Census Profile, 2016 Census
Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Willowdale [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,801 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,680 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,179 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 49,949 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,009.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.77 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,800 55,980 62,820 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 13,575 7,040 6,535 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,065 2,625 2,440 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 4,415 2,295 2,125 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,095 2,125 1,975 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 86,435 40,850 45,590 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,195 3,095 3,100 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,910 4,845 5,070 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 11,865 5,735 6,130 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 10,895 5,400 5,495 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 8,860 4,165 4,695 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,870 3,675 4,195 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,255 3,685 4,570 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,460 3,855 4,605 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,620 3,445 4,170 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,510 2,950 3,555 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 18,785 8,095 10,695 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,595 2,555 3,045 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,990 1,785 2,205 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,370 1,440 1,925 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,700 1,180 1,520 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,130 1,140 1,990 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,960 785 1,175 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 925 290 630 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 205 60 145 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 45 5 40 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.4 12.6 10.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 72.8 73.0 72.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.8 14.5 17.0 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.6 2.0 3.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.8 37.1 40.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 49,950 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,245 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 30,540 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,165 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 860 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 1,680 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,475 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,130 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 49,950 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 15,370 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 16,020 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,990 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,475 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,095 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 117,545 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,225 48,940 56,280 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 56,200 27,775 28,425 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 50,805 25,030 25,775 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 5,395 2,745 2,650 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 49,020 21,165 27,850 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 35,345 17,480 17,860 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,350 870 1,475 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 6,010 1,945 4,060 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,320 860 4,455 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,140 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 15,905 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 8,645 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 6,060 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,530 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,145 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 26,615 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 23,920 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,695 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,530 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,720 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 815 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,610 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 12,160 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 14,455 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,225 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 5,765 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,465 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,530 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,750 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,425 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 355 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,540 11,815 15,730 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 49,950 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,715 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,075 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,645 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,180 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,050 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 15,370 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,680 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 117,880 55,645 62,230 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 102,115 49,185 52,935 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 80 30 50 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 8,595 3,620 4,970 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 7,090 2,815 4,275 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 117,880 55,650 62,235 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 108,060 51,645 56,420 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,135 525 615 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,695 715 980 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 6,980 2,765 4,220 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,985 875 1,105 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 117,880 55,645 62,235 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 113,545 53,545 60,005 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 36,155 18,170 17,990 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 35,200 17,715 17,485 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 955 455 505 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 77,390 35,375 42,010 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,380 35,370 42,010 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,410 1,275 1,135 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 5 1,445 720 730
Somali 35 10 20 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,355 1,250 1,105 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 35 20 15 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,765 940 825 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 495 265 235 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 15 10 5 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 35 15 15 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 420 165 255 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 410 165 245 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 4,770 1,800 2,970 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 15 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 145 45 95 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 100 40 60 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 420 170 250 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 225 100 125 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,770 1,400 2,375 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 65 30 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 870 460 410 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 55 25 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 160 80 85 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 420 225 190 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 225 130 100 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 30,325 14,520 15,805 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 135 65 65 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 380 190 185 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,520 4,195 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 155 70 85 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 105 50 65 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 45 20 25 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 7,570 3,455 4,115 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 20 15 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 25 15 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 195 100 95 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 125 60 60 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 85 40 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 145 70 75 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 470 190 280 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 5,520 2,505 3,020 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 380 195 180 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 25 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 65 25 40 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 15 35 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 440 200 245 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 925 405 525 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 5 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 5 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 140 60 75 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 510 225 285 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 195 80 115 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 615 295 315 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 15,520 7,720 7,810 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,385 1,220 1,175 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 465 245 215 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 255 120 135 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 690 350 340 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 30 15 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 105 55 50 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 35 10 30 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 30 15 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 155 80 75 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 55 25 35 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 520 280 240 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 13,085 6,470 6,615 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 120 60 60 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 20 10 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 12,945 6,400 6,550 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 5,025 2,325 2,705 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,660 785 875 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 695 330 360 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 730 330 400 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,935 880 1,060 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 725 280 440 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 190 105 85 1,200 635 565
Georgian 190 105 85 1,200 635 565
