Census Profile, 2016 Census
Alberta [Province] and Nunavut [Territory]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alberta

[Province]
Nunavut

[Territory]
Data quality , Alberta [Province]  Map : Alberta [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Nunavut [Territory]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,067,175 ... ... 35,944 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 3,645,257 ... ... 31,906 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.6 ... ... 12.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,654,129 ... ... 11,433 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,527,678 ... ... 9,819 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.4 ... ... 0.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 640,330.46 ... ... 1,877,778.53 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765 35,945 18,390 17,550
0 to 14 years 779,155 399,570 379,580 11,685 5,975 5,710
0 to 4 years 266,515 136,520 129,995 4,155 2,130 2,025
5 to 9 years 270,715 138,990 131,725 4,120 2,130 1,985
10 to 14 years 241,920 124,060 117,860 3,415 1,720 1,700
15 to 64 years 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655 22,895 11,710 11,190
15 to 19 years 240,035 123,625 116,410 3,140 1,600 1,535
20 to 24 years 261,830 133,990 127,840 3,045 1,535 1,510
25 to 29 years 310,940 156,715 154,225 3,185 1,610 1,580
30 to 34 years 333,175 167,555 165,620 2,815 1,390 1,425
35 to 39 years 305,505 153,655 151,850 2,385 1,210 1,180
40 to 44 years 281,205 142,545 138,660 2,030 1,065 965
45 to 49 years 269,030 135,855 133,180 2,065 1,055 1,005
50 to 54 years 284,310 142,205 142,100 1,840 955 890
55 to 59 years 275,540 138,565 136,970 1,405 750 655
60 to 64 years 226,230 113,440 112,790 975 535 440
65 years and over 500,215 231,690 268,530 1,360 710 655
65 to 69 years 173,680 85,500 88,180 655 340 310
70 to 74 years 117,035 56,430 60,610 345 180 165
75 to 79 years 83,955 39,105 44,845 205 110 100
80 to 84 years 62,165 27,590 34,575 105 50 50
85 years and over 63,385 23,065 40,320 55 25 25
85 to 89 years 39,965 16,050 23,915 40 20 25
90 to 94 years 18,025 5,755 12,275 10 5 5
95 to 99 years 4,735 1,145 3,595 5 5 5
100 years and over 650 115 535 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 19.6 18.7 32.5 32.5 32.5
15 to 64 years 68.5 69.0 68.0 63.7 63.7 63.8
65 years and over 12.3 11.4 13.2 3.8 3.9 3.7
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 0.2 0.1 0.1
Average age of the population 37.8 37.2 38.4 27.7 27.8 27.5
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.2 25.1 25.2 25.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 1,527,675 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
Single-detached house 946,225 ... ... 4,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 62,395 ... ... 110 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 471,090 ... ... 5,335 ... ...
Semi-detached house 86,765 ... ... 875 ... ...
Row house 116,625 ... ... 2,960 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 43,090 ... ... 175 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 223,360 ... ... 1,300 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,245 ... ... 15 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 47,970 ... ... 20 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 1,527,675 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
1 person 366,080 ... ... 1,855 ... ...
2 persons 524,415 ... ... 1,890 ... ...
3 persons 245,075 ... ... 1,495 ... ...
4 persons 233,770 ... ... 1,545 ... ...
5 or more persons 158,335 ... ... 3,030 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 3,978,145 ... ... 35,580 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 3.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185 24,260 12,415 11,840
Married or living common law 1,969,300 988,410 980,895 12,895 6,480 6,420
Married 1,648,945 828,155 820,790 6,625 3,350 3,280
Living common law 320,350 160,250 160,100 6,270 3,130 3,140
Not married and not living common law 1,318,720 651,430 667,290 11,360 5,935 5,425
Never married 905,700 505,310 400,390 9,790 5,345 4,450
Separated 76,150 34,000 42,150 405 185 215
Divorced 195,850 82,040 113,815 440 190 255
Widowed 141,020 30,080 110,940 720 220 505
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,114,585 ... ... 8,780 ... ...
2 persons 540,850 ... ... 2,825 ... ...
3 persons 235,245 ... ... 2,145 ... ...
4 persons 227,165 ... ... 1,690 ... ...
5 or more persons 111,330 ... ... 2,115 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.5 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,114,585 ... ... 8,780 ... ...
Total couple families 953,325 ... ... 6,225 ... ...
Married couples 793,195 ... ... 3,095 ... ...
Common-law couples 160,130 ... ... 3,135 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 161,260 ... ... 2,550 ... ...
Female parent 123,490 ... ... 1,820 ... ...
Male parent 37,770 ... ... 735 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 953,325 ... ... 6,230 ... ...
Couples without children 443,665 ... ... 1,465 ... ...
Couples with children 509,655 ... ... 4,760 ... ...
1 child 190,010 ... ... 1,440 ... ...
2 children 213,910 ... ... 1,400 ... ...
3 or more children 105,735 ... ... 1,920 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 161,260 ... ... 2,555 ... ...
1 child 97,180 ... ... 1,360 ... ...
2 children 45,235 ... ... 700 ... ...
3 or more children 18,845 ... ... 485 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 678,535 356,875 321,655 4,475 2,555 1,915
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 1,527,675 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,039,985 ... ... 6,355 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 414,570 ... ... 1,065 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 625,415 ... ... 5,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 36,120 ... ... 1,140 ... ...
Non-census-family households 451,570 ... ... 2,320 ... ...
