Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 91,771 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 88,721 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,630 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,919 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 396.3 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 231.55 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 91,775 44,540 47,230 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 14,915 7,575 7,335 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 4,545 2,305 2,245 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 4,910 2,495 2,415 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 5,460 2,775 2,685 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 63,410 30,830 32,585 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 6,290 3,300 2,990 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 6,665 3,480 3,185 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 5,510 2,835 2,675 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 5,435 2,615 2,815 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 5,390 2,530 2,855 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 5,700 2,670 3,030 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 6,665 3,090 3,575 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 8,175 3,840 4,330 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 7,485 3,565 3,925 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,100 2,890 3,205 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 13,445 6,135 7,310 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 4,815 2,360 2,460 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 3,175 1,530 1,645 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 2,180 995 1,185 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 1,665 695 965 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 1,605 560 1,045 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,035 400 635 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 445 135 305 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 115 25 90 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 20 5 15 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.5 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.2 69.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.5 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6 39.9 43.0 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,780 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,630 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,485 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,345 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 4,295 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,770 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,065 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 5,155 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 8,970 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 6,085 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 6,520 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,190 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 90,995 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 76,855 36,965 39,895 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 44,440 22,180 22,255 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 39,770 19,845 19,925 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 4,670 2,335 2,335 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 32,415 14,785 17,630 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 22,605 11,915 10,690 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 1,925 725 1,200 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 3,970 1,350 2,620 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 3,915 790 3,125 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,655 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 10,875 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 6,605 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 6,600 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,565 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,650 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 21,790 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 19,450 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,335 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,865 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 3,920 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 950 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,785 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 8,060 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 13,730 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 5,100 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 6,180 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,445 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,870 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 2,815 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,460 3,940 5,525 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,920 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,625 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,000 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,630 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,465 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,830 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 5,150 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 675 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 91,100 44,295 46,805 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 83,475 41,255 42,220 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 60 25 35 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,625 2,675 3,950 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 940 340 600 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 91,100 44,295 46,805 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 88,585 43,280 45,300 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,165 490 675 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 440 195 240 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 910 325 585 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,385 590 795 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.7 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 91,100 44,295 46,805 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 88,450 42,960 45,485 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 68,445 33,420 35,025 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 67,335 32,955 34,380 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,115 465 645 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 20,005 9,540 10,460 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,000 9,535 10,460 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,260 655 605 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 55 30 25 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 50 25 25 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 1,200 625 575 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 60 30 25 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 1,075 560 510 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 5 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 10 5 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 30 15 15 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 15 5 10 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 50 65 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 110 45 65 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 1,770 705 1,065 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 0 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 55 20 30 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 50 20 30 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 50 20 30 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,565 625 945 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 85 40 50 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 25 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 1,715 845 875 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 15 5 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 180 85 90 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 1,470 725 750 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 45 25 20 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 12,830 6,250 6,580 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 60 25 35 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 160 85 80 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 1,720 805 920 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 55 20 30 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 40 15 25 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 10 5 10 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 1,665 780 890 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 20 10 15 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 50 20 25 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 80 45 35 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 80 35 40 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 490 230 265 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 530 240 290 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 160 75 85 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 55 25 25 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 40 20 20 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 95 45 50 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 10 5 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 970 440 530 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 15 10 10 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 35 20 15 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 185 100 90 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 0 5 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 705 310 400 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 0 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 10 5 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 675 345 330 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 6,070 3,005 3,070 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 4,695 2,305 2,390 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 410 190 215 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 740 370 370 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 420 210 210 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 0 565 300 265
Konkani 25 10 15 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 30 15 15 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 20 5 15 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 600 295 300 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 120 65 55 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 2,225 1,090 1,135 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,370 695 675 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 15 5 5 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 155 80 75 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,200 605 595 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 3,160 1,550 1,610 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 1,210 630 580 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 515 245 270 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 430 205 230 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,000 470 535 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 720 380 340
