NHS Profile, Québec, CMA, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data

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NHS data, Québec, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 746,685 365,225 381,460
Canadian citizens 731,450 357,590 373,860
Canadian citizens aged under 18 134,620 68,475 66,150
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 596,830 289,120 307,715
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,235 7,630 7,600
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 746,685 365,225 381,460
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 710,750 346,890 363,855
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 32,875 16,675 16,200
Before 1971 3,340 1,960 1,375
1971 to 1980 2,685 1,615 1,070
1981 to 1990 3,550 1,860 1,690
1991 to 2000 5,810 2,755 3,055
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,490 8,485 9,005
2001 to 2005 6,825 3,360 3,460
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,665 5,120 5,540
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,060 1,655 1,405
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 32,880 16,680 16,200
Under 5 years 5,265 2,400 2,860
5 to 14 years 5,360 2,720 2,645
15 to 24 years 5,290 2,760 2,530
25 to 44 years 15,245 7,960 7,285
45 years and over 1,715 830 880
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 746,685 365,225 381,465
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 710,750 346,895 363,860
Born in province of residence 696,080 339,625 356,460
Born outside province of residence 14,670 7,270 7,400
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 32,880 16,675 16,200
Americas 8,020 3,850 4,165
United States 1,210 560 645
Jamaica 30 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 725 345 380
Mexico 660 255 405
Trinidad and Tobago 10 0 0
Colombia 2,570 1,220 1,350
El Salvador 310 160 150
Peru 345 135 205
Chile 435 225 205
Other places of birth in Americas 1,715 915 800
Europe 12,795 6,805 5,980
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 280 180 100
Italy 410 230 180
Germany 750 360 385
Poland 190 85 105
Portugal 370 165 210
Netherlands 65 35 30
France 6,485 3,530 2,955
Romania 675 320 355
Russian Federation 310 155 155
Greece 65 35 25
Ukraine 160 60 105
Croatia 70 50 25
Hungary 55 20 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 750 360 390
Serbia 65 35 25
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 2,055 1,170 885
Africa 6,980 4,025 2,950
Morocco 1,455 870 585
Algeria 1,215 685 535
Egypt 185 120 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 20 15
Other places of birth in Africa 4,070 2,335 1,735
Asia 5,045 1,965 3,075
India 115 70 40
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,710 320 1,390
Philippines 100 40 55
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 0 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 625 320 310
Pakistan 30 0 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 150 85 70
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 135 90 45
Lebanon 325 165 155
Taiwan 80 40 35
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 75 15 65
Afghanistan 50 25 20
Japan 130 35 95
Turkey 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 1,450 715 735
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 25 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 40 20 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,060 1,655 1,405
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,665 5,120 5,540
Americas 3,170 1,495 1,680
United States 95 55 30
Mexico 280 115 170
Cuba 140 75 55
Haiti 145 60 90
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 485 270 220
Colombia 1,540 685 855
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 90 40 50
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 25 0
Other places of birth in Americas 355 165 190
Europe 2,910 1,395 1,510
France 1,955 965 995
Germany 60 20 35
Poland 20 0 15
Romania 170 70 100
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 40 25 15
Russian Federation 130 55 75
Ukraine 65 35 35
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 35 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 435 205 230
Africa 3,110 1,635 1,470
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 35 0 25
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 385 175 210
Egypt 30 25 0
Morocco 595 330 260
Tunisia 310 190 120
Cameroon 280 140 135
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 170 65 110
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,305 705 600
Asia 1,460 585 870
Philippines 20 15 10
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 335 50 290
India 20 0 0
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 70 35 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 15 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 15 60
Lebanon 55 0 30
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 110 50 60
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 50 0 40
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 195 105 90
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 440 230 210
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 10
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 746,690 365,225 381,460
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 37,400 19,005 18,390
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 22,620 11,380 11,235
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 686,665 334,835 351,830
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 746,685 365,220 381,460
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 23,365 11,625 11,740
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 930 480 455
Chinese 2,445 725 1,715
Black 6,495 3,360 3,135
Filipino 130 55 75
Latin American 5,585 2,725 2,860
Arab 4,150 2,400 1,745
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,180 1,095 1,080
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 270 130 145
Korean 205 135 75
Japanese 250 115 135
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 300 180 120
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 420 225 200
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 723,320 353,600 369,725
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 746,685 365,225 381,460
North American Aboriginal origins 20,665 9,565 11,100
First Nations (North American Indian) 18,210 8,415 9,790
Inuit 285 120 165
Métis 2,505 1,210 1,300
