Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population
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Topic:
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Age
Age characteristics
Commuting
Select all: Commuting
Commuting destination
Commuting duration
Main mode of commuting
Place of work status
Time leaving for work
Education
Select all: Education
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Ethnocultural and religious diversity
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Ethnic or cultural origin
Religion
Visible minority
Families, households, and marital status
Select all: Families, households, and marital status
Family characteristics
Household type
Marital status
Housing
Household characteristics
Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Select all: Immigration, place of birth, and citizenship
Admission category and applicant type
Age at immigration
Citizenship
Generation status
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Pre-admission experience
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Income
Select all: Income
Income of economic families in 2020
Income of households in 2020
Income of individuals in 2019
Income of individuals in 2020
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Indigenous peoples
Select all: Indigenous peoples
Indigenous ancestry
Indigenous population
Instruction in the minority official language
Select all: Instruction in the minority official language
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Labour
Select all: Labour
Class of worker including job permanency
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Labour force status
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Work activity during the reference year
Language
Select all: Language
All languages spoken at home
First official language spoken
Knowledge of languages
Knowledge of official languages
Language spoken most often at home
Mother tongue
Other language spoken regularly at home
Language of work
Select all: Language of work
All languages used at work
Language used most often at work
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Mobility and migration
Select all: Mobility and migration
Mobility status 1 year ago
Mobility status 5 years ago
Population and dwelling counts
Population and dwellings
Type of dwelling
Household and dwelling characteristics
GenderMore information:


Statistic:
Characteristic Oak Bay, District municipality (DM)More information:
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Counts
Total
Population and dwellings
Population, 20211 17,990
Population, 20161 18,094
Population percentage change, 2016 to 2021 - 0.6
Total private dwellings2 8,168
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 7,807
Population density per square kilometre 1,710.1
Land area in square kilometres 10.52
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups of the population - 100% data 17,990
0 to 14 years 2,295
0 to 4 years 450
5 to 9 years 840
10 to 14 years 1,015
15 to 64 years 9,540
15 to 19 years 1,055
20 to 24 years 930
25 to 29 years 580
30 to 34 years 570
35 to 39 years 660
40 to 44 years 830
45 to 49 years 1,035
50 to 54 years 1,175
55 to 59 years 1,295
60 to 64 years 1,405
65 years and over 6,150
65 to 69 years 1,565
70 to 74 years 1,700
75 to 79 years 1,205
80 to 84 years 820
85 years and over 855
85 to 89 years 485
90 to 94 years 270
95 to 99 years 95
100 years and over 15
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.8
15 to 64 years 53.0
65 years and over 34.2
85 years and over 4.8
Average age of the population 49.7
Median age of the population 54.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% data 7,805
Single-detached house 4,915
Semi-detached house 100
Row house 110
Apartment or flat in a duplex 525
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,735
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 410
Other single-attached house 5
Movable dwelling4 0
Total - Private households by household size - 100% data 7,805
1 person 2,430
2 persons 2,990
3 persons 935
4 persons 1,010
5 or more persons 445
Number of persons in private households 17,640
Average household size 2.3
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the total population aged 15 years and over - 100% data 15,690
Married or living common-law 9,640
Married 8,505
Living common-law 1,140
Living common law - Never married 735
Living common law - Separated 20
Living common law - Divorced 330
Living common law - Widowed 50
Not married and not living common-law 6,055
Not married and not living common law - Never married 3,495
Not married and not living common law - Separated 305
Not married and not living common law - Divorced 1,205
Not married and not living common law - Widowed 1,045
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% data5 5,250
2 persons 3,075
3 persons 905
4 persons 985
5 or more persons 285
Average size of census families 2.7
Average number of children in census families with children6 1.7
Total number of census families in private households - 100% data 5,250
Total couple families 4,700
Married couples 4,135
With children6 1,810
Without children 2,325
Common-law couples 570
With children6 165
Without children 410
Total one-parent families 550
in which the parent is a woman+ 425
in which the parent is a man+ 120
Total - Persons in private households - 100% data 17,640
Total - Persons in census families 14,300
Married spouses or common-law partners 9,405
Parents in one-parent families 545
Children6 4,345
In a two-parent family 3,530
In a one-parent family 820
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 3,340
Living alone 2,435
Living with other relatives7 205
Living with non-relatives only 705
Household type
Total - Household type - 100% data 7,810
One-census-family households without additional persons 4,765
Couple-family households 4,305
With children6 1,785
Without children 2,525
One-parent-family households 460
Multigenerational households8 110
Multiple-census-family households9 50
One-census-family households with additional persons9 215
Two-or-more-person non-census-family households 235
One-person households 2,435
Income of individuals in 2020
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data10 15,345
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,895
Median total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 52,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,915
Median after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 46,400
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 14,225
Median market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 44,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 9,225
Median employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 39,600
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 11,340
Median government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 12,100
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 515
Median employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 5,400
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 100% data 2,565
Median COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,000
Total - Income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data11 15,345
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,920
Average total income in 2020 among recipients ($) 81,000
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,945
Average after-tax income in 2020 among recipients ($) 63,100
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 14,250
Average market income in 2020 among recipients ($) 75,800
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 9,230
Average employment income in 2020 among recipients ($) 69,200
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 11,295
Average government transfers in 2020 among recipients ($) 11,340
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 495
Average employment insurance benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 6,920
Number of COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2020 - 25% sample data 2,410
Average COVID-19 emergency and recovery benefits in 2020 among recipients ($) 8,350
Total - Employment income statistics in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data12 15,340
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,920
Median employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 85,000
Average employment income in 2020 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 118,500
Number of employment income recipients in 2020 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,960
Median employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 17,600
Average employment income in 2020 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 39,280
Composition of total income in 2020 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data17 100.0
Market income (%)18 89.4
Employment income (%)19 52.9
Government transfers (%)20 10.6
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.3
