Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Select all: Ethnocultural and religious diversity
Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Montréal, Ville (V)More information:
Quebec
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 1,762,949
Population, 20161 1,704,694
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 3.4
Total private dwellings2 878,542
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 816,338
Population density per square kilometre 4,833.5
Land area in square kilometres 364.74
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 1,762,950
0 to 14 years 270,430
0 to 4 years 88,670
5 to 9 years 93,325
10 to 14 years 88,435
15 to 64 years 1,197,045
15 to 19 years 82,475
20 to 24 years 125,235
25 to 29 years 153,995
30 to 34 years 146,855
35 to 39 years 135,880
40 to 44 years 127,165
45 to 49 years 110,130
50 to 54 years 105,545
55 to 59 years 108,040
60 to 64 years 101,725
65 years and over 295,475
65 to 69 years 85,025
70 to 74 years 72,300
75 to 79 years 52,720
80 to 84 years 39,395
85 years and over 46,035
85 to 89 years 27,835
90 to 94 years 14,360
95 to 99 years 3,375
100 years and over 465
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3
15 to 64 years 67.9
65 years and over 16.8
85 years and over 2.6
Average age of the population 40.6
Median age of the population 38.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 816,340
Single-detached house 58,065
Semi-detached house 25,740
Row house 26,175
Apartment or flat in a duplex 107,565
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 464,420
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 130,615
Other single-attached house 3,350
Movable dwelling4 415
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 816,335
1 person 341,345
2 persons 242,175
3 persons 103,550
4 persons 82,715
5 or more persons 46,560
Number of persons in private households 1,723,210
Average household size 2.1
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 1,492,520
Married or living common-law 705,905
Married 475,835
Living common-law 230,070
Living common law - Never married 196,170
Living common law - Separated 2,885
Living common law - Divorced 28,550
Living common law - Widowed 2,465
Not married and not living common-law 786,615
Not married and not living common law - Never married 572,045
Not married and not living common law - Separated 31,535
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 113,315
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 69,720
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 428,615
2 persons 221,015
3 persons 92,715
4 persons 77,780
5 or more persons 37,105
Average size of census families 2.9
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.8
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 428,610
Total couple families 338,830
Married couples 223,910
With children6 133,435
Without children 90,475
Common-law couples 114,915
With children6 41,490
Without children 73,430
Total one-parent families 89,785
in which the parent is a woman+ 72,595
in which the parent is a man+ 17,190
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 1,723,210
Total - Persons in census families 1,231,380
Married spouses or common-law partners 677,655
Parents in one-parent families 89,785
Children6 463,940
In a two-parent family 329,670
In a one-parent family 134,270
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 491,830
Living alone 341,350
Living with other relatives7 45,070
Living with non-relatives only 105,415
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 816,335
One-census-family households without additional persons 394,155
Couple-family households 317,105
With children6 163,645
Without children 153,460
One-parent-family households 77,045
Multigenerational households8 11,240
Multiple-census-family households9 1,730
One-census-family households with additional persons9 14,975
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 52,900
One-person households 341,345
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 1,453,280
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,396,100
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 36,800
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,396,475
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 33,200
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,227,255
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 30,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,021,705
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 32,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 1,175,325
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 10,700
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 157,000
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,520
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 472,820
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 1,453,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,396,365
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 50,120
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,396,760
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 40,680
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,226,320
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 45,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,021,715
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,120
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 1,174,640
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,020
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 156,980
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,800
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 471,875
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 9,130
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 1,453,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 452,020
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 58,400
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 74,000
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 450,610
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 16,400
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 26,120
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 79.8
Employment income (%)19 67.4
Government transfers (%)20 20.2
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.5
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 6.9
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 6.2
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 1,453,280
Without total income 57,180
With total income 1,396,100
Under $10,000 (including loss) 120,165
$10,000 to $19,999 179,185
$20,000 to $29,999 259,695
$30,000 to $39,999 194,585
$40,000 to $49,999 163,390
$50,000 to $59,999 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 88,460
$70,000 to $79,999 64,815
$80,000 to $89,999 50,645
$90,000 to $99,999 36,060
$100,000 and over 115,980
$100,000 to $149,999 74,835
$150,000 and over 41,145
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 1,453,280
Without after-tax income 56,805
With after-tax income 1,396,475
Under $10,000 (including loss) 124,825
$10,000 to $19,999 188,395
$20,000 to $29,999 303,115
$30,000 to $39,999 231,960
$40,000 to $49,999 183,475
$50,000 to $59,999 123,490
$60,000 to $69,999 81,775
$70,000 to $79,999 52,690
$80,000 to $89,999 32,505
$90,000 to $99,999 21,155
$100,000 and over 53,090
$100,000 to $124,999 25,835
$125,000 and over 27,260
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 1,453,280
Without employment income 431,575
With employment income 1,021,705
Under $5,000 (including loss) 145,910
$5,000 to $9,999 99,605
$10,000 to $19,999 136,545
$20,000 to $29,999 105,255
$30,000 to $39,999 98,425
$40,000 to $49,999 94,645
$50,000 to $59,999 76,170
$60,000 to $69,999 59,460
$70,000 to $79,999 46,765
$80,000 to $89,999 40,295
$90,000 to $99,999 27,160
$100,000 and over 91,480
$100,000 to $124,999 40,345
$125,000 and over 51,135
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 1,453,280
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,355,225
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,355,570
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 30,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,196,380
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 31,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,000,475
