2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Aboriginal Identity (8), Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011 (14), Attendance at School (3), Age Groups (13B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details highest certificate, diploma or degree , aboriginal identity , major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2011 , attendance at school , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over, in private households in CanadaFootnote 3
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 4 = 26.1 %
Highest certificate, diploma or degree (15) Aboriginal identity (8)
Total - Population by Aboriginal identity Aboriginal identityFootnote 5 First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 6 Métis single identity Inuk (Inuit) single identity Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 7 Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere Footnote 8 Non-Aboriginal identity
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 9 27,259,525 1,008,580 592,765 347,375 39,280 7,685 21,465 26,250,945
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,485,395 382,940 252,245 100,665 22,230 2,105 5,705 5,102,460
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 10 6,968,935 241,260 135,630 91,535 6,670 1,905 5,515 6,727,675
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 11 14,805,195 384,380 204,890 155,175 10,390 3,675 10,245 14,420,810
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 12 2,950,685 118,820 63,005 47,750 3,925 1,225 2,915 2,831,865
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 13 1,724,390 72,090 40,175 26,920 2,420 785 1,790 1,652,305
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 14 1,226,295 46,735 22,835 20,825 1,510 440 1,125 1,179,565
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,970,025 162,270 87,715 64,935 4,540 1,505 3,575 4,807,750
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 15 1,200,130 28,215 16,405 10,355 505 290 675 1,171,910
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,684,360 75,070 37,765 32,140 1,420 665 3,075 5,609,290
Bachelor's degree 3,634,425 53,580 26,885 23,190 1,075 435 1,995 3,580,850
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 602,910 7,945 4,330 3,065 75 115 350 594,965
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 154,705 1,030 320 625 20 0 65 153,675
Master's degree 1,083,840 10,900 5,365 4,660 215 110 555 1,072,940
Earned doctorateFootnote 16 208,480 1,625 865 600 40 0 110 206,855

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.

For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 2

Refers to attendance at a school, college, CEGEP or university at any time during the nine-month period between September 2010 and May 10, 2011. Attendance at school is reported only for course work that could be used as credit towards a certificate, diploma or degree.

Note: Data quality - Attendance at school

It is believed that a small proportion of respondents interpreted the National Household Survey (NHS) question as 'Has this person ever attended a school, college, CEGEP or university?,' rather than the actual question 'At any time since September 2010, has this person attended a school, college, CEGEP or university?' As a result, the 2011 NHS could have overestimated categories with small proportions of school attendance, such as older age groups. We recommend that the data on school attendance be used with caution.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 3

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 4

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 5

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 6

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 7

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 8

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 9

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.


For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 10

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 11

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 12

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 13

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 14

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 15

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 16

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011046.

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