One-person households 366,080 ... ... 1,855 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 85,490 ... ... 470 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 35,690 18,200 17,490
English only 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095 32,065 16,345 15,715
French only 3,895 1,725 2,165 60 35 20
English and French 264,720 124,400 140,315 1,525 795 725
Neither English nor French 59,280 24,715 34,565 2,045 1,025 1,025
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 35,690 18,200 17,490
English 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705 32,990 16,795 16,195
French 71,535 37,205 34,330 580 340 240
English and French 16,605 8,350 8,255 90 50 40
Neither English nor French 57,830 23,970 33,860 2,025 1,015 1,015
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 79,840 41,380 38,455 625 365 260
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.0 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 35,695 18,200 17,490
Single responses 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970 34,960 17,830 17,130
Official languages 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165 11,615 6,085 5,530
English 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460 11,020 5,740 5,280
French 72,150 37,450 34,705 595 350 240
Non-official languages 870,940 423,140 447,805 23,345 11,740 11,605
Aboriginal languages 23,835 11,290 12,550 22,610 11,360 11,250
Algonquian languages 18,295 8,665 9,630 15 5 10
Blackfoot 2,750 1,305 1,445 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 14,960 7,105 7,850 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 50 15 35 0 0 0
Plains Cree 720 280 435 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 20 35 0 0 0
Woods Cree 910 430 480 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 13,220 6,355 6,865 5 0 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 5 5 0
Malecite 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 20 15 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 550 235 315 0 0 0
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 525 230 300 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 15 5 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 1,865 865 1,000 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 1,855 860 990 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 35 15 15 0 0 0
Carrier 15 0 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 1,470 710 760 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 10 30 0 0 5
Gwich'in 15 5 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 70 20 45 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 200 90 115 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 10 5 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 155 70 80 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 35 15 25 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 120 35 85 22,600 11,355 11,245
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 5 10 495 220 275
Inuktitut 60 20 45 22,070 11,125 10,945
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 30 10 20
Iroquoian languages 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 80 45 35 0 0 0
Salish languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 5 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 3,370 1,630 1,745 0 0 0
Dakota 350 165 185 0 0 0
Stoney 3,020 1,460 1,555 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 847,105 411,850 435,255 735 380 350
Afro-Asiatic languages 68,415 36,215 32,200 75 60 20
Berber languages 340 190 145 0 0 0
Kabyle 165 90 75 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 12,525 6,495 6,030 10 10 0
Bilen 315 185 130 0 0 0
Oromo 2,650 1,375 1,275 5 5 0
Somali 9,520 4,915 4,605 10 5 5
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Semitic languages 55,425 29,450 25,980 60 45 15
Amharic 7,320 3,605 3,720 20 10 5
Arabic 40,540 21,840 18,705 40 30 10
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 400 210 190 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 80 65 0 0 0
Harari 260 135 120 0 0 0
Hebrew 960 505 460 0 0 0
Maltese 75 30 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5,415 2,880 2,535 5 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 305 155 145 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 80 50 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25,295 11,760 13,535 5 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,925 910 1,010 0 5 0
Vietnamese 23,350 10,840 12,505 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 115,405 50,190 65,210 175 65 105
Bikol 425 205 225 0 0 0
Cebuano 5,135 2,155 2,980 5 5 5
Fijian 125 75 50 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,500 640 855 5 5 5
Ilocano 5,350 2,310 3,040 20 5 10
Malagasy 35 10 25 0 0 0
Malay 1,460 615 845 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 765 370 390 0 0 0
Pangasinan 290 115 175 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 99,035 43,120 55,920 135 50 80
Waray-Waray 305 145 160 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 980 430 550 0 0 0
Creole languages 1,895 990 910 0 0 5
Haitian Creole 95 45 50 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 1,175 640 540 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 625 305 325 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 13,490 7,075 6,415 20 10 10
Kannada 535 270 265 0 0 0
Malayalam 6,345 3,285 3,060 5 0 0
Tamil 4,430 2,360 2,070 15 10 5
Telugu 2,130 1,135 995 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 105 55 45 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 442,685 220,330 222,355 270 145 120
Albanian 2,345 1,270 1,075 0 0 0
Armenian 500 250 245 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 80,330 37,750 42,580 40 30 15
Baltic languages 1,010 475 535 0 0 0
Latvian 415 195 220 0 0 0
Lithuanian 600 285 315 0 0 0
Slavic languages 79,325 37,275 42,050 45 30 15
Belarusan 65 30 30 0 0 0
Bosnian 1,835 915 920 0 0 0
Bulgarian 1,545 790 755 0 5 0
Croatian 4,655 2,340 2,320 0 0 0
Czech 3,000 1,430 1,575 5 0 0
Macedonian 360 185 175 0 0 0
Polish 20,130 9,425 10,705 15 15 0
Russian 17,810 8,150 9,665 10 5 5
Serbian 4,020 2,035 1,985 5 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 970 480 485 0 0 0
Slovak 2,185 1,070 1,115 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 695 320 370 0 0 0
Ukrainian 21,835 9,985 11,850 5 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 215 120 100 0 0 0
Celtic languages 370 200 170 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 135 70 65 0 0 0
Welsh 175 85 80 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 0 0 0
Germanic languages 104,260 51,525 52,735 70 40 30
Afrikaans 3,010 1,475 1,535 0 0 0
Danish 2,380 1,245 1,135 5 5 0
Dutch 16,135 8,095 8,045 15 5 5
Frisian 360 200 160 0 0 0
German 80,050 39,435 40,615 35 20 15
Icelandic 115 55 60 0 0 0
Norwegian 815 370 445 10 5 5
Swedish 875 405 470 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 150 170 0 0 0
Yiddish 140 70 70 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 0 0
Greek 3,130 1,655 1,475 5 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages 166,805 85,250 81,560 85 45 45
Indo-Aryan languages 145,900 74,320 71,580 80 40 35
Bengali 7,000 3,630 3,370 25 15 15
Gujarati 13,140 6,785 6,355 5 0 0
Hindi 17,055 8,675 8,385 5 5 5
Kashmiri 105 60 50 0 0 0
Konkani 370 190 185 0 0 0
Marathi 1,510 775 730 0 0 5
