Census Profile, 2016 Census
Whitchurch-Stouffville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Whitchurch-Stouffville, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Whitchurch-Stouffville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Whitchurch-Stouffville, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 45,837 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 37,628 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 21.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 15,712 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 15,355 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 222.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 206.22 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 45,845 22,435 23,405 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 9,315 4,745 4,565 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,220 1,680 1,545 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 3,190 1,585 1,605 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 2,900 1,480 1,415 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 29,205 14,335 14,875 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 2,610 1,340 1,275 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 2,285 1,200 1,085 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 2,085 1,025 1,060 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 3,095 1,420 1,670 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 3,505 1,620 1,885 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 3,520 1,810 1,710 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 3,270 1,625 1,645 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 3,260 1,615 1,645 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 2,985 1,455 1,530 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 2,590 1,220 1,370 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 7,320 3,355 3,965 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 2,395 1,120 1,280 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 1,740 840 900 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 1,270 610 660 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,000 450 550 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 915 340 575 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 585 235 350 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 245 90 155 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 75 15 60 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 5 5 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.3 21.1 19.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.7 63.9 63.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.0 15.0 16.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.6 38.7 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.0 39.6 40.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,720 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 105 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,525 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 810 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,550 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 405 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 750 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 2,320 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 4,650 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 2,890 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 3,435 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,060 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 45,345 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 36,525 17,690 18,840 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 24,430 12,180 12,250 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 22,345 11,140 11,205 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 2,085 1,040 1,045 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 12,100 5,505 6,590 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 8,070 4,320 3,750 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 780 295 485 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 1,470 560 915 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 1,775 330 1,450 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 13,420 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 5,455 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 3,070 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,575 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,315 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 13,420 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 11,975 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 10,935 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,045 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,440 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 1,125 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 315 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 11,975 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 4,625 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 7,350 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 2,615 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 3,445 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,285 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,440 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 825 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 455 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 160 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,035 1,670 2,360 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 12,185 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 4,065 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,120 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 605 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 2,565 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 2,320 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 245 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 45,430 22,315 23,115 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 41,145 20,535 20,610 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 10 5 10 1,110 530 580
English and French 3,080 1,290 1,795 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,195 490 705 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 45,430 22,320 23,115 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 43,565 21,535 22,030 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 425 180 245 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 260 115 140 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,180 480 695 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 560 240 320 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 45,435 22,320 23,115 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 44,045 21,640 22,410 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 30,110 14,970 15,135 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 29,700 14,805 14,900 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 405 165 240 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 13,940 6,670 7,270 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 13,940 6,670 7,265 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 390 195 190 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 390 195 190 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 355 180 180 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 120 55 65 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 110 50 60 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 530 200 330 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 15 5 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 25 15 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 440 165 285 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 15 5 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,005 1,015 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 85 40 50 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,880 940 945 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 45 20 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 5,710 2,775 2,930 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 45 20 25 1,090 560 530
Armenian 150 70 80 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 970 445 525 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 10 15 645 280 370
Latvian 15 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5 0 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 940 435 505 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 15 5 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 30 15 15 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 35 15 20 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 295 140 155 250 120 135
Polish 170 85 85 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 255 115 145 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 35 15 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,145 545 600
Slovak 25 10 15 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 50 20 30 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 545 260 290 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,435 730 705
Danish 15 10 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 115 60 60 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 400 185 215 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 10 0 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 445 215 225 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,565 770 795 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,235 600 635 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 25 10 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 325 165 165 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 140 70 70 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 10 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 115 115 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 20 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 400 180 215 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 320 165 150 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 35 20 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 280 145 135 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,985 990 995 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,225 640 580 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 225 110 120 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 150 60 95 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 370 180 195 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 40 15 25 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 145 70 75 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 15 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 5 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 5 5 0 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,665 2,210 2,455 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,665 2,210 2,455 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,995 1,435 1,560 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 75 30 40 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,445 670 770 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 40 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 20 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 0 10 800 405 400
Thai 10 5 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 40 25 20 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 20 10 10 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 195 90 110 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 25 15 15 455 195 260
Finnish 50 20 35 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 120 55 60 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,380 675 705 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 115 55 65 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,215 595 620 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 15 10 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 40 15 20 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 45,430 22,320 23,115 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 42,455 20,855 21,605 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 35,385 17,475 17,905 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 35,225 17,410 17,815 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 160 65 90 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 7,075 3,375 3,695 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,075 3,375 3,695 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 125 55 70 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 125 60 65 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 120 60 65 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 35 15 20 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 170 75 90 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 5 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 15 10 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 75 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,300 620 680 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 40 25 20 885 450 435
Tamil 1,235 590 645 1,935 965 965
Telugu 25 15 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,770 825 940 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 15 5 10 530 255 270
Armenian 40 15 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 295 140 150 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 295 140 150 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 0 0 0 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 70 35 35 120 60 60