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 33,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 1,066,120
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 4,280
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 104,820
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,080
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 1,453,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,355,285
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,600
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,355,700
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 37,760
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,195,295
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,560
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 999,875
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,040
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 1,066,040
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,160
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 104,790
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 7,380
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 1,453,295
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 446,040
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 52,800
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 67,700
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 411,950
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,600
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 31,400
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 86.2
Employment income (%) 72.8
Government transfers (%) 13.8
Employment insurance benefits (%) 1.2
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 816,335
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 63,600
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 56,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 341,345
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 37,600
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 33,600
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 474,990
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 89,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 78,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 816,355
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 85,700
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 69,600
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 341,250
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 48,400
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 39,760
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 475,105
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 112,600
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 91,000
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 816,335
Under $5,000 17,005
$5,000 to $9,999 9,785
$10,000 to $14,999 16,775
$15,000 to $19,999 24,425
$20,000 to $24,999 54,215
$25,000 to $29,999 38,420
$30,000 to $34,999 37,880
$35,000 to $39,999 38,590
$40,000 to $44,999 39,530
$45,000 to $49,999 37,970
$50,000 to $59,999 69,550
$60,000 to $69,999 62,125
$70,000 to $79,999 55,220
$80,000 to $89,999 49,040
$90,000 to $99,999 41,220
$100,000 and over 224,580
$100,000 to $124,999 76,005
$125,000 to $149,999 48,680
$150,000 to $199,999 51,900
$200,000 and over 47,995
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 816,335
Under $5,000 18,250
$5,000 to $9,999 10,005
$10,000 to $14,999 17,050
$15,000 to $19,999 26,035
$20,000 to $24,999 59,285
$25,000 to $29,999 46,355
$30,000 to $34,999 45,485
$35,000 to $39,999 47,370
$40,000 to $44,999 46,995
$45,000 to $49,999 43,530
$50,000 to $59,999 78,470
$60,000 to $69,999 68,975
$70,000 to $79,999 59,285
$80,000 to $89,999 49,000
$90,000 to $99,999 39,955
$100,000 and over 160,295
$100,000 to $124,999 68,460
$125,000 to $149,999 38,400
$150,000 and over 53,430
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 435,310
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 91,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 79,000
Average family size of economic families 2.9
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 156,425
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 73,500
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 175,465
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 99,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 4.0
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 86,340
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 64,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 58,800
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.6
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 446,765
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 34,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 30,800
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 435,360
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 115,400
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 92,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 156,545
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 109,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 86,500
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 175,580
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 144,000
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 114,400
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 86,035
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 75,300
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 65,100
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 446,290
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 44,280
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 36,760
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 1,723,215
0 to 17 years 316,605
0 to 5 years 107,500
18 to 64 years 1,140,405
65 years and over 266,200
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 299,080
0 to 17 years 49,430
0 to 5 years 17,500
18 to 64 years 184,970
65 years and over 64,675
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.6
0 to 5 years (%) 16.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.2
65 years and over (%) 24.3
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 1,723,210
0 to 17 years 316,610
0 to 5 years 107,500
18 to 64 years 1,140,405
65 years and over 266,195
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 199,665
0 to 17 years 26,605
0 to 5 years 9,255
18 to 64 years 144,765
65 years and over 28,295
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7
65 years and over (%) 10.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 1,723,215
In bottom half of the distribution 1,097,735
In bottom decile 278,660
In second decile 226,095
In third decile 221,215
In fourth decile 197,520
In fifth decile 174,245
In top half of the distribution 625,475
In sixth decile 150,945
In seventh decile 134,455
In eighth decile 121,350
In ninth decile 108,785
In top decile 109,935
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 1,723,210
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.374
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.516
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.318
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 4.0
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 1,741,260
English only 207,690
French only 473,490
English and French 1,018,100
Neither English nor French 41,975
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 1,741,260
English 457,725
French 1,091,480
English and French 151,345
Neither English nor French 40,705
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 1,741,260
Single responses 1,615,770
Official languages 1,044,150
English 225,920
French 818,225
Non-official languages 571,625
Indigenous languages39 355
Algonquian languages 190
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 165
Atikamekw 25
Cree languages 95
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 5
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 35
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 5
Cree, n.o.s. 50
Innu (Montagnais) 35
Naskapi 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 10
Mi'kmaq 5
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 15
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 5
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 5
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 135
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 135
