Census Profile, 2016 Census
Brampton South [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brampton South
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Brampton South [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Brampton South [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 121,188 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 107,364 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 12.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 40,416 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 38,907 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,593.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 46.73 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 121,185 60,000 61,190 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,960 11,400 10,560 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,275 3,770 3,510 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,520 3,925 3,595 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,160 3,705 3,450 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 83,250 41,510 41,740 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,020 4,340 3,680 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 9,395 5,110 4,285 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,875 4,475 4,400 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,920 4,170 4,750 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,695 4,090 4,605 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,290 3,970 4,315 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,375 4,100 4,275 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,600 4,320 4,285 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,675 3,860 3,815 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,410 3,080 3,325 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 15,980 7,090 8,895 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,410 2,515 2,895 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,760 1,795 1,965 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,690 1,210 1,480 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,050 865 1,185 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,075 705 1,370 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,260 485 775 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 635 180 455 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 150 35 115 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.1 19.0 17.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.7 69.2 68.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.2 11.8 14.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.2 2.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.1 37.0 39.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.0 35.6 38.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 38,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,925 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,750 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,225 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,120 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 4,210 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,110 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,775 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 38,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 7,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 9,415 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,825 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 7,710 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,115 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 119,995 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.1 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 99,230 48,600 50,630 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 55,770 27,925 27,840 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 51,225 25,655 25,570 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 4,540 2,270 2,275 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 43,460 20,675 22,785 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 30,370 16,570 13,805 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,880 1,185 1,700 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,100 1,920 3,180 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,110 1,005 4,105 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,055 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,950 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,030 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,765 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,310 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,060 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 26,810 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 24,540 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,270 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,250 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,175 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,075 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,805 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,455 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,350 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,145 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,145 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,065 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,245 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,495 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,885 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 875 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,460 8,620 8,840 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 38,910 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,160 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,770 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,395 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,255 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,485 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 7,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,645 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 120,360 59,650 60,710 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 108,450 54,830 53,615 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 120 55 65 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,335 2,750 3,585 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 5,460 2,015 3,450 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 120,365 59,645 60,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 112,880 56,680 56,195 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,160 545 615 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 950 445 505 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,375 1,975 3,400 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,630 765 865 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 120,360 59,650 60,710 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 114,310 56,585 57,725 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 59,585 29,315 30,265 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 58,555 28,835 29,715 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,030 480 550 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 54,725 27,270 27,455 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,715 27,270 27,450 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,285 660 625 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 55 25 35 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 165 95 75
Somali 50 25 30 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,210 625 585 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 35 20 20 1,140 560 585
Arabic 920 475 440 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 10 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 80 35 40 80 40 40
Tigrigna 35 15 20 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,110 515 595 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,095 510 580 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,600 1,130 1,465 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 100 45 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 105 50 55 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 0 15 0 10
Malay 30 10 20 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 25 30 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,255 980 1,275 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 215 105 115 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 130 65 65 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,890 1,450 1,445 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 75 35 40 225 115 110
Malayalam 500 250 250 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,895 930 965 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 420 230 190 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 43,745 22,075 21,670 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 80 40 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 45 25 25 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,595 1,235 1,360 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 15 15 645 280 370
Latvian 15 15 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,565 1,225 1,345 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 40 20 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 45 25 20 1,725 805 915
Croatian 360 175 180 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 60 25 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 45 20 25 250 120 135
Polish 1,525 720 810 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 130 60 70 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 100 55 50 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 65 30 40 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 545 250 290
Ukrainian 125 50 75 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,015 385 630 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 565 205 360 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 5 20 80 30 50
German 375 155 220 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 175 90 85 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 33,845 17,435 16,415 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 33,175 17,075 16,095 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 455 220 235 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,980 1,550 1,430 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 3,060 1,555 1,505 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 15 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 70 35 35 225 110 110
Marathi 155 80 80 535 280 255
