Analytical products, 2021 Census

The 2021 Census Program Census in Brief articles provide an overview of key findings from the 2021 Census Program topics. More detailed articles are published in Insights on Canadian Society, a publication that provides information on various aspects of Canadian society that affect the lives of Canadians. Key findings are also presented through videos, infographics and thematic maps.

Visit the 2021 Census of Population release schedule of topics and access the 2021 Census of Population products and services map: Analytical products to learn about the upcoming suite of analytical products.

2021 Census of Population analytical products

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2021 Census of Population analytical products
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2022-11-09

Title:Disaggregated trends in poverty from the 2021 Census of Population

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021009

Description: This Census in Brief article focuses on the experiences of poverty in Canada based on data from the 2021 Census. It examines disaggregated poverty trends by age, gender, family situation, immigration status as well as by Indigenous identity and for racialized groups. When possible, comparisons are made to data from the 2016 Census.

Census in Brief
2022-11-09

Title:A portrait of citizenship in Canada from the 2021 Census

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021008

Description: This Census in Brief examines the citizenship status of Canada’s population. It presents some insights into the trends of Canadian citizenship, the naturalization rate of immigrants and those with multiple citizenships.

Census in Brief
2022-11-09

Title:Portrait of citizenship and immigration in Canada

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights data on immigration, place of birth and citizenship from the sixth release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-11-09

Title:Ethnocultural and religious composition of the population

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights data on ethnocultural and religious diversity from the sixth release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-11-09

Title:Diversity of Canada’s Veterans and Military Population

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2021074

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, this infographic presents highlights of the diversity of the military and Veteran population in Canada.

Infographic
2022-10-26

Title:Immigrants make up the largest share of the population in over 150 years and continue to shape who we are as Canadians

The Daily

Description: Immigrants accounted for 23.0% of the population in 2021, the largest proportion in over 150 years. Among them, 1.3 million new immigrants were admitted from 2016 to 2021. Coming from many countries, immigrants settle throughout Canada and contribute to the growth of the population and the economy. They also help shape Canada’s linguistic, ethnocultural and religious landscape.

The Daily
2022-10-26

Title:The Canadian census: A rich portrait of the country’s religious and ethnocultural diversity

The Daily

Description: The census has evolved over time to reflect the changes in Canada’s ethnocultural mosaic. Data on more than 450 ethnic and cultural origins from the 2021 Census are available. The country’s racialized groups are all experiencing population growth. In addition, the majority of the population reported being Christian (53.3%), while the populations with “no religion” and other religions are on the rise.

The Daily
2022-10-26

Title:Overview of Canadian citizenship in 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022070

Description: Based on the 2021 Census data, the following infographic provides information on Canadian citizenship.

Infographic
2022-10-14

Title:Canada's housing portrait

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights housing data from the fifth release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-10-14

Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights data on First Nations, Métis and Inuit people from the fifth release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-09-23

Title:How the Census counts Indigenous People in Urban Areas

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022059

Description: The infographic provides a high-level description of how the Census counts people, including Indigenous people, particularly those in urban areas. This includes efforts before and during data collection including communications and advertising, reminders, follow up calls and visits, and special outreach. It also outlines the practice of counting people based on usual place of residence on Census day. Finally, the infographic discusses studies that Statistics Canada undertakes to estimate undercoverage, that is, the net impact of some people being missed and others that are being counted more than once by the Census.

Infographic
2022-09-21

Title:Housing conditions among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada from the 2021 Census

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021007

Description: This Census in Brief article reports on housing conditions among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in 2021. It describes the share of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit living in crowded dwellings and dwellings in need of major repair, and reports variation by provinces, territories, and the regions of Inuit Nunangat. This article also highlights the most common living arrangements among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who were living in crowded dwellings and dwellings in need of major repair, and reports on how housing conditions have changed since 2016.

Census in Brief
2022-09-21

Title:Membership in a Métis organization or Settlement: Findings from the 2021 Census of Population

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021006

Description: This Census in Brief article describes reported membership in a Métis organization or Settlement based on responses to the Census of Population, 2021. Counts and distributions are examined for reported membership to Métis Nation British Columbia, Métis Nation of Alberta, the Metis Settlements of Alberta, Métis Nation – Saskatchewan, Manitoba Metis Federation and Métis Nation of Ontario as well as those reporting membership to other Métis organizations. Data are examined based on province or territory of residence and residence in a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration.