COVID-19 - Government income support and benefits (%) 2.2
COVID-19 - Emergency and recovery benefits (%) 1.7
Total - Total income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data21 15,340
Without total income 445
With total income 14,900
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,215
$10,000 to $19,999 1,435
$20,000 to $29,999 1,875
$30,000 to $39,999 1,340
$40,000 to $49,999 1,250
$50,000 to $59,999 1,160
$60,000 to $69,999 970
$70,000 to $79,999 890
$80,000 to $89,999 720
$90,000 to $99,999 595
$100,000 and over 3,440
$100,000 to $149,999 1,685
$150,000 and over 1,755
Total - After-tax income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data22 15,340
Without after-tax income 430
With after-tax income 14,915
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,365
$10,000 to $19,999 1,525
$20,000 to $29,999 2,060
$30,000 to $39,999 1,540
$40,000 to $49,999 1,500
$50,000 to $59,999 1,265
$60,000 to $69,999 1,130
$70,000 to $79,999 855
$80,000 to $89,999 720
$90,000 to $99,999 525
$100,000 and over 2,430
$100,000 to $124,999 910
$125,000 and over 1,515
Total - Employment income groups in 2020 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data19 15,340
Without employment income 6,115
With employment income 9,230
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,715
$5,000 to $9,999 715
$10,000 to $19,999 975
$20,000 to $29,999 655
$30,000 to $39,999 575
$40,000 to $49,999 470
$50,000 to $59,999 510
$60,000 to $69,999 450
$70,000 to $79,999 445
$80,000 to $89,999 400
$90,000 to $99,999 370
$100,000 and over 1,945
$100,000 to $124,999 610
$125,000 and over 1,340
Income of individuals in 2019
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data23 15,345
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,515
Median total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 52,400
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 14,540
Median after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 45,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 13,970
Median market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 46,400
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,765
Median employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 36,400
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 100% data 9,560
Median government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 10,800
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 -100% data 375
Median employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 5,400
Total - Income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data24 15,345
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,590
Average total income in 2019 among recipients ($) 82,100
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,615
Average after-tax income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,600
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 14,040
Average market income in 2019 among recipients ($) 78,500
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,850
Average employment income in 2019 among recipients ($) 63,700
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 9,590
Average government transfers in 2019 among recipients ($) 9,980
Number of employment insurance benefits recipients aged 15 years and over in private households in 2019 - 25% sample data 360
Average employment insurance benefits in 2019 among recipients ($) 8,360
Total - Employment income statistics in 2019 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data25 15,340
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked full-year full-time in 2020 - 25% sample data13 3,895
Median employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)14 82,000
Average employment income in 2019 for full-year full-time workers in 2020 ($)15 110,900
Number of employment income recipients in 2019 who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 - 25% sample data16 3,775
Median employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 21,800
Average employment income in 2019 of those who worked part-year or part-time in 2020 ($) 43,480
Composition of total income in 2019 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample data 100.0
Market income (%) 92.0
Employment income (%) 52.4
Government transfers (%) 8.0
Employment insurance benefits (%) 0.3
Income of households in 2020
Total - Income statistics for private households - 100% data26 7,805
Median total income of household in 2020 ($) 107,000
Median after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 93,000
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 100% data 2,435
Median total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 49,200
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 43,600
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 100% data 5,375
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 146,000
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 124,000
Total - Income statistics for private households - 25% sample data27 7,810
Average total income of household in 2020 ($) 154,800
Average after-tax income of household in 2020 ($) 120,800
Total - Income statistics for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,435
Average total income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 69,100
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2020 ($) 56,650
Total - Income statistics for two-or-more-persons private households - 25% sample data 5,370
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 193,600
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2020 ($) 150,000
Total - Household total income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data21 7,805
Under $5,000 85
$5,000 to $9,999 35
$10,000 to $14,999 50
$15,000 to $19,999 120
$20,000 to $24,999 300
$25,000 to $29,999 230
$30,000 to $34,999 175
$35,000 to $39,999 215
$40,000 to $44,999 215
$45,000 to $49,999 205
$50,000 to $59,999 435
$60,000 to $69,999 405
$70,000 to $79,999 400
$80,000 to $89,999 385
$90,000 to $99,999 385
$100,000 and over 4,160
$100,000 to $124,999 790
$125,000 to $149,999 625
$150,000 to $199,999 945
$200,000 and over 1,805
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2020 for private households - 100% data22 7,805
Under $5,000 125
$5,000 to $9,999 35
$10,000 to $14,999 60
$15,000 to $19,999 120
$20,000 to $24,999 315
$25,000 to $29,999 260
$30,000 to $34,999 195
$35,000 to $39,999 270
$40,000 to $44,999 240
$45,000 to $49,999 275
$50,000 to $59,999 505
$60,000 to $69,999 470
$70,000 to $79,999 455
$80,000 to $89,999 445
$90,000 to $99,999 410
$100,000 and over 3,630
$100,000 to $124,999 830
$125,000 to $149,999 715
$150,000 and over 2,080
Income of economic families in 2020
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 100% data28 5,200
Median total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 147,000
Median after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 124,000
Average family size of economic families 2.8
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 100% data 2,610
Median total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 122,000
Median after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 105,000
Average family size of couple-only economic families 2.0
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 100% data 1,985
Median total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 202,000
Median after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 164,000
Average family size of couple-with-children economic families 3.9
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 520
Median total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 92,000
Median after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 82,000
Average family size of one-parent economic families 2.5
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% data29 3,140
Median total income in 2020 ($)30 44,000
Median after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 39,600
Total - Income statistics for economic families in private households - 25% sample data31 5,180
Average total income of economic family in 2020 ($) 194,400
Average after-tax income of economic family in 2020 ($) 149,800
Total - Income statistics for couple-only economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,585
Average total income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 167,200
Average after-tax income of couple-only economic families in 2020 ($) 132,600
Total - Income statistics for couple-with-children economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,990
Average total income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 246,800
Average after-tax income of couple-with-children economic families in 2020 ($) 183,400
Total - Income statistics for one-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 515
Average total income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 124,800
Average after-tax income of one-parent economic families in 2020 ($) 102,800
Total - Income statistics for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample data32 3,210
