NHS Profile, Saskatchewan, 2011

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NHS data, Saskatchewan. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

(Province)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,008,760 501,145 507,610
Canadian citizens 969,720 481,255 488,460
Canadian citizens aged under 18 230,070 118,075 112,000
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 739,650 363,180 376,465
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 39,040 19,890 19,150
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,008,760 501,145 507,610
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 931,710 462,535 469,175
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 68,780 33,780 34,995
Before 1971 12,720 5,935 6,790
1971 to 1980 6,300 3,230 3,065
1981 to 1990 6,020 2,880 3,145
1991 to 2000 8,855 4,345 4,515
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 34,875 17,400 17,480
2001 to 2005 7,955 3,905 4,050
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 26,920 13,500 13,425
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 8,270 4,830 3,445
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 68,775 33,785 34,995
Under 5 years 8,435 3,945 4,495
5 to 14 years 13,630 7,030 6,600
15 to 24 years 13,815 6,350 7,465
25 to 44 years 27,855 14,035 13,815
45 years and over 5,040 2,420 2,620
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,008,760 501,145 507,610
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 931,710 462,540 469,175
Born in province of residence 785,255 390,245 395,010
Born outside province of residence 146,450 72,285 74,165
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 68,775 33,785 34,995
Americas 9,320 4,065 5,255
United States 5,020 2,050 2,965
Jamaica 420 200 220
Guyana 150 70 70
Haiti 100 25 75
Mexico 680 310 370
Trinidad and Tobago 240 85 155
Colombia 455 200 255
El Salvador 480 240 235
Peru 95 45 50
Chile 585 290 295
Other places of birth in Americas 1,095 540 555
Europe 20,630 10,330 10,305
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 7,370 3,610 3,760
Italy 530 295 230
Germany 2,625 1,270 1,355
Poland 1,310 490 825
Portugal 155 70 90
Netherlands 1,340 770 565
France 245 125 115
Romania 545 300 250
Russian Federation 700 355 345
Greece 510 295 220
Ukraine 1,715 850 870
Croatia 320 175 145
Hungary 295 195 105
Bosnia and Herzegovina 305 175 130
Serbia 355 160 195
Ireland, Republic of 365 185 180
Other places of birth in Europe 1,935 1,005 925
Africa 4,785 2,470 2,310
Morocco 115 60 55
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 225 115 110
South Africa, Republic of 865 390 480
Nigeria 535 260 275
Ethiopia 570 230 340
Kenya 185 110 70
Other places of birth in Africa 2,290 1,305 985
Asia 33,370 16,550 16,825
India 3,080 1,775 1,310
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,625 2,215 2,410
Philippines 12,775 6,050 6,720
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 725 380 345
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,770 885 890
Pakistan 3,115 1,575 1,540
Sri Lanka 185 90 95
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 570 305 265
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 770 395 375
Lebanon 215 105 115
Taiwan 135 35 105
Iraq 775 380 395
Bangladesh 840 455 380
Afghanistan 290 155 140
Japan 130 25 110
Turkey 70 35 35
Other places of birth in Asia 3,285 1,690 1,595
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 665 370 300
Fiji 20 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 640 345 295
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 8,270 4,830 3,445
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 26,920 13,495 13,425
Americas 1,775 770 1,010
United States 700 305 395
Mexico 95 55 45
Cuba 100 40 65
Haiti 45 0 0
Jamaica 75 0 55
Brazil 95 45 50
Colombia 385 160 225
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 35 0 20
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 230 105 125
Europe 3,815 2,045 1,765
France 20 0 20
Germany 315 160 150
Poland 80 45 40
Romania 70 55 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 50 0 30
Russian Federation 395 220 180
Ukraine 1,085 570 520
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,050 600 450
Other places of birth in Europe 740 375 370
Africa 2,395 1,170 1,230
Nigeria 310 155 155
Ethiopia 360 165 195
Mauritius 110 0 0
Somalia 200 80 115
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 45 0 0
Morocco 60 30 35
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 15 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 90 50 45
South Africa, Republic of 505 225 280
Other places of birth in Africa 705 385 325
Asia 18,810 9,445 9,360
Philippines 10,090 5,030 5,060
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,760 860 900
India 1,415 820 595
Pakistan 805 385 415
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 330 180 150
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 560 285 270
Sri Lanka 70 30 40
Iraq 430 185 245
Bangladesh 480 245 235
Lebanon 55 30 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 435 200 230
Taiwan 50 0 50
Afghanistan 115 70 45
Japan 55 0 55
Turkey 35 20 0
Israel 145 75 70
Nepal 235 130 115
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 25 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 35 0 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 45 0 30
Other places of birth in Asia 1,620 845 780
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 130 60 65
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,008,760 501,145 507,615
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 78,615 39,435 39,180
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 136,910 65,505 71,405
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 793,230 396,210 397,025
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,008,760 501,150 507,615
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 63,275 32,460 30,815
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 12,325 6,605 5,715
Chinese 11,300 5,535 5,760
Black 7,255 3,935 3,320
Filipino 16,025 7,970 8,055
Latin American 3,250 1,610 1,635
Arab 2,095 1,075 1,025
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 4,910 2,615 2,300
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,600 850 745
Korean 1,270 675 595
Japanese 720 320 400
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 745 360 390
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,775 910 860
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 945,485 468,685 476,800
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,008,760 501,145 507,615
North American Aboriginal origins 161,245 78,215 83,030
First Nations (North American Indian) 122,335 59,430 62,910
Inuit 520 245 275
Métis 45,955 22,235 23,725
Other North American origins 201,245 100,980 100,260
Acadian 575 335 245
American 15,335 7,300 8,035