Other North American origins 548,420 266,065 282,355
Acadian 3,600 1,645 1,950
American 3,005 1,360 1,645
Canadian 525,920 255,155 270,765
New Brunswicker 105 35 70
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 15 0 0
Ontarian 45 0 40
Québécois 21,590 10,665 10,925
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 319,870 158,730 161,135
British Isles origins 56,180 27,280 28,905
Channel Islander 110 80 35
Cornish 0 0 0
English 10,880 5,420 5,465
Irish 38,300 18,305 19,995
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 13,165 6,400 6,770
Welsh 245 120 120
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 925 480 445
French origins 270,055 134,490 135,560
Alsatian 100 45 60
Breton 1,930 1,060 870
French 268,595 133,720 134,880
Western European origins (except French origins) 15,390 7,500 7,890
Austrian 315 160 155
Belgian 3,700 1,780 1,920
Dutch 1,080 535 545
Flemish 160 80 80
Frisian 0 0 0
German 9,160 4,410 4,745
Luxembourger 70 50 20
Swiss 1,530 820 715
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 105 65 40
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,170 570 605
Danish 220 135 85
Finnish 130 55 75
Icelandic 30 0 20
Norwegian 475 230 240
Swedish 220 95 130
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 125 50 75
Eastern European origins 5,725 2,840 2,885
Bulgarian 175 95 75
Byelorussian 85 0 60
Czech 270 135 130
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 60 25 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 830 365 465
Latvian 115 0 0
Lithuanian 95 35 60
Moldovan 40 30 10
Polish 1,750 910 845
Romanian 1,000 460 540
Russian 885 435 450
Slovak 210 140 65
Ukrainian 745 365 385
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 15,340 7,375 7,960
Albanian 360 200 160
Bosnian 630 280 345
Croatian 265 145 120
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 625 300 320
Italian 7,950 3,865 4,085
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 10 0 10
Maltese 35 20 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,080 985 1,095
Serbian 295 180 110
Sicilian 40 0 25
Slovenian 20 15 0
Spanish 3,780 1,830 1,945
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 160 90 75
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,095 510 585
Basque 290 135 155
Jewish 405 210 195
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 400 165 235
Caribbean origins 2,265 1,095 1,170
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 20 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 215 140 80
Dominican 145 80 65
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,520 725 795
Jamaican 135 60 80
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 90 45 45
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 0 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 125 45 80
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,920 3,310 3,615
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 280 105 180
Argentinian 85 50 40
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 85 30 60
Brazilian 505 295 210
Chilean 585 290 285
Colombian 2,785 1,300 1,485
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 70 40 25
Guatemalan 215 145 65
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 40 0 30
Honduran 60 25 35
Maya 85 40 45
Mexican 1,005 440 565
Nicaraguan 40 15 25
Panamanian 25 20 0
Paraguayan 30 0 25
Peruvian 380 165 210
Salvadorean 615 300 315
Uruguayan 30 0 30
Venezuelan 95 65 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 120 80 45
African origins 10,085 5,545 4,535
Central and West African origins 2,890 1,555 1,335
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 115 75 35
Burkinabe 30 15 15
Cameroonian 555 305 250
Chadian 30 15 20
Congolese 655 345 310
Gabonese 115 65 55
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 15 0
Guinean 75 30 45
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 315 165 155
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 140 80 60
Nigerian 110 40 65
Peulh 30 25 0
Senegalese 475 250 225
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 210 135 85
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 250 135 115
North African origins 4,940 2,730 2,205
Algerian 1,165 640 525
Berber 695 405 290
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 370 190 180
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 40 20 20
Moroccan 1,820 930 890
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 1,000 600 400
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 180 90 90
Southern and East African origins 1,435 765 665
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 0 30
Burundian 490 290 205
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 25 0 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 245 125 115
Mauritian 65 40 25
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 390 205 185
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 25 0 15
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 20 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 155 85 75
Other African origins 1,160 630 530
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 80 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,090 570 520
Asian origins 10,730 4,985 5,740
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,840 2,055 1,780
Afghan 85 40 40
Arab, n.o.s. 1,470 850 620
Armenian 315 130 180
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 265 130 130
Iraqi 15 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,235 655 575
Palestinian 45 30 15
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 300 160 145
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 130 60 70
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 25 15 0
South Asian origins 970 500 465
Bangladeshi 20 0 15
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 505 280 225
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 300 150 150
Pakistani 50 25 25
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 145 75 70
East and Southeast Asian origins 5,935 2,435 3,500
Burmese 120 65 50
Cambodian (Khmer) 695 330 365
Chinese 3,005 1,010 2,000
Filipino 155 60 100
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 35 20 20
Japanese 295 115 175
Korean 215 145 70
Laotian 170 90 85
Malaysian 70 25 40
Mongolian 25 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 30 20 10
Thai 170 80 90
Tibetan 25 0 0
Vietnamese 1,210 635 575
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 105 30 70