Nepali 5,175 2,690 2,490 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 190 100 90 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 68,695 34,935 33,760 5 5 0
Sindhi 2,770 1,300 1,475 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,590 1,320 1,265 0 0 5
Urdu 27,295 13,865 13,430 25 15 15
Iranian languages 19,600 10,235 9,365 10 5 5
Kurdish 1,550 845 705 0 5 0
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,235 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 15,490 8,070 7,425 10 5 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,310 695 615 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 84,940 42,425 42,515 60 30 30
Catalan 75 30 45 0 0 0
Italian 11,375 5,760 5,615 5 5 5
Portuguese 9,050 4,380 4,670 5 5 0
Romanian 8,035 4,080 3,955 10 0 5
Spanish 56,370 28,160 28,205 45 20 25
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Japanese 4,875 1,715 3,160 0 0 5
Kartvelian languages 230 130 105 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 17,920 8,485 9,435 10 0 5
Mongolic languages 545 255 290 0 0 0
Mongolian 540 255 290 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15,360 7,870 7,495 75 50 30
Akan (Twi) 1,755 915 835 5 5 0
Bamanankan 35 20 15 0 0 0
Edo 275 155 120 0 0 0
Ewe 245 145 100 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 100 0 0 0
Ga 145 80 65 0 0 0
Ganda 280 145 135 0 0 0
Igbo 1,165 625 540 5 0 0
Lingala 270 130 140 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 605 305 295 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 805 405 400 0 0 0
Shona 1,100 545 555 15 10 5
Swahili 2,380 1,160 1,215 5 0 0
Wolof 280 165 110 0 0 0
Yoruba 2,435 1,305 1,125 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,370 1,640 1,735 30 15 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,720 1,395 1,330 0 0 0
Dinka 1,345 705 640 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,375 685 690 0 0 0
Sign languages 830 440 390 20 10 10
American Sign Language 335 165 165 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 495 275 225 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 122,450 57,740 64,705 50 20 30
Chinese languages 120,375 56,675 63,700 50 20 30
Cantonese 59,145 27,755 31,385 15 5 10
Hakka 990 465 530 0 0 0
Mandarin 50,660 23,940 26,720 10 5 5
Min Dong 115 50 65 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,060 1,375 1,695 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 630 305 330 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,725 2,770 2,955 20 10 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,075 1,065 1,005 5 0 0
Burmese 430 230 200 0 0 0
Karenic languages 795 415 380 0 0 0
Tibetan 575 295 275 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 275 130 140 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 2,670 955 1,710 0 0 5
Lao 1,020 485 535 0 0 0
Thai 1,630 465 1,165 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 0 0 0
Turkic languages 4,050 2,250 1,800 5 0 5
Azerbaijani 365 215 155 0 0 0
Turkish 3,140 1,760 1,375 5 0 0
Uyghur 130 70 60 0 0 0
Uzbek 205 115 90 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120 0 0 0
Uralic languages 7,470 3,600 3,870 20 10 5
Estonian 190 90 105 0 0 0
Finnish 810 330 480 5 5 5
Hungarian 6,470 3,185 3,285 10 5 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 690 415 280 5 0 5
Multiple responses 92,070 44,900 47,175 735 370 365
English and French 10,230 4,950 5,280 25 10 15
English and non-official language 77,520 37,815 39,705 685 355 335
French and non-official language 2,685 1,375 1,305 10 5 10
English, French and non-official language 1,640 760 880 10 5 5
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145 35,695 18,200 17,490
Single responses 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385 35,085 17,895 17,185
Official languages 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395 17,030 8,660 8,370
English 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895 16,685 8,470 8,215
French 27,630 14,130 13,500 345 190 155
Non-official languages 482,725 237,740 244,990 18,055 9,240 8,815
Aboriginal languages 9,970 4,940 5,020 17,735 9,070 8,665
Algonquian languages 7,175 3,575 3,605 5 5 0
Blackfoot 1,110 555 555 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,875 2,925 2,945 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 125 60 60 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 600 300 295 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5,120 2,540 2,575 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 190 95 95 5 5 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 185 90 95 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 620 320 300 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 620 325 300 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 10 5 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 540 280 260 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 55 30 25 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 17,735 9,070 8,665
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 110 45 60
Inuktitut 0 0 0 17,600 9,015 8,590
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 15
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 2,125 1,025 1,095 0 0 0
Dakota 175 85 85 0 0 0
Stoney 1,945 935 1,010 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 472,760 232,800 239,965 320 165 150
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,770 22,535 21,235 30 20 15
Berber languages 200 105 95 0 0 0
Kabyle 90 45 40 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 9,220 4,750 4,470 5 5 0
Bilen 280 160 115 0 0 0
Oromo 2,075 1,060 1,015 0 5 0
Somali 6,850 3,520 3,325 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 34,310 17,660 16,655 25 15 10
Amharic 4,915 2,390 2,530 15 5 5
Arabic 24,230 12,555 11,675 15 5 5
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 260 130 130 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 40 0 0 0
Harari 165 80 85 0 0 0
Hebrew 460 235 225 0 0 0
Maltese 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,955 2,095 1,860 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,355 7,635 8,715 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 960 460 500 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15,380 7,175 8,205 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 60,860 28,765 32,100 120 55 60
Bikol 70 40 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 2,110 1,015 1,090 0 0 0
Fijian 45 25 20 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 470 215 255 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,975 935 1,035 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 10 10 0 0 0
Malay 405 205 195 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 220 110 110 0 0 0
Pangasinan 45 20 30 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,105 26,005 29,100 110 55 60
Waray-Waray 125 60 60 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 280 120 155 0 0 0
Creole languages 970 495 475 5 5 0
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 655 345 310 5 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 8,460 4,335 4,125 15 10 5
Kannada 210 105 105 0 0 0
Malayalam 4,060 2,070 1,990 0 0 0
Tamil 2,915 1,515 1,395 15 10 5
Telugu 1,245 635 615 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 230,270 115,280 114,995 85 50 35
Albanian 1,060 570 485 0 0 0
Armenian 215 115 105 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 30,220 14,820 15,400 10 5 5
Baltic languages 410 210 200 0 0 0
Latvian 165 85 80 0 0 0
Lithuanian 250 125 120 0 0 0
Slavic languages 29,815 14,610 15,205 10 5 5