Canadian 189,165 95,315 93,855
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 335 190 145
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 15 0 20
Québécois 120 50 70
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 165 100 60
European origins 765,170 378,270 386,900
British Isles origins 427,820 210,455 217,365
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 95 75 0
English 251,190 122,145 129,045
Irish 156,655 74,825 81,835
Manx 185 115 70
Scottish 190,450 92,345 98,105
Welsh 17,420 8,375 9,045
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 12,695 6,450 6,250
French origins 122,655 59,520 63,135
Alsatian 25 20 0
Breton 30 15 15
French 122,620 59,495 63,125
Western European origins (except French origins) 329,495 162,445 167,055
Austrian 18,600 9,250 9,345
Belgian 9,400 4,795 4,610
Dutch 34,490 16,570 17,920
Flemish 395 195 200
Frisian 60 30 30
German 288,790 142,120 146,670
Luxembourger 565 340 230
Swiss 4,420 2,345 2,075
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 35 0 25
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 116,490 57,005 59,490
Danish 11,270 5,280 5,985
Finnish 4,470 2,115 2,355
Icelandic 9,015 4,700 4,310
Norwegian 69,490 33,885 35,610
Swedish 32,705 15,915 16,795
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 3,560 1,890 1,675
Eastern European origins 236,315 117,810 118,505
Bulgarian 225 135 95
Byelorussian 190 80 110
Czech 4,945 2,450 2,495
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 3,205 1,600 1,605
Estonian 170 100 65
Hungarian 27,770 14,210 13,560
Latvian 535 265 275
Lithuanian 735 370 365
Moldovan 90 35 55
Polish 58,090 28,135 29,950
Romanian 12,455 6,460 5,995
Russian 38,935 18,975 19,960
Slovak 1,230 560 675
Ukrainian 136,415 68,035 68,375
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 210 95 115
Southern European origins 21,510 10,745 10,765
Albanian 120 90 30
Bosnian 175 95 80
Croatian 1,600 770 825
Cypriot 10 0 0
Greek 2,260 1,175 1,080
Italian 9,535 4,680 4,855
Kosovar 90 0 0
Macedonian 70 55 0
Maltese 195 75 120
Montenegrin 25 10 0
Portuguese 1,125 600 525
Serbian 980 510 470
Sicilian 55 35 20
Slovenian 415 185 235
Spanish 4,580 2,250 2,325
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,065 560 505
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 40 0 30
Other European origins 3,950 1,915 2,030
Basque 25 0 20
Jewish 2,325 1,185 1,135
Roma (Gypsy) 160 20 140
Slavic, n.o.s. 145 50 90
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,300 650 650
Caribbean origins 2,710 1,485 1,220
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 195 85 110
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 130 95 35
Dominican 60 20 40
Grenadian 45 35 0
Haitian 220 100 120
Jamaican 1,320 720 600
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 75 50 25
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 400 245 150
Vincentian/Grenadinian 50 20 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 205 105 100
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 45 30
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,990 2,510 2,480
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 135 55 80
Argentinian 85 40 40
Belizean 30 0 20
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 230 100 135
Chilean 905 455 450
Colombian 520 225 290
Costa Rican 25 15 0
Ecuadorian 40 20 15
Guatemalan 160 105 55
Guyanese 90 35 55
Hispanic 40 35 0
Honduran 55 0 0
Maya 105 0 70
Mexican 1,320 695 625
Nicaraguan 215 155 65
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 80 15 65
Peruvian 105 45 60
Salvadorean 685 355 330
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 85 30 50
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 150 95 50
African origins 8,060 4,355 3,710
Central and West African origins 1,485 865 620
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 25 10 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 220 105 120
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 30 20 0
Ghanaian 295 205 90
Guinean 20 0 0
Ibo 65 35 25
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 20 0 20
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 510 320 195
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 45 25 20
Sierra Leonean 20 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 305 155 150
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 70 30 35
North African origins 1,205 705 500
Algerian 20 0 0
Berber 25 20 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 400 235 165
Libyan 210 105 110
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 135 65 70
Sudanese 440 270 175
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,905 1,445 1,460
Afrikaner 90 20 70
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 120 70 55
Eritrean 340 140 200
Ethiopian 415 185 230
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 45 15 30
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 155 80 75
Oromo 50 0 30
Rwandan 90 40 45
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 535 255 285
South African 800 430 365
Tanzanian 70 60 0
Tigrian 35 25 15
Ugandan 95 35 55
Zambian 85 60 25
Zimbabwean 90 0 55
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 105 40 70
Other African origins 2,640 1,430 1,210
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 385 200 180
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,270 1,235 1,030
Asian origins 55,100 28,140 26,955
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,305 3,260 3,045
Afghan 650 355 295
Arab, n.o.s. 765 310 455
Armenian 170 100 70
Assyrian 170 100 70
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 125 35 95
Iranian 790 435 360
Iraqi 810 370 445
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 110 65 45
Kuwaiti 30 0 20
Lebanese 1,275 640 635
Palestinian 135 65 70
Pashtun 160 75 85
Saudi Arabian 155 120 40
Syrian 445 235 210
Tajik 125 60 60
Tatar 90 35 60
Turk 500 320 185
Uighur 15 10 0
Uzbek 160 0 100
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 295 190 105
South Asian origins 12,620 6,860 5,760
Bangladeshi 630 350 285
Bengali 270 150 125
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 7,825 4,365 3,455
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 65 35 25
Kashmiri 45 20 25
Nepali 440 225 210
Pakistani 3,195 1,620 1,575
Punjabi 570 325 245
Sinhalese 50 30 20
Sri Lankan 195 90 105
Tamil 75 50 25
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 310 165 140
East and Southeast Asian origins 36,350 18,100 18,250
Burmese 505 270 240
Cambodian (Khmer) 380 225 150
Chinese 13,990 6,985 7,005
Filipino 16,710 8,290 8,415
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 185 95 90
Japanese 990 445 540
Korean 1,270 655 610
Laotian 675 285 390
Malaysian 80 45 40
Mongolian 110 65 45
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 110 25 90
Thai 330 185 140
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,775 1,495 1,285