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 15
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 15
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 571,270
Afro-Asiatic languages 119,100
Berber languages 15,445
Kabyle 14,315
Tamazight 985
Berber languages, n.i.e. 150
Chadic languages 335
Hausa 175
Mina 165
Coptic 165
Cushitic languages 765
Bilen 20
Oromo 0
Somali 735
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15
Semitic languages 102,380
Amharic 495
Arabic 99,450
Aramaic languages 120
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10
Aramaic, n.o.s. 70
Harari 5
Hebrew 1,580
Maltese 5
Tigrigna 705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 23,210
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,580
Vietnamese 18,595
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35
Austronesian languages 15,495
Bikol 85
Bisaya, n.o.s. 305
Cebuano 680
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 390
Ilocano 1,650
Indonesian 405
Kankanaey 15
Kinaray-a 25
Malagasy languages 410
Merina 285
Malagasy, n.o.s. 130
Malay 45
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 160
Pangasinan 90
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,970
Waray-Waray 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 215
Creole languages 36,965
Haitian Creole 27,145
Jamaican English Creole 10
Krio 10
Morisyen 910
Sango 50
Creole, n.o.s. 8,605
Creole languages, n.i.e. 230
Dravidian languages 12,090
Kannada 225
Malayalam 1,315
Tamil 9,175
Telugu 1,350
Tulu 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10
Georgian 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 289,040
Albanian 1,795
Armenian 5,565
Balto-Slavic languages 29,665
Baltic languages 315
Latvian 115
Lithuanian 205
Slavic languages 29,350
Belarusian 30
Bulgarian 3,100
Czech 555
Macedonian 95
Polish 5,875
Russian 14,020
Rusyn 5
Serbo-Croatian 2,580
Bosnian 340
Croatian 865
Serbian 1,300
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 80
Slovak 345
Slovene (Slovenian) 240
Ukrainian 2,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20
Celtic languages 40
Irish 10
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15
Germanic languages 11,285
Frisian 5
High German languages 9,860
German 3,360
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 235
Yiddish 6,270
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 895
Afrikaans 65
Dutch 740
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 5
Plautdietsch 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 85
Scandinavian languages 480
Danish 150
Icelandic 30
Norwegian 65
Swedish 230
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45
Greek 14,410
Indo-Iranian languages 58,285
Indo-Aryan languages 42,700
Assamese 20
Bengali 9,850
Gujarati 4,805
Hindi 3,655
Kacchi 90
Kashmiri 25
Konkani 55
Marathi 345
Nepali 330
Oriya languages 45
Odia 25
Oriya, n.o.s. 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 16,345
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390
Urdu 6,535
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 170
Iranian languages 15,575
Baluchi 5
Kurdish 435
Parsi 25
Pashto 975
Persian languages 14,065
Dari 1,085
Iranian Persian 11,665
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,315
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15
Italic (Romance) languages 167,975
Catalan 190
Italian 57,590
Portuguese 18,080
Romanian 12,300
Spanish 79,720
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 100
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 20
Japanese 1,590
Korean 3,810
Mongolian 100
Niger-Congo languages 13,245
Akan (Twi) 620
Bamanankan 665
Edo 60
Éwé 330
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,245
Ga 45
Ganda 25
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 90
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,090
Lingala 1,680
Luba-Kasai 140
Mòoré 150
Mwani 20
Ndebele 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,320
Shona 80
Soninke 205
Sotho-Tswana languages 10
Swahili 795
Wojenaka 485
Wolof 1,495
Yoruba 625
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,045
Nilo-Saharan languages 340
Dinka 5
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 275
African, n.o.s. 60
Sign languages 275
American Sign Language 35
Quebec Sign Language 185
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,550
Chinese languages 46,390
Hakka 210
Mandarin 29,410
Min Dong 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,730
Wu (Shanghainese) 440
Yue (Cantonese) 13,690
Chinese, n.o.s. 855
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 120
Burmese 45
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 65
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,705
Lao 1,280
Thai 405
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15
Turkic languages 5,370
Azerbaijani 250
Kazakh 25
Turkish 4,825
Uyghur 140
Uzbek 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 90
Uralic languages 2,190
Estonian 70
Finnish 140
Hungarian 1,985
Other languages, n.i.e. 80
Multiple responses 125,490
English and French 35,195
English and non-official language(s) 26,945
French and non-official language(s) 44,880
English, French and non-official language(s) 13,590
Multiple non-official languages 4,880
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 1,741,260
English 236,770
French 743,335
Non-official language 182,560
Indigenous39 70
Non-Indigenous 182,495
English and French 146,050
English and non-official language(s) 111,510
French and non-official language(s) 174,715
English, French and non-official language(s) 135,525
Multiple non-official languages 10,780
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 1,741,260
Single responses 1,586,665
Official languages 1,255,565
English 347,110
French 908,455
Non-official languages 331,100
Indigenous languages39 125
Algonquian languages 80
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 70
Atikamekw 10
Cree languages 40
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 20
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20
Innu (Montagnais) 20
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 5
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 30
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 5
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 330,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,235
Berber languages 6,795
Kabyle 6,320
Tamazight 360
Berber languages, n.i.e. 110
Chadic languages 125
Hausa 80
Mina 40
Coptic 120
Cushitic languages 365
Bilen 10
Oromo 0
Somali 345
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5
Semitic languages 53,825
Amharic 240
Arabic 52,330
Aramaic languages 75
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5
Aramaic, n.o.s. 35
Harari 0
Hebrew 715
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 445
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 16,465
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,860
Vietnamese 13,590
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15
Austronesian languages 9,325
Bikol 35
Bisaya, n.o.s. 170
Cebuano 425
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 235
Ilocano 960
Indonesian 170
Kankanaey 5
Kinaray-a 20
Malagasy languages 115
Merina 65
Malagasy, n.o.s. 50
Malay 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85
Pangasinan 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,960
Waray-Waray 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95
Creole languages 17,395
Haitian Creole 12,640
Jamaican English Creole 5
Krio 0
Morisyen 475
Sango 10
Creole, n.o.s. 4,185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75
Dravidian languages 9,345
Kannada 115
Malayalam 970
Tamil 7,425
Telugu 820
Tulu 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5
Georgian 45
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 168,495
Albanian 1,050
Armenian 3,895
Balto-Slavic languages 17,140
Baltic languages 85
Latvian 35
Lithuanian 50
Slavic languages 17,055
Belarusian 5
Bulgarian 2,020
Czech 165
Macedonian 60
Polish 2,505
Russian 9,755
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 1,200
Bosnian 170
Croatian 365
Serbian 645
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 25
Slovak 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 85
Ukrainian 1,185
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5
Celtic languages 5
Irish 5
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 6,300
Frisian 5