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 785 400 385 0 0 0
Bulgarian 825 415 405 0 0 0
Croatian 1,800 905 895 0 0 0
Czech 875 440 430 0 0 0
Macedonian 175 90 85 0 0 0
Polish 7,705 3,675 4,030 5 0 0
Russian 10,145 4,965 5,175 5 0 0
Serbian 2,100 1,045 1,055 0 5 0
Serbo-Croatian 315 160 155 0 0 0
Slovak 710 345 365 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 70 75 0 0 0
Ukrainian 4,180 2,060 2,110 0 5 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 25 15 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 15 15 5 0 0 0
Welsh 15 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 40,915 20,280 20,625 5 5 5
Afrikaans 1,705 835 875 0 0 0
Danish 150 75 75 0 0 0
Dutch 1,980 985 1,000 0 0 0
Frisian 60 30 30 0 0 0
German 36,295 18,010 18,290 0 5 0
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 20 35 0 0 0
Swedish 145 65 80 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 30 25 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 425 215 210 0 0 0
Greek 1,015 490 525 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 111,975 56,535 55,445 45 25 20
Indo-Aryan languages 98,610 49,790 48,815 45 25 20
Bengali 4,530 2,300 2,225 20 15 10
Gujarati 8,025 4,085 3,935 0 0 0
Hindi 9,945 5,115 4,825 0 0 0
Kashmiri 50 20 25 0 0 0
Konkani 75 40 40 0 0 0
Marathi 845 440 405 5 0 0
Nepali 3,710 1,905 1,805 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 95 50 45 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 51,010 25,720 25,295 0 5 0
Sindhi 1,240 575 665 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,480 750 730 0 0 0
Urdu 17,600 8,795 8,810 15 5 5
Iranian languages 12,720 6,415 6,305 5 5 0
Kurdish 850 440 410 0 0 0
Pashto 1,640 845 795 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 10,230 5,135 5,100 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 650 325 325 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 44,830 22,445 22,385 25 15 10
Catalan 35 10 20 0 0 0
Italian 2,840 1,275 1,560 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,905 1,875 2,030 0 0 0
Romanian 4,135 2,115 2,020 0 5 0
Spanish 33,910 17,160 16,755 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 2,245 945 1,300 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 160 85 70 0 0 0
Georgian 160 85 70 0 0 0
Korean 12,775 6,205 6,570 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Mongolian 335 155 175 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5,600 2,725 2,875 20 10 10
Akan (Twi) 845 415 430 0 5 0
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 70 35 35 0 0 0
Ewe 80 45 35 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 45 0 0 0
Ga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Ganda 95 50 50 0 0 0
Igbo 265 125 145 5 5 5
Lingala 85 35 45 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 135 145 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 350 175 170 0 0 0
Shona 410 190 225 5 0 0
Swahili 1,090 530 565 0 0 0
Wolof 170 95 75 0 0 0
Yoruba 690 340 350 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,015 485 535 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,525 765 755 0 0 0
Dinka 800 420 380 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 725 350 375 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,095 630 465 35 20 15
American Sign Language 325 170 155 5 0 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 765 455 310 25 15 15
Sino-Tibetan languages 82,380 39,230 43,155 15 5 10
Chinese languages 80,880 38,455 42,420 15 5 10
Cantonese 38,275 17,810 20,460 5 0 5
Hakka 315 135 185 0 0 0
Mandarin 37,125 18,030 19,095 5 0 5
Min Dong 20 5 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,245 540 705 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 340 175 165 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,550 1,760 1,785 5 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,500 770 730 0 0 0
Burmese 280 145 130 0 0 0
Karenic languages 665 340 320 0 0 0
Tibetan 420 220 200 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,130 505 625 0 0 0
Lao 465 215 245 0 0 0
Thai 655 285 370 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages 2,390 1,270 1,120 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 155 90 75 0 0 0
Turkish 1,945 1,030 915 0 0 0
Uyghur 80 45 40 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 70 65 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 25 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 1,040 1,085 0 0 0
Estonian 25 10 15 0 0 0
Finnish 105 50 50 0 0 0
Hungarian 1,995 980 1,015 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 140 95 0 0 0
Multiple responses 189,040 92,280 96,760 610 305 305
English and French 6,885 3,410 3,475 20 10 10
English and non-official language 178,070 86,895 91,170 585 290 295
French and non-official language 1,125 540 580 5 5 0
English, French and non-official language 2,965 1,430 1,530 5 5 5
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140 35,690 18,205 17,490
None 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055 17,430 8,995 8,435
English 221,305 110,655 110,650 9,555 4,885 4,670
French 41,840 19,470 22,375 240 130 110
Non-official language 262,255 125,640 136,615 8,425 4,175 4,250
Aboriginal 17,430 8,325 9,105 7,990 3,960 4,025
Non-Aboriginal 244,825 117,315 127,510 435 215 220
English and French 1,535 775 760 0 0 0
English and non-official language 4,545 2,345 2,195 20 15 10
French and non-official language 2,795 1,340 1,455 15 5 10
English, French and non-official language 85 50 40 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190 22,435 11,345 11,090
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,717 54,891 33,213 29,743 28,817 30,326
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 22,435 11,345 11,090
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,067 47,131 30,478 28,635 27,517 29,403
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030 19,220 9,910 9,315
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,330 54,528 32,099 30,583 31,667 29,517
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855 21,890 11,040 10,840
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,093 3,834 4,185 2,524 1,275 4,682
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030 18,590 9,605 8,985
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,679 54,361 32,982 29,724 30,603 28,640
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235 23,935 12,175 11,755
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455 22,435 11,345 11,090
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,778 80,001 45,535 50,689 50,882 50,492
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995 22,435 11,345 11,090
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,683 62,938 38,417 43,247 42,937 43,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465 19,225 9,905 9,310
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 62,997 80,282 44,766 52,115 53,453 50,693
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240 21,885 11,045 10,845
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,175 7,298 7,093 6,191 4,314 8,103
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855 18,590 9,605 8,980
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,343 74,073 43,031 51,195 52,454 49,849
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240 23,930 12,175 11,755
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,152,385 669,770 482,615 7,580 3,925 3,655