Japanese 50 20 30 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Georgian 0 0 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 185 85 95 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 175 80 100 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 10 5 5 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 5 920 445 470
Ganda 5 0 5 1,295 625 665
Igbo 15 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 5 5 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 15 5 10 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 35 15 20 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 40 20 20 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 0 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 20 10 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 5 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,390 620 775 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,370 615 760 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 645 300 340 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 35 20 25 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 600 260 345 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 15 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 15 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 5 0 5 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 15 5 10 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 5 0 0 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 10 0 10 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 45 15 30 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 35 10 20 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 5 5 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 345 165 185 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 45 20 25 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 60 35 30 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 235 110 125 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 2,650 1,330 1,315 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 275 125 150 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 2,245 1,155 1,090 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 70 25 45 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 91,100 44,295 46,805 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 85,695 41,680 44,010 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 77,215 37,630 39,580 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 76,790 37,430 39,355 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 420 195 225 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 505 240 265 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 10 5 5 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 495 235 260 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 25 10 10 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 450 215 230 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 5 735 335 400
Hebrew 0 0 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 5 5 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 5 0 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 20 25 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 50 25 25 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 560 250 310 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 5 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 15 10 5 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 10 5 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 15 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 225 285 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 35 20 20 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 965 465 495 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 5 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 75 30 45 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 865 415 440 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 20 10 5 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 5,240 2,515 2,725 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 35 15 20 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 60 30 30 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 615 305 315 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 10 0 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 10 5 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 610 300 310 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 5 0 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 25 10 15 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 15 10 10 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 35 15 15 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 170 85 90 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 220 110 100 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 90 35 50 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 15 10 5 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 20 10 15 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 15 10 5 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 75 25 50 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 10 0 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 15 5 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 50 15 35 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 175 90 90 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 3,235 1,555 1,680 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 2,480 1,180 1,300 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 205 95 110 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 380 185 195 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 170 85 90 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 15 10 10 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 10 5 5 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 135 150 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 30 15 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 1,345 635 710 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 755 375 385 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 5 5 5 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 105 55 50 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 645 315 330 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,035 495 540 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 250 115 140 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 140 65 80 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 215 95 120 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 430 220 205 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 5 5 5 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 80 40 45 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 5 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 10 5 5 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 5 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 15 5 10 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 30 15 15 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 5 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 825 405 425 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 825 400 425 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 365 185 185 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 15 0 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 420 205 215 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 5 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 5 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 0 0 0 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 0 0 0 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 30 10 15 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,245 640 610
Turkish 20 5 10 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 5 5 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 95 45 50 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 5 5 5 975 365 610
Finnish 10 5 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 75 40 40 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 5,405 2,615 2,790 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 220 100 125 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 5,060 2,460 2,595 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 30 15 15 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 91,095 44,295 46,805 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 78,330 38,315 40,015 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 4,200 2,060 2,135 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 985 380 610 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 7,420 3,465 3,955 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 0 0 0 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 7,415 3,465 3,950 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 35 15 20 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 45 15 25 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 85 40 45 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 76,110 36,705 39,410 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,150 34,695 37,460 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,466 43,783 34,046 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,175 34,695 37,480 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,500 38,681 30,994 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,940 32,260 33,680 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,490 43,372 32,408 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,545 21,665 27,880 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,953 1,379 4,135 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,195 28,205 27,990 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,511 44,082 35,924 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 76,110 36,705 39,410 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,125 34,625 37,505 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,188 59,577 43,444 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,150 34,620 37,525 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,519 47,181 36,295 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,865 32,135 33,730 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,986 60,127 42,277 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,265 21,460 27,800 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,776 6,075 7,317 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,195 28,155 28,040 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,172 58,738 43,574 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 76,110 36,700 39,405 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,215 15,155 13,065 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,796 66,815 57,580 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,771 80,162 64,197 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.0 93.7 87.6 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 80.4 75.