Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census

Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, (CMA) - Ontario

Data quality

Immigrant population

Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2001 to 2016

Figure 1.1 description Figure 1.1 Distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2001 to 2016

Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo and Ontario, 2016

Immigrant status and period of immigration Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo Ontario
number % of the total population % of the immigrant population number % of the total population % of the immigrant population
Total population in private households 516,085 100.0 ... 13,242,160 100.0 ...
Non-immigrants 388,140 75.2 ... 9,188,820 69.4 ...
Immigrants 118,610 23.0 100.0 3,852,145 29.1 100.0
Period of immigration: Before 2001 75,390 14.6 63.6 2,426,240 18.3 63.0
Period of immigration: 2001 to 2005 14,590 2.8 12.3 490,560 3.7 12.7
Period of immigration: 2006 to 2010 14,660 2.8 12.4 463,175 3.5 12.0
Period of immigration: 2011 to 2016 13,975 2.7 11.8 472,170 3.6 12.3
Non-permanent residents 9,330 1.8 ... 201,200 1.5 ...

Number and distribution (in percentage) of the immigrant population and recent immigrants in census subdivisions, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2016

Geography Total population Immigrant population Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Number % Number %
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo 516,085 118,615 23.0 13,975 2.7
Kitchener 230,000 60,425 26.3 7,910 3.4
Waterloo 103,390 26,155 25.3 3,840 3.7
Cambridge 127,835 26,090 20.4 1,900 1.5
Woolwich 24,440 2,625 10.7 200 0.8
Wilmot 20,295 2,100 10.3 105 0.5
North Dumfries 10,120 1,215 12.0 15 0.1

Immigrant population by selected demographic, migration and ethnocultural characteristics, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2006 to 2011)
All immigrants Recent immigrants
(2011 to 2016)
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
Population in private households 110,695 .. 15,330 .. 118,615 .. 13,975 ..
Age groups 110,695 100.0 15,335 100.0 118,615 100.0 13,975 100.0
Less than 15 years 5,780 5.2 3,205 20.9 5,330 4.5 2,695 19.3
15 to 24 years 10,155 9.2 2,475 16.1 9,965 8.4 2,005 14.3
25 to 64 years 72,225 65.2 9,260 60.4 75,785 63.9 8,245 59.0
65 years and older 22,535 20.4 395 2.6 27,530 23.2 1,030 7.4
Median age 47.6 .. 30.0 .. 49.6 .. 31.7 ..
Admission categories for immigrants admitted since 1980 ... ... ... ... 84,495 100.0 13,975 100.0
Economic immigrants ... ... ... ... 35,760 42.3 5,770 41.3
Principal applicants ... ... ... ... 13,050 15.4 2,405 17.2
Secondary applicants ... ... ... ... 22,710 26.9 3,370 24.1
Immigrants sponsored by family ... ... ... ... 24,180 28.6 4,245 30.4
Refugees ... ... ... ... 23,845 28.2 3,735 26.7
Region of birth1 110,695 100.0 15,330 100.0 118,615 100.0 13,975 100.0
Americas 16,585 15.0 2,530 16.5 17,440 14.7 1,735 12.4
Europe 53,635 48.5 2,650 17.3 51,440 43.4 1,710 12.2
Africa 6,100 5.5 1,850 12.1 7,235 6.1 1,550 11.1
Asia 34,080 30.8 8,270 53.9 42,135 35.5 8,930 63.9
Oceania 280 0.3 30 0.2 355 0.3 40 0.3

Top places of birth of immigrants and recent immigrants,2 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2016

Place of birth 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 118,610 100.0 ...
United Kingdom 11,245 9.5 1
India 8,575 7.2 2
Portugal 7,160 6.0 3
China 6,380 5.4 4
Romania 5,105 4.3 5
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 13,975 100.0 ...
India 1,835 13.1 1
China 1,395 10.0 2
Syria 1,055 7.5 3
Iraq 850 6.1 4
Pakistan 625 4.5 5