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 690 355 330
Other Asian origins 205 105 95
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 200 105 95
Oceania origins 1,350 750 595
Australian 635 365 275
New Zealander 290 175 115
Pacific Islands origins 435 230 205
Fijian 130 65 65
Hawaiian 85 35 50
Maori 85 45 40
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 115 75 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 30 20 10
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,008,760 501,150 507,610
Buddhist 4,265 2,060 2,205
Christian 726,920 347,455 379,465
Anglican 54,645 25,810 28,840
Baptist 16,270 7,780 8,495
Catholic 297,860 145,055 152,805
Christian Orthodox 12,140 5,795 6,340
Lutheran 63,765 29,435 34,325
Pentecostal 16,215 7,555 8,665
Presbyterian 7,990 3,765 4,225
United Church 134,835 61,825 73,010
Other Christian 123,195 60,430 62,765
Hindu 3,570 1,985 1,580
Jewish 940 535 410
Muslim 10,040 5,150 4,890
Sikh 1,650 935 715
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 12,240 6,195 6,045
Other religions 2,810 1,295 1,525
No religious affiliation 246,305 135,535 110,775
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,008,760 501,145 507,610
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 157,740 75,845 81,895
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 103,205 50,170 53,040
Métis single identity 52,450 24,780 27,670
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 290 145 145
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 675 250 420
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,120 500 620
Non-Aboriginal identity 851,020 425,305 425,715
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,008,760 501,150 507,610
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 97,825 47,340 50,490
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 910,935 453,810 457,120
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,008,760 501,145 507,610
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 161,240 78,215 83,030
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 122,340 59,430 62,910
Métis ancestry 45,960 22,230 23,725
Inuit ancestry 520 250 275
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 847,515 422,935 424,580
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 145,450 71,370 74,080
Aboriginal languages 38,870 19,085 19,785
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 35 30 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 27,875 13,740 14,135
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,490 720 775
Oji-Cree 20 10 0
Carrier 15 0 10
Dene 8,865 4,380 4,485
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 10 0 0
Inuktitut 35 0 35
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 1,040 490 555
Non-Aboriginal languages 106,735 52,365 54,365
Italian 1,125 585 535
Portuguese 630 310 320
Romanian 890 450 440
Spanish 7,835 3,810 4,030
Dutch 1,675 850 820
Flemish 80 15 60
German 21,045 10,165 10,885
Yiddish 40 0 0
Danish 450 275 180
Norwegian 650 265 385
Swedish 370 185 190
Afrikaans 880 410 470
Gaelic languages 125 70 55
Bosnian 270 135 135
Bulgarian 45 30 15
Croatian 305 165 135
Czech 245 105 135
Macedonian 25 0 0
Polish 2,305 960 1,345
Russian 3,605 1,860 1,745
Serbian 560 260 295
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 45
Slovak 165 110 50
Slovenian 70 20 50
Ukrainian 15,415 6,930 8,480
Latvian 50 30 20
Lithuanian 15 0 0
Greek 1,185 610 575
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 165 80 85
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 280 150 130
Hungarian 1,675 880 795
Turkish 190 95 95
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 140 55 85
Somali 540 250 295
Amharic 430 165 255
Arabic 2,590 1,355 1,240
Hebrew 435 250 185
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 290 130 165
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 410 160 245
Bengali 1,145 620 515
Gujarati 765 450 310
Hindi 3,310 2,030 1,285
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 55 30 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 3,250 1,880 1,375
Sindhi 95 60 35
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70
Urdu 4,290 2,205 2,085
Nepali 490 260 225
Kurdish 110 60 45
Pashto 530 315 220
Persian (Farsi) 1,000 485 515
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 130 100
Kannada 165 85 80
Malayalam 185 125 65
Tamil 335 225 105
Telugu 165 120 50
Japanese 740 390 345
Korean 1,185 635 545
Cantonese 2,440 1,190 1,250
Fukien 40 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,445 1,215 1,230
Taiwanese 85 30 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,970 2,545 2,430
Lao 365 175 185
Thai 280 120 155
Khmer (Cambodian) 275 175 95
Vietnamese 2,245 1,080 1,165
Bisayan languages 1,110 420 690
Ilocano 410 175 240
Malay 205 115 90
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 14,440 7,075 7,365
Akan (Twi) 135 115 25
Lingala 105 80 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 115 45 65
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 535 305 230
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 245 140 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 445 250 195
African languages, n.i.e. 215 160 50
Creoles 250 120 130
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,815 1,805 2,015
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 994,835 493,815 501,025
Non-movers 859,950 426,450 433,500
Movers 134,885 67,365 67,525
Non-migrants 78,560 38,990 39,570
Migrants 56,325 28,375 27,950
Internal migrants 48,545 24,520 24,030
Intraprovincial migrants 33,140 16,560 16,585
Interprovincial migrants 15,405 7,960 7,445
External migrants 7,780 3,855 3,925
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 940,765 466,115 474,650
Non-movers 576,495 285,575 290,925
Movers 364,265 180,540 183,725
Non-migrants 181,415 89,155 92,260
Migrants 182,850 91,385 91,460
Internal migrants 152,560 75,455 77,110
Intraprovincial migrants 93,570 45,345 48,225
Interprovincial migrants 58,990 30,110 28,885
External migrants 30,290 15,935 14,355
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 812,505 400,965 411,540
No certificate, diploma or degree 200,430 106,880 93,550
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 228,755 115,075 113,680
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 383,320 179,010 204,310
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 98,820 65,090 33,730
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 127,295 44,805 82,490
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 32,780 12,735 20,040
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 124,425 56,380 68,045
Bachelor's degree 90,720 38,930 51,785
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 33,705 17,445 16,260
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 529,480 263,195 266,285