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 140 85 60
Australian 85 45 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 45 30 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 746,690 365,225 381,460
Buddhist 1,660 770 890
Christian 647,100 310,045 337,055
Anglican 750 345 400
Baptist 1,160 500 655
Catholic 628,675 300,870 327,805
Christian Orthodox 1,525 760 770
Lutheran 215 90 120
Pentecostal 1,730 885 845
Presbyterian 240 115 130
United Church 470 225 240
Other Christian 12,335 6,255 6,085
Hindu 365 185 175
Jewish 190 120 70
Muslim 6,760 3,720 3,040
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 80 35 40
Other religions 945 495 450
No religious affiliation 89,585 49,845 39,740
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 746,690 365,225 381,465
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,445 3,060 3,390
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,375 1,475 1,900
Métis single identity 2,450 1,355 1,095
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 120 35 80
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 125 30 95
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 375 160 220
Non-Aboriginal identity 740,235 362,165 378,075
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 746,685 365,220 381,460
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,430 1,070 1,355
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 744,255 364,150 380,100
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 746,685 365,225 381,460
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 20,665 9,565 11,100
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 18,210 8,415 9,795
Métis ancestry 2,510 1,210 1,300
Inuit ancestry 290 120 165
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 726,015 355,660 370,365
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 51,420 23,955 27,460
Aboriginal languages 330 95 235
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 15 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 40 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 195 55 140
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 0 30
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 45 0 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,145 23,895 27,245
Italian 2,735 1,305 1,425
Portuguese 1,915 1,040 875
Romanian 695 340 355
Spanish 29,650 12,955 16,690
Dutch 395 215 180
Flemish 55 10 50
German 3,185 1,560 1,630
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 20 0
Swedish 95 35 55
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 505 230 280
Bulgarian 140 75 65
Croatian 180 90 95
Czech 115 80 40
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 325 170 150
Russian 1,100 545 555
Serbian 150 85 65
Serbo-Croatian 325 150 175
Slovak 50 25 25
Slovenian 20 0 0
Ukrainian 115 65 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 190 95 100
Armenian 95 35 60
Albanian 310 185 125
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 20 0
Hungarian 200 100 100
Turkish 75 50 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 170 90 80
Oromo 265 165 105
Somali 15 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,685 2,610 2,075
Hebrew 35 25 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 60 25 30
Gujarati 50 25 20
Hindi 110 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 30 20 10
Nepali 365 180 190
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 285 150 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 40 25 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 435 235 200
Korean 30 0 20
Cantonese 135 70 65
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 500 190 315
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 380 400
Lao 95 65 35
Thai 205 135 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 595 285 310
Vietnamese 775 380 395
Bisayan languages 20 0 20
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 20 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 55 20 35
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 245 110 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 400 210 195
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 185 95 85
Swahili 530 265 265
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 295 155 140
African languages, n.i.e. 155 95 60
Creoles 600 255 345
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 2,080 1,045 1,040
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 737,985 360,655 377,325
Non-movers 650,640 318,050 332,590
Movers 87,345 42,615 44,730
Non-migrants 59,300 28,945 30,360
Migrants 28,040 13,665 14,370
Internal migrants 24,695 12,090 12,605
Intraprovincial migrants 22,855 11,170 11,690
Interprovincial migrants 1,835 925 915
External migrants 3,345 1,575 1,770
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 705,590 344,525 361,065
Non-movers 439,480 213,615 225,860
Movers 266,110 130,905 135,205
Non-migrants 170,675 83,270 87,405
Migrants 95,435 47,635 47,800
Internal migrants 83,285 41,555 41,725
Intraprovincial migrants 78,850 39,275 39,575
Interprovincial migrants 4,435 2,280 2,155
External migrants 12,155 6,080 6,075
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 634,200 308,095 326,105
No certificate, diploma or degree 96,770 45,690 51,080
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 133,810 60,655 73,155
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 403,620 201,750 201,865
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 103,025 63,780 39,240
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 127,380 56,125 71,255
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 31,080 12,445 18,630
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 142,135 69,400 72,740
Bachelor's degree 89,775 41,590 48,185
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 52,365 27,810 24,555
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 427,765 211,240 216,530
No certificate, diploma or degree 35,475 18,615 16,855
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 77,270 36,195 41,080
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 315,015 156,430 158,590
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 80,535 49,235 31,300
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 94,320 42,460 51,855
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 21,590 8,645 12,955
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 118,575 56,090 62,480
