Census Profile, 2016 Census
Surrey--Newton [Federal electoral district], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey--Newton
British Columbia
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Surrey--Newton [Federal electoral district], British Columbia  Map : Surrey--Newton [Federal electoral district], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 114,605 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 105,183 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 35,942 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 33,667 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,815.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30.04 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 114,605 57,190 57,415 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,605 11,240 10,365 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,930 3,575 3,355 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,505 3,965 3,535 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,175 3,700 3,470 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 77,965 38,925 39,040 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,970 4,195 3,775 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,255 4,435 3,825 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,975 3,985 3,990 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,965 4,340 4,625 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,700 4,205 4,495 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,045 3,935 4,110 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,550 3,705 3,840 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,400 3,780 3,615 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,815 3,360 3,460 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,290 2,985 3,305 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 15,030 7,020 8,010 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,455 2,585 2,870 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,850 1,840 2,010 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,725 1,285 1,445 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,575 735 840 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,430 575 850 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 980 420 560 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 340 120 220 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 90 20 70 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 15 10 5 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.9 19.7 18.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.0 68.1 68.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.1 12.3 14.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.2 1.0 1.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 37.6 36.8 38.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 36.3 35.4 37.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 33,670 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 7,790 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 115 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 25,110 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 505 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,905 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,250 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,415 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 650 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 33,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 5,850 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 7,705 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,525 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,445 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,140 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,390 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,995 45,945 47,055 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 56,305 28,235 28,070 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 52,965 26,575 26,390 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 3,340 1,665 1,680 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 36,695 17,710 18,985 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 25,625 14,180 11,445 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,165 935 1,230 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,110 1,640 2,475 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,800 955 3,840 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,415 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 12,060 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,195 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,490 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,670 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,415 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 26,815 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,145 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,670 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,595 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,715 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 880 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,815 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,380 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,435 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,835 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,080 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,520 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,600 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,680 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,360 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 560 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,190 6,725 7,460 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 33,665 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,235 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 5,530 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,710 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,275 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,155 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 5,850 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,305 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 113,810 56,520 57,290 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 98,360 50,095 48,260 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 50 25 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 3,860 1,750 2,105 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 11,545 4,650 6,895 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 113,805 56,520 57,285 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 101,080 51,305 49,775 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 585 280 305 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 705 340 370 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 11,440 4,595 6,840 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 935 445 485 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 113,810 56,520 57,285 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 107,635 53,405 54,235 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 37,860 19,125 18,740 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 37,360 18,890 18,470 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 505 240 270 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 69,775 34,280 35,500 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 5 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,750 34,270 35,485 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,480 715 765 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 550 260 290 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 10 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 540 255 285 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 925 455 470 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 75 30 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 760 385 380 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 40 20 25 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 585 270 315 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 35 55 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 490 235 260 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,420 1,495 1,925 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 10 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 170 65 105 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 35 15 20 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 45 25 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 145 60 85 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 50 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 40 20 20 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,890 1,280 1,610 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 60 35 25 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 470 230 235 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 205 100 100 1,750 905 845
Tamil 205 105 105 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 30 15 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 60,315 29,965 30,355 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 20 10 10 1,090 560 530
Armenian 15 10 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 855 410 450 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 5 0 0 645 280 370
Latvian 5 0 0 320 145 175
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 130 200
Slavic languages 855 410 450 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 15 15 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 70 30 35 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 25 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 260 115 145 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 235 110 120 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 40 15 20 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 40 25 10 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 90 40 50 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 700 315 380 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 15 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 135 65 70 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 475 215 260 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 10 10 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 115 55 60 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 56,735 28,230 28,505 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 55,770 27,755 28,020 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 175 85 85 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 610 305 310 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 4,815 2,300 2,515 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 25 5 15 225 110 110
Marathi 15 5 10 535 280 255