Polish 40 25 15 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 135 60 65 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 5 5 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 0 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 10 5 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 65 35 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 30 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 115 50 65 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 750 355 400 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 565 265 300 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 5 0 0 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 170 80 90 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 60 30 30 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 5 5 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 50 60 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 165 75 90 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 175 85 95 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 20 10 10 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 155 70 85 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 490 225 265 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 235 110 130 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 30 10 15 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 65 25 40 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 165 80 85 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 90 50 45 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 0 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 5 5 0 830 460 370
American Sign Language 0 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,490 1,680 1,805 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 3,485 1,680 1,805 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,230 1,080 1,150 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 40 20 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,125 540 580 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 15 5 10 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 10 0 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 50 25 30 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 35 15 20 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,975 1,465 1,515 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 85 40 50 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,810 1,390 1,425 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 5 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 70 35 40 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 45,430 22,315 23,115 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 37,335 18,440 18,900 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 3,135 1,560 1,580 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 390 150 240 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 4,425 2,115 2,310 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,425 2,115 2,310 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 30 10 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 55 20 35 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 50 15 35 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,040 17,540 18,505 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 34,605 16,845 17,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,915 49,134 34,208 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 34,620 16,850 17,770 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 42,960 30,926 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 32,095 15,925 16,170 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,670 48,582 31,823 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 23,765 10,275 13,485 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,383 1,260 4,636 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 26,590 13,655 12,935 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,964 48,768 34,500 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 36,035 17,465 18,575 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 34,565 16,770 17,795 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,167 71,343 45,753 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 34,580 16,775 17,810 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,416 55,209 38,133 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 32,060 15,825 16,235 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,653 71,627 44,030 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 23,860 10,250 13,610 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,799 6,123 7,308 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 26,595 13,570 13,020 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,104 69,853 43,820 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 36,040 17,460 18,580 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 13,860 7,860 6,000 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,622 67,089 54,203 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 77,817 88,826 63,391 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.9 94.7 87.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.9 78.2 70.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.1 5.3 12.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 36,035 17,535 18,505 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 1,435 695 740 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 34,610 16,845 17,765 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,970 2,065 2,910 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 4,850 1,950 2,895 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 3,840 1,595 2,250 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 3,320 1,415 1,900 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 3,280 1,495 1,785 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 2,730 1,335 1,390 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 2,355 1,240 1,115 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 1,970 1,080 885 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,540 880 655 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,480 815 660 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,280 2,960 1,315 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 2,615 1,735 875 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,660 1,220 435 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 36,040 17,535 18,500 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 1,420 685 730 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 34,625 16,850 17,775 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,170 2,115 3,050 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 5,070 2,060 3,015 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 4,420 1,810 2,610 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 4,100 1,830 2,270 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 3,950 1,905 2,045 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 3,135 1,660 1,475 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 2,410 1,360 1,050 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,065 1,165 900 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,300 2,945 1,355 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,300 800 500 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 725 480 245 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,275 1,670 610 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 36,040 17,535 18,505 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 9,445 3,880 5,565 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 26,595 13,655 12,935 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.8 77.9 69.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,265 1,510 1,755 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 1,885 825 1,060 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 3,110 1,430 1,680 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 2,390 1,035 1,360 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 2,365 1,030 1,330 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 2,390 1,095 1,290 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,035 1,060 975 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 1,750 935 815 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,480 835 650 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 5,920 3,895 2,025 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,285 755 525 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,260 685 575 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,375 2,450 920 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 102,997 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,652 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 2,320 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,816 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,930 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 13,035 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,117 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,169 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 130,938 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 104,529 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,315 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 63,774 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,345 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 13,035 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 142,880 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 113,985 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 15,355 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 150 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 85 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 175 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 230 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 330 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 305 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 350 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 410 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 400 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 420 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 905 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 845 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 955 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 940 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 885 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,965 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,100 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,710 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,080 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,065 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 15,355 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 165 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 95 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 180 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 245 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 370 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 330 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 410 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 465 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 530 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 555 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,085 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,120 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,205 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,180 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,045 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,380 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,340 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,540 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,505 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 12,905 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,414 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,622 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,945 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,864 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,478 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,365 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,589 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,632 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,265 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,354 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,051 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 12,905 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 142,279 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,391 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,975 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 136,698 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,706 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,340 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 156,001 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,435 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,250 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,632 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,495 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,970 1,310 1,660 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,709 45,952 40,218 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,790 40,269 36,114 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,970 1,295 1,680 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 58,515 61,197 56,446 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,542 48,895 46,498 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 45,345 22,280 23,065 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 16,015 7,665 8,350 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 2,340 1,145 1,195 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 2,890 1,325 1,565 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 3,240 1,550 1,695 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 3,510 1,695 1,820 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 4,030 1,955 2,080 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 29,325 14,615 14,715 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 4,375 2,175 2,195 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 5,195 2,515 2,680 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 5,875 2,875 3,000 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 6,605 3,345 3,265 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,275 3,700 3,575 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 45,345 22,275 23,070 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 10,875 5,550 5,330 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 3,860 2,005 1,855 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 27,555 13,475 14,085 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 6,910 3,255 3,655 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,735 1,800 1,935 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 1,035 535 500 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 335 180 160 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 2,195 1,065 1,125 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 510 195 310 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.2 8.1 8.