Nepali 575 290 285 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,295 11,045 10,245 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 105 55 50 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 285 130 150 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,165 2,105 2,065 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 590 315 270 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 10 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 100 50 50 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 475 250 215 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,980 2,865 3,115 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 880 455 425 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 3,250 1,545 1,705 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 135 60 70 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,720 805 915 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 40 15 20 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 105 50 55 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 5 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 705 330 380 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 305 140 165 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 30 15 15 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 10 10 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 55 25 30 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 70 30 35 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 125 55 75 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 15 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,560 725 835 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,520 695 825 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 730 340 390 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 10 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 635 280 350 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 35 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 25 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 10 10 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 55 35 20 800 405 400
Thai 25 5 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 145 75 65 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 130 70 60 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 185 85 100 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 20 10 15 455 195 260
Finnish 25 15 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 145 65 80 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,055 3,065 2,995 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 250 110 135 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 5,560 2,845 2,720 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 95 40 55 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 145 60 85 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 120,360 59,645 60,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 105,320 52,045 53,280 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 71,795 35,220 36,580 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 71,270 34,965 36,305 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 530 260 270 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 33,525 16,820 16,700 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,520 16,820 16,695 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 585 285 300 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 15 5 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 15 5 10 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 555 270 285 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 15 10 5 535 250 290
Arabic 440 215 225 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 25 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 15 10 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 15 5 10 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 785 370 410 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 775 365 405 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,105 520 585 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 40 20 20 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 20 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,005 470 535 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 130 65 65 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 80 45 40 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,880 955 925 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 35 20 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 280 150 130 885 450 435
Tamil 1,290 635 660 1,935 965 965
Telugu 270 150 120 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 27,445 13,895 13,550 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 20 20 530 255 270
Armenian 20 10 10 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,285 615 670 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,280 615 665 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 25 10 15 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 20 15 925 425 495
Croatian 145 70 70 1,795 840 955
Czech 20 10 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 20 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 860 405 450 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 80 40 40 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 50 30 25 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 25 10 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 95 35 60 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 55 15 35 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 5 5 5 0
German 30 15 15 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 50 20 30 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 23,265 11,930 11,335 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 22,910 11,755 11,155 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 280 130 150 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,890 975 915 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,695 840 860 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 20 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 75 45 30 245 125 120
Nepali 385 205 180 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15,535 8,070 7,460 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 50 25 30 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 70 85 595 290 305
Urdu 2,810 1,385 1,430 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 325 160 160 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 10 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 60 30 35 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 255 120 130 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,690 1,265 1,425 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 190 90 105 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,520 720 800 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 35 25 15 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 940 435 500 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 20 15 10 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 60 25 35 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 230 95 135 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 130 55 75 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 5 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 20 35 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,035 475 560 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,025 475 555 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 475 225 255 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 460 210 250 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 25 1,015 435 580
Lao 40 15 15 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 95 45 40 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 85 50 35 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 55 25 30 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 50 20 25 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 15,040 7,600 7,435 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 240 110 125 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 14,510 7,360 7,150 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 260 120 135 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 120,360 59,645 60,715 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 90,585 44,605 45,975 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 13,895 7,285 6,610 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 745 305 440 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 14,440 7,090 7,355 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 14,440 7,090 7,345 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 60 30 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 505 275 225 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 125 60 65 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 98,045 48,040 50,005 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,380 45,330 47,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,339 32,616 25,095 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,395 45,335 47,065 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,513 29,995 23,846 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,195 40,770 39,425 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,801 33,751 24,094 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,590 30,495 38,090 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,444 890 4,721 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,100 36,680 33,420 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,497 34,490 26,847 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 98,420 48,205 50,215 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,660 45,340 47,320 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,464 42,237 32,890 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 92,690 45,345 47,345 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,133 35,578 28,832 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,285 40,750 39,535 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,736 43,165 32,142 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,790 30,350 38,435 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,423 5,145 7,432 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,195 36,585 33,610 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,387 43,208 33,139 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 98,415 48,205 50,210 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,095 18,370 13,730 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,276 52,740 44,021 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,931 60,103 50,351 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.3 91.9 81.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.9 82.5 72.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.7 8.1 18.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 98,040 48,040 50,005 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,660 2,710 2,950 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 92,380 45,330 47,050 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.2 94.4 94.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,870 7,750 9,115 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 17,870 7,600 10,265 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,265 5,865 7,400 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,905 5,185 5,725 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,155 4,440 4,715 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,880 3,580 3,305 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,900 2,805 2,095 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,605 2,260 1,350 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,625 1,675 955 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,995 1,190 810 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,305 2,985 1,320 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,185 2,165 1,025 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,115 820 295 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 98,040 48,040 50,005 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,645 2,705 2,940 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 92,395 45,330 47,060 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.2 94.4 94.