Average total income in 2020 ($)30 63,050
Average after-tax income in 2020 ($)30 52,100
Low income and income inequality in 2020
Total - LIM low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households - 100% data33 17,640
0 to 17 years 2,940
0 to 5 years 585
18 to 64 years 8,880
65 years and over 5,820
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,400
0 to 17 years 250
0 to 5 years 60
18 to 64 years 690
65 years and over 460
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.5
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7
65 years and over (%) 8.0
Total - LICO low-income status in 2020 for the population in private households to whom the low-income concept is applicable - 100% data33 17,640
0 to 17 years 2,940
0 to 5 years 580
18 to 64 years 8,875
65 years and over 5,825
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 810
0 to 17 years 195
0 to 5 years 30
18 to 64 years 520
65 years and over 95
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.6
0 to 17 years (%) 6.7
0 to 5 years (%) 6.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8
65 years and over (%) 1.6
Total - Adjusted after-tax economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% data34The letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice. 17,640
In bottom half of the distribution 5,290
In bottom decile 1,425
In second decile 1,005
In third decile 890
In fourth decile 870
In fifth decile 1,100
In top half of the distribution 12,350
In sixth decile 1,255
In seventh decile 1,500
In eighth decile 1,995
In ninth decile 2,535
In top decile 5,065
Total - Inequality measures for the population in private households - 100% data35 17,640
Gini index on adjusted household total income 0.416
Gini index on adjusted household market income 0.480
Gini index on adjusted household after-tax income 0.354
P90/P10 ratio on adjusted household after-tax income 5.0
Knowledge of official languages
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data36 17,990
English only 15,115
French only 0
English and French 2,780
Neither English nor French 95
First official language spoken
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data37 17,990
English 17,580
French 255
English and French 60
Neither English nor French 95
Mother tongue
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data38 17,990
Single responses 17,630
Official languages 15,695
English 15,435
French 255
Non-official languages 1,935
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 1,935
Afro-Asiatic languages 60
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 60
Amharic 10
Arabic 45
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 5
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 25
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 90
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 5
Indonesian 10
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 0
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 15
Kannada 0
Malayalam 5
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 1,030
Albanian 5
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 210
Baltic languages 5
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 5
Slavic languages 205
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 15
Czech 20
Macedonian 5
Polish 50
Russian 55
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 30
Bosnian 0
Croatian 15
Serbian 10
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 5
Ukrainian 15
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 405
Frisian 0
High German languages 255
German 245
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 5
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 100
Afrikaans 15
Dutch 80
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 50
Danish 25
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 10
Swedish 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 30
Indo-Iranian languages 180
Indo-Aryan languages 115
Assamese 0
Bengali 5
Gujarati 10
Hindi 20
Kacchi 0
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 65
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5
Urdu 10
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 60
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 0
Parsi 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 60
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 55
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 5
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 195
Catalan 0
Italian 55
Portuguese 25
Romanian 5
Spanish 115
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 80
Korean 50
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 5
Akan (Twi) 0
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 5
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 0
American Sign Language 0
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 515
Chinese languages 500
Hakka 0
Mandarin 345
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 135
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15
Burmese 10
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 5
Lao 0
Thai 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 10
Azerbaijani 0
Kazakh 0
Turkish 10
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 45
Estonian 5
Finnish 15
Hungarian 15
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 360
English and French 95
English and non-official language(s) 210
French and non-official language(s) 10
English, French and non-official language(s) 15
Multiple non-official languages 30
All languages spoken at home
Total - All languages spoken at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data40 17,990
English 15,945
French 50
Non-official language 355
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 355
English and French 255
English and non-official language(s) 1,265
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 80
Multiple non-official languages 30
Language spoken most often at home
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data41 17,990
Single responses 17,765
Official languages 17,045
English 16,960
French 85
Non-official languages 725
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 730
Afro-Asiatic languages 40
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 40
Amharic 0
Arabic 30
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 5
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 10
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 40
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 5
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 0
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 5
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 260
Albanian 10
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 65
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 65
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 5
Czech 10
Macedonian 0
Polish 5
Russian 25
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 10
Bosnian 0
Croatian 10
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 65
Frisian 0
High German languages 50
German 45
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 10
Afrikaans 5
Dutch 10
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 10
Danish 0
Icelandic 5
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 15
Indo-Iranian languages 55
Indo-Aryan languages 30
Assamese 0
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 0
Kacchi 0
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 5
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 30
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 0
Parsi 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 30
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 30
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 50
Catalan 0
Italian 5
Portuguese 5
Romanian 0
Spanish 35
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 20
Korean 20
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 0
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 5
American Sign Language 5
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 320
Chinese languages 315
Hakka 0
Mandarin 255
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5
Burmese 5
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 0
Azerbaijani 0
Kazakh 0
Turkish 0
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 10
Estonian 0
Finnish 5
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 225
English and French 25
English and non-official language(s) 185
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 10
Multiple non-official languages 10
Other language spoken regularly at home
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% data42 17,990
None 16,535
English 330
French 205
Non-official language 755
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 755
English and French 10
English and non-official language(s) 40
French and non-official language(s) 55
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 55
Knowledge of languagesThe letter 'c' in a yellow triangle indicates a correction notice.