Immigrant population and recent immigrants by non-official language spoken most often at home,3 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2016

Languages 2016
Number Percent Rank
Immigrant population 118,615 100.0 ...
Spanish 4,980 4.2 1
Mandarin 4,660 3.9 2
Arabic 4,605 3.9 3
Recent immigrants (2011 to 2016) 13,975 100.0 ...
Arabic 2,060 14.7 1
Mandarin 1,160 8.3 2
Spanish 720 5.2 3

Generation status

Population by generation status and median age, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2011 and 2016

Generation status 2011 2016
Number Percent Median age Number Percent Median age
Total population in private households 488,900 100.0 37.3 516,085 100.0 38.2
First generation (born abroad) 115,775 23.7 46.7 130,375 25.3 47.4
Second generation (born in Canada with at least one parent born abroad) 98,485 20.1 30.3 108,130 21.0 30.1
Born in Canada with both parents born abroad 51,800 10.6 29.9 57,410 11.1 28.3
Born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and the other born abroad 46,685 9.5 30.7 50,715 9.8 31.8
Third generation or more (born in Canada with both parents born in Canada) 274,645 56.2 34.5 277,585 53.8 35.7

Visible minority population

Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Figure 1.2 description Figure 1.2 Population (in percentage) belonging to a visible minority group, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario and Canada 1996 to 2016

Population by visible minority group and median age, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2011 and 2016

  2011 2016
Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age Number % of the total population % of the visible minority population Median age
Total population in private households 488,900 100.0 .. 37.3 516,085 100.0 .. 38.2
Visible minority population 76,960 15.7 100.0 30.2 99,735 19.3 100.0 29.7
South Asian 21,095 4.3 27.4 31.3 26,635 5.2 26.7 31.7
Chinese 11,820 2.4 15.4 30.0 15,940 3.1 16.0 26.8
Black 10,515 2.2 13.7 26.3 15,110 2.9 15.2 25.1
Filipino 2,800 0.6 3.6 32.4 3,535 0.7 3.5 34.9
Latin American 8,195 1.7 10.6 33.7 9,095 1.8 9.1 35.5
Arab 4,815 1.0 6.3 28.3 7,105 1.4 7.1 25.8
Southeast Asian 7,485 1.5 9.7 30.7 8,170 1.6 8.2 31.6
West Asian 4,000 0.8 5.2 27.9 4,335 0.8 4.3 30.1
Korean 1,610 0.3 2.1 31.8 2,465 0.5 2.5 30.1
Japanese 805 0.2 1.0 34.9 755 0.1 0.8 34.3
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,700 0.3 2.2 32.5 3,270 0.6 3.3 31.5
Multiple visible minorities 2,120 0.4 2.8 23.3 3,305 0.6 3.3 21.9
Not a visible minority 411,940 84.3 .. 38.9 416,350 80.7 .. 40.4

Census subdivisions with a population of 5,000 or more and with the highest proportion of visible minorities, Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, 2016

Geography Visible minority population
Name of the census subdivision Number % of the total population of the CSD
Kitchener 50,200 21.8
Waterloo 27,265 26.4
Cambridge 19,890 15.6
Woolwich 1,365 5.6
Wilmot 695 3.4

Ethnic and cultural origins of the population

The three most commonly reported ethnic origins,4 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Ethnic origin Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo Ontario Canada
Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank Number of responses % Rank
Canadian 131,895 25.6 1 3,109,770 23.5 1 11,135,970 32.3 1
English 120,810 23.4 2 2,808,810 21.2 2 6,320,085 18.3 2
German 112,330 21.8 3 1,189,670 9.0 6 3,322,400 9.6 6

Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Figure 1.3 description Figure 1.3 Percentage of the population by region of ethnic origin,5 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo, Ontario and Canada, 2016

Symbols:

···
not applicable
··
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement
r
revised
E
use with caution

Source:

Statistics Canada. 2017. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-404-X2016001. Ottawa, Ontario. Data products, 2016 Census.

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