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.0 6.3 12.4 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 76,110 36,700 39,410 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 3,955 2,010 1,950 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 72,155 34,690 37,460 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.5 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,270 5,100 6,170 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 10,850 4,620 6,225 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 8,225 3,480 4,745 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 6,800 2,990 3,810 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 2,965 3,795 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 5,875 2,745 3,130 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845 2,405 2,435 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,015 2,130 1,895 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,190 1,780 1,405 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 2,620 1,435 1,190 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 7,705 5,040 2,665 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 5,180 3,210 1,975 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 2,520 1,830 690 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 76,110 36,700 39,410 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 3,930 2,005 1,925 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 72,175 34,695 37,485 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.5 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,560 5,165 6,395 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 11,320 4,850 6,465 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 9,520 4,090 5,435 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 8,450 3,745 4,705 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 8,225 3,765 4,455 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 6,580 3,240 3,340 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,030 2,740 2,285 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 3,855 2,130 1,725 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 7,645 4,960 2,680 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,555 1,490 1,065 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,495 935 560 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 3,590 2,535 1,060 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 76,110 36,700 39,410 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 19,910 8,495 11,420 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 56,195 28,205 27,990 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 73.8 76.9 71.0 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,510 3,690 3,820 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 4,235 1,955 2,275 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 6,800 3,220 3,580 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 5,050 2,270 2,785 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 4,755 2,105 2,650 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 4,855 2,085 2,770 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 4,530 2,145 2,385 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 3,875 1,940 1,935 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,200 1,695 1,500 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 11,390 7,100 4,285 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,655 1,510 1,145 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 2,360 1,260 1,095 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 6,375 4,335 2,040 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,920 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,701 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,572 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,155 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,918 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,573 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,770 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,881 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,545 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,915 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,411 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,886 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,155 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,617 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,523 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,765 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,969 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,358 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,920 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 280 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 465 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 645 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 680 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 775 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 850 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 955 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 870 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,785 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,940 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,955 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,875 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,405 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,215 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,280 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,220 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,685 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,920 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 305 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 290 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 485 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 735 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 760 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 890 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,060 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,290 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,200 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,475 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,680 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,410 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,107 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,819 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,750 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,437 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,291 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,750 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,499 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,568 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,175 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,200 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,524 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,375 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,445 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,825 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,780 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,289 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,647 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,710 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,969 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,546 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,185 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,967 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,557 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,880 3,045 3,830 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,589 46,037 40,493 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,749 39,851 36,064 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,880 2,950 3,930 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 55,521 61,353 51,140 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,098 48,570 42,490 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 90,995 44,260 46,740 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,735 15,400 17,335 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 4,895 2,345 2,550 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 5,960 2,770 3,195 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 6,485 2,985 3,505 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 7,625 3,580 4,045 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 7,770 3,730 4,040 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 58,260 28,855 29,405 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 9,100 4,410 4,690 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 10,285 5,035 5,255 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 11,795 5,830 5,965 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 13,510 6,735 6,780 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 13,565 6,845 6,720 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 90,995 44,255 46,735 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 18,540 9,460 9,080 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 5,475 2,785 2,690 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 59,650 28,850 30,800 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 12,805 5,945 6,860 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,680 3,600 4,080 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 2,310 1,195 1,120 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 665 345 320 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 4,475 2,070 2,405 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 890 335 555 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.4 8.1 8.7 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.3 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 12.4 11.9 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.2 7.8 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.6 8.1 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,780 2,750 3,025 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,670 855 810 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 460 230 225 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 3,565 1,680 1,890 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 540 210 330 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.2 6.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.0 8.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.3 8.4 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.8 6.1 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.2 3.5 4.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 90,995 44,260 46,740 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 90,055 43,895 46,160 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 89,960 43,835 46,120 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 6,700 2,690 4,015 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 0 0 10 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,820 945 880 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 55 35 20 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 10 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 50 30 20 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 1,775 915 860 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 95 35 55 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 1,610 845 770 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 10 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 60 35 30 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 35 20 15 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 20 0 15 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 210 80 135 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 210 75 130 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 2,195 835 1,360 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 40 15 20 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 55 20 35 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 75 40 40 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 85 40 45 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 10 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,070 770 1,295 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 305 145 160 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 90 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 50 65 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 2,090 1,040 1,050 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 10 10 