High German languages 6,055
German 510
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 20
Yiddish 5,525
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145
Afrikaans 30
Dutch 105
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10
Scandinavian languages 85
Danish 15
Icelandic 15
Norwegian 5
Swedish 45
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10
Greek 7,530
Indo-Iranian languages 43,235
Indo-Aryan languages 32,115
Assamese 5
Bengali 7,290
Gujarati 3,250
Hindi 2,460
Kacchi 60
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 15
Marathi 160
Nepali 225
Oriya languages 5
Odia 5
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,485
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245
Urdu 4,795
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 105
Iranian languages 11,115
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 220
Parsi 15
Pashto 750
Persian languages 10,090
Dari 675
Iranian Persian 8,570
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 845
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10
Italic (Romance) languages 89,325
Catalan 75
Italian 21,255
Portuguese 9,715
Romanian 7,290
Spanish 50,960
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 5
Japanese 705
Korean 2,705
Mongolian 55
Niger-Congo languages 4,240
Akan (Twi) 340
Bamanankan 205
Edo 20
Éwé 85
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 455
Ga 20
Ganda 5
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 20
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 335
Lingala 570
Luba-Kasai 10
Mòoré 25
Mwani 10
Ndebele 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 465
Shona 35
Soninke 95
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 290
Wojenaka 130
Wolof 600
Yoruba 180
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 330
Nilo-Saharan languages 105
Dinka 0
Nuer 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95
African, n.o.s. 10
Sign languages 515
American Sign Language 90
Quebec Sign Language 305
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,185
Chinese languages 35,100
Hakka 75
Mandarin 23,585
Min Dong 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,050
Wu (Shanghainese) 285
Yue (Cantonese) 9,590
Chinese, n.o.s. 505
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 65
Burmese 30
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 35
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20
Tai-Kadai languages 870
Lao 715
Thai 150
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 3,575
Azerbaijani 100
Kazakh 5
Turkish 3,325
Uyghur 100
Uzbek 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25
Uralic languages 695
Estonian 0
Finnish 20
Hungarian 675
Other languages, n.i.e. 25
Multiple responses 154,590
English and French 45,705
English and non-official language(s) 32,655
French and non-official language(s) 55,175
English, French and non-official language(s) 19,445
Multiple non-official languages 1,605
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 1,741,260
None 1,279,175
English 115,715
French 109,450
Non-official language 129,625
Indigenous39 145
Non-Indigenous 129,480
English and French 29,960
English and non-official language(s) 35,695
French and non-official language(s) 27,860
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,580
Multiple non-official languages 10,200
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 1,723,225
Official languages 1,681,610
English 1,216,575
French 1,475,945
Non-official languages 862,365
Indigenous languages39 800
Algonquian languages 365
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 260
Atikamekw 20
Cree languages 150
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 65
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 70
Innu (Montagnais) 80
Naskapi 20
Eastern Algonquian languages 25
Mi'kmaq 25
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 30
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 55
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 35
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 30
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 25
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 15
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 315
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 310
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 65
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 60
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 10
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 10
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 15
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 861,690
Afro-Asiatic languages 193,965
Berber languages 23,765
Kabyle 21,490
Tamazight 2,020
Berber languages, n.i.e. 560
Chadic languages 1,205
Hausa 575
Mina 625
Coptic 745
Cushitic languages 1,160
Bilen 15
Oromo 10
Somali 1,115
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 50
Semitic languages 182,025
Amharic 780
Arabic 173,385
Aramaic languages 215
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10
Aramaic, n.o.s. 155
Harari 0
Hebrew 7,665
Maltese 20
Tigrigna 820
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,875
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,850
Vietnamese 24,550
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 50
Austronesian languages 24,510
Bikol 175
Bisaya, n.o.s. 450
Cebuano 1,155
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 765
Ilocano 2,925
Indonesian 805
Kankanaey 45
Kinaray-a 85
Malagasy languages 835
Merina 655
Malagasy, n.o.s. 185
Malay 355
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 355
Pangasinan 120
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 21,575
Waray-Waray 120
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 905
Creole languages 74,245
Haitian Creole 66,445
Jamaican English Creole 215
Krio 60
Morisyen 2,365
Sango 185
Creole, n.o.s. 11,950
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,520
Dravidian languages 16,725
Kannada 540
Malayalam 1,760
Tamil 12,940
Telugu 2,415
Tulu 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25
Georgian 150
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 450,480
Albanian 2,425
Armenian 7,185
Balto-Slavic languages 40,980
Baltic languages 530
Latvian 190
Lithuanian 340
Slavic languages 40,615
Belarusian 160
Bulgarian 3,765
Czech 990
Macedonian 215
Polish 7,925
Russian 23,995
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 3,390
Bosnian 675
Croatian 1,515
Serbian 1,725
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 95
Slovak 590
Slovene (Slovenian) 345
Ukrainian 4,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40
Celtic languages 275
Irish 120
Scottish Gaelic 35
Welsh 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 85
Germanic languages 28,325
Frisian 40
High German languages 25,545
German 17,050
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 300
Yiddish 8,490
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 2,020
Afrikaans 205
Dutch 1,645
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 175
Scandinavian languages 1,440
Danish 425
Icelandic 45
Norwegian 285
Swedish 820
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 80
Greek 20,685
Indo-Iranian languages 77,115
Indo-Aryan languages 58,875
Assamese 35
Bengali 12,945
Gujarati 6,930
Hindi 24,370
Kacchi 195
Kashmiri 40
Konkani 155
Marathi 780
Nepali 485
Oriya languages 45
Odia 30
Oriya, n.o.s. 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 22,580
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 100
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 845
Urdu 11,425
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 500
Iranian languages 18,895
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 780
Parsi 80
Pashto 1,225
Persian languages 17,095
Dari 1,280
Iranian Persian 14,160
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 1,790
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80
Italic (Romance) languages 293,340
Catalan 715
Italian 95,535
Portuguese 28,840
Romanian 15,245
Spanish 177,230
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 405
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 115
Japanese 4,585
Korean 5,035
Mongolian 180
Niger-Congo languages 31,565
Akan (Twi) 1,340
Bamanankan 1,540
Edo 245
Éwé 865
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,730
Ga 220
Ganda 75
Gikuyu 45
Igbo 485
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,825
Lingala 7,315
Luba-Kasai 520