Bachelor's degree 75,415 34,870 40,545
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 43,155 21,220 21,935
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 634,195 308,095 326,105
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 230,580 106,345 124,240
Education 31,895 8,055 23,845
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 16,045 7,230 8,815
Humanities 24,285 10,665 13,620
Social and behavioural sciences and law 38,585 14,995 23,595
Business, management and public administration 94,345 35,885 58,455
Physical and life sciences and technologies 15,510 8,825 6,680
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 18,855 12,945 5,910
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 76,660 71,075 5,590
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,710 5,720 2,985
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 50,745 10,760 39,980
Personal, protective and transportation services 27,690 15,505 12,185
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 280 85 200
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 634,200 308,095 326,100
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 230,580 106,345 124,235
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 403,620 201,755 201,865
Location of study inside Canada 388,925 193,420 195,500
Same as province or territory of residence 381,420 188,945 192,475
Another province or territory 7,505 4,475 3,030
Location of study outside Canada 14,695 8,330 6,370
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 456,155 234,790 221,365
Single responses 446,975 229,590 217,385
English 7,725 4,520 3,205
French 438,835 224,900 213,940
Non-official languages 410 175 235
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 25 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 0
Spanish 195 60 130
Korean 0 0 0
German 30 15 15
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 10 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 125 55 70
Multiple responses 9,190 5,205 3,985
English and French 8,530 4,885 3,645
English and non-official language 55 0 45
French and non-official language 335 170 165
English, French and non-official language 270 140 130
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 456,155 234,795 221,365
English 7,730 4,520 3,210
French 438,835 224,895 213,940
Non-official language 410 170 235
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 405 170 235
English and French 8,525 4,890 3,645
English and non-official language 50 0 45
French and non-official language 335 175 165
English, French and non-official language 270 140 135
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 634,195 308,095 326,105
In the labour force 427,295 220,640 206,660
Employed 408,425 209,900 198,525
Unemployed 18,875 10,735 8,135
Not in the labour force 206,900 87,455 119,445
Participation rate 67.4 71.6 63.4
Employment rate 64.4 68.1 60.9
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.9 3.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 427,300 220,640 206,660
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,450 2,700 2,755
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 421,845 217,940 203,905
Employee 386,735 195,905 190,835
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 35,110 22,035 13,075
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 427,295 220,640 206,655
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,450 2,700 2,755
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 421,845 217,940 203,910
0 Management occupations 38,025 24,245 13,775
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 77,850 24,090 53,760
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 38,245 28,705 9,540
3 Health occupations 32,375 7,010 25,360
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 55,630 21,040 34,595
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 12,565 6,025 6,540
6 Sales and service occupations 103,130 48,630 54,500
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 48,820 46,730 2,090
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,765 2,295 465
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 12,440 9,155 3,280
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 427,300 220,640 206,660
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,455 2,700 2,755
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 421,845 217,940 203,905
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,620 1,735 880
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 505 420 85
22 Utilities 2,480 1,905 580
23 Construction 22,085 19,690 2,395
31-33 Manufacturing 30,935 22,670 8,265
41 Wholesale trade 14,325 10,430 3,895
44-45 Retail trade 52,440 25,205 27,235
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 15,220 12,290 2,930
51 Information and cultural industries 7,380 4,635 2,745
52 Finance and insurance 20,725 7,295 13,435
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 6,260 3,685 2,570
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 31,230 18,600 12,635
55 Management of companies and enterprises 265 155 115
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 15,350 9,305 6,045
61 Educational services 31,395 11,105 20,300
62 Health care and social assistance 55,770 12,430 43,340
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 7,080 3,605 3,470
72 Accommodation and food services 29,305 14,245 15,060
81 Other services (except public administration) 18,575 8,805 9,770
91 Public administration 57,895 29,735 28,160
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 427,300 220,640 206,660
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,875 7,325 8,545
Worked in 2010 411,425 213,320 198,110
1 to 13 weeks 15,760 7,645 8,115
14 to 26 weeks 25,865 12,530 13,335
27 to 39 weeks 24,485 13,070 11,420
40 to 48 weeks 74,510 39,005 35,500
49 to 52 weeks 270,810 141,065 129,745
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.7 45.9 45.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 427,295 220,640 206,660
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,875 7,320 8,545
Worked in 2010 411,430 213,320 198,115
Worked full-time in 2010 335,045 183,420 151,625
Worked part-time in 2010 76,385 29,895 46,485
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 408,430 209,900 198,525
Worked at home 19,505 9,485 10,015
Worked outside Canada 830 625 210
No fixed workplace address 32,145 24,195 7,950