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample data43 17,640
Official languages 17,510
English 17,510
French 2,750
Non-official languages 3,310
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0
Tahltan 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Cayuga 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 3,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 95
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Hausa 0
Mina 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 95
Amharic 15
Arabic 35
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Harari 0
Hebrew 45
Maltese 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 40
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0
Austronesian languages 155
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Fijian 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 15
Indonesian 35
Kankanaey 0
Kinaray-a 0
Malagasy languages 0
Merina 0
Malagasy, n.o.s. 0
Malay 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 105
Waray-Waray 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Krio 0
Morisyen 0
Sango 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 15
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Tulu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0
Indo-European languages 2,085
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 320
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 320
Belarusian 0
Bulgarian 30
Czech 15
Macedonian 0
Polish 75
Russian 160
Rusyn 0
Serbo-Croatian 35
Bosnian 0
Croatian 20
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Irish 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Welsh 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 735
Frisian 0
High German languages 520
German 515
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 10
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 145
Afrikaans 55
Dutch 90
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 105
Danish 50
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 35
Swedish 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 35
Indo-Iranian languages 235
Indo-Aryan languages 190
Assamese 0
Bengali 0
Gujarati 20
Hindi 40
Kacchi 0
Kashmiri 0
Konkani 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Oriya languages 0
Odia 0
Oriya, n.o.s. 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120
Rohingya 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10
Urdu 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 50
Baluchi 0
Kurdish 0
Parsi 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 45
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 40
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 10
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 900
Catalan 0
Italian 170
Portuguese 60
Romanian 0
Spanish 725
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 160
Korean 40
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Bamanankan 0
Edo 0
Éwé 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Gikuyu 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Luba-Kasai 0
Mòoré 0
Mwani 0
Ndebele 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Soninke 0
Sotho-Tswana languages 0
Swahili 0
Wojenaka 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nuer 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
African, n.o.s. 0
Sign languages 15
American Sign Language 10
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 700
Chinese languages 690
Hakka 0
Mandarin 570
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 10
Yue (Cantonese) 190
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Kuki-Chin languages 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 20
Lao 0
Thai 20
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 25
Azerbaijani 0
Kazakh 0
Turkish 20
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 95
Estonian 10
Finnish 40
Hungarian 50
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous population
Total - Indigenous identity for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,640
Indigenous identity45 345
Single Indigenous responses46 320
First Nations (North American Indian) 170
Métis 150
Inuk (Inuit) 0
Multiple Indigenous responses47 0
Indigenous responses not included elsewhere48 25
Non-Indigenous identity 17,295
Total - Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample data44 17,640
Registered or Treaty Indian49 90
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 17,550
Household characteristics
Total - Private households by tenure - 25% sample data50 7,810
Owner 5,820
Renter 1,990
Dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band 0
Total - Occupied private dwellings by condominium status - 25% sample data51 7,810
Condominium 900
Not condominium 6,910
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of bedrooms - 25% sample data52 7,810
No bedrooms 80
1 bedroom 1,175
2 bedrooms 1,800
3 bedrooms 1,880
4 or more bedrooms 2,865
Total - Occupied private dwellings by number of rooms - 25% sample data53 7,810
1 to 4 rooms 1,850
5 rooms 885
6 rooms 750
7 rooms 960
8 or more rooms 3,365
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.0
Total - Private households by number of persons per room - 25% sample data54 7,810
One person or fewer per room 7,770
More than one person per room 35
Total - Private households by housing suitability - 25% sample data55 7,810
Suitable 7,675
Not suitable 140
Total - Occupied private dwellings by period of construction - 25% sample data56 7,810
1960 or before 4,610
1961 to 1980 1,885
1981 to 1990 480
1991 to 2000 225
2001 to 2005 95
2006 to 2010 90
2011 to 2015 160
2016 to 202157 255
Total - Occupied private dwellings by dwelling condition - 25% sample data58 7,810
Only regular maintenance and minor repairs needed 7,365
Major repairs needed 445
Total - Private households by number of household maintainers - 25% sample data59 7,810
One-maintainer household 3,840
Two-maintainer household 3,700
Three-or-more-maintainer household 265
Total - Private households by age of primary household maintainers - 25% sample data60 7,810
15 to 24 years 125
25 to 34 years 420
35 to 44 years 745
45 to 54 years 1,205
55 to 64 years 1,530
65 to 74 years 2,010
75 to 84 years 1,230
85 years and over 540
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratio - 25% sample data61 7,780
Spending less than 30% of income on shelter costs 5,970
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs 1,810
30% to less than 100% 1,550
Total - Occupied private dwellings by housing indicators - 25% sample data62 7,805
Total - Households 'spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' or 'not suitable' or 'major repairs needed' 2,235
Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs only 1,665
Not suitable only 95
Major repairs needed only 330
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' 40
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'major repairs needed' 110
'Not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0
'Spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs' and 'not suitable' and 'major repairs needed' 0
Acceptable housing 5,570
Total - Owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratio less than 100%, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data63 7,520
In core need 735
Not in core need 6,785
Total - Owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 5,815
% of owner households with a mortgage64 42.1
% of owner households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 15.8
% in core housing need63 4.5
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 1,210
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)65 2,034
Median value of dwellings ($)66 1,400,000
Average value of dwellings ($)66 1,640,000
Total - Tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings - 25% sample data 1,990
% of tenant households in subsidized housing67 13.3
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of its income on shelter costs61 44.9
% in core housing need63 25.5
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,300
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)65 1,606
Total - Households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band in non-farm private dwellings - 25% sample data 0
% of households living in a dwelling provided by the local government, First Nation or Indian band spending more than 30% on shelter costs61 ...
Median monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Average monthly shelter costs for dwellings provided by local government, First Nation or Indian band ($)65 ...