Census in Brief
2022-09-21

Title:Indigenous population continues to grow and is much younger than the non-Indigenous population, although the pace of growth has slowed

The Daily

Description: Over multiple decades, census data have revealed that the Indigenous population has grown quickly—at a pace far surpassing that of the non-Indigenous population. The 2021 Census counted more than 1.8 million Indigenous people, accounting for 5.0% of the total population in Canada, up from 4.9% in 2016.

The Daily
2022-09-21

Title:To buy or to rent: The housing market continues to be reshaped by several factors as Canadians search for an affordable place to call home

The Daily

Description: Canadians were less likely to own their home in 2021 (66.5%) than they were a decade earlier, when a record high (69.0%) were homeowners. At the same time, temporary pandemic-related income support helped lower the share of households spending more than 30% of their income on housing from 24.1% in 2016 to 20.9% in 2021.

The Daily
2022-09-21

Title:Core housing need in Canada

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022056

Description: This infographic shows core housing need rates in Canada from the 2021 Census of Population.

Infographic
2022-09-21

Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

Infographic: 11-627M-2022057

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic shows population statistics for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada.

Infographic
2022-08-17

Title:While English and French are still the main languages spoken in Canada, the country’s linguistic diversity continues to grow

The Daily

Description: Immigration drove up the number of Canadians who spoke predominantly a language other than English or French at home, from 4.0 million in 2016 to 4.6 million in 2021. English was the first official language spoken by 75.5% of the country’s population, up from 74.8% in 2016, while French was the first official language spoken by 21.4% of Canadians in 2021, down from 22.2% in 2016.

The Daily
2022-08-17

Title:Increasing diversity of languages, other than English or French, spoken at home

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022051

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about the languages spoken at home in Canada.

Infographic
2022-08-17

Title:More than one language in the bag: The rate of English–French bilingualism is increasing in Quebec and decreasing outside Quebec

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022052

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about English-French bilingualism in Canada.

Infographic
2022-08-12

Title:Income profile of Canadians

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights income data from the third release of the 2021 Census of Population included in the Daily.

The Daily
2022-08-12

Title:Canadian Military Experience

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights military experience data from the third release of the 2021 Census of Population included in the Daily.

The Daily
2022-08-12

Title:A portrait of Canada's families

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights families data from the third release of the 2021 Census of Population included in the Daily.

The Daily
2022-08-02

Title:The contribution of pandemic relief benefits to the incomes of Canadians in 2020

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021005

Description: This Census in Brief article provides a profile of the population who received pandemic-related benefits in 2020, based on data from the 2021 Census of Population. Benefits examined include the newly-established federal emergency and recovery benefits, top-ups to existing federal programs, including the Old Age Security, the Guaranteed Income Supplement and the Canada Child Benefit, as well as pandemic-related benefits from provincial and territorial governments. The share of the population receiving benefits, the median amounts received and the contribution of these benefits to the incomes of recipients are examined by gender, age group, income level and geography.

Census in Brief
2022-07-13

Title:Home alone: More persons living solo than ever before, but roomies the fastest growing household type

The Daily

Description: In Canada, 4.4 million people lived alone in 2021, representing 15% of adults aged 15 and older in private households. This is the highest share on record. Following a long period of growth, the share of young adults living with their parents was unchanged from 2016 to 2021 (35%).

The Daily
2022-07-13

Title:State of the union: Canada leads the G7 with nearly one-quarter of couples living common law, driven by Quebec

The Daily

Description: Among Canada’s 8.6 million couples in 2021, 32,210 included at least one transgender or non-binary person, while 95,435 were same-gender (cisgender) couples. Population aging and decreasing fertility have resulted in fewer couples living with children. Among G7 countries, Canada had the highest share of couples that were living common law (23%).

The Daily
2022-07-13

Title:Pandemic benefits cushion losses for low income earners and narrow income inequality – after-tax income grows across Canada except in Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador

The Daily

Description: Fewer Canadians received employment income during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, losses in employment income were offset by pandemic-related benefits. Median after-tax income of households was $73,000 in 2020, up 9.8% compared with five years earlier. Income inequality and the share of Canadians in a low-income situation also decreased.