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.5 9.6 9.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 8.7 9.0 8.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 7.9 8.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.4 6.0 8.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,685 825 860 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 410 200 210 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 135 70 65 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 1,135 565 570 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 140 60 80 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.7 3.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.8 3.6 3.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 3.5 3.5 3.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.1 4.2 4.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.8 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 45,340 22,280 23,065 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 44,115 21,770 22,340 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 44,105 21,765 22,335 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 3,070 1,265 1,810 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 17,925 8,640 9,285 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,925 8,640 9,290 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 630 325 310 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 635 330 305 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 10 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 555 285 275 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 65 30 30 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 80 110 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 185 75 115 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 625 245 380 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 25 15 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 30 20 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 45 25 20 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 575 220 355 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 20 15 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,715 1,340 1,370 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 20 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 100 45 55 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,525 1,250 1,270 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 90 35 55 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 8,200 4,040 4,160 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 65 25 40 1,135 580 555
Armenian 160 90 70 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,335 630 705 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 20 20 635 310 325
Latvian 25 15 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,305 620 690 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 10 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 65 25 45 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 55 30 25 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 510 245 265 345 180 160
Polish 275 135 140 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 335 145 190 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 40 15 25 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 40 15 25 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 60 20 40 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 695 300 395 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 10 0 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 15 10 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 155 60 95 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 490 225 265 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 10 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 780 390 390 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,410 1,205 1,200 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,090 1,025 1,065 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 60 35 25 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 410 205 205 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 635 305 330 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 25 25 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 430 225 210 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 100 45 50 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 60 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 850 390 460 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 335 190 150 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 20 10 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 315 175 140 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,005 1,510 1,495 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,855 980 875 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 320 160 155 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 205 75 130 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 700 335 365 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 60 25 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 115 50 65 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 85 40 45 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 40 15 25 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 20 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 30 15 15 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 20 10 10 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,390 2,515 2,870 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 5,395 2,520 2,875 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,785 1,775 2,010 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 65 35 30 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,365 1,090 1,275 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 40 40 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 20 40 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 25 10 20 1,125 505 620
Thai 15 10 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 85 50 35 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 835 455 385
Turkish 45 30 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 25 10 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 240 95 145 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 10 20 495 205 295
Finnish 80 30 50 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 140 60 80 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 45,340 22,280 23,065 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 42,750 21,140 21,605 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,565 5,420 5,145 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 32,185 15,730 16,460 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,595 1,135 1,460 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 45,340 22,275 23,070 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 30,315 15,140 15,175 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 14,740 7,035 7,705 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 4,175 2,075 2,100 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,135 1,040 1,090 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,010 1,955 2,050 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 3,455 1,545 1,910 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,000 920 1,080 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,450 625 825 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 975 420 550 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 290 100 190 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 14,740 7,040 7,705 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,365 655 710 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 2,960 1,490 1,465 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,745 1,745 2,000 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 5,535 2,650 2,885 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,145 500 645 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,740 7,035 7,705 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,430 635 795 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 40 15 25 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 35 15 25 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 20 15 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 225 95 130 920 415 500
Haiti 10 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 295 130 170 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 85 40 50 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 0 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 120 65 55 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 335 135 200 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 250 125 130 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,965 1,945 2,020 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 25 10 15 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 25 15 10 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 240 100 135 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 335 175 155 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 65 30 35 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 30 15 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 790 430 360 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 100 50 45 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 175 75 100 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 145 75 70 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 190 85 100 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 115 35 85 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 0 10 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 100 35 65 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,100 550 550 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 490 235 255 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 555 285 270 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 145 70 75 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 70 35 30 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 20 20 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 35 25 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 245 120 125 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,755 4,155 4,600 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 90 40 55 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 35 25 15 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,940 880 1,060 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,510 725 785 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 880 425 460 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 185 115 65 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 40 30 10 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 35 0 30 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 100 50 50 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 95 50 45 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 490 240 255 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 590 255 330 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,660 805 860 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 15 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 150 60 95 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 355 155 200 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 570 280 290 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 45 25 25 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 975 425 550 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 95 40 55 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 0 10 160 115 45
Mexico 15 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 35 15 15 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 15 1,855 875 975
Europe 80 35 45 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10