Worked at usual place 355,950 175,600 180,345
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 388,095 199,795 188,295
Car, truck or van - as a driver 296,345 160,210 136,130
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 15,885 5,375 10,510
Public transit 44,000 17,560 26,440
Walked 24,050 11,350 12,700
Bicycle 4,910 3,675 1,240
Other methods 2,905 1,625 1,280
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 388,090 199,795 188,295
Median commuting duration 20.2 20.2 20.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 388,090 199,795 188,295
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 88,295 61,510 26,785
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 236,095 105,900 130,195
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 63,705 32,385 31,320
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 345,885 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 326,965 ... ...
Major repairs needed 18,915 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 345,885 ... ...
1960 or before 77,820 ... ...
1961 to 1980 115,490 ... ...
1981 to 1990 60,190 ... ...
1991 to 2000 41,395 ... ...
2001 to 2005 23,000 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 27,990 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 345,890 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 134,435 ... ...
5 rooms 55,535 ... ...
6 rooms 39,900 ... ...
7 rooms 35,760 ... ...
8 or more rooms 80,265 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 345,890 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 67,445 ... ...
2 bedrooms 113,050 ... ...
3 bedrooms 107,585 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 57,805 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 345,885 ... ...
Owner 206,470 ... ...
Renter 139,420 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 345,885 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 41,555 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 304,335 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 345,885 ... ...
1 household maintainer 215,810 ... ...
2 household maintainers 126,605 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,475 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 345,885 ... ...
Under 25 years 15,440 ... ...
25 to 34 years 57,065 ... ...
35 to 44 years 53,915 ... ...
45 to 54 years 72,330 ... ...
55 to 64 years 68,675 ... ...
65 to 74 years 45,110 ... ...
75 years and over 33,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 345,885 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 344,100 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,790 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 345,885 ... ...
Suitable 336,110 ... ...
Not suitable 9,775 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 345,155 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 275,915 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 69,235 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 58,180 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 206,035 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 881 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 931 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 229,681 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 251,928 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 139,385 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 32.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 655 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 701 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 634,200 308,095 326,105
Without income 19,725 7,925 11,800
With income 614,470 300,165 314,300
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 40,675 19,520 21,155
$5,000 to $9,999 42,015 16,000 26,010
$10,000 to $14,999 56,665 21,150 35,515
$15,000 to $19,999 55,340 21,600 33,740
$20,000 to $29,999 87,645 37,610 50,035
$30,000 to $39,999 92,685 43,685 49,000
$40,000 to $49,999 76,425 38,025 38,400
$50,000 to $59,999 53,715 30,265 23,450
$60,000 to $79,999 62,420 38,715 23,705
$80,000 to $99,999 23,180 15,715 7,465
$100,000 and over 23,705 17,880 5,820
$100,000 to $124,999 11,620 8,455 3,155
$125,000 and over 12,090 9,425 2,665
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,777 37,790 28,103
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,124 45,412 33,119
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 634,200 308,095 326,100
Without after-tax income 19,795 7,935 11,860
With after-tax income 614,405 300,160 314,240
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 42,345 19,820 22,525
$5,000 to $9,999 44,310 16,195 28,115
$10,000 to $14,999 57,035 21,740 35,295
$15,000 to $19,999 62,085 24,660 37,425
$20,000 to $29,999 113,100 50,870 62,235
$30,000 to $39,999 113,790 55,935 57,860
$40,000 to $49,999 79,415 43,605 35,810
$50,000 to $59,999 47,790 29,150 18,635
$60,000 to $79,999 35,220 23,420 11,800
$80,000 to $99,999 10,035 7,535 2,500
$100,000 and over 9,270 7,225 2,045
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,053 32,786 25,425
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,396 36,758 28,230
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.5 90.9 82.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.6 75.2 69.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.5 69.4 65.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.1 5.8 4.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.6 4.0 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.9 10.4 9.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.5 9.1 17.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.8 3.3 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.4 4.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.5 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.2 3.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.7 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.2 19.1 14.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.8 80.9 85.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 1.9 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 234,405 127,055 107,355
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,120 48,522 39,653
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,942 56,490 44,375
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 214,840 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,901 ... ...