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,020 7,795 9,220 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 18,650 7,995 10,655 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,310 6,885 8,430 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 12,770 6,140 6,625 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,300 5,220 5,085 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,745 3,855 2,895 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,375 2,745 1,635 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,915 1,780 1,135 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,310 2,930 1,380 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,660 1,055 605 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 955 660 295 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,695 1,215 485 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 98,045 48,040 50,000 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 27,940 11,360 16,580 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 70,100 36,680 33,420 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.5 76.4 66.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,740 4,170 4,570 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,220 2,730 3,490 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 10,755 5,200 5,555 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 8,735 4,325 4,410 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,340 4,055 4,285 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 7,200 3,645 3,555 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,525 3,075 2,445 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,955 2,410 1,545 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,030 1,965 1,065 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,605 5,105 2,500 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,285 1,480 810 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,775 1,075 705 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,540 2,550 990 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 38,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,004 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,745 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,836 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,195 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,065 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,285 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,599 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 38,885 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,278 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,598 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,760 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,218 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,574 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,125 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,763 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,827 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 38,905 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 550 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 470 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 810 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,215 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,375 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,315 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,460 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,525 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,640 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,570 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,180 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,955 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,520 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,215 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,445 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,280 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,360 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,135 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 38,905 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 565 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 835 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,250 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,515 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,470 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,645 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,830 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,945 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,865 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,790 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,340 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,385 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,105 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,360 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,670 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,065 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,175 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,030 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,410 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,595 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,670 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,577 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,185 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,081 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,710 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,245 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,496 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,680 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,195 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,959 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,023 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,530 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,600 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,218 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,330 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,452 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,455 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,175 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,816 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,171 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,960 6,875 6,085 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,741 28,448 27,159 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,098 26,632 25,708 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,790 6,750 6,030 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,810 37,634 38,007 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,159 31,780 32,584 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 119,995 59,440 60,560 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 66,560 32,580 33,980 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 12,135 6,190 5,950 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 13,230 6,210 7,015 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 14,055 6,850 7,205 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 13,825 6,765 7,060 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 13,320 6,560 6,755 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 53,435 26,860 26,575 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,420 6,145 6,275 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,505 5,755 5,750 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 11,545 5,820 5,730 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 10,660 5,405 5,255 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,305 3,735 3,560 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 119,995 59,440 60,560 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 26,355 13,740 12,615 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,735 4,525 4,220 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 78,430 38,835 39,595 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 15,210 6,855 8,350 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,455 8,365 9,090 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,140 2,725 2,415 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,835 960 875 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 10,355 4,920 5,435 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,960 730 1,235 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 14.1 15.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.5 19.8 19.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.0 21.2 20.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.7 13.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.9 10.6 14.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,460 7,235 7,230 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,785 2,000 1,790 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,390 720 675 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 9,445 4,825 4,620 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,230 410 820 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.6 14.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 15.9 16.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 12.4 11.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.1 6.0 9.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 120,320 59,640 60,680 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 114,625 57,490 57,135 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 114,525 57,455 57,070 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,440 2,705 3,735 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 68,645 34,235 34,415 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,640 34,235 34,405 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,955 1,050 905 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 120 50 75 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 115 45 65 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,785 965 815 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 55 20 35 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,590 890 695 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 30 40 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 15 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 70 25 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 80 40 45 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,575 710 865 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 0 25 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,540 705 830 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,285 1,380 1,905 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 10 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 130 50 85 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 15 10 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 0 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 170 70 100 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 180 90 90 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 20 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,970 1,235 1,740 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 560 230 330 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 195 85 115 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 350 135 205 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,970 1,835 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 150 80 75 445 210 235