Korean 10,670 4,935 5,735 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 35 20 25 405 180 220
Mongolian 40 15 20 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 105 50 50 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 0 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 20 5 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 15 10 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 10 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,210 10,985 14,220 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 25,185 10,975 14,210 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 8,585 3,725 4,860 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 150 65 85 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 14,635 6,370 8,270 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 680 305 370 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 365 155 205 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 345 410 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 10 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 65 20 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 5 10 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 60 15 40 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 785 405 375 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 265 130 140 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 430 235 195 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 40 20 15 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 640 295 345
Uralic languages 710 300 405 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 95 35 60 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 80 35 50 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 535 235 300 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,335 2,105 2,230 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 185 80 110 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,870 1,895 1,970 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 140 70 70 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 140 55 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 117,880 55,645 62,235 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 105,690 50,055 55,640 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 54,425 26,590 27,840 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 53,985 26,390 27,600 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 445 205 240 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 51,260 23,465 27,800 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,260 23,465 27,800 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,310 655 660 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 20 5 15 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 5 0 805 380 425
Somali 15 5 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,290 645 645 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 10 5 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 975 485 490 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 270 135 135 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 15 5 10 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 80 110 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 190 75 115 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,565 1,050 1,520 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 45 20 25 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 20 25 910 385 530
Ilocano 165 75 90 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 90 40 50 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 5 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,190 875 1,320 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 40 20 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 440 225 210 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 25 5 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 80 40 45 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 235 120 110 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 105 60 45 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 18,975 9,000 9,975 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 45 20 25 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 220 110 110 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,870 2,205 2,665 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 55 25 35 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 40 15 25 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 10 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,810 2,175 2,635 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 115 60 55 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 40 20 20 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 25 10 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 50 20 25 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 175 70 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,970 1,800 2,175 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 205 100 100 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 165 65 100 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 105 40 65 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 0 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 75 30 40 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 5 5 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 195 90 105 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 11,125 5,450 5,680 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,040 535 500 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 250 130 115 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 95 55 45 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 315 160 155 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 55 25 25 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 10 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 15 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 245 125 115 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 10,065 4,905 5,165 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 65 30 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 10 0 5 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 9,995 4,870 5,130 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,405 1,075 1,330 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 530 220 305 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 435 210 220 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 340 140 200 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,105 505 600 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 480 220 265 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 170 90 75 770 420 355
Georgian 170 95 75 775 420 355
Korean 8,175 3,800 4,375 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 25 15 10 225 115 110
Mongolian 25 10 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 25 5 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 25 15 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,205 7,980 10,220 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 18,190 7,975 10,215 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 5,695 2,385 3,315 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 40 20 25 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 11,385 5,075 6,310 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 155 190 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 165 80 90 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 535 255 280 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 10 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 5 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 30 10 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 360 185 175 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 110 55 60 770 385 380
Turkish 220 110 110 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 5 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 25 15 10 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 235 100 130 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 5 15 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 20 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 185 85 100 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 12,190 5,595 6,600 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 175 75 95 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 11,770 5,420 6,350 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 215 80 130 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 117,880 55,645 62,235 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 79,355 37,695 41,655 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 19,360 9,055 10,300 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 685 280 410 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,730 8,290 9,440 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,730 8,285 9,440 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 130 65 70 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 435 185 250 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 180 70 105 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 103,980 48,500 55,475 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,140 45,910 52,225 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,988 29,119 23,932 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,150 45,915 52,235 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,526 27,179 22,746 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,560 39,630 43,930 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,546 34,199 26,027 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,560 31,405 40,160 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,108 701 1,612 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,030 32,445 33,585 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,642 36,904 29,433 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 103,860 48,360 55,500 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,965 45,805 52,160 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,579 51,052 38,896 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 97,975 45,810 52,170 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,183 40,439 32,446 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,610 39,595 44,015 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,906 55,654 40,937 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,505 31,300 40,200 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,057 4,300 5,646 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,935 32,350 33,585 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,738 55,609 42,120 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 103,860 48,360 55,500 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,190 16,260 13,930 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,325 63,087 55,099 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 73,490 80,687 65,090 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.5 94.1 88.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 77.6 70.2 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.5 5.9 11.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 103,980 48,505 55,480 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,840 2,590 3,250 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 98,140 45,910 52,230 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.7 94.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,250 10,975 13,275 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 17,630 7,570 10,055 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 11,020 4,740 6,285 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 8,230 3,610 4,615 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,120 3,160 3,960 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,675 2,620 3,050 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,840 2,325 2,520 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,885 1,980 1,905 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,320 1,770 1,550 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,840 1,435 1,410 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 9,330 5,730 3,600 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,960 3,460 2,500 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,370 2,270 1,105 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 103,980 48,500 55,480 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,835 2,585 3,245 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 98,150 45,915 52,235 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.7 94.