Indigenous ancestry
Total - Indigenous ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample data68 17,640
Indigenous ancestry (only)69 50
Single Indigenous ancestry (only)70 45
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestry 20
Métis single ancestry 25
Inuit single ancestry 0
Multiple Indigenous ancestries (only)71 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestry only 10
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit ancestry only 0
Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries72 395
Single Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries73 395
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Indigenous ancestry only 255
Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 140
Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Multiple Indigenous and non-Indigenous ancestries74 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis and Inuit and non-Indigenous ancestry only 0
Non-Indigenous ancestry only75 17,195
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample data76 17,640
Canadian citizens77 16,550
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,770
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,775
Not Canadian citizens78 1,090
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample data79 17,640
Non-immigrants80 13,465
Immigrants81 3,855
Before 1980 1,890
1980 to 1990 485
1991 to 2000 385
2001 to 2010 550
2011 to 202182 555
2011 to 2015 140
2016 to 2021 410
Non-permanent residents83 320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data84 3,855
Under 5 years 385
5 to 14 years 660
15 to 24 years 800
25 to 44 years 1,605
45 years and over 405
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data85 3,855
Americas 675
Brazil 10
Colombia 0
El Salvador 0
Guyana 20
Haiti 0
Jamaica 15
Mexico 25
Peru 15
Trinidad and Tobago 15
United States of America 515
Other places of birth in Americas 55
Europe 2,035
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0
Croatia 10
France 60
Germany 155
Greece 15
Hungary 40
Italy 20
Netherlands 80
Poland 50
Portugal 10
Romania 0
Russian Federation 55
Serbia86 0
Ukraine 20
United Kingdom87 1,265
Other places of birth in Europe 245
Africa 175
Algeria 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Egypt 0
Eritrea 0
Ethiopia 20
Morocco 0
Nigeria 0
Somalia 0
South Africa, Republic of 85
Other places of birth in Africa 60
Asia 865
Afghanistan 0
Iran88 35
Iraq 0
Lebanon 0
Syria89 0
Turkey 10
China90 270
Hong Kong91 65
Korea, South92 30
Taiwan 70
Philippines 75
Viet Nam 30
Bangladesh 0
India 70
Pakistan 15
Sri Lanka 10
Other places of birth in Asia 175
Oceania and other places of birth93 95
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population
Total - Place of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample data94 410
Americas 95
Brazil 0
Colombia 0
Haiti 0
Jamaica 0
Mexico 0
United States of America 75
Venezuela95 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0
Europe 70
France 0
Germany 10
Ireland96 0
Italy 0
Russian Federation 0
Ukraine 0
United Kingdom87 40
Other places of birth in Europe 0
Africa 10
Algeria 0
Burundi 0
Cameroon 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0
Côte d'Ivoire 0
Egypt 0
Eritrea 0
Ethiopia 0
Morocco 0
Nigeria 0
Somalia 0
South Africa, Republic of 10
Sudan97 0
Tunisia 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0
Asia 220
Afghanistan 0
Bangladesh 0
China90 75
Hong Kong91 0
India 20
Iran88 0
Iraq 0
Israel 0
Japan 0
Jordan 0
Korea, South92 0
Lebanon 0
Nepal 0
Pakistan 0
Philippines 60
Saudi Arabia 0
Sri Lanka 0
Syria89 0
Turkey 0
United Arab Emirates 0
Viet Nam 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0
Oceania and other93 20
Australia 10
Other places of birth98 10
Generation status
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample data99 17,640
First generation100 4,695
Second generation101 4,365
Third generation or more102 8,575
Admission category and applicant type
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data103 1,965
Economic immigrants104 1,065
Principal applicants105 490
Secondary applicants106 570
Immigrants sponsored by family107 785
Refugees108 105
Other immigrants109 10
Pre-admission experience
Total - Pre-admission experience for the immigrant population in private households who were admitted between 1980 and 2021 - 25% sample data110 1,965
Asylum claim before admission111 35
Work permits only before admission112 340
Study permits only before admission113 115
Work and study permits before admission114 120
Other permits before admission115 15
No pre-admission experience116 1,335
Visible minority
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample data117 17,640
Total visible minority population118 2,260
South Asian 370
Chinese 900
Black 100
Filipino 155
Arab 40
Latin American 120
Southeast Asian 95
West Asian 75
Korean 65
Japanese 145
Visible minority, n.i.e.119 45
Multiple visible minorities 135
Not a visible minority120 15,385
Ethnic or cultural origin
Total - Ethnic or cultural origin for the population in private households - 25% sample data121 17,640
Canadian 1,615
English 6,565
Irish 3,295
Scottish 4,700
French, n.o.s.122 1,290
German 2,110
Chinese 925
Italian 590
Indian (India) 240
Ukrainian 790
Dutch 820
Polish 610
Québécois 40
British Isles, n.o.s.123 1,480
Filipino 160
French Canadian 160
Caucasian (White), n.o.s.124 295
First Nations (North American Indian), n.o.s.125 115
Métis 170
European, n.o.s.126 530
Russian 290
Norwegian 760
Welsh 635
Portuguese 95
American 425
Spanish 215
Swedish 630
Hungarian 210
Acadian 35
Pakistani 25
African, n.o.s.127 35
Jewish 285
Punjabi 45
Vietnamese 50
Arab, n.o.s.128 30
Greek 195
Jamaican 0
Asian, n.o.s.129 25
Cree, n.o.s.130 30
Korean 95
Romanian 130
Lebanese 50
Iranian 60
Christian, n.i.e.131 25
Danish 315
North American Indigenous, n.o.s.132 30
Sikh 50
Austrian 235
Belgian 120
Haitian 0
Hindu 0
Mexican 105
Mennonite 50
Swiss 155
Finnish 170
Sri Lankan 40
Croatian 80
Japanese 155
South Asian, n.o.s.133 25
Mi'kmaq, n.o.s.134 0
Northern European, n.o.s.135 205
Muslim 0
Egyptian 0
Latin, Central or South American, n.o.s.136 35
Tamil 0
Icelandic 100
Colombian 15
Moroccan 10
Czech 55
Syrian 20
Guyanese 0
Afghan 0
Black, n.o.s.137 0
Serbian 25
Ojibway 45
Newfoundlander 20
Hong Konger 0
Ontarian 0
Persian 40
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0
Turkish 30
Inuit, n.o.s.138 0
Bangladeshi 0
Algerian 0
Brazilian 10
Nigerian 0
Armenian 10
Slovak 40
Eastern European, n.o.s.139 105
Somali 0
Taiwanese 70
Iraqi 0
Salvadorean 0
African Caribbean 0
East or Southeast Asian, n.o.s.140 25
West or Central Asian or Middle Eastern, n.o.s.141 25
Caribbean, n.o.s.142 0
Algonquin 10
West Indian, n.o.s.143 20
Lithuanian 95
South African 90
Australian 45
Palestinian 20
Chilean 0
Congolese 0
Nova Scotian 0
Ethiopian 25
Hispanic, n.o.s.144 0
Peruvian 50
Yoruba 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0
Berber 0
Albanian 0
Maltese 10
Macedonian 0
Slovenian 25
Western European, n.o.s.145 95
New Brunswicker 0
Gujarati 0
Eritrean 0
African Canadian 0
Israeli 55
Mohawk 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.146 35
Bulgarian 30
Albertan 20
Ghanaian 0
Barbadian 20
African American 10
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.147 30
Tunisian 0
Slavic, n.o.s.148 25
Cuban 0
Bosnian 10
Venezuelan 0
Innu/Montagnais, n.o.s.149 0
Latvian 50
Bengali 0
Cameroonian 0
Guatemalan 0
Indonesian 35
Laotian 0
Ilocano 0
Northern Irish 55
Celtic, n.o.s.150 30
British Columbian 35
Ecuadorian 0
Franco Ontarian 0
Argentinian 10
Estonian 25
Kurdish 0
Fijian 0
Jatt 0
North American, n.o.s.151 20
Coptic 0
Thai 15
Dominican 0
Nepali 0
Kabyle 0
Assyrian 0
Igbo 0
Byelorussian 25
Dene, n.o.s.152 0
Blackfoot, n.o.s.153 0
Abenaki 0
Moldovan 0
Iroquois (Haudenosaunee), n.o.s.154 10
New Zealander 35
Sudanese 0
Breton 0
Pennsylvania Dutch 0
Malaysian 25
Plains Cree 0
North African, n.o.s.155 0
Huron (Wendat) 0
Saskatchewanian 0
Buddhist 0
Gaspesian 0
Norman 0
Southern or East African, n.o.s.156 0
Ivorian 0