Mòoré 620
Mwani 20
Ndebele 115
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,045
Shona 245
Soninke 465
Sotho-Tswana languages 45
Swahili 3,405
Wojenaka 1,005
Wolof 4,030
Yoruba 2,040
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 7,005
Nilo-Saharan languages 705
Dinka 10
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 690
African, n.o.s. 425
Sign languages 1,985
American Sign Language 495
Quebec Sign Language 1,345
Sign languages, n.i.e. 340
Sino-Tibetan languages 56,545
Chinese languages 56,370
Hakka 335
Mandarin 41,405
Min Dong 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,725
Wu (Shanghainese) 695
Yue (Cantonese) 19,045
Chinese, n.o.s. 860
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 105
Tibeto-Burman languages 180
Burmese 65
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 95
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 55
Tai-Kadai languages 2,755
Lao 1,985
Thai 1,085
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30
Turkic languages 9,265
Azerbaijani 520
Kazakh 60
Turkish 8,445
Uyghur 205
Uzbek 140
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205
Uralic languages 3,265
Estonian 85
Finnish 245
Hungarian 2,945
Other languages, n.i.e. 425
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,723,230
Indigenous identity45 15,315
Single Indigenous responses46 14,315
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,065
Métis 5,705
Inuk (Inuit) 545
Multiple Indigenous responses47 305
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 695
Non-Indigenous identity 1,707,915
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 1,723,230
Registered or Treaty Indian49 3,465
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,719,765
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 816,355
Owner 297,340
Renter 519,020
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 816,355
Condominium 178,700
Not condominium 637,660
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 816,355
No bedrooms 19,020
1 bedroom 254,075
2 bedrooms 284,300
3 bedrooms 194,410
4 or more bedrooms 64,550
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 816,355
1 to 4 rooms 473,475
5 rooms 155,105
6 rooms 69,335
7 rooms 48,130
8 or more rooms 70,315
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 816,355
One person or fewer per room 789,745
More than one person per room 26,615
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 816,355
Suitable 745,905
Not suitable 70,450
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 816,355
1960 or before 293,880
1961 to 1980 248,030
1981 to 1990 89,700
1991 to 2000 57,865
2001 to 2005 28,770
2006 to 2010 30,795
2011 to 2015 33,075
2016 to 202157 34,235
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 816,355
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 746,280
Major repairs needed 70,075
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 816,355
One-maintainer household 494,140
Two-maintainer household 291,245
Three-or-more-maintainer household 30,970
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 816,355
15 to 24 years 39,665
25 to 34 years 154,835
35 to 44 years 156,945
45 to 54 years 137,925
55 to 64 years 137,110
65 to 74 years 105,800
75 to 84 years 59,160
85 years and over 24,920
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 808,950
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 612,990
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 195,960
30% to less than 100% 171,990
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 816,355
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 301,530
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 168,425
Not suitable only 52,965
Major repairs needed only 46,120
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 10,065
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 16,530
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 6,480
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 940
Acceptable housing 514,825
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 784,980
In core need 82,165
Not in core need 702,815
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 297,340
% of owner households with a mortgage64 61.5
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 18.0
% in core housing need63 3.5
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,360
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,532
Median value of dwellings ($)66 500,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 584,500
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 519,015
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 8.6
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 27.8
% in core housing need63 14.6
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 870
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 969
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 1,723,230
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 8,560
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 8,395
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 7,165
Métis single ancestry 880
Inuit single ancestry 350
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 170
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 90
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 70
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 28,175
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 27,945
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 25,185
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 2,455
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 310
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 225
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 195
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 15
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 20
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 1,686,490
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 1,723,230
Canadian citizens77 1,434,570
Canadian citizens aged under 18 279,730
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,154,835
Not Canadian citizens78 288,660
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 1,723,230
Non-immigrants80 1,017,325
Immigrants81 576,120
Before 1980 87,415
1980 to 1990 59,835
1991 to 2000 95,220
2001 to 2010 139,575
2011 to 202182 194,080
2011 to 2015 90,040
2016 to 2021 104,040
Non-permanent residents83 129,780
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 576,125
Under 5 years 45,920
5 to 14 years 90,130
15 to 24 years 104,655
25 to 44 years 290,245
45 years and over 45,170
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 576,125
Americas 127,690
Brazil 3,760
Colombia 8,195
El Salvador 6,400
Guyana 1,350
Haiti 47,555
Jamaica 2,670
Mexico 8,225
Peru 6,715
Trinidad and Tobago 2,120
United States of America 10,180
Other places of birth in Americas 30,520
Europe 137,155
Bosnia and Herzegovina 780
Croatia 760
France 39,280
Germany 2,480
Greece 7,730
Hungary 1,365
Italy 30,215
Netherlands 500
Poland 4,685
Portugal 7,715
Romania 9,655
Russian Federation 5,520
Serbia86 675
Ukraine 4,385
United Kingdom87 4,005
Other places of birth in Europe 17,395
Africa 140,555
Algeria 43,840
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 6,025
Egypt 9,400
Eritrea 495
Ethiopia 660
Morocco 33,005
Nigeria 1,200
Somalia 400
South Africa, Republic of 415
Other places of birth in Africa 45,115
Asia 169,860
Afghanistan 1,100
Iran88 9,815
Iraq 1,610
Lebanon 17,455
Syria89 12,040
Turkey 4,010
China90 26,330
Hong Kong91 2,375
Korea, South92 2,680
Taiwan 1,265
Philippines 20,475
Viet Nam 16,395
Bangladesh 7,035
India 13,570
Pakistan 5,730
Sri Lanka 6,965
Other places of birth in Asia 21,010
Oceania and other places of birth93 860
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 104,040
Americas 15,850
Brazil 1,105
Colombia 1,260
Haiti 5,495
Jamaica 135
Mexico 1,320
United States of America 2,255
Venezuela95 915
Other places of birth in Americas 3,375
Europe 17,760
France 11,735
Germany 235
Ireland96 55
Italy 420
Russian Federation 625
Ukraine 750
United Kingdom87 480
Other places of birth in Europe 3,465
Africa 34,835
Algeria 10,085
Burundi 715
Cameroon 3,555
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 1,490
Côte d'Ivoire 1,625
Egypt 1,470
Eritrea 275
Ethiopia 90
Morocco 5,375
Nigeria 550
Somalia 40
South Africa, Republic of 105
Sudan97 70
Tunisia 3,360
Other places of birth in Africa 6,015