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,560 11,100 13,460 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 18,240 7,815 10,420 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 12,310 5,290 7,015 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 9,705 4,340 5,365 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,265 3,725 4,540 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,485 3,150 3,335 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,175 2,690 2,485 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,025 2,080 1,940 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 9,390 5,725 3,665 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,870 1,585 1,285 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,750 1,025 720 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,775 3,110 1,665 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 103,985 48,505 55,480 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 37,950 16,055 21,895 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 66,030 32,445 33,580 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 63.5 66.9 60.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,750 3,970 4,780 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,600 2,505 3,100 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,840 4,630 5,210 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,065 3,175 3,885 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,850 2,685 3,165 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,315 2,430 2,885 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,235 2,045 2,195 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,685 1,790 1,900 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,100 1,675 1,425 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 12,575 7,540 5,040 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,740 1,495 1,245 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,530 1,260 1,270 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 7,305 4,780 2,525 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 49,950 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,653 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 54,850 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,370 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,177 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,827 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 34,580 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,486 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,790 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 49,960 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,416 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,959 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,465 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,955 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,611 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 34,490 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,421 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,224 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 49,950 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,815 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,355 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,635 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,585 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,010 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,270 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,990 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,855 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,785 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,765 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,365 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,110 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,825 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,645 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,315 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,620 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,370 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,965 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,395 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,890 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 49,950 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,905 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,365 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,670 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,655 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,170 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,420 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,205 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,225 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,210 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,220 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,015 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,585 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,330 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,725 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,015 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,995 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,465 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,550 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,180 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,232 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,191 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,795 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,464 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,454 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,465 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,078 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,123 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,145 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,934 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,696 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,125 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,648 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,650 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,705 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,111 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,667 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,495 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,984 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,286 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,055 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,241 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,090 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 23,385 10,260 13,125 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,571 28,096 27,190 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,948 26,196 25,758 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 23,195 10,110 13,085 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,326 44,181 42,666 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,582 35,814 35,403 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 117,550 55,535 62,015 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 65,615 30,475 35,145 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 26,570 12,475 14,100 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 12,830 5,805 7,025 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,725 4,515 5,210 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,270 3,835 4,435 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 8,225 3,845 4,380 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 51,930 25,060 26,865 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 8,315 3,870 4,450 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 8,450 4,000 4,450 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 8,980 4,340 4,645 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,220 5,385 5,840 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 14,960 7,475 7,490 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,550 55,535 62,010 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 16,740 8,595 8,150 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 5,960 3,095 2,865 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 83,030 39,170 43,855 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 17,780 7,770 10,010 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 32,560 15,195 17,365 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,060 2,620 2,435 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,520 810 710 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 23,295 10,820 12,475 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 4,205 1,755 2,450 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 27.7 27.4 28.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 30.2 30.5 29.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.5 26.2 24.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 28.1 27.6 28.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 23.7 22.6 24.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,740 13,380 15,360 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,340 2,210 2,125 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,265 665 600 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 21,510 10,035 11,470 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,895 1,130 1,770 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 24.4 24.1 24.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 25.9 25.7 26.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.2 21.5 20.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 25.9 25.6 26.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 16.3 14.5 17.