No certificate, diploma or degree 81,560 47,270 34,290
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 144,475 74,645 69,830
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 303,440 141,280 162,160
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 74,845 49,715 25,135
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 100,900 36,205 64,700
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 23,750 9,690 14,060
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 103,935 45,675 58,260
Bachelor's degree 76,060 32,150 43,910
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 27,875 13,525 14,350
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 812,500 400,965 411,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 429,180 221,950 207,225
Education 43,070 11,690 31,380
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,345 4,025 4,325
Humanities 14,335 6,770 7,565
Social and behavioural sciences and law 25,200 8,485 16,710
Business, management and public administration 79,105 22,840 56,260
Physical and life sciences and technologies 9,705 5,100 4,605
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 10,570 5,875 4,690
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 83,865 78,925 4,935
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 15,075 11,550 3,525
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 66,670 10,870 55,800
Personal, protective and transportation services 27,370 12,880 14,490
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 812,500 400,965 411,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 429,180 221,955 207,225
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 383,320 179,010 204,310
Location of study inside Canada 351,095 161,990 189,100
Same as province or territory of residence 285,740 129,995 155,740
Another province or territory 65,355 31,995 33,360
Location of study outside Canada 32,230 17,020 15,205
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 603,920 318,520 285,400
Single responses 602,335 317,780 284,550
English 597,070 315,370 281,700
French 1,900 595 1,305
Non-official languages 3,365 1,820 1,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 360 230 140
Cantonese 145 75 65
Panjabi (Punjabi) 55 20 30
Mandarin 120 80 35
Spanish 150 135 15
Korean 60 20 35
German 335 120 215
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 1,190 665 525
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 950 475 480
Multiple responses 1,585 735 850
English and French 375 195 185
English and non-official language 1,190 545 650
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 603,920 318,520 285,400
English 597,065 315,370 281,700
French 1,900 595 1,305
Non-official language 3,370 1,825 1,545
Aboriginal 1,530 845 690
Non-Aboriginal 1,835 975 860
English and French 375 195 185
English and non-official language 1,190 545 645
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 812,505 400,960 411,540
In the labour force 562,310 300,420 261,885
Employed 529,100 282,565 246,530
Unemployed 33,210 17,850 15,355
Not in the labour force 250,190 100,545 149,650
Participation rate 69.2 74.9 63.6
Employment rate 65.1 70.5 59.9
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.9 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 562,305 300,420 261,885
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 7,595 3,700 3,895
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 554,710 296,720 257,995
Employee 472,935 242,160 230,775
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 81,785 54,560 27,220
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 562,310 300,420 261,890
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,595 3,700 3,895
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 554,715 296,720 257,990
0 Management occupations 81,235 54,370 26,860
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 80,645 20,530 60,110
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 26,280 20,525 5,750
3 Health occupations 38,800 6,145 32,660
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 62,310 20,645 41,665
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 10,000 3,950 6,045
6 Sales and service occupations 118,755 47,770 70,980
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 94,870 89,055 5,810
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 26,390 20,960 5,430
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 15,445 12,760 2,685
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 562,310 300,420 261,885
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,590 3,700 3,895
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 554,715 296,720 257,990
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 51,360 37,210 14,150
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 22,985 19,940 3,045
22 Utilities 5,330 3,810 1,520
23 Construction 42,975 38,140 4,830
31-33 Manufacturing 26,460 21,000 5,460
41 Wholesale trade 21,135 15,950 5,185
44-45 Retail trade 60,940 28,545 32,395
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 25,390 19,460 5,930
51 Information and cultural industries 10,900 5,390 5,510
52 Finance and insurance 21,120 6,425 14,695
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 7,445 4,140 3,305
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 23,520 12,180 11,345
55 Management of companies and enterprises 575 240 330
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 13,425 7,390 6,035
61 Educational services 43,995 14,600 29,400
62 Health care and social assistance 65,450 9,635 55,815
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 9,825 5,035 4,795
72 Accommodation and food services 34,085 12,620 21,460
81 Other services (except public administration) 25,445 12,695 12,750
91 Public administration 42,335 22,310 20,025
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 562,305 300,420 261,890
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 23,035 11,045 11,990
Worked in 2010 539,270 289,375 249,900
1 to 13 weeks 25,725 12,520 13,205
14 to 26 weeks 43,760 22,245 21,520
27 to 39 weeks 34,075 17,560 16,515
40 to 48 weeks 79,665 41,270 38,400
49 to 52 weeks 356,040 195,780 160,260
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.3 44.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 562,310 300,420 261,885
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 23,035 11,045 11,990
Worked in 2010 539,275 289,380 249,900
Worked full-time in 2010 435,700 254,295 181,400
Worked part-time in 2010 103,570 35,080 68,495
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 529,095 282,565 246,530
Worked at home 59,365 35,590 23,770
Worked outside Canada 655 455 200
No fixed workplace address 64,710 52,585 12,130
Worked at usual place 404,365 193,940 210,430
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 469,080 246,525 222,555
Car, truck or van - as a driver 382,000 206,540 175,460