Nepali 90 45 40 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 47,400 23,685 23,715 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 90 45 50 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 75 70 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,395 1,190 1,205 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 940 470 470 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 290 155 135 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 640 310 330 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,880 935 945 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 165 95 70 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 225 105 120 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 100 50 45 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,385 675 705 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 165 55 110 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 165 65 100 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 210 100 105 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 40 25 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 10 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 0 10 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 50 20 25 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 40 25 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 10 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,515 1,165 1,345 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,465 1,145 1,320 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 850 390 455 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 10 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,350 625 725 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 70 80 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 35 40 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 25 30 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 25 10 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 5 10 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 65 20 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 30 10 15 800 405 400
Thai 40 5 30 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 85 50 40 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 70 40 30 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 155 65 85 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 30 10 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 125 55 70 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 6,165 3,120 3,050 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 170 70 100 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 5,885 2,995 2,890 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 40 20 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 75 30 40 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 113,805 56,520 57,285 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 97,660 48,410 49,245 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 49,150 24,500 24,655 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 48,950 24,400 24,555 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 205 100 100 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 48,505 23,910 24,595 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 48,510 23,915 24,595 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 940 450 490 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 335 145 190 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 335 145 190 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 600 300 300 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 40 15 25 535 250 290
Arabic 520 265 255 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 25 10 15 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 385 185 195 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 620 290 330
Vietnamese 330 160 175 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,395 650 745 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 45 15 25 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 50 20 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,260 585 670 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 45 20 25 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 250 120 135 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 100 50 50 885 450 435
Tamil 115 50 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 30 15 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 43,265 21,485 21,780 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 10 15 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 370 180 195 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 375 180 195 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 15 5 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 130 60 70 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 155 70 80 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 20 10 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 0 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 30 20 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 80 35 45 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 20 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 40 20 20 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 41,830 20,785 21,045 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 41,215 20,485 20,730 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 100 55 50 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 330 150 180 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 2,590 1,230 1,360 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 5 245 125 120
Nepali 60 35 25 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 36,435 18,185 18,250 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 30 15 20 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 35 40 595 290 305
Urdu 1,585 780 805 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 600 300 305 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 190 100 95 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 410 200 215 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 925 455 470 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 25 10 15 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 75 35 45 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 50 20 25 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 775 395 385 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 55 20 35 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 130 55 80 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 60 25 40 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 20 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,830 845 990 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,780 820 960 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 550 250 300 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,105 515 590 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 30 15 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 15 10 10 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 15 5 10 335 160 175
Thai 15 5 10 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 35 15 20 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 25 10 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 10 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 40 10 25 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 30 10 20 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 16,145 8,110 8,035 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 105 55 55 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 15,870 7,995 7,875 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 10 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 135 50 90 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 113,805 56,520 57,290 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 82,765 40,960 41,805 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 16,210 8,300 7,915 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 380 170 210 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 13,975 6,860 7,115 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 30 15 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 13,945 6,850 7,095 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 70 40 30 965 435 530
English and non-official language 330 160 165 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 85 35 45 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,790 45,090 46,695 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,610 42,625 43,985 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,495 31,213 21,304 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,695 42,705 43,985 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,903 27,884 20,682 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,410 37,880 35,525 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,127 32,316 20,642 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,370 28,365 37,000 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,134 1,150 4,718 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,465 34,450 31,025 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,417 33,051 22,173 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,785 45,185 46,595 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,610 42,595 44,015 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,045 38,463 27,801 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,740 42,720 44,015 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,826 32,681 25,084 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,655 37,800 35,850 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,226 39,168 26,961 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,255 28,335 36,925 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,357 5,573 6,959 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,460 34,290 31,170 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,051 39,592 27,956 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,785 45,190 46,595 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,740 14,785 9,960 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,171 48,383 40,966 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 50,711 54,899 44,492 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 90.5 78.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.7 82.7 70.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 9.5 21.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,785 45,095 46,695 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,175 2,470 2,710 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 86,610 42,625 43,980 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.5 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,275 6,700 9,575 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 19,345 7,980 11,365 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,125 5,925 7,195 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,740 5,345 5,395 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 8,575 4,545 4,025 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,155 3,535 2,620 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,195 2,690 1,510 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,710 1,840 865 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,885 1,295 590 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,170 845 320 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 2,435 1,915 520 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 1,915 1,485 430 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 520 430 90 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,785 45,095 46,695 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,090 2,385 2,710 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 86,695 42,710 43,985 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.5 94.7 94.