Average family income ($) 88,547 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,686 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,910 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 96,365 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,437 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,049 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,407 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,712 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 84,490 ... ...
Median family income ($) 99,719 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,331 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,368 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,145 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 29,200 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,695 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,963 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,076 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 49,139 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 147,945 68,215 79,730
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,872 31,808 26,604
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,910 36,584 31,622
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,045 27,882 24,573
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,662 30,341 27,225
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 746,690 365,225 381,460
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 370,280 174,080 196,205
In bottom decile 57,455 27,625 29,830
In second decile 65,675 27,270 38,400
In third decile 70,780 32,935 37,845
In fourth decile 84,560 40,700 43,860
In fifth decile 91,810 45,550 46,270
In top half of the Canadian distribution 376,405 191,140 185,260
In sixth decile 95,050 47,095 47,955
In seventh decile 89,940 45,220 44,720
In eighth decile 79,280 40,720 38,565
In ninth decile 64,910 33,370 31,540
In top decile 47,220 24,735 22,480
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 345,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,365 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,060 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,290 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 31,860 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 38,160 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 34,630 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,030 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 51,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 39,315 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,475 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,695 ... ...
$150,000 and over 22,515 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 345,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,495 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,980 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,720 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 39,995 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 46,355 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 40,460 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 36,075 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 56,065 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 36,165 ... ...
$100,000 and over 41,460 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,115 ... ...
$125,000 and over 18,335 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 345,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,511 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 69,504 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,088 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,546 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 119,575 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,127 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,062 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,692 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,283 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 226,310 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 75,604 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,174 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,832 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,951 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 746,685 365,220 381,465
Less than 18 years 137,920 70,150 67,765
Less than 6 years 48,360 24,420 23,940
18 to 64 years 496,835 246,060 250,775
65 years and over 111,930 49,015 62,920
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 91,750 39,985 51,765
Less than 18 years 13,595 6,885 6,705
Less than 6 years 4,410 2,205 2,200
18 to 64 years 59,055 27,615 31,435
65 years and over 19,110 5,485 13,625
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.3 10.9 13.6
Less than 18 years (%) 9.9 9.8 9.9
Less than 6 years (%) 9.1 9.0 9.2
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.2 12.5
65 years and over (%) 17.1 11.2 21.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, CMA, Quebec (Code 421) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Québec, CMA, Quebec

  • Global non-response rate (GNR) = 21.4%
  • Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Québec, CMA, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Québec, CMA
Quebec
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 765,706  ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 719,153A†  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 361,447 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 345,892 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 228.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 3,349.12 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 765,705 371,865 393,840
0 to 4 years 40,775 20,755 20,025
5 to 9 years 35,195 17,900 17,295
10 to 14 years 36,355 18,580 17,775
15 to 19 years 44,240 22,285 21,960
15 years 8,195 4,130 4,075
16 years 8,295 4,235 4,060
17 years 8,825 4,440 4,390
18 years 9,060 4,580 4,480
19 years 9,865 4,905 4,960
20 to 24 years 51,130 25,275 25,855
25 to 29 years 52,385 26,835 25,550
30 to 34 years 54,330 27,610 26,725
35 to 39 years 46,905 24,010 22,900
40 to 44 years 47,205 23,700 23,500
45 to 49 years 57,970 28,740 29,230
50 to 54 years 62,275 30,390 31,880
55 to 59 years 58,035 27,760 30,275
60 to 64 years 52,685 25,285 27,400
65 to 69 years 41,375 19,455 21,925
70 to 74 years 28,495 12,935 15,560
75 to 79 years 22,615 9,525 13,090
80 to 84 years 17,340 6,380 10,955
85 years and over 16,395 4,455 11,945
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.3 40.6 44.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.3 84.6 86.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 653,380 314,630 338,750
Married or living with a common-law partner 369,400 184,900 184,495
Married (and not separated) 202,455 101,190 101,265
Living common law 166,945 83,705 83,235
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 283,985 129,735 154,250
Single (never legally married) 194,370 101,865 92,505
Separated 9,320 4,060 5,260
Divorced 43,885 16,930 26,950
Widowed 36,410 6,870 29,540
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 213,530 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 118,805 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 44,000 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 37,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 12,875 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 213,530 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 182,135 ... ...