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 28,715 12,025 16,695
Public transit 12,990 5,475 7,515
Walked 31,480 13,285 18,200
Bicycle 5,705 3,970 1,735
Other methods 8,185 5,235 2,950
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 469,080 246,520 222,555
Median commuting duration 15.2 15.4 13.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 469,080 246,520 222,555
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 115,700 77,705 37,995
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 276,235 131,400 144,840
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 77,145 37,420 39,725
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 409,570 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 365,805 ... ...
Major repairs needed 43,765 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 409,570 ... ...
1960 or before 108,390 ... ...
1961 to 1980 154,185 ... ...
1981 to 1990 68,215 ... ...
1991 to 2000 32,570 ... ...
2001 to 2005 18,505 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 27,705 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 409,570 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 83,240 ... ...
5 rooms 64,490 ... ...
6 rooms 60,270 ... ...
7 rooms 54,955 ... ...
8 or more rooms 146,615 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 409,575 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 43,765 ... ...
2 bedrooms 89,450 ... ...
3 bedrooms 143,620 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 132,735 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 409,570 ... ...
Owner 297,235 ... ...
Renter 100,995 ... ...
Band housing 11,345 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 409,575 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 33,350 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 376,225 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 409,575 ... ...
1 household maintainer 249,820 ... ...
2 household maintainers 152,600 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 7,155 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 409,575 ... ...
Under 25 years 19,915 ... ...
25 to 34 years 65,005 ... ...
35 to 44 years 66,040 ... ...
45 to 54 years 85,850 ... ...
55 to 64 years 74,205 ... ...
65 to 74 years 46,770 ... ...
75 years and over 51,790 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 409,575 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 401,105 ... ...
More than one person per room 8,470 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 409,575 ... ...
Suitable 388,855 ... ...
Not suitable 20,720 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 371,735 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 296,080 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 75,655 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 63,100 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 273,345 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 751 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 943 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,347 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 267,006 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 99,410 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 23.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 793 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 837 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 812,500 400,965 411,535
Without income 36,305 16,230 20,070
With income 776,195 384,730 391,470
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 71,795 36,770 35,025
$5,000 to $9,999 53,605 19,225 34,380
$10,000 to $14,999 62,920 23,140 39,780
$15,000 to $19,999 75,270 28,565 46,705
$20,000 to $29,999 108,765 45,025 63,745
$30,000 to $39,999 100,155 46,150 54,010
$40,000 to $49,999 81,730 42,655 39,075
$50,000 to $59,999 58,995 33,030 25,965
$60,000 to $79,999 77,820 48,665 29,155
$80,000 to $99,999 40,360 26,490 13,865
$100,000 and over 44,775 35,020 9,755
$100,000 to $124,999 23,430 17,835 5,595
$125,000 and over 21,345 17,185 4,165
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,408 38,498 25,823
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,798 48,611 33,119
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 812,500 400,965 411,535
Without after-tax income 36,360 16,210 20,145
With after-tax income 776,145 384,750 391,395
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 72,990 37,085 35,905
$5,000 to $9,999 54,505 19,405 35,105
$10,000 to $14,999 64,845 24,200 40,640
$15,000 to $19,999 80,750 30,800 49,955
$20,000 to $29,999 130,235 55,085 75,150
$30,000 to $39,999 119,525 59,315 60,205
$40,000 to $49,999 89,080 49,140 39,940
$50,000 to $59,999 58,725 36,525 22,200
$60,000 to $79,999 64,575 41,465 23,120
$80,000 to $99,999 23,205 17,695 5,500
$100,000 and over 17,715 14,035 3,680
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,792 34,285 24,274
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,327 39,911 28,839
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.5 92.0 83.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 75.6 79.5 70.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.3 72.9 66.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.4 6.6 3.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.4 5.2 5.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.7 5.7 5.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.7 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.5 8.0 16.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.5 3.0 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.3 4.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.0 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.1 3.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.5 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.9 17.9 12.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.1 82.1 87.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.4 2.6 2.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 308,255 179,210 129,040
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,304 51,686 40,722
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,827 60,925 46,358
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 282,355 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,448 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,877 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,046 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,161 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 117,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,853 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,287 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,393 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,135 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 117,435 ... ...