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,695 7,035 9,660 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 20,185 8,480 11,705 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,575 7,260 8,315 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 12,205 6,190 6,010 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,930 4,930 3,995 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 5,530 3,435 2,100 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,145 2,120 1,025 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 1,885 1,290 595 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 2,550 1,970 580 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,030 765 270 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 540 430 115 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 975 780 200 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,785 45,095 46,690 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 26,315 10,650 15,670 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 65,470 34,445 31,020 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.3 76.4 66.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,455 3,770 4,690 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,000 2,410 3,585 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 11,150 5,025 6,125 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 9,335 4,590 4,745 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,275 4,385 3,890 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,905 3,790 3,115 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,030 3,070 1,960 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,480 2,345 1,135 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,295 1,605 690 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 4,540 3,450 1,090 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,625 1,135 495 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 955 715 240 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 1,960 1,600 360 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 33,670 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,371 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,114 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,855 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,933 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,990 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,815 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,384 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,279 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 33,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,121 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,362 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,850 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,245 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,563 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,775 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,358 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,529 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 33,670 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 475 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 735 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,060 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,110 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,230 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,275 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,420 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,345 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,415 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,885 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,690 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,480 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,440 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,765 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,135 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,575 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,615 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,435 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 33,665 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 495 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 365 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 750 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,100 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,235 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,435 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,580 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,640 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,685 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,735 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,285 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,975 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,495 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,035 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,085 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,685 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,070 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,335 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,145 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,917 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,863 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,365 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,940 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,166 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 16,935 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,845 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,715 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.7 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,685 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,495 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,526 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,090 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,002 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,156 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 5,400 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,072 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,157 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,005 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,656 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,785 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,560 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,970 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,392 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,335 5,030 4,300 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,143 29,348 27,029 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,089 26,887 25,428 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,380 4,840 4,535 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,625 33,790 33,448 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,271 29,192 29,356 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 113,385 56,335 57,055 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 67,320 33,050 34,275 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 11,870 5,875 5,995 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,645 6,090 6,555 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 14,020 6,815 7,205 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 14,660 7,250 7,410 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 14,130 7,015 7,110 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 46,065 23,285 22,780 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,630 6,310 6,320 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,075 5,580 5,495 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,845 5,000 4,840 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 7,980 4,080 3,895 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 4,535 2,315 2,225 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 113,385 56,335 57,055 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 26,075 13,600 12,475 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,445 4,345 4,100 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 72,650 35,855 36,800 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,655 6,880 7,780 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,850 8,645 9,205 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,620 2,915 2,700 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,805 920 880 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 10,230 4,890 5,345 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,995 835 1,155 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.7 15.3 16.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.6 21.4 21.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.4 21.2 21.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.1 13.6 14.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.6 12.1 14.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,180 6,975 7,205 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,295 2,210 2,085 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,370 690 675 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 8,715 4,290 4,430 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,175 480 700 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.4 12.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.3 16.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 15.9 16.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 12.0 12.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.0 7.0 9.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 113,495 56,350 57,145 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 101,945 51,770 50,170 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 101,885 51,735 50,145 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 3,850 1,870 1,975 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 82,035 40,355 41,680 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 95 35 60 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 20 10 15 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 10 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 45 15 30 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 30 15 20 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 10 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 81,940 40,320 41,620 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,025 950 1,075 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 830 345 485 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 825 345 485 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,230 625 605 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 140 60 85 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,010 520 490 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 25 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 20 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 60 30 30 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 745 375 370 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 120 55 70 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 625 325 305 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 4,360 1,880 2,480 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 295 110 185 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 145 90 55 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 165 55 105 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 175 65 105 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 70 30 40 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,960 1,685 2,275 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 165 100 65 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 95 55 45 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 705 375 330 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 45 15 25 445 210 235