Asia 35,290
Afghanistan 180
Bangladesh 960
China90 4,960
Hong Kong91 55
India 5,690
Iran88 2,275
Iraq 245
Israel 145
Japan 185
Jordan 355
Korea, South92 750
Lebanon 1,710
Nepal 180
Pakistan 1,030
Philippines 5,730
Saudi Arabia 860
Sri Lanka 500
Syria89 5,895
Turkey 520
United Arab Emirates 580
Viet Nam 910
Other places of birth in Asia 1,565
Oceania and other93 305
Australia 195
Other places of birth98 110
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 1,723,225
First generation100 725,270
Second generation101 361,130
Third generation or more102 636,825
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 488,705
Economic immigrants104 267,215
Principal applicants105 135,610
Secondary applicants106 131,610
Immigrants sponsored by family107 133,215
Refugees108 79,320
Other immigrants109 8,955
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 488,705
Asylum claim before admission111 50,275
Work permits only before admission112 50,365
Study permits only before admission113 11,765
Work and study permits before admission114 25,200
Other permits before admission115 4,400
No pre-admission experience116 346,705
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 1,723,230
Total visible minority population118 668,975
South Asian 79,670
Chinese 56,935
Black 198,610
Filipino 27,355
Arab 141,935
Latin American 78,150
Southeast Asian 37,905
West Asian 17,500
Korean 5,245
Japanese 2,645
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 5,470
Multiple visible minorities 17,540
Not a visible minority120 1,054,255
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 1,723,230
Canadian 216,645
English 43,185
Irish 80,635
Scottish 44,880
French, n.o.s.122 307,670
German 31,730
Chinese 61,715
Italian 135,430
Indian (India) 36,920
Ukrainian 14,865
Dutch 6,520
Polish 23,515
Québécois 103,145
British Isles, n.o.s.123 11,665
Filipino 26,105
French Canadian 59,380
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 19,910
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 15,970
Métis 3,645
European, n.o.s.126 22,450
Russian 20,180
Norwegian 2,370
Welsh 3,345
Portuguese 23,120
American 11,970
Spanish 31,535
Swedish 2,500
Hungarian 9,065
Acadian 11,725
Pakistani 9,080
African, n.o.s.127 33,155
Jewish 26,680
Punjabi 5,655
Vietnamese 26,955
Arab, n.o.s.128 52,935
Greek 26,980
Jamaican 5,905
Asian, n.o.s.129 8,475
Cree, n.o.s.130 780
Korean 5,445
Romanian 16,255
Lebanese 30,115
Iranian 12,890
Christian, n.i.e.131 11,615
Danish 1,820
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 3,710
Sikh 3,335
Austrian 3,485
Belgian 10,940
Haitian 80,485
Hindu 5,610
Mexican 15,365
Mennonite 385
Swiss 5,470
Finnish 1,000
Sri Lankan 7,720
Croatian 2,230
Japanese 3,565
South Asian, n.o.s.133 1,770
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 2,310
Northern European, n.o.s.135 1,300
Muslim 8,530
Egyptian 13,040
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 12,215
Tamil 4,835
Icelandic 345
Colombian 11,580
Moroccan 37,360
Czech 2,395
Syrian 13,935
Guyanese 1,650
Afghan 1,885
Black, n.o.s.137 7,275
Serbian 1,755
Ojibway 250
Newfoundlander 390
Hong Konger 1,000
Ontarian 795
Persian 4,285
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,925
Turkish 8,160
Inuit, n.o.s.138 775
Bangladeshi 8,790
Algerian 40,570
Brazilian 6,440
Nigerian 1,780
Armenian 10,715
Slovak 1,375
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 2,990
Somali 1,155
Taiwanese 1,860
Iraqi 1,770
Salvadorean 9,125
African Caribbean 5,045
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 1,775
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 3,005
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 4,900
Algonquin 1,725
West Indian, n.o.s.143 1,900
Lithuanian 2,110
South African 465
Australian 830
Palestinian 3,525
Chilean 6,025
Congolese 9,965
Nova Scotian 505
Ethiopian 965
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 3,165
Peruvian 8,415
Yoruba 1,710
Cambodian (Khmer) 8,775
Berber 19,835
Albanian 2,560
Maltese 360
Macedonian 325
Slovenian 825
Western European, n.o.s.145 2,185
New Brunswicker 850
Gujarati 880
Eritrean 615
African Canadian 1,290
Israeli 2,760
Mohawk 1,345
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 550
Bulgarian 4,040
Albertan 100
Ghanaian 1,735
Barbadian 2,410
African American 1,600
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 825
Tunisian 11,510
Slavic, n.o.s.148 1,350
Cuban 3,770
Bosnian 510
Venezuelan 3,895
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 1,610
Latvian 625
Bengali 3,570
Cameroonian 6,740
Guatemalan 4,875
Indonesian 1,000
Laotian 2,510
Ilocano 1,085
Northern Irish 310
Celtic, n.o.s.150 585
British Columbian 90
Ecuadorian 1,190
Franco Ontarian 675
Argentinian 2,545
Estonian 365
Kurdish 1,470
Fijian 15
Jatt 390
North American, n.o.s.151 715
Coptic 2,240
Thai 1,150
Dominican 5,245
Nepali 430
Kabyle 10,940
Assyrian 345
Igbo 565
Byelorussian 1,090
Dene, n.o.s.152 25
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 100
Abenaki 1,685
Moldovan 3,295
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 1,120
New Zealander 265
Sudanese 300
Breton 3,775
Pennsylvania Dutch 45
Malaysian 375
Plains Cree 35
North African, n.o.s.155 5,440
Huron (Wendat) 1,425
Saskatchewanian 70
Buddhist 690
Gaspesian 1,565
Norman 1,850
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 260
Ivorian 3,370
Saulteaux 35
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 140
Burundian 2,120
Tigrinya 370
Nicaraguan 1,255
Mauritian 1,955
Kenyan 210
Oji-Cree 0
Vincentian 2,215
Jordanian 770
Manitoban 110
Cape Bretoner 50
Rwandan 2,125
Grenadian 910
Malayali 335
Chaldean 110
Sinhalese 310
Mayan 1,695
Honduran 2,260
Cherokee 195
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 15
Indo-Caribbean 280
Flemish 520
United Empire Loyalist 90
Senegalese 3,165
Azerbaijani 510
Sicilian 970
Pashtun 475
Malay 300
Goan 115
Bantu, n.o.s.158 1,635
Tibetan 135
Zimbabwean 180
Burmese 225
Mongolian 480
Azorean 730
Atikamekw 325
Bamileke 2,160
Indo-Guyanese 125
Ugandan 100
Oromo 50
Tanzanian 175
Yemeni 515
Central African 1,415
Libyan 590
Basque 980
Uruguayan 785
Akan, n.o.s.159 545
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 870
Igorot 290
Fulani 2,380
Woodland Cree 0
Guinean 2,670
St. Lucian 255
Prince Edward Islander 0
Maliseet 200
Beninese 2,000
Telugu 180
Roma 235
Costa Rican 720
African Nova Scotian 215
Malagasy 1,625
Kashmiri 75
Singaporean 75
Karen 10
Edo 290
Tajik 100
Amhara 95
Paraguayan 90
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 1,723,230
Buddhist 26,395
Christian 853,205
Christian, n.o.s.162 105,435
Anabaptist 195
Anglican 9,480
Baptist 11,620
Catholic 602,630
Christian Orthodox 55,730
Jehovah's Witness 6,790
Latter Day Saints 1,140
Lutheran 1,510
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 840
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 14,860
Presbyterian 2,615
Reformed 310
United Church 3,950
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 36,100
Hindu 30,430
Jewish 35,930
Muslim 218,395
Sikh 15,630
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 205
Other religions and spiritual traditions 8,860
No religion and secular perspectives 534,180
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 1,706,230
Non-movers 1,471,775
Movers 234,450
Non-migrants 174,665
Migrants 59,790
Internal migrants 31,510
Intraprovincial migrants 22,730
Interprovincial migrants 8,780
External migrants 28,280
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 1,634,705
Non-movers 890,430
Movers 744,270
Non-migrants 416,555
Migrants 327,720
Internal migrants 145,860
Intraprovincial migrants 118,675
Interprovincial migrants 27,185
External migrants 181,860
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 1,453,295
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 253,885
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 1,199,415
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 981,205
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 115,240
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 865,970
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 1,453,295
No certificate, diploma or degree 228,310
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 281,440
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 943,545
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 420,630
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 135,320
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 98,575