Median family income ($) 99,286 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,986 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,102 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 93,336 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 38,675 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,003 ... ...
Average family income ($) 51,309 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,176 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,835 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 153,515 76,070 77,445
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,182 33,712 25,294
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,295 41,521 33,144
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,652 29,918 24,036
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,633 34,438 28,879
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,008,760 501,145 507,615
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 508,210 242,245 265,960
In bottom decile 111,430 54,180 57,245
In second decile 107,085 46,680 60,405
In third decile 100,405 48,245 52,170
In fourth decile 95,295 46,450 48,840
In fifth decile 93,990 46,690 47,295
In top half of the Canadian distribution 500,550 258,900 241,650
In sixth decile 97,660 49,330 48,330
In seventh decile 100,155 51,070 49,085
In eighth decile 104,805 54,110 50,695
In ninth decile 101,490 53,105 48,380
In top decile 96,445 51,290 45,155
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 409,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,255 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,110 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 26,425 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 36,770 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 38,910 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 36,000 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,020 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 57,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 44,980 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 40,505 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 26,620 ... ...
$150,000 and over 40,990 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 409,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,505 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,170 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,145 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 27,150 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 42,130 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 44,775 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 43,125 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 38,785 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 65,155 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 46,585 ... ...
$100,000 and over 73,045 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 35,530 ... ...
$125,000 and over 37,515 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 409,575 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,703 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,317 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,628 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,050 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 114,600 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,239 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,332 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,592 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,268 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 294,975 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,910 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 92,075 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,384 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,399 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 952,135 472,515 479,620
Less than 18 years 214,220 110,010 104,210
Less than 6 years 71,370 36,710 34,665
18 to 64 years 599,035 299,580 299,455
65 years and over 138,880 62,925 75,955
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 133,060 60,125 72,935
Less than 18 years 38,035 19,530 18,510
Less than 6 years 14,755 7,455 7,300
18 to 64 years 72,660 33,490 39,170
65 years and over 22,365 7,105 15,255
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.0 12.7 15.2
Less than 18 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.8
Less than 6 years (%) 20.7 20.3 21.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.1 11.2 13.1
65 years and over (%) 16.1 11.3 20.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saskatchewan (Code 47) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saskatchewan

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 29.3%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Saskatchewan. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

(Province)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,033,381  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 968,157  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 460,512 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 409,645 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 588,239.21 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,033,380 511,555 521,825
0 to 4 years 68,760 35,070 33,690
5 to 9 years 63,350 32,480 30,865
10 to 14 years 65,750 33,465 32,285
15 to 19 years 71,760 36,870 34,885
15 years 13,910 7,140 6,765
16 years 14,465 7,390 7,075
17 years 14,405 7,425 6,985
18 years 14,540 7,505 7,040
19 years 14,430 7,420 7,015
20 to 24 years 72,610 37,135 35,470
25 to 29 years 70,395 35,510 34,885
30 to 34 years 65,340 32,750 32,590
35 to 39 years 61,150 30,265 30,880
40 to 44 years 61,475 30,550 30,920
45 to 49 years 74,630 36,820 37,810
50 to 54 years 77,480 38,855 38,625
55 to 59 years 70,050 35,185 34,865
60 to 64 years 56,945 28,305 28,645
65 to 69 years 41,500 20,445 21,055
70 to 74 years 33,820 16,050 17,770
75 to 79 years 28,950 13,200 15,750
80 to 84 years 23,955 10,165 13,795
85 years and over 25,475 8,435 17,035
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.2 37.0 39.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.9 80.3 81.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 835,525 410,545 424,980
Married or living with a common-law partner 487,980 244,485 243,495
Married (and not separated) 416,355 208,700 207,655
Living common law 71,630 35,785 35,845
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 347,535 166,055 181,480
Single (never legally married) 232,160 128,325 103,835
Separated 18,210 8,220 9,990
Divorced 43,665 19,500 24,170
Widowed 53,500 10,015 43,490
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 285,370 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 148,805 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 55,360 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 51,115 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 30,095 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 285,375 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 238,550 ... ...
Married couples 202,765 ... ...
Without children at home 102,740 ... ...
With children at home 100,030 ... ...
1 child 35,570 ... ...
2 children 41,100 ... ...
3 or more children 23,360 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,780 ... ...
Without children at home 19,585 ... ...
With children at home 16,200 ... ...
1 child 7,070 ... ...
2 children 5,180 ... ...
3 or more children 3,945 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 46,825 ... ...
Female parent 36,215 ... ...
1 child 19,685 ... ...
2 children 10,105 ... ...
3 or more children 6,430 ... ...
Male parent 10,605 ... ...
1 child 6,795 ... ...
2 children 2,615 ... ...
3 or more children 1,195 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 308,835 ... ...
Under six years of age 79,470 ... ...
6 to 14 years 112,695 ... ...
15 to 17 years 39,820 ... ...
18 to 24 years 54,525 ... ...