Saulteaux 0
Anishinaabe, n.o.s.157 0
Burundian 0
Tigrinya 0
Nicaraguan 0
Mauritian 0
Kenyan 0
Oji-Cree 0
Vincentian 0
Jordanian 0
Manitoban 0
Cape Bretoner 0
Rwandan 0
Grenadian 0
Malayali 0
Chaldean 0
Sinhalese 10
Mayan 0
Honduran 0
Cherokee 0
Qalipu Mi'kmaq 0
Indo-Caribbean 0
Flemish 20
United Empire Loyalist 0
Senegalese 0
Azerbaijani 0
Sicilian 0
Pashtun 0
Malay 0
Goan 0
Bantu, n.o.s.158 0
Tibetan 0
Zimbabwean 0
Burmese 0
Mongolian 0
Azorean 0
Atikamekw 0
Bamileke 0
Indo-Guyanese 0
Ugandan 0
Oromo 0
Tanzanian 0
Yemeni 0
Central African 0
Libyan 0
Basque 0
Uruguayan 0
Akan, n.o.s.159 0
Central or West African, n.o.s.160 0
Igorot 0
Fulani 0
Woodland Cree 0
Guinean 0
St. Lucian 0
Prince Edward Islander 0
Maliseet 0
Beninese 0
Telugu 0
Roma 10
Costa Rican 0
African Nova Scotian 0
Malagasy 0
Kashmiri 0
Singaporean 0
Karen 0
Edo 0
Tajik 0
Amhara 0
Paraguayan 0
Religion
Total - Religion for the population in private households - 25% sample data161 17,640
Buddhist 170
Christian 6,430
Christian, n.o.s.162 1,140
Anabaptist 15
Anglican 1,435
Baptist 205
Catholic 1,745
Christian Orthodox 140
Jehovah's Witness 25
Latter Day Saints 10
Lutheran 220
Methodist and Wesleyan (Holiness) 35
Pentecostal and other Charismatic 55
Presbyterian 190
Reformed 0
United Church 855
Other Christian and Christian-related traditions 350
Hindu 50
Jewish 260
Muslim 85
Sikh 120
Traditional (North American Indigenous) spirituality 0
Other religions and spiritual traditions 280
No religion and secular perspectives 10,250
Mobility status 1 year ago
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample data163 17,540
Non-movers 15,465
Movers 2,080
Non-migrants 1,205
Migrants 875
Internal migrants 680
Intraprovincial migrants 425
Interprovincial migrants 260
External migrants 200
Mobility status 5 years ago
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample data164 17,130
Non-movers 10,995
Movers 6,135
Non-migrants 1,165
Migrants 4,970
Internal migrants 4,180
Intraprovincial migrants 3,295
Interprovincial migrants 880
External migrants 795
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 15,340
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 1,215
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 14,130
Total - Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 7,605
No high school diploma or equivalency certificate 245
With high school diploma or equivalency certificate166 7,360
Highest certificate, diploma or degree
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data165 15,345
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,115
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 3,020
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 11,210
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 3,065
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 585
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 260
Apprenticeship certificate169 330
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 1,995
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 480
Bachelor's degree or higher 8,145
Bachelor's degree 4,175
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 575
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 480
Master's degree 2,225
Earned doctorate171 695
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data165 7,605
No certificate, diploma or degree 205
High (secondary) school diploma or equivalency certificate167 965
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 6,435
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 1,560
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 315
Non-apprenticeship trades certificate or diploma168 150
Apprenticeship certificate169 165
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma170 1,010
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 235
Bachelor's degree or higher 4,870
Bachelor's degree 2,545
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 290
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 335
Master's degree 1,405
Earned doctorate171 300
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data172 15,345
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 4,135
Education 1,135
13. Education 1,135
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 600
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 35
50. Visual and performing arts 565
Humanities 900
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 145
23. English language and literature/letters 245
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 170
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 30
38. Philosophy and religious studies 55
39. Theology and religious vocations 40
54. History 175
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 35
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,965
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 25
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 135
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 140
22. Legal professions and studies 410
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 65
42. Psychology 355
45. Social sciences 835
Business, management and public administration 1,990
30.16 Accounting and computer science 0
44. Public administration and social service professions 275
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 1,715
Physical and life sciences and technologies 740
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 315
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 125
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 20
40. Physical sciences 260
41. Science technologies/technicians 25
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 390
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 240
25. Library science 65
27. Mathematics and statistics 75
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 15
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 1,075
04. Architecture and related services 140
14. Engineering 470
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 175
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 175
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 75
48. Precision production 45
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 280
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 140
03. Natural resources and conservation 140
Health and related fields 1,825
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 135
51. Health professions and related programs178 1,440
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 245
Personal, protective and transportation services 305
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 150
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 15
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 10
43. Security and protective services 55
49. Transportation and materials moving 70
Other179 0
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2021 for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data172 7,605
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree173 1,170
Education 455
13. Education 455
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 370
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 25
50. Visual and performing arts 350
Humanities 475
16. Indigenous and foreign languages, literatures, and linguistics 95
23. English language and literature/letters 105
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 95
30A Interdisciplinary humanities174 0
38. Philosophy and religious studies 40
39. Theology and religious vocations 20
54. History 90
55. French language and literature/lettersCAN 30
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,195
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 15
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 115
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 90
22. Legal professions and studies 240
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences175 60
42. Psychology 185
45. Social sciences 490
Business, management and public administration 1,205
30.16 Accounting and computer science 0