Apprenticeship certificate169 36,750
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 226,630
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 58,675
Bachelor's degree or higher 522,915
Bachelor's degree 294,530
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 51,000
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 13,135
Master's degree 138,940
Earned doctorate171 25,315
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 981,210
No certificate, diploma or degree 97,670
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 146,020
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 737,515
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 302,205
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 103,365
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 76,115
Apprenticeship certificate169 27,250
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 155,015
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 43,825
Bachelor's degree or higher 435,315
Bachelor's degree 239,785
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 42,855
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 10,470
Master's degree 121,575
Earned doctorate171 20,630
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 1,453,300
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 509,755
Education 47,580
13. Education 47,580
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 63,605
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 7,690
50. Visual and performing arts 55,915
Humanities 69,055
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 13,280
23. English language and literature/letters 7,005
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 24,785
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 750
38. Philosophy and religious studies 4,470
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,895
54. History 5,890
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 10,980
Social and behavioural sciences and law 135,105
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 1,930
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 21,825
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 16,140
22. Legal professions and studies 24,300
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 3,725
42. Psychology 18,040
45. Social sciences 49,145
Business, management and public administration 212,570
30.16 Accounting and computer science 195
44. Public administration and social service professions 10,270
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 202,105
Physical and life sciences and technologies 48,295
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 19,755
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 7,970
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 4,885
40. Physical sciences 14,030
41. Science technologies/technicians 1,650
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 58,555
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 47,925
25. Library science 3,205
27. Mathematics and statistics 6,060
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 1,365
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 153,375
04. Architecture and related services 11,945
14. Engineering 67,700
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 24,350
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 65
46. Construction trades 19,805
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 18,350
48. Precision production 11,150
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 10,155
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 6,670
03. Natural resources and conservation 3,490
Health and related fields 106,500
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 6,050
51. Health professions and related programs178 95,775
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 170
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 4,505
Personal, protective and transportation services 38,585
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 24,500
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 20
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 160
43. Security and protective services 6,385
49. Transportation and materials moving 7,525
Other179 165
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 981,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 243,690
Education 33,780
13. Education 33,780
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 50,935
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 6,360
50. Visual and performing arts 44,575
Humanities 46,970
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 10,150
23. English language and literature/letters 5,430
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 14,680
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 530
38. Philosophy and religious studies 3,255
39. Theology and religious vocations 1,090
54. History 4,355
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 7,470
Social and behavioural sciences and law 106,455
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 1,550
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 18,665
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 12,815
22. Legal professions and studies 19,485
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 2,760
42. Psychology 13,520
45. Social sciences 37,670
Business, management and public administration 173,115
30.16 Accounting and computer science 165
44. Public administration and social service professions 8,055
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 164,900
Physical and life sciences and technologies 32,990
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 16,185
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 3,955
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 1,310
40. Physical sciences 10,390
41. Science technologies/technicians 1,150
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 48,495
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 40,770
25. Library science 2,310
27. Mathematics and statistics 4,525
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 890
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 123,175
04. Architecture and related services 10,010
14. Engineering 57,935
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 18,540
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 65
46. Construction trades 15,040
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 13,695
48. Precision production 7,890
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,675
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 5,650
03. Natural resources and conservation 3,020
Health and related fields 82,510
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 4,900
51. Health professions and related programs178 73,950
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 145
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 3,510
Personal, protective and transportation services 30,275
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 19,020
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 20
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 95
43. Security and protective services 5,050
49. Transportation and materials moving 6,095
Other179 135
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 981,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 243,690
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 737,515
Location of study inside Canada 529,195
Same as province or territory of residence 503,230
Different than province or territory of residence 25,965
Location of study outside Canada182 208,320
Americas 36,730
United States of America 10,760
Mexico 4,800
Cuba 1,340
Haiti 5,065
Jamaica 110
Brazil 3,765
Colombia 3,560
Peru 1,375
Venezuela95 1,680
Other locations of study in Americas 4,265
Europe 68,060
Belgium 1,775
France 41,640
Germany 1,035
Netherlands 465
Switzerland 965
Hungary 195
Moldova183 1,825
Poland 815
Romania 3,250
Russian Federation 2,410
Ukraine 2,045
Ireland96 285
United Kingdom87 4,680
Bosnia and Herzegovina 130
Italy 1,325
Serbia86 115
Other locations of study in Europe 5,105
Africa 48,445
Nigeria 1,230
Algeria 19,210
Morocco 9,515
Tunisia 4,555
Egypt 3,025
South Africa, Republic of 250
Other locations of study in Africa 10,660
Asia 53,780
Iran88 5,230
Iraq 330
Israel 520
Lebanon 4,185
Syria89 3,120
Turkey 695
China90 9,950
Taiwan 365
Hong Kong91 230
Japan 800
Korea, South92 1,265