25 years and over 22,335 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,009,040 500,680 508,360
Number of persons not in census families 176,280 87,630 88,650
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 23,550 12,035 11,510
Living with non-relatives only 38,345 22,810 15,535
Living alone 114,385 52,780 61,605
Number of census family persons 832,755 413,050 419,710
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 141,370 64,460 76,910
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 50,190 14,780 35,415
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,395 1,115 2,285
Living with non-relatives only 1,930 970 960
Living alone 44,870 12,700 32,170
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 91,180 49,685 41,495
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 409,645 ... ...
Census-family households 277,880 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 255,670 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 221,710 ... ...
Without children 114,595 ... ...
With children 107,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 33,960 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 22,205 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 15,220 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 9,145 ... ...
Without children 3,970 ... ...
With children 5,175 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,075 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 6,990 ... ...
Non-census-family households 131,765 ... ...
One-person households 114,385 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 17,380 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 409,645 ... ...
Single-detached house 303,250 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,830 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 8,805 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 86,755 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,945 ... ...
Row house 14,370 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 7,090 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 52,655 ... ...
Other single-attached house 700 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 409,645 ... ...
1 person 114,385 ... ...
2 persons 146,850 ... ...
3 persons 57,410 ... ...
4 persons 53,070 ... ...
5 persons 23,455 ... ...
6 or more persons 14,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,009,040 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,018,310 505,085 513,230
  Single responses  1,005,810 499,115 506,695
    English  860,500 428,115 432,385
    French  16,280 7,760 8,525
    Non-official languages  129,035 63,245 65,785
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30,895 15,105 15,790
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  21,950 10,765 11,190
        Dene  7,955 3,900 4,055
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  20 0 15
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  950 430 520
        Oji-Cree  5 5 0
        Stoney  5 5 5
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 96,540 47,370 49,165
        African languages, n.i.e 420 235 185
        Afrikaans  740 375 360
        Akan (Twi)  105 60 45
        Albanian  175 90 90
        Amharic  215 110 110
        Arabic  2,045 1,150 900
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 180 100 80
        Bengali  1,310 725 580
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 5 0
        Bisayan languages  620 245 375
        Bosnian  235 115 125
        Bulgarian  45 25 25
        Burmese  160 100 60
        Cantonese  1,725 835 890
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,375 2,685 2,690
        Creoles  80 50 35
        Croatian  315 155 165
        Czech  270 130 145
        Danish  310 175 135
        Dutch  1,550 750 805
        Estonian  15 5 15
        Finnish  205 85 120
        Flemish  75 30 45
        Fukien  15 10 5
        German  25,415 12,200 13,215
        Greek  835 435 395
        Gujarati  700 430 265
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  50 25 25
        Hindi  840 505 330
        Hungarian  1,665 845 815
        Ilocano  345 150 200
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 155 90 70
        Italian  730 385 345
        Japanese  275 95 185
        Khmer (Cambodian)  120 60 65
        Korean  1,230 595 630
        Kurdish  100 60 40
        Lao  325 170 160
        Latvian  60 30 30
        Lingala  15 10 5
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  25 15 15
        Malay  80 25 50
        Malayalam  200 105 95
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  1,425 710 715
        Marathi  70 35 35
        Nepali  325 170 160
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 150 145
        Norwegian  540 240 300
        Oromo  160 95 70
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,105 1,225 885
        Pashto  275 155 120
        Persian (Farsi)  1,010 550 465
        Polish  1,910 885 1,025
        Portuguese  475 215 260
        Romanian  855 415 440
        Rundi (Kirundi)  55 30 25
        Russian  2,355 1,125 1,225
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 25 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 480 245 235
        Serbian  435 215 220
        Serbo-Croatian  135 70 65
        Shanghainese  15 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 120 70 45
        Sindhi  60 35 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  175 90 85
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 595 300 300
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 330 170 165
        Slovak  140 80 60
        Slovenian  80 45 35
        Somali  435 205 230
        Spanish  3,230 1,645 1,585
        Swahili  230 125 105
        Swedish  245 100 145
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  9,260 4,365 4,900
        Taiwanese  45 15 25
        Tamil  275 170 110
        Telugu  160 95 65
        Thai  120 50 70
        Tibetan languages  10 10 5
        Tigrigna  350 165 185
        Turkish  180 95 85
        Ukrainian  13,150 5,915 7,230
        Urdu  3,215 1,715 1,500
        Vietnamese  1,745 860 890
        Yiddish  15 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,600 770 830
  Multiple responses          12,500 5,970 6,530
    English and French  1,730 805 920
    English and non-official language  9,850 4,720 5,125
    French and non-official language  750 360 390
    English, French and non-official language 175 75 95
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,018,315 505,085 513,230
  English only 965,920 481,535 484,390
  French only 430 195 235
  English and French 46,570 20,855 25,715
  Neither English nor French 5,395 2,505 2,885
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,018,310 505,085 513,225
  English 998,300 495,535 502,765
  French 13,710 6,595 7,115
  English and French 1,160 595 570
  Neither English nor French 5,145 2,360 2,780
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 14,290 6,890 7,400
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,018,310 505,085 513,225
  Single responses 1,001,705 497,005 504,700
    English 938,170 465,005 473,170
    French 4,295 1,990 2,305
    Non-official languages 59,240 30,005 29,230
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 17,360 8,785 8,565
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10,970 5,605 5,365
        Dene 6,205 3,105 3,095