44. Public administration and social service professions 140
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 1,065
Physical and life sciences and technologies 400
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 175
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 70
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences176 15
40. Physical sciences 135
41. Science technologies/technicians 0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 250
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 185
25. Library science 20
27. Mathematics and statistics 45
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences177 0
Architecture, engineering, and related trades 630
04. Architecture and related services 80
14. Engineering 275
15. Engineering/engineering-related technologies/technicians 70
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0
46. Construction trades 115
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 45
48. Precision production 30
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 185
01. Agricultural and veterinary sciences/services/operations and related fields178 80
03. Natural resources and conservation 105
Health and related fields 1,105
30.37 Design for human health 0
31. Parks, recreation, leisure, fitness, and kinesiology 90
51. Health professions and related programs178 850
60. Health professions residency/fellowship programs 0
61. Medical residency/fellowship programs 165
Personal, protective and transportation services 170
12. Culinary, entertainment, and personal services 75
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 0
43. Security and protective services 50
49. Transportation and materials moving 45
Other179 0
Location of study compared with province or territory of residence
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence for the population aged 25 to 64 years in private households - 25% sample data180 7,605
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,170
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree181 6,435
Location of study inside Canada 5,145
Same as province or territory of residence 3,615
Different than province or territory of residence 1,530
Location of study outside Canada182 1,290
Americas 385
United States of America 335
Mexico 20
Cuba 0
Haiti 0
Jamaica 0
Brazil 0
Colombia 0
Peru 10
Venezuela95 0
Other locations of study in Americas 10
Europe 505
Belgium 0
France 40
Germany 35
Netherlands 25
Switzerland 0
Hungary 0
Moldova183 0
Poland 0
Romania 0
Russian Federation 10
Ukraine 15
Ireland96 10
United Kingdom87 290
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0
Italy 0
Serbia86 0
Other locations of study in Europe 60
Africa 40
Nigeria 0
Algeria 0
Morocco 0
Tunisia 0
Egypt 0
South Africa, Republic of 30
Other locations of study in Africa 0
Asia 315
Iran88 0
Iraq 0
Israel 15
Lebanon 0
Syria89 0
Turkey 0
China90 145
Taiwan 25
Hong Kong91 0
Japan 15
Korea, South92 15
Philippines 65
Viet Nam 0
Bangladesh 0
Sri Lanka 0
India 0
Pakistan 10
Other locations of study in Asia 10
Oceania 50
Australia 25
New Zealand 25
Other locations of study in Oceania 0
Labour force status
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by labour force status - 25% sample data184 15,345
In the labour force 8,170
Employed 7,595
Unemployed 575
Not in the labour force 7,175
Participation rate 53.2
Employment rate 49.5
Unemployment rate 7.0
Work activity during the reference year
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample data185 15,345
Did not work186 6,820
Worked 8,525
Worked full year full time187 4,130
Worked part year and/or part time188 4,395
Average weeks worked in reference year 40.6
Class of worker including job permanency
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker including job permanency - 25% sample data189 8,170
Class of worker - not applicable190 110
All classes of workers191 8,055
Employee 5,930
Permanent position 4,665
Temporary position 1,260
Fixed term (1 year or more) 330
Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) 925
Self-employed192 2,130
Occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - Broad category - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2021 - 25% sample data193 8,170
Occupation - not applicable190 110
All occupations191 8,055
0 Legislative and senior management occupations 360
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,620
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 765
3 Health occupations 975
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,405
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 415
6 Sales and service occupations 1,640
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 705
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 135
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 45
Industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017
Total - Labour force aged 15 years and over by industry - Sectors - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2017 - 25% sample data194 8,170
Industry - not applicable190 110
All industries191 8,055
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 65
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 20
22 Utilities 10
23 Construction 445
31-33 Manufacturing 175
41 Wholesale trade 105
44-45 Retail trade 720
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 125
51 Information and cultural industries 185
52 Finance and insurance 335
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 335
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,085
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 265
61 Educational services 900
62 Health care and social assistance 1,350
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 265
72 Accommodation and food services 445
81 Other services (except public administration) 255
91 Public administration 955
All languages used at work
Total - All languages used at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data195 9,130
English 8,705
French 10
Non-official language 50
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 50
English and French 140
English and non-official language(s) 190
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 35
Multiple non-official languages 0
Language used most often at work
Total - Language used most often at work for the population aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020, in private households, 2021 Census - 25% sample data196 9,130
Single responses 9,080
Official languages 9,000
English 8,975
French 25
Non-official languages 85
Indigenous languages39 0
Algonquian languages 0
Blackfoot 0
Cree-Innu languages 0
Atikamekw 0
Cree languages 0
Ililimowin (Moose Cree) 0
Inu Ayimun (Southern East Cree) 0
Iyiyiw-Ayimiwin (Northern East Cree) 0
Nehinawewin (Swampy Cree) 0
Nehiyawewin (Plains Cree) 0
Nihithawiwin (Woods Cree) 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0
Innu (Montagnais) 0
Naskapi 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0
Mi'kmaq 0
Wolastoqewi (Malecite) 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0
Anicinabemowin (Algonquin) 0
Oji-Cree 0
Ojibway languages 0
Anishinaabemowin (Chippewa) 0
Daawaamwin (Odawa) 0
Saulteau (Western Ojibway) 0
Ojibway, n.o.s. 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0
Athabaskan languages 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0
Dakelh (Carrier) 0
Dane-zaa (Beaver) 0
Dene, n.o.s. 0
Gwich'in 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0
Deh Gah Ghotie Zhatie (South Slavey) 0
Satuotine Yati (North Slavey) 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0
Tahltan languages 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0
Tse'khene (Sekani) 0
Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) 0
Tsuu T'ina (Sarsi) 0
Tutchone languages 0
Northern Tutchone 0
Southern Tutchone 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 0
Wetsuwet'en-Babine 0
Tlingit 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0
Haida 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0
Inuinnaqtun 0