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 64,090 73,781 53,836 90,230 88,548 91,332
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 81,586 94,822 63,218 88,321 89,311 87,259
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.3 95.8 89.1 88.1 91.8 84.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 78.9 72.3 83.7 87.2 80.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.7 4.2 10.9 11.9 8.3 15.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without total income 152,585 74,410 78,170 1,495 830 665
With total income 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190 22,435 11,345 11,095
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.4 95.1 93.8 93.1 94.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 389,580 146,450 243,130 5,320 3,165 2,155
$10,000 to $19,999 385,235 147,125 238,110 3,350 1,480 1,870
$20,000 to $29,999 364,915 142,810 222,105 2,610 1,135 1,475
$30,000 to $39,999 305,680 131,185 174,490 1,810 840 965
$40,000 to $49,999 286,615 133,715 152,900 1,190 575 610
$50,000 to $59,999 247,830 124,720 123,115 810 400 410
$60,000 to $69,999 205,840 114,405 91,430 730 375 360
$70,000 to $79,999 165,640 99,645 65,995 735 370 365
$80,000 to $89,999 132,720 82,700 50,020 820 440 380
$90,000 to $99,999 114,010 70,655 43,350 835 375 460
$100,000 and over 455,410 334,865 120,550 4,230 2,185 2,045
$100,000 to $149,999 274,185 191,710 82,475 3,215 1,570 1,645
$150,000 and over 181,225 143,150 38,075 1,010 615 400
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without after-tax income 151,915 74,270 77,645 1,495 835 665
With after-tax income 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715 22,435 11,345 11,095
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 93.8 93.1 94.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 399,005 149,280 249,725 5,335 3,165 2,170
$10,000 to $19,999 402,780 154,330 248,450 3,410 1,530 1,880
$20,000 to $29,999 420,955 166,650 254,300 2,825 1,250 1,570
$30,000 to $39,999 377,590 169,665 207,925 1,920 915 1,005
$40,000 to $49,999 347,960 172,595 175,365 1,270 605 665
$50,000 to $59,999 276,970 153,985 122,985 980 500 485
$60,000 to $69,999 208,265 127,045 81,220 1,015 505 510
$70,000 to $79,999 160,580 100,970 59,610 1,085 555 530
$80,000 and over 460,030 333,895 126,140 4,595 2,315 2,280
$80,000 to $89,999 121,015 78,400 42,620 1,095 500 590
$90,000 to $99,999 82,020 57,375 24,645 1,025 480 550
$100,000 and over 257,000 198,120 58,875 2,475 1,335 1,145
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360 23,930 12,180 11,755
Without employment income 732,385 301,060 431,330 5,340 2,575 2,770
With employment income 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035 18,590 9,600 8,985
Percentage with employment income 77.2 81.2 73.1 77.7 78.8 76.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 273,835 122,830 151,005 3,930 1,925 2,000
$5,000 to $9,999 164,095 68,100 95,990 1,800 875 925
$10,000 to $19,999 274,105 113,680 160,430 2,150 1,135 1,015
$20,000 to $29,999 235,620 96,855 138,760 1,440 815 620
$30,000 to $39,999 227,450 100,650 126,805 1,025 580 445
$40,000 to $49,999 219,155 103,680 115,475 815 430 380
$50,000 to $59,999 195,145 99,285 95,860 710 350 360
$60,000 to $69,999 163,465 92,950 70,515 655 355 295
$70,000 to $79,999 135,150 83,240 51,910 680 360 320
$80,000 and over 585,640 420,365 165,280 5,390 2,775 2,615
$80,000 to $89,999 111,045 71,210 39,835 755 410 345
$90,000 to $99,999 99,785 62,305 37,480 805 345 460
$100,000 and over 374,815 286,855 87,960 3,830 2,020 1,810
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 1,527,680 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,835 ... ... 97,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,300 ... ... 85,605 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 366,080 ... ... 1,855 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,948 ... ... 72,960 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,502 ... ... 61,184 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,161,600 ... ... 7,965 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,435 ... ... 102,778 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,830 ... ... 91,402 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 1,527,675 ... ... 9,815 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 125,522 ... ... 115,823 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 101,361 ... ... 98,818 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 365,000 ... ... 1,855 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 64,341 ... ... 79,545 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,116 ... ... 65,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,162,675 ... ... 7,965 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,729 ... ... 124,267 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,821 ... ... 106,628 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 1,527,680 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
Under $5,000 21,660 ... ... 105 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,555 ... ... 265 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,070 ... ... 205 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 33,045 ... ... 235 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 51,505 ... ... 295 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 38,615 ... ... 300 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 42,580 ... ... 325 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 46,630 ... ... 325 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,520 ... ... 340 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 46,825 ... ... 305 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 95,425 ... ... 550 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 95,340 ... ... 520 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 92,345 ... ... 435 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 88,775 ... ... 415 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 84,570 ... ... 410 ... ...
$100,000 and over 712,215 ... ... 4,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 184,595 ... ... 1,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 142,910 ... ... 920 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 181,960 ... ... 1,160 ... ...
$200,000 and over 202,745 ... ... 1,645 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,527,680 ... ... 9,820 ... ...
Under $5,000 23,395 ... ... 100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 13,860 ... ... 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 18,600 ... ... 210 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 34,540 ... ... 240 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55,010 ... ... 300 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,170 ... ... 325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 50,280 ... ... 330 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 55,645 ... ... 350 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 57,695 ... ... 340 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 59,195 ... ... 355 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 119,200 ... ... 615 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 116,250 ... ... 590 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 112,675 ... ... 560 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 106,235 ... ... 575 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 95,600 ... ... 565 ... ...