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 117,405 55,480 61,925 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 110,355 52,650 57,700 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 110,255 52,630 57,625 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 8,590 3,500 5,090 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 87,995 40,630 47,365 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 87,990 40,630 47,360 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,310 2,120 2,185 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 45 10 40 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 45 0 40 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 4,265 2,115 2,155 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 95 60 35 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,390 1,185 1,200 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,790 880 915 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 15 20 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 50 20 30 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 235 280 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 500 225 275 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 6,105 2,290 3,820 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 160 80 85 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 140 45 95 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 460 180 275 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 330 160 165 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,655 2,085 3,575 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 10 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 135 85 50 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 95 60 35 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,145 640 510 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 75 25 50 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 200 105 95 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 645 365 285 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 320 195 130 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 36,915 17,820 19,095 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 145 65 80 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 455 225 225 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 8,700 4,045 4,655 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 180 70 110 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 150 55 90 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 30 15 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 8,625 4,025 4,595 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 75 35 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 20 10 20 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 140 90 50 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 265 120 145 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 90 50 40 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 185 90 100 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 605 300 305 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 6,795 3,160 3,635 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 450 240 210 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 55 20 35 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 20 40 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 875 390 490 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 10 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,970 870 1,100 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 120 55 65 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 20 10 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 200 85 115 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,120 545 580 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 30 15 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 60 20 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 435 155 280 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 885 425 465 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 18,605 9,280 9,320 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,220 2,090 2,130 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 490 260 230 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 485 240 245 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,360 1,235 1,125 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 35 15 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 230 115 115 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 0 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 480 240 240 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 160 80 80 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 35 55 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,085 495 595 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 14,350 7,160 7,185 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 100 60 35 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 25 15 10 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 14,315 7,145 7,170 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 75 40 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,440 3,540 3,900 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,325 1,140 1,185 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 995 465 530 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 915 415 495 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,690 1,765 1,925 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,240 545 695 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 275 135 135 1,555 775 780
Georgian 275 140 140 1,555 770 785
Korean 11,560 5,585 5,980 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 25 10 20 515 225 285
Mongolian 25 10 20 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 255 100 155 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 50 30 20 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 95 40 60 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 30 0 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 115 45 70 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 90 35 55 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 27,440 12,160 15,285 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 27,430 12,155 15,275 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 10,890 4,845 6,045 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 150 65 85 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 18,665 8,165 10,500 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 875 370 505 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 225 225 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 705 300 395 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 0 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 35 20 15 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 85 35 50 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,200 605 600 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 350 190 165 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 800 390 405 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 85 45 40 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 0 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 800 345 455 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 95 35 60 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 50 25 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 665 285 380 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 117,405 55,480 61,925 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 85,750 40,900 44,850 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,180 6,910 6,275 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,565 33,990 38,575 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 31,655 14,580 17,070 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 117,400 55,480 61,920 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 36,055 18,415 17,635 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 71,430 32,535 38,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 10,730 4,730 6,000 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 6,945 3,105 3,835 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,645 7,205 8,440 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 22,440 10,370 12,070 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 11,115 5,290 5,825 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 11,320 5,080 6,245 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,675 7,125 8,550 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,920 4,530 5,390 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 71,435 32,535 38,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,050 2,145 1,905 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 11,890 5,970 5,920 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 13,515 6,310 7,205 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 31,275 13,200 18,075 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 10,695 4,910 5,785 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,430 32,535 38,895 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,055 1,695 2,365 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 295 130 170 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 370 165 205 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 55 35 20 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 305 110 195 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 440 175 260 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 260 100 165 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 105 30 75 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 420 175 245 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 740 305 435 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,055 470 585 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 11,580 5,285 6,300 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 35 65 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 145 55 90 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 155 60 95 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 410 195 220 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 455 235 230 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 380 160 215 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 45 30 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,115 550 565 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 140 55 85 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 505 220 285 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 150 55 100 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 810 370 435 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,305 975 1,330 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 320 155 165 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,385 645 740 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,195 570 625 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,930 895 1,035 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,955 900 1,060 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 545 280 265 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 65 35 35 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 115 70 45 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 120 60 65 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 55 15 40 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 30 10 30 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 275 130 145 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 740 300 440 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 53,735 24,610 29,120 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 230 125 100 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 285 155 135 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 11,560 5,040 6,520 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,690 1,995 2,690 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,465 1,270 1,200 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 12,680 6,290 6,385 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 200 100 100 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 315 100 220 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 8,430 4,075 4,355 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 330 185 145 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 655 280 375 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 5,315 1,980 3,335 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 295 160 130 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 135 70 60 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 1,780 750 1,030 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 505 235 265 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,860 1,785 2,075 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 100 50 55 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,675 7,125 8,550 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 675 290 385 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 100 45 50 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 65 25 45 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 0 0 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 125 35 80 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 150 60 90 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 80 40 40 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 155 80 75 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,095 460 640 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 35 15 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 30 10 20 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 75 25 50 880 400 480
Romania 40