Inuvialuktun 0
Inuktitut 0
Inuktut (Inuit) languages, n.i.e. 0
Iroquoian languages 0
Mohawk 0
Oneida 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0
Ktunaxa (Kutenai) 0
Michif 0
Salish languages 0
Halkomelem 0
Lillooet 0
Ntlakapamux (Thompson) 0
Secwepemctsin (Shuswap) 0
Squamish 0
Straits 0
Syilx (Okanagan) 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0
Siouan languages 0
Assiniboine 0
Dakota 0
Stoney 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tsimshian languages 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0
Nisga'a 0
Tsimshian 0
Wakashan languages 0
Haisla 0
Heiltsuk 0
Kwak'wala (Kwakiutl) 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.i.e. 0
Indigenous languages, n.o.s. 0
Non-Indigenous languages 85
Afro-Asiatic languages 0
Berber languages 0
Kabyle 0
Tamazight 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0
Chadic languages 0
Coptic 0
Cushitic languages 0
Bilen 0
Oromo 0
Somali 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Semitic languages 0
Amharic 0
Arabic 0
Aramaic languages 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0
Aramaic, n.o.s. 0
Hebrew 0
Tigrigna 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0
Vietnamese 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0
Austronesian languages 0
Bikol 0
Bisaya, n.o.s. 0
Cebuano 0
Hiligaynon 0
Ilocano 0
Indonesian 0
Kankanaey 0
Malagasy languages 0
Malay 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0
Pangasinan 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0
Creole languages 0
Haitian Creole 0
Jamaican English Creole 0
Morisyen 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0
Dravidian languages 0
Kannada 0
Malayalam 0
Tamil 0
Telugu 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0
Georgian 0
Indo-European languages 35
Albanian 0
Armenian 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10
Baltic languages 0
Latvian 0
Lithuanian 0
Slavic languages 10
Bulgarian 0
Czech 0
Macedonian 0
Polish 0
Russian 10
Serbo-Croatian 0
Bosnian 0
Croatian 0
Serbian 0
Serbo-Croatian, n.i.e. 0
Slovak 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0
Ukrainian 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0
Celtic languages 0
Scottish Gaelic 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0
Germanic languages 15
Frisian 0
High German languages 15
German 15
Pennsylvania German 0
Swiss German 0
Yiddish 0
Low Saxon-Low Franconian languages 0
Afrikaans 0
Dutch 0
Low German, n.o.s. 0
Low Saxon 0
Plautdietsch 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0
Scandinavian languages 0
Danish 0
Icelandic 0
Norwegian 0
Swedish 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0
Greek 0
Indo-Iranian languages 0
Indo-Aryan languages 0
Bengali 0
Gujarati 0
Hindi 0
Kacchi 0
Marathi 0
Nepali 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0
Sindhi 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0
Urdu 0
Indo-Aryan languages, n.i.e. 0
Iranian languages 0
Kurdish 0
Pashto 0
Persian languages 0
Dari 0
Iranian Persian 0
Persian (Farsi), n.o.s. 0
Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0
Italic (Romance) languages 10
Catalan 0
Italian 0
Portuguese 0
Romanian 0
Spanish 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0
Indo-European languages, n.i.e. 0
Japanese 0
Korean 0
Mongolian 0
Niger-Congo languages 0
Akan (Twi) 0
Edo 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0
Ga 0
Ganda 0
Igbo 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0
Lingala 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0
Shona 0
Swahili 0
Wolof 0
Yoruba 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0
Dinka 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0
Sign languages 0
American Sign Language 0
Quebec Sign Language 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 40
Chinese languages 40
Hakka 0
Mandarin 40
Min Dong 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0
Yue (Cantonese) 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0
Burmese 0
Karenic languages 0
S'gaw Karen 0
Karenic languages, n.i.e. 0
Tibetan 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0
Lao 0
Thai 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0
Turkic languages 0
Azerbaijani 0
Turkish 0
Uyghur 0
Uzbek 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0
Uralic languages 0
Estonian 0
Finnish 0
Hungarian 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0
Multiple responses 50
English and French 25
English and non-official language(s) 25
French and non-official language(s) 0
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 0
Other language(s) used regularly at work
Total - Other language(s) used regularly at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2020 - 25% sample data197 9,130
None 8,805
English 35
French 110
Non-official language 125
Indigenous39 0
Non-Indigenous 125
English and French 0
English and non-official language(s) 0
French and non-official language(s) 20
English, French and non-official language(s) 0
Multiple non-official languages 25
Place of work status
Total - Place of work status for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over - 25% sample data198 7,595
Worked at home 2,855
Worked outside Canada 35
No fixed workplace address 670
Usual place of work 4,030
Commuting destination
Total - Commuting destination for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work - 25% sample data199 4,030
Commute within census subdivision (CSD) of residence 710
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) within census division (CD) of residence 3,210
Commute to a different census subdivision (CSD) and census division (CD) within province or territory of residence 90
Commute to a different province or territory 20
Main mode of commuting
Total - Main mode of commuting for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data200 4,700
Car, truck or van 3,270
Car, truck or van - as a driver 3,000
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 270
Public transit 270
Walked 455
Bicycle 530
Other method 175
Commuting duration
Total - Commuting duration for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data201 4,700
Less than 15 minutes 1,820
15 to 29 minutes 2,000
30 to 44 minutes 640
45 to 59 minutes 105
60 minutes and over 130
Time leaving for work
Total - Time leaving for work for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address - 25% sample data202 4,700
Between 5 a.m. and 5:59 a.m. 135
Between 6 a.m. and 6:59 a.m. 415
Between 7 a.m. and 7:59 a.m. 1,270
Between 8 a.m. and 8:59 a.m. 1,500
Between 9 a.m. and 11:59 a.m. 775
Between 12 p.m. and 4:59 a.m. 605
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language
Total - Eligibility for instruction in the minority official language for the population in private households born in 2003 or later - 100% data203 3,020
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 240
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 2,780
Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language for school-aged children
Total - Eligibility and instruction in the minority official language, for the population in private households born between 2003 and 2015 (inclusive) - 100% data204 2,525
Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language 215
Eligible children who have been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 80
Eligible children who have not been instructed in the minority official language at the primary or secondary level in Canada 140
Children not eligible for instruction in the minority official language 2,305

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Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2021 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2023. (table). Census Profile. 2021 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2021001. Ottawa. Released November 15, 2023.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2021/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 28, 2024).

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