$100,000 and over 565,335 ... ... 4,100 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 192,795 ... ... 1,200 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 132,240 ... ... 835 ... ...
$150,000 and over 240,305 ... ... 2,070 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,099,900 ... ... 7,705 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,997 ... ... 99,421 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 88,747 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 4.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 407,300 ... ... 1,005 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,283 ... ... 162,304 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,043 ... ... 136,265 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 511,375 ... ... 4,640 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,186 ... ... 110,476 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,951 ... ... 98,481 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 5.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 146,045 ... ... 1,700 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,909 ... ... 53,760 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,079 ... ... 52,070 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,101,485 ... ... 7,705 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,493 ... ... 121,531 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 116,343 ... ... 104,373 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 408,625 ... ... 1,005 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 137,805 ... ... 162,943 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 110,236 ... ... 134,556 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 512,615 ... ... 4,635 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 169,354 ... ... 132,126 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,623 ... ... 113,780 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 145,115 ... ... 1,700 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,406 ... ... 72,190 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,470 ... ... 64,121 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 577,475 308,835 268,640 2,705 1,580 1,130
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,598 47,903 37,344 61,995 50,048 78,080
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,648 41,340 33,785 54,496 45,227 66,918
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 573,385 306,195 267,190 2,705 1,585 1,130
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 56,856 63,468 49,280 74,013 68,372 81,933
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,559 50,990 41,481 61,196 56,528 67,748
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650 35,580 18,135 17,440
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,527,695 739,210 788,485 19,105 9,740 9,360
In the bottom decile 293,490 143,880 149,605 5,315 2,730 2,590
In the second decile 278,635 128,055 150,575 4,460 2,250 2,210
In the third decile 297,695 142,090 155,605 3,725 1,915 1,815
In the fourth decile 315,570 154,815 160,760 2,865 1,470 1,395
In the fifth decile 342,305 170,375 171,935 2,725 1,380 1,355
In the top half of the distribution 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160 16,475 8,390 8,085
In the sixth decile 366,250 183,860 182,390 2,285 1,195 1,085
In the seventh decile 397,275 201,465 195,810 2,420 1,250 1,175
In the eighth decile 443,585 227,385 216,200 2,555 1,290 1,260
In the ninth decile 522,545 268,995 253,555 3,180 1,635 1,550
In the top decile 720,795 377,585 343,215 6,035 3,020 3,015
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 893,255 458,330 434,925 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 310,080 158,825 151,260 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295 0 0 0
65 years and over 451,235 214,965 236,265 0 0 0
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 363,890 171,945 191,940 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 114,215 58,665 55,555 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 41,755 21,350 20,400 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 210,870 98,415 112,455 0 0 0
65 years and over 38,800 14,875 23,925 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.7 9.8 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 12.8 12.8 12.8 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.5 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 7.6 8.8 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.9 10.1 ... ... ...
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 273,515 134,180 139,335 0 0 0
0 to 17 years 76,930 39,385 37,550 0 0 0
0 to 5 years 28,190 14,420 13,770 0 0 0
18 to 64 years 181,805 88,715 93,095 0 0 0
65 years and over 14,780 6,085 8,695 0 0 0
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.0 6.8 7.1 ... ... ...
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 ... ... ...
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 ... ... ...
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.3 ... ... ...
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.8 3.7 ... ... ...
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645 35,580 18,135 17,445
Official languages 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095 33,535 17,120 16,420
English 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005 33,485 17,080 16,400
French 264,600 123,940 140,660 1,565 820 745
Non-official languages 1,082,425 527,770 554,655 28,440 14,375 14,065
Aboriginal languages 36,465 17,415 19,045 27,345 13,815 13,530
Algonquian languages 29,675 14,120 15,555 30 15 15
Blackfoot 5,575 2,665 2,905 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 23,465 11,155 12,310 15 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 25 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 90 20 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,580 620 965 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 25 25 0 0 0
Woods Cree 1,135 525 610 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20,665 9,990 10,675 15 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 35 15 15 0 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 15 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 955 425 530 10 0 0
Algonquin 10 10 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 415 505 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 2,640 1,255 1,385 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 2,630 1,250 1,380 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Beaver 85 50 35 0 0 0
Carrier 45 10 35 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 15 10 0 0 0