Married couples 98,750 ... ...
Without children at home 56,600 ... ...
With children at home 42,155 ... ...
1 child 17,280 ... ...
2 children 17,640 ... ...
3 or more children 7,240 ... ...
Common-law couples 83,380 ... ...
Without children at home 41,935 ... ...
With children at home 41,445 ... ...
1 child 17,725 ... ...
2 children 18,475 ... ...
3 or more children 5,250 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 31,395 ... ...
Female parent 23,220 ... ...
1 child 14,950 ... ...
2 children 6,610 ... ...
3 or more children 1,655 ... ...
Male parent 8,175 ... ...
1 child 5,320 ... ...
2 children 2,380 ... ...
3 or more children 470 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 193,205 ... ...
Under six years of age 47,990 ... ...
6 to 14 years 63,700 ... ...
15 to 17 years 24,615 ... ...
18 to 24 years 40,990 ... ...
25 years and over 15,915 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 746,715 365,205 381,510
Number of persons not in census families 157,845 73,025 84,825
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 10,650 4,650 6,000
Living with non-relatives only 27,550 15,845 11,705
Living alone 119,645 52,525 67,120
Number of census family persons 588,865 292,180 296,685
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 111,605 48,820 62,785
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 42,465 11,735 30,730
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,250 820 2,430
Living with non-relatives only 2,030 945 1,085
Living alone 37,190 9,970 27,220
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 69,135 37,085 32,050
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 345,890 ... ...
Census-family households 212,140 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 204,705 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 176,315 ... ...
Without children 95,010 ... ...
With children 81,305 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 28,390 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,440 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,070 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,890 ... ...
Without children 2,220 ... ...
With children 1,670 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,180 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,365 ... ...
Non-census-family households 133,750 ... ...
One-person households 119,645 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 14,105 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 345,890 ... ...
Single-detached house 143,650 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 20,685 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,610 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 178,950 ... ...
Semi-detached house 18,660 ... ...
Row house 7,985 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 22,520 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 128,210 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,575 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 345,895 ... ...
1 person 119,640 ... ...
2 persons 125,200 ... ...
3 persons 47,145 ... ...
4 persons 39,190 ... ...
5 persons 11,170 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,540 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 746,715 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 756,405 368,455 387,950
  Single responses  750,690 365,495 385,195
    English  10,850 5,640 5,210
    French  717,770 348,730 369,040
    Non-official languages  22,080 11,130 10,945
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 320 130 195
        Atikamekw    40 20 20
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  265 105 165
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 21,060 10,605 10,455
        African languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  200 110 90
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  3,260 1,895 1,365
        Armenian  45 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 55 50
        Bengali  65 30 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  140 90 55
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  650 335 320
        Bulgarian  200 95 105
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  130 65 65
        Chinese, n.o.s.  685 345 340
        Creoles  345 175 165
        Croatian  110 55 50
        Czech  60 30 30
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  140 70 70
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  30 10 20
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  535 205 330
        Greek  125 70 50
        Gujarati  25 15 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  130 65 65
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Italian  615 340 270
        Japanese  130 40 90
        Khmer (Cambodian)  360 165 200
        Korean  25 15 15
        Kurdish  35 20 10
        Lao  135 75 60
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  85 40 45
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  270 125 145
        Marathi  0 0 5
        Nepali  525 270 250
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 290 175 120
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  230 125 105
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  365 190 180
        Polish  320 140 180
        Portuguese  1,115 545 570
        Romanian  670 325 345
        Rundi (Kirundi)  315 160 160
        Russian  455 185 270
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  225 105 120
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  175 90 90
        Serbo-Croatian  225 105 120
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 35 20
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  15 10 10
        Spanish  5,605 2,685 2,920
        Swahili  375 205 175
        Swedish  20 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  65 20 45
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  20 5 10
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  60 20 40
        Tibetan languages  5 5 5
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  60 40 25
        Ukrainian  60 25 35
        Urdu  25 15 10
        Vietnamese  795 390 405
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 690 395 300
  Multiple responses          5,710 2,960 2,755
    English and French  3,295 1,700 1,595
    English and non-official language  215 100 110
    French and non-official language  1,995 1,045 950
    English, French and non-official language 205 110 95