The Daily
2022-07-13

Title:On guard for thee: serving in the Canadian Armed Forces

The Daily

Description: For the first time in 50 years, Statistics Canada asked Canadians about their military service on the 2021 Census of Population. According to new data from the census, there were 97,625 Canadians counted as serving in the Canadian Armed Forces and 461,240 Veterans in spring 2021.

The Daily
2022-07-13

Title:Thematic maps

Thematic map: 92-173-X

Description: A thematic map focuses on the spatial variability of a specific distribution or theme (such as population density or average annual income) for standard geographic areas, whereas a reference map focuses on the location and names of geographic features. Thematic maps normally include some location or reference information to help users familiarize themselves with the geographic area covered on the map.

Thematic map
2022-07-13

Title:Income in Canada, 2020

Infographic: 11-627-M-X 2022040

Description: Based on the data from the 2021 Census, the following infographic looks at income in Canada for 2020, including median household income, the prevalence of low-income and income inequality.

Infographic
2022-07-13

Title:A portrait of Canada’s families in 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022039

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic provides information on Canada’s families.

Infographic
2022-05-11

Title:Canada's shifting demographic profile, American Sign Language

The Daily

Description: The 2021 Census of Population included for the first time a question on gender and the precision of "at birth" on the sex question, allowing all cisgender, transgender and non-binary individuals to report their gender. This American Sign Language video includes highlights from the second release of data from the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-04-27

Title:A generational portrait of Canada's aging population from the 2021 Census

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021003

Description: This Census in Brief article examines recent trends in the age structure of the Canadian population in 2021 from the angle of generations. It provides some insights on the size and growth of the different generations. This article also provides information on the distribution of generations by provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, and downtown areas.

Census in Brief
2022-04-27

Title:A portrait of Canada's growing population aged 85 and older from the 2021 Census

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021004

Description: This Census in Brief article examines recent trends for the population aged 85 and over in 2021. It provides some insights on the size and growth of this group, as well as on those of centenarians. This article also provides information on the population aged 85 and over living in collective dwellings geared towards seniors.

Census in Brief
2022-04-27

Title:In the midst of high job vacancies and historically low unemployment, Canada faces record retirements from an aging labour force: number of seniors aged 65 and older grows six times faster than children 0-14

The Daily

Description: The working age population (15 to 64 years) has never been older. More than one in five individuals in this population is close to retirement (55 to 64 years), an all-time high in the history of Canadian censuses. From 2016 to 2021, the number of persons aged 65 or older rose 18% to 7.0 million. Today, they represent nearly one in five Canadians (19.0%), up from 16.9% in 2016.

The Daily
2022-04-27

Title:Canada is the first country to provide census data on transgender and non-binary people

The Daily

Description: The 2021 Census includes for the first time a question on gender and the addition of the “at birth” precision to the sex question, making Canada the first country to collect and disseminate data on gender diversity from a national census. Approximately 1 out of every 300 people in Canada aged 15 and older in May 2021 were either transgender or non-binary.

The Daily
2022-02-18

Title:Canada tops G7 growth despite COVID, American Sign Language

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video includes highlights from the first release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

The Daily
2022-02-09

Title:Canada's fastest growing and decreasing municipalities from 2016 to 2021

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021001

Description: This Census in Brief examines municipalities (census subdivisions) in Canada that were the largest in 2021, and fastest growing and decreasing in population from 2016 to 2021. It also presents some trends on urban spread in Canada.

Census in Brief
2022-02-09

Title:Population growth in Canada's rural areas, 2016 to 2021

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021002

Description: This Census in Brief examines population growth of Canada's rural areas and their changing proportion within the country. It also presents international comparisons, a portrait of population growth according to the remoteness index and population changes in the three territories.

Census in Brief
2022-02-09

Title:Canada tops G7 growth despite COVID

The Daily

Description: Canada’s population grew at almost twice the pace of every other G7 country from 2016 to 2021. Approximately 1.8 million more people called Canada home in 2021 compared with five years earlier, with most of that growth attributable to new arrivals from around the world. Canada’s population growth was, however, halted with the onset of the pandemic.

The Daily
2022-02-09

Title:Canada's large urban centres continue to grow and spread

The Daily

Description: From 2016 to 2021, the downtown populations of Canada’s large urban centres grew at almost twice the pace than the urban centres as a whole, despite a pause during the pandemic. At the same time, urban spread continues, and is accelerating in many urban centres, particularly in suburbs located the farthest from downtown.

The Daily
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