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 190 100 90 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 1,840 920 925 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 80 35 45 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 17,395 8,625 8,770 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 40 25 20 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 175 70 100 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 2,035 970 1,070 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 55 20 35 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 55 20 30 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 0 0 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 1,980 950 1,030 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 15 10 10 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 70 35 30 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 155 85 70 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 100 50 50 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 735 365 370 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 565 245 325 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 190 80 110 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 85 40 45 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 40 15 25 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 40 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 125 65 60 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 25 20 10 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,400 670 725 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 75 30 45 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 30 10 20 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 345 180 165 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 935 470 470 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 0 10 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 45 10 35 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 1,105 560 545 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 8,550 4,355 4,190 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 6,985 3,605 3,380 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 420 190 230 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 1,320 700 620 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,985 1,050 935 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 15 10 10 905 490 420
Konkani 125 55 65 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 85 45 40 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 25 10 10 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,445 700 745 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 230 120 110 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 430 225 205 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 3,220 1,705 1,515 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,730 845 890 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 40 25 15 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 210 130 80 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,575 755 825 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 4,395 2,140 2,250 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 1,735 895 835 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 655 305 355 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 520 245 275 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 1,625 765 855 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 105 40 60 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 220 100 125 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 335 180 155 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 15 0 10 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 10 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 10 10 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 15 10 0 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 30 15 15 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 10 10 10 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 85 55 40 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 15 10 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 85 40 45 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 160 55 100 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 75 25 50 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,725 825 905 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 1,705 820 885 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 910 450 460 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 30 20 10 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 845 395 455 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 0 20 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 20 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 10 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 20 0 15 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 10 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 0 0 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 10 10 10 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 45 10 45 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 25 0 25 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 410 200 210 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 65 20 45 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 40 30 10 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 300 145 155 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 90,995 44,255 46,740 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,615 42,300 44,315 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,200 9,405 8,795 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,410 32,895 35,515 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,380 1,955 2,425 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 90,995 44,260 46,735 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 59,410 29,640 29,765 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 31,155 14,435 16,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 11,455 5,280 6,175 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 4,850 2,265 2,580 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 6,775 3,140 3,640 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 6,155 2,915 3,240 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,475 1,670 1,810 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 2,675 1,245 1,435 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,930 840 1,090 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 430 185 245 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 31,160 14,435 16,725 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 3,330 1,630 1,710 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 6,350 3,040 3,305 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 7,955 3,470 4,485 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 11,405 5,430 5,970 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 2,120 865 1,255 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,155 14,435 16,725 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 8,970 3,900 5,065 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 45 20 30 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 120 65 55 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 130 80 50 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 2,215 960 1,255 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 60 35 30 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 2,700 1,130 1,570 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 80 20 55 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 80 40 45 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 1,510 660 845 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 635 280 355 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 1,395 615 780 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 7,650 3,605 4,045 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 15 30 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 70 35 35 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 50 10 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 555 290 265 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 490 245 245 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 180 75 100 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 195 90 100 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 700 375 320 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 165 70 95 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 415 185 225 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 345 150 190 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 415 180 240 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 60 15 50 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 35 20 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 60 25 35 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,980 1,385 1,590 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 860 415 445 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 1,720 860 855 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 10 0 10 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 300 165 135 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 85 40 45 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 175 90 90 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 25 15 10 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 150 90 60 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 45 25 25 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 220 100 115 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 710 335 375 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 12,690 6,005 6,685 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 760 380 380 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 295 140 160 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 695 315 380 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 320 150 170 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 2,675 1,365 1,315 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 130 130 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 205 95 110 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 35 10 35 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 180 85 90 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 280 155 130 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 1,905 930 970 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 2,195 840 1,355 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 1,590 770 815 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 55 50 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 80 20 60 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 160 70 90 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 950 500 445 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 60 70 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,925 840 1,090 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 405 180 220 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 10 10 10 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 0 10 0 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 0 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 10 0 15 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 120 65 60 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 20 0 20 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 35 40 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 155 70 85 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 220 100 120 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 10 0 10 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 10 0 0 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0