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
        Ojibway 175 70 100
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 41,330 20,945 20,390
        African languages, n.i.e. 180 100 80
        Afrikaans 470 240 235
        Akan (Twi) 30 15 15
        Albanian 130 60 65
        Amharic 110 50 60
        Arabic 1,380 735 640
        Armenian 5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
        Bengali 1,000 535 465
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 275 125 145
        Bosnian 120 60 55
        Bulgarian 15 10 10
        Burmese 125 70 55
        Cantonese 1,065 505 560
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,690 1,830 1,860
        Creoles 30 20 10
        Croatian 80 35 40
        Czech 30 15 15
        Danish 20 10 5
        Dutch 150 80 70
        Estonian 5 0 5
        Finnish 25 15 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 10 10 5
        German 7,925 3,880 4,040
        Greek 290 140 155
        Gujarati 385 230 155
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 30 15 15
        Hindi 470 265 205
        Hungarian 205 105 105
        Ilocano 110 55 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 50 40
        Italian 145 70 75
        Japanese 110 40 70
        Khmer (Cambodian) 50 20 25
        Korean 955 475 480
        Kurdish 40 25 15
        Lao 155 85 70
        Latvian 35 20 15
        Lingala 15 10 5
        Lithuanian 0 5 0
        Macedonian 15 5 10
        Malay 15 5 10
        Malayalam 105 50 55
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,100 575 525
        Marathi 30 15 15
        Nepali 250 130 120
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35
        Norwegian 10 5 10
        Oromo 100 55 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,305 745 560
        Pashto 150 80 65
        Persian (Farsi) 655 340 315
        Polish 325 155 175
        Portuguese 150 70 80
        Romanian 310 145 165
        Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10
        Russian 1,290 660 630
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 375 190 190
        Serbian 300 145 155
        Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30
        Shanghainese 5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 95 90
        Sindhi 40 25 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 535 280 255
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 235 125 110
        Slovak 20 15 10
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 315 140 180
        Spanish 1,590 845 745
        Swahili 125 65 55
        Swedish 15 10 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,645 2,810 2,840
        Taiwanese 15 10 10
        Tamil 115 70 45
        Telugu 90 55 35
        Thai 50 25 25
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 190 85 100
        Turkish 125 65 60
        Ukrainian 1,635 800 835
        Urdu 2,405 1,275 1,130
        Vietnamese 1,270 640 635
        Yiddish 0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 550 275 275
  Multiple responses         16,610 8,085 8,525
    English and French 855 400 460
    English and non-official language 15,360 7,500 7,860
    French and non-official language 205 110 95
    English, French and non-official language 185 75 110
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,018,310 505,085 513,225
  None 939,390 466,505 472,885
  Single responses  77,380 37,800 39,580
    English  29,695 15,050 14,645
    French  8,320 3,635 4,685
    Non-official languages  39,370 19,120 20,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 12,375 5,935 6,440
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10,020 4,810 5,210
        Dene  1,875 895 975
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  455 225 230
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5
        Stoney  5 0 5
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 26,080 12,750 13,325
        African languages, n.i.e 145 85 70
        Afrikaans  270 140 125
        Akan (Twi)  50 25 25
        Albanian  30 15 15
        Amharic  55 40 20
        Arabic  750 430 320
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 130 70 60
        Bengali  200 115 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  150 55 95
        Bosnian  80 35 50
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  45 30 15
        Cantonese  545 290 255
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,115 570 545
        Creoles  75 35 40
        Croatian  100 50 50
        Czech  55 25 30
        Danish  80 45 35
        Dutch  445 215 225
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  65 25 35
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  4,650 2,275 2,375
        Greek  510 265 250
        Gujarati  170 110 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  70 35 35
        Hindi  540 325 215
        Hungarian  395 200 200
        Ilocano  85 25 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Italian  265 145 120
        Japanese  200 95 100
        Khmer (Cambodian)  50 25 30
        Korean  210 105 110
        Kurdish  45 20 20
        Lao  85 50 35
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  30 15 20
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  50 25 20
        Malayalam  55 35 25
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  320 145 170
        Marathi  25 15 15
        Nepali  30 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 310 155 155
        Norwegian  95 35 60
        Oromo  20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  625 370 255
        Pashto  60 35 20
        Persian (Farsi)  240 140 105
        Polish  465 205 265
        Portuguese  215 95 115
        Romanian  200 100 95
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 15 15
        Russian  665 315 350
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 15 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 115 60 55
        Serbian  105 50 50
        Serbo-Croatian  40 20 15
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 190 95 95
        Sindhi  10 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  60 30 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 45 20 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Slovak  30 20 10
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  70 40 25
        Spanish  1,865 915 955
        Swahili  120 65 55
        Swedish  65 30 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,325 1,020 1,305
        Taiwanese  20 5 15
        Tamil  115 65 45
        Telugu  70 45 25
        Thai  60 25 40
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  105 45 60
        Turkish  50 25 20
        Ukrainian  4,225 1,805 2,420
        Urdu  700 370 335
        Vietnamese  395 195 205
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 915 430 485
  Multiple responses          1,540 775 765
    English and French  115 60 55
    English and non-official language  495 265 235
    French and non-official language  920 445 475
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saskatchewan (Code 47) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Saskatchewan

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Saskatchewan

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Saskatchewan (Province)

  • Canada
    • Saskatchewan (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Saskatchewan