10,625 5,105 5,520
Afghanistan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bangladesh 55 35 25 100 55 50
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 840 420 420 2,210 1,040 1,175
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 25 10 120 60 55
India 310 145 165 820 435 380
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 115 140 490 260 230