Dene 2,010 975 1,035 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 75 30 45 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 150 65 85 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 285 140 145 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 25 15 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 190 90 100 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 75 35 45 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 50 80 27,320 13,805 13,520
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 35 10 25 1,135 525 615
Inuktitut 60 20 35 26,215 13,305 12,910
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 35 15 20
Iroquoian languages 40 25 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 25 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 145 75 70 0 0 0
Salish languages 50 25 25 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 10 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 4,050 2,005 2,045 0 0 0
Dakota 530 285 245 0 0 0
Stoney 3,650 1,790 1,855 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 35 15 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,046,245 510,495 535,750 1,235 625 605
Afro-Asiatic languages 96,210 50,675 45,535 120 80 40
Berber languages 540 335 205 0 0 0
Kabyle 225 125 90 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 210 110 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 15,445 8,055 7,385 25 15 0
Bilen 370 235 135 0 0 0
Oromo 3,125 1,625 1,500 0 0 0
Somali 12,030 6,240 5,795 25 15 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 40 0 0 0
Semitic languages 82,200 43,405 38,800 85 60 30
Amharic 10,870 5,595 5,275 20 20 0
Arabic 62,730 33,365 29,370 55 45 20
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 430 225 210 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 70 75 0 0 0
Harari 340 150 185 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,250 1,650 1,600 10 10 10
Maltese 145 85 55 0 0 0
Tigrigna 7,315 3,915 3,400 10 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 450 250 205 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 375 225 145 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 32,730 15,440 17,290 10 10 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,700 1,375 1,330 0 0 0
Vietnamese 30,150 14,130 16,015 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 145,745 63,615 82,130 215 80 130
Bikol 330 150 180 10 0 0
Cebuano 6,690 2,940 3,750 0 0 0
Fijian 340 195 145 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 1,760 745 1,020 0 0 0
Ilocano 7,370 3,160 4,215 15 10 10
Malagasy 80 40 40 0 0 0
Malay 3,040 1,435 1,610 0 10 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,185 565 625 10 10 0
Pangasinan 445 190 250 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 138,440 60,115 78,325 200 80 125
Waray-Waray 420 170 245 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,160 505 650 0 0 0
Creole languages 4,585 2,390 2,195 15 0 10
Haitian Creole 255 140 115 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 2,675 1,425 1,250 10 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,680 840 850 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 18,190 9,660 8,525 20 10 10
Kannada 1,035 520 515 0 0 0
Malayalam 8,150 4,255 3,900 0 0 0
Tamil 7,195 3,900 3,295 20 15 0
Telugu 2,910 1,560 1,345 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 115 55 55 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 550,490 274,510 275,980 565 290 275
Albanian 2,880 1,550 1,325 10 0 0
Armenian 530 255 275 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 93,150 44,750 48,395 75 40 35
Baltic languages 1,360 660 705 0 0 0
Latvian 590 300 290 0 0 0
Lithuanian 775 360 415 0 0 0
Slavic languages 92,300 44,340 47,960 75 45 35
Belarusan 200 95 105 0 0 0
Bosnian 2,880 1,450 1,435 0 10 0
Bulgarian 1,795 945 850 10 10 0
Croatian 6,280 3,260 3,025 0 0 0
Czech 3,590 1,650 1,940 0 10 0
Macedonian 535 270 265 0 0 0
Polish 23,650 11,455 12,195 25 15 10
Russian 27,375 13,195 14,175 35 15 20
Serbian 5,355 2,630 2,730 10 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,095 550 540 0 0 0
Slovak 2,780 1,495 1,285 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 735 360 375 0 0 0
Ukrainian 26,600 11,980 14,620 10 0 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 120 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages 1,180 615 560 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 440 215 225 0 0 0
Welsh 315 180 130 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 450 220 225 0 0 0
Germanic languages 112,670 56,325 56,345 150 70 75
Afrikaans 5,165 2,655 2,515 15 10 10
Danish 2,800 1,360 1,440 15 0 0
Dutch 19,480 9,595 9,890 15 0 10
Frisian 475 275 205 0 0 0
German 83,010 41,905 41,105 105 50 55
Icelandic 160 70 95 0 0 0
Norwegian 1,450 635 810 10 0 0
Swedish 1,635 800 835 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 380 170 215 0 0 10
Yiddish 250 130 115 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 2,115 1,095 1,015 0 0 0
Greek 4,935 2,535 2,400 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages 206,725 106,045 100,675 100 55 45
Indo-Aryan languages 186,005 95,045 90,960 95 50 40
Bengali 8,530 4,385 4,140 30 15 15
Gujarati 18,005 8,945 9,055 10 0 0
Hindi 61,290 31,900 29,385 30 20 10
Kashmiri 125 80 45 0 0 0
Konkani 625 300 320 0 0 0
Marathi 2,575 1,385 1,195 0 0 0
Nepali 5,510 3,000 2,510 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 255 135 120 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90,485 46,350 44,135 15 10 10
Sindhi 4,595 2,065 2,530 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,800 1,925 1,875 0 0 10
Urdu 41,235 21,245 20,000 35 20 15
Iranian languages 22,140 11,665 10,475 10 10 0
Kurdish 1,930 1,100 825 0 0 0
Pashto 3,330 1,795 1,530 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 17,600 9,220 8,375 10 10 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,760 960 805 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 142,340 69,885 72,450 255 125 130
Catalan 170 95 80 0 0 0
Italian 19,900 9,875 10,020 40 20 20
Portuguese 12,670 6,255 6,415 10 10 0
Romanian 9,915 5,185 4,735 10 0 0
Spanish 104,445 50,960 53,490 210 105 105
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 250 130 125 0 0 0
Japanese 9,215 4,115 5,100 10 0 0
Kartvelian languages 225 130 100 0 0 0
Georgian 230 130 100 0 0 0
Korean 19,950 9,405 10,545 10 0 0
Mongolic languages 800 375 430 0 0 0
Mongolian 800 370 430 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 29,430 14,980 14,450 110 70 40
Akan (Twi) 2,925 1,505 1,420 10 0 0
Bamanankan 60 30 30 0 0 0
Edo 620 325 290 0 0 0
Ewe 335 170 165 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 300 165 135 0 0 0
Ga 345 190 155 0 0 0
Ganda 610 305 305 10 0 10
Igbo 2,550 1,345 1,210 0 0 0
Lingala 1,240 640 605 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 830 420 410 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,155 605 550 0 0 0
Shona 1,810 850 960 20 15 0