Malayalam 265 145 120 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 390 210 185 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 65 35 25 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 70,630 35,190 35,440 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 25 15 15 1,135 580 555
Armenian 25 20 10 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 990 485 510 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Latvian 0 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 985 475 510 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 75 35 40 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 75 40 40 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 90 45 45 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 235 100 140 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 300 145 160 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 65 30 35 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 65 30 30 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 140 70 65 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 850 335 515 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 10 0 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 15 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 150 75 70 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 600 235 365 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 0 15 1,405 730 680
Swedish 30 0 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 145 75 70 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 66,375 33,180 33,200 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 65,485 32,765 32,720 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 320 160 160 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 820 385 435 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 15,885 7,620 8,260 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 35 20 15 375 185 190
Marathi 55 20 35 1,275 650 625
Nepali 80 35 45 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 56,300 28,400 27,900 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 85 40 45 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 105 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,240 1,670 1,575 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,090 515 570 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 405 215 190 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 770 350 410 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 60 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 2,630 1,325 1,300 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 225 130 100 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 275 140 135 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 100 60 40 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,085 1,030 1,055 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 210 105 105 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 135 55 80 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 410 180 230 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 20 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 25 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 20 10 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 15 15 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 15 10 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 25 10 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 145 85 70 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 35 20 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 35 95 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 145 70 80 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 60 20 40 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,930 1,355 1,575 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,835 1,315 1,515 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,040 495 545 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 35 15 25 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,985 925 1,060 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 125 110 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 0 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 30 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 35 55 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 25 15 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 65 30 35 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 65 15 40 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 40 10 30 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 100 45 50 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 80 40 40 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 215 115 95 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 0 0 0 495 205 295
Finnish 30 15 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 180 100 80 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 113,490 56,350 57,145 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 92,695 46,050 46,640 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,880 12,325 11,555 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,820 33,730 35,085 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 20,795 10,290 10,500 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 113,490 56,345 57,145 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 52,490 26,630 25,855 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 58,175 28,095 30,080 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,365 3,580 3,785 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 6,305 3,055 3,245 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 14,975 7,110 7,865 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 19,085 9,215 9,870 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 8,825 4,230 4,590 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,260 4,990 5,275 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,450 5,135 5,315 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,830 1,620 1,210 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 58,175 28,095 30,080 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,380 1,815 1,570 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 7,095 3,825 3,270 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 16,300 7,165 9,130 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 20,805 10,485 10,320 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 10,600 4,800 5,795 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 58,180 28,095 30,080 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,085 1,070 1,015 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 0 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 145 70 75 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 330 175 160 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 45 25 20 920 415 500
Haiti 25 10 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 105 75 30 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 180 90 85 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 55 35 25 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 55 15 40 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 545 300 250 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 580 275 305 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,310 1,515 1,795 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 40 40 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 50 15 30 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 20 15 10 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 280 135 145 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 80 40 40 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 105 40 60 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 15 20 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 105 50 55 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 130 55 80 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 200 75 125 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 185 95 95 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 75 55 20 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 80 25 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 25 15 10 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 130 75 55 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,355 580 775 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 375 185 190 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,815 850 970 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 35 20 15 430 270 150
Egypt 40 10 25 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 130 45 80 1,665 835 825
Kenya 185 80 100 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 60 35 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 95 55 40 1,205 630 575
Somalia 475 215 260 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 125 60 65 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 675 325 350 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 47,730 23,205 24,530 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 420 195 230 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 180 95 85 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 980 445 535 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 370 170 195 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 36,505 17,970 18,535 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 120 55 70 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 165 80 90 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 115 35 80 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 95 35 65 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 90 40 55 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,975 1,045 930 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 4,005 1,735 2,270 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 285 145 140 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 165 90 75 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 640 275 360 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 430 205 220 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,190 590 600 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,230 1,460 1,775 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,450 5,135 5,315 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 265 145 120 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 10 10 15 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 20 15 10 160 115 45
Mexico 75 45 30 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 55 30 15 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 95 50 50 1,855 875 975
Europe 195 95 100 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90
Romania 10 0