Philippines 8,890
Viet Nam 1,125
Bangladesh 2,020
Sri Lanka 645
India 9,500
Pakistan 1,165
Other locations of study in Asia 3,745
Oceania 1,305
Australia 1,095
New Zealand 165
Other locations of study in Oceania 50
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 1,453,295
In the labour force 959,135
Employed 859,920
Unemployed 99,210
Not in the labour force 494,165
Participation rate 66.0
Employment rate 59.2
Unemployment rate 10.3
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 1,453,300
Did not work186 508,670
Worked 944,630
Worked full year full time187 464,805
Worked part year and/or part time188 479,820
Average weeks worked in reference year 39.7
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 959,130
Class of worker - not applicable190 28,560
All classes of workers191 930,570
Employee 811,850
Permanent position 661,995
Temporary position 149,850
Fixed term (1 year or more) 63,645
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 86,205
Self-employed192 118,725
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 959,130
Occupation - not applicable190 28,560
All occupations191 930,570
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 14,540
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 180,355
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 101,555
3 Health occupations 75,605
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 124,755
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 56,870
6 Sales and service occupations 234,485
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 98,535
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,025
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 38,850
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 959,130
Industry - not applicable190 28,560
All industries191 930,570
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,920
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,195
22 Utilities 5,150
23 Construction 33,445
31-33 Manufacturing 76,115
41 Wholesale trade 33,845
44-45 Retail trade 98,705
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 49,075
51 Information and cultural industries 40,020
52 Finance and insurance 47,065
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 16,780
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 113,755
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,720
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 45,325
61 Educational services 84,380
62 Health care and social assistance 128,175
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 20,970
72 Accommodation and food services 53,745
81 Other services (except public administration) 39,595
91 Public administration 38,595
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 1,016,810
English 161,015
French 399,340
Non-official language 7,340
Indigenous39 10
Non-Indigenous 7,330
English and French 405,305
English and non-official language(s) 10,790
French and non-official language(s) 7,145
English, French and non-official language(s) 25,465
Multiple non-official languages 420
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 1,016,810
Single responses 908,980
Official languages 895,835
English 286,010
French 609,825
Non-official languages 13,145
Indigenous languages39 20
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 15
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 13,120
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,295
Berber languages 20
Kabyle 20
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 1,275
Amharic 0
Arabic 1,190
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 70
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,220
Khmer (Cambodian) 175
Vietnamese 1,045
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 120
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 10
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15
Creole languages 210
Haitian Creole 210
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 80
Kannada 0
Malayalam 10
Tamil 75
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 6,260
Albanian 10
Armenian 80
Balto-Slavic languages 550
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 550
Bulgarian 15
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 90
Russian 385
Serbo-Croatian 10
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 825
Frisian 0
High German languages 790
German 95
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 695
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 25
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 10
Swedish 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 175
Indo-Iranian languages 1,695
Indo-Aryan languages 1,405
Bengali 85
Gujarati 20
Hindi 120
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,080
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 100
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 285
Kurdish 0
Pashto 25
Persian languages 255
Dari 20
Iranian Persian 225
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 2,925
Catalan 0
Italian 310
Portuguese 245
Romanian 80
Spanish 2,290
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 125
Korean 240
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 45
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 10
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 85
American Sign Language 15
Quebec Sign Language 60
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,325
Chinese languages 3,325
Hakka 0
Mandarin 2,100
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 1,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 25
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15
Lao 0
Thai 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 85
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 80
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 15
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 107,830
English and French 99,075
English and non-official language(s) 3,105
French and non-official language(s) 2,345
English, French and non-official language(s) 3,255
Multiple non-official languages 45
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 1,016,810
None 667,690
English 201,200
French 115,950
Non-official language 14,925
Indigenous39 65
Non-Indigenous 14,860
English and French 1,155
English and non-official language(s) 8,605
French and non-official language(s) 5,480
English, French and non-official language(s) 165
Multiple non-official languages 1,645
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 859,920
Worked at home 260,415
Worked outside Canada 2,775
No fixed workplace address 81,290
Usual place of work 515,440
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 515,440
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 413,515
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 46,495
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 53,810
Commute to a different province or territory 1,620
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 596,730
Car, truck or van 338,295
Car, truck or van - as a driver 313,045
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 25,245
Public transit 169,380
Walked 57,390
Bicycle 20,425
Other method 11,255
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 596,730
Less than 15 minutes 106,580
15 to 29 minutes 211,950
30 to 44 minutes 161,385
45 to 59 minutes 62,880
60 minutes and over 53,935
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 596,730
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 35,870
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 86,515
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 147,765
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 130,185
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 93,190
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 103,205
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 321,810
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 80,715
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 241,095
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 226,825
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 60,615
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 48,760
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 11,855
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 166,210

Symbol legend

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 25, 2024).

Note(s):

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