Swahili 6,700 3,470 3,235 20 15 10
Wolof 600 365 235 0 0 0
Yoruba 5,930 3,035 2,890 15 10 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,585 3,265 3,320 50 35 20
Nilo-Saharan languages 3,070 1,495 1,575 0 0 0
Dinka 1,655 825 825 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,425 675 750 0 0 0
Sign languages 5,910 2,350 3,555 135 60 75
American Sign Language 3,085 1,130 1,955 70 35 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 10 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,855 1,230 1,625 70 30 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 141,860 67,945 73,915 80 40 40
Chinese languages 139,385 66,700 72,685 75 40 40
Cantonese 74,770 35,490 39,280 25 10 15
Hakka 1,180 515 660 0 0 0
Mandarin 70,510 33,310 37,195 30 10 15
Min Dong 85 50 40 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,140 1,765 2,380 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 855 380 470 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,335 3,160 3,175 30 15 10
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 2,590 1,290 1,300 10 0 0
Burmese 605 305 295 10 0 0
Karenic languages 805 415 390 0 0 0
Tibetan 860 430 430 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 445 215 235 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 3,705 1,510 2,195 0 0 10
Lao 1,520 730 795 0 0 0
Thai 2,400 850 1,545 0 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,795 3,180 2,625 10 0 10
Azerbaijani 630 325 300 0 0 0
Turkish 4,255 2,420 1,835 10 10 0
Uyghur 290 135 155 0 0 0
Uzbek 425 200 225 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 355 170 180 0 0 0
Uralic languages 8,895 4,315 4,575 20 10 10
Estonian 185 85 105 0 0 0
Finnish 1,045 455 590 10 10 0
Hungarian 7,660 3,770 3,890 10 10 10
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,820 1,025 790 15 10 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645 35,580 18,140 17,440
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600 35,285 17,990 17,290
Canadian citizens aged under 18 854,815 439,065 415,755 13,480 6,915 6,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850 21,805 11,080 10,725
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 355,410 173,365 182,045 300 145 155
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650 35,580 18,140 17,445
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335 34,600 17,630 16,980
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 845,220 412,320 432,895 915 485 435
Before 1981 163,460 81,620 81,840 155 95 55
1981 to 1990 86,350 41,690 44,660 100 60 40
1991 to 2000 131,560 62,930 68,630 160 85 75
2001 to 2010 256,055 125,235 130,820 335 170 165
2001 to 2005 109,145 53,425 55,720 165 90 70
2006 to 2010 146,910 71,810 75,100 175 80 95
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 207,790 100,845 106,945 165 75 90
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 70,155 35,735 34,420 55 25 35
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 845,220 412,320 432,895 920 485 430
Under 5 years 82,175 42,200 39,975 100 50 55
5 to 14 years 149,815 77,820 71,995 160 95 65
15 to 24 years 168,965 78,215 90,755 165 85 75
25 to 44 years 372,805 180,265 192,535 435 225 215
45 years and over 71,450 33,820 37,630 55 35 25
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 845,215 412,325 432,895 920 485 430
Americas 103,540 49,345 54,190 160 75 85
Brazil 2,545 1,100 1,440 0 0 0
Colombia 9,535 4,570 4,960 0 0 0
El Salvador 7,255 3,725 3,530 0 0 0
Guyana 2,555 1,200 1,355 10 0 0
Haiti 1,270 675 600 0 0 0
Jamaica 6,845 3,170 3,680 25 10 15
Mexico 15,665 7,860 7,805 0 10 0
Peru 1,920 780 1,140 10 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 3,415 1,670 1,750 10 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30,460 13,675 16,785 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Americas 22,075 10,925 11,150 45 25 25
Europe 189,770 95,355 94,415 195 120 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,555 2,325 2,230 0 0 0
Croatia 3,080 1,615 1,465 0 0 0
France 2,535 1,215 1,320 10 0 10
Germany 19,205 9,485 9,715 25 15 10
Greece 2,005 1,115 890 0 0 0
Hungary 3,665 1,880 1,785 0 10 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 3,935 2,100 1,835 0 0 0
Italy 8,110 4,370 3,745 10 0 10
Netherlands 14,035 7,420 6,610 10 0 0
Poland 16,925 8,045 8,880 15 10 0
Portugal 4,050 1,985 2,070 0 10 0
Romania 7,725 3,930 3,795 10 0 0
Russian Federation 7,260 3,135 4,125 10 0 10
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,255 1,080 1,170 10 0 0
Ukraine 8,150 3,700 4,455 10 10 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 59,215 30,280 28,935 80 50 30
Other places of birth in Europe 23,060 11,670 11,390 30 15 10
Africa 89,740 46,705 43,030 190 110 80
Algeria 1,340 715 625 0 0 0
Egypt 5,320 2,940 2,375 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10,570 5,355 5,215 20 10 10
Kenya 5,120 2,555 2,565 0 0 10
Morocco 1,695 1,005 695 10 10 0
Nigeria 12,405 6,520 5,880 30 10 15
Somalia 7,060 3,665 3,395 10 10 0
South Africa, Republic of 7,355 3,670 3,685 10 10 10
Other places of birth in Africa 38,865 20,275 18,590 105 60 40
Asia 452,225 215,955 236,265 370 175 195
Afghanistan 5,190 2,765 2,430 0 0 0
Bangladesh 5,085 2,590 2,500 25 10 10
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 57,690 26,510 31,185 20 10 10
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 19,110 9,265 9,850 10 10 0
India 91,660 46,625 45,035 30 15 15
IranCensus data footnote 61 8,910 4,655 4,250 10 0 0
Iraq 5,935 3,205 2,730 0 0 0
Japan 3,065 905 2,160 10 0 0
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 13,850 6,530 7,320 10 0 10
Lebanon 10,395 5,640 4,750 15 15 0
Pakistan 28,075 14,630 13,445 30 15 15
Philippines 123,830 54,075 69,755 185 75 110
Sri Lanka 4,835 2,475 2,365 10 0 0
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 4,800 2,515 2,280 0 0 0
Taiwan 3,455 1,460 2,000 0 0 0
Viet Nam 27,080 12,645 14,435 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 39,250 19,485 19,765 35 15 20
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,940 4,950 4,990 10 10 10
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 207,790 100,845 106,945 165 75 90
Americas 20,060 9,660 10,400 35 15 15
Brazil 860 370 490 0 0 0
Colombia 2,295 1,020 1,275 0 0 0
Cuba 465 215 255 0 0 0
Haiti 385 240 150 0 0 10
Jamaica 1,660 765 895 0 10 0
Mexico 4,405 2,250 2,150 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,645 2,130 2,515 15 0 10
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,570 745 820 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 3,785 1,930 1,855 10 10 0
Europe 20,870 10,830 10,045 10 0 10
France 425 240 180 10 0 0
Germany 1,370 710 655 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,355 835 520 0 0 0
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 715 365 350 0 0 0