Malayalam 625 340 285 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,645 1,355 1,290 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 500 265 235 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 54,945 27,765 27,185 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 105 55 55 1,135 580 555
Armenian 50 30 20 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,090 1,485 1,600 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 50 25 25 635 310 325
Latvian 25 10 20 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,045 1,465 1,580 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 85 50 30 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 65 35 30 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 445 240 205 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 60 20 35 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 100 45 50 345 180 160
Polish 1,750 855 890 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 305 135 175 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 170 95 75 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 65 25 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 30 725 330 400
Ukrainian 265 90 170 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 15 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,255 510 740 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 35 15 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 55 30 25 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 620 230 390 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 0 20 120 55 65
German 545 235 310 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 20 15 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 250 125 120 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 42,085 21,715 20,370 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 41,560 21,415 20,145 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 670 330 340 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,910 2,055 1,855 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 15,110 7,690 7,425 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 155 80 75 375 185 190
Marathi 340 165 175 1,275 650 625
Nepali 615 310 305 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 15 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 27,225 14,235 12,995 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 220 115 105 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 335 145 190 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 6,890 3,510 3,380 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 630 345 290 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 10 10 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 175 100 80 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 490 270 225 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 80 35 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 8,370 3,975 4,385 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,320 660 655 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 4,105 2,010 2,100 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 205 90 120 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,025 1,345 1,680 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 95 50 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 105 40 65 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,460 700 760 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 425 205 220 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 110 45 60 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 50 30 20 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 125 70 55 240 140 95
Lingala 40 20 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 15 210 95 115
Shona 35 0 30 265 125 140
Swahili 270 140 130 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 20 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 290 125 165 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 95 60 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 105 40 70 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 35 10 25 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75 30 45 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,685 800 885 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,670 785 885 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 820 395 425 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 875 385 490 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 25 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 10 25 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 45 25 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 20 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 20 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 120 80 45 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 110 80 30 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 15 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 205 110 95 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 190 100 85 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 225 115 110 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 30 20 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 185 90 95 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 55 35 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 120,320 59,640 60,675 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,055 49,930 51,130 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,490 12,915 11,570 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,570 37,015 39,555 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,265 9,710 9,550 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 120,320 59,640 60,680 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 55,615 28,070 27,540 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 61,005 29,230 31,775 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 10,855 4,995 5,855 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 7,235 3,475 3,755 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 13,870 6,635 7,235 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 20,115 9,770 10,345 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 10,930 5,320 5,610 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 9,190 4,455 4,735 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,935 4,350 4,585 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,705 2,340 1,365 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 61,005 29,230 31,775 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,005 2,595 2,410 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 9,275 4,585 4,690 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 14,480 6,340 8,135 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 24,490 12,185 12,305 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 7,760 3,525 4,240 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 61,000 29,230 31,780 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 10,390 4,540 5,860 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 50 10 40 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 270 125 140 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 225 95 130 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 2,070 935 1,135 920 415 500
Haiti 45 25 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 4,025 1,735 2,290 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 135 45 95 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 115 40 70 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 565 700 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 590 280 310 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,610 675 930 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,360 4,465 4,895 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 125 70 60 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 250 135 120 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 70 25 40 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 305 155 150 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 140 70 65 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 85 30 55 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 55 55 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 595 325 270 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 525 185 340 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,190 550 640 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,825 1,430 1,395 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 170 85 90 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 85 40 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 85 55 25 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 110 30 80 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,055 925 1,130 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 625 305 320 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,855 1,350 1,505 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 230 95 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 45 10 30 1,665 835 825
Kenya 345 175 165 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 20 20 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 570 265 305 1,205 630 575
Somalia 75 30 50 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 50 30 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,505 710 795 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 38,285 18,825 19,455 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 355 175 170 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 325 165 160 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 765 350 410 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 195 90 110 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 23,765 11,850 11,915 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 100 55 45 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 370 200 170 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 40 20 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 100 50 50 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 175 95 75 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,165 2,120 2,045 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 3,125 1,345 1,780 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,710 815 895 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 75 40 30 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 30 20 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,145 510 635 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,865 930 935 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 115 50 65 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,930 4,350 4,580 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 945 445 500 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 55 15 45 465 220 240
Cuba 55 30 20 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 335 170 160 160 115 45
Mexico 25 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 155 65 90 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 300 135 160 1,855 875 975
Europe 320 165 150 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0