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 756,400 368,455 387,950
  English only 1,555 825 725
  French only 479,895 216,120 263,775
  English and French 273,335 150,780 122,550
  Neither English nor French 1,620 725 895
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 756,400 368,455 387,950
  English 12,045 6,235 5,810
  French 738,330 359,110 379,220
  English and French 4,505 2,425 2,080
  Neither English nor French 1,515 675 840
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 14,300 7,455 6,845
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 2.0 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 756,400 368,450 387,950
  Single responses 749,205 364,840 384,365
    English 7,720 3,905 3,820
    French 730,095 355,365 374,730
    Non-official languages 11,390 5,575 5,815
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 140 55 80
        Atikamekw   10 10 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 125 45 75
        Inuktitut 0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,960 5,370 5,585
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 130 65 65
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,205 620 590
        Armenian 30 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 65 25 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 20
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 465 240 225
        Bulgarian 135 75 60
        Burmese 0 0 5
        Cantonese 65 30 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 530 270 265
        Creoles 80 30 45
        Croatian 50 25 25
        Czech 15 10 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 25 10 15
        Estonian 0 5 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 85 45 40
        Greek 25 15 10
        Gujarati 15 5 10
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 20 10 10
        Hungarian 35 20 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Italian 115 50 70
        Japanese 60 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian) 175 75 100
        Korean 5 5 0
        Kurdish 20 10 5
        Lao 45 25 20
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 25 15 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 195 100 90
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 510 265 240
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 25 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 5
        Pashto 5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 260 125 130
        Polish 115 45 65
        Portuguese 610 300 310
        Romanian 415 210 205
        Rundi (Kirundi) 90 45 40
        Russian 275 130 150
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 15 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 135 65 70
        Serbo-Croatian 145 70 75
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 50 25
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 3,630 1,725 1,900
        Swahili 180 100 80
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 15 5 5
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 25 15 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 30 15 20
        Urdu 10 10 5
        Vietnamese 505 235 265
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 290 145 150
  Multiple responses         7,200 3,610 3,590
    English and French 2,845 1,465 1,380
    English and non-official language 175 85 90
    French and non-official language 3,725 1,820 1,905
    English, French and non-official language 450 235 220
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 756,400 368,450 387,950
  None 708,510 343,250 365,265
  Single responses  46,025 24,275 21,755
    English  28,530 15,540 12,995
    French  9,330 4,630 4,695
    Non-official languages  8,175 4,105 4,065
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 120 55 70
        Atikamekw    10 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  100 45 55
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,680 3,870 3,810
        African languages, n.i.e 40 20 15
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  35 20 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,405 810 600
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Bengali  5 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 40 25
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  110 60 55
        Bulgarian  30 10 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  30 20 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 50 45
        Creoles  255 120 135
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  55 25 30
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  10 0 5
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  265 120 145
        Greek  40 15 20
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 0
        Hindi  35 20 15
        Hungarian  35 20 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Italian  280 140 140
        Japanese  85 40 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  135 70 70
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  35 15 20
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  70 35 35
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 140 80 60
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  75 40 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  55 25 30
        Polish  95 40 55
        Portuguese  305 150 155
        Romanian  145 65 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  140 75 70
        Russian  125 50 80
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  100 45 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  35 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  65 35 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 30
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,535 1,220 1,315
        Swahili  170 90 75
        Swedish  5 0 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 5
        Urdu  10 5 5
        Vietnamese  190 105 90
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 370 185 190
  Multiple responses          1,860 925 935
    English and French  435 235 200
    English and non-official language  1,155 555 600
    French and non-official language  235 120 115
    English, French and non-official language  35 20 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Québec, CMA, Quebec (Code 421) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Québec, CMA, Quebec

  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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