NHS Profile, Kirkland, V, Quebec, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Kirkland, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kirkland, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 21,065 10,295 10,770
Canadian citizens 20,115 9,915 10,200
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,755 2,465 2,285
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 15,360 7,455 7,910
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 950 375 570
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 21,060 10,295 10,770
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 15,165 7,420 7,740
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 5,795 2,840 2,955
Before 1971 1,550 775 780
1971 to 1980 865 475 395
1981 to 1990 1,225 565 660
1991 to 2000 900 455 440
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,255 575 685
2001 to 2005 780 345 435
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 475 225 245
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 105 35 75
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 5,795 2,840 2,955
Under 5 years 700 355 345
5 to 14 years 1,060 560 500
15 to 24 years 1,225 560 660
25 to 44 years 2,385 1,165 1,215
45 years and over 425 195 230
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 21,065 10,295 10,770
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 15,160 7,420 7,740
Born in province of residence 13,655 6,750 6,910
Born outside province of residence 1,505 675 835
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 5,795 2,840 2,955
Americas 780 295 485
United States 215 70 145
Jamaica 30 15 15
Guyana 35 15 25
Haiti 110 40 70
Mexico 40 10 30
Trinidad and Tobago 35 0 20
Colombia 100 45 55
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 185 80 100
Europe 2,100 1,080 1,020
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 275 165 115
Italy 485 255 230
Germany 150 65 90
Poland 165 65 105
Portugal 85 35 50
Netherlands 20 0 0
France 110 60 50
Romania 150 80 65
Russian Federation 110 55 55
Greece 200 110 85
Ukraine 45 0 35
Croatia 30 15 15
Hungary 60 35 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 200 115 90
Africa 785 410 380
Morocco 70 40 25
Algeria 15 0 0
Egypt 455 225 230
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 220 120 105
Asia 2,120 1,055 1,065
India 410 225 180
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 375 145 225
Philippines 140 45 90
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 35 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 40 25 20
Pakistan 70 30 40
Sri Lanka 30 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 150 70 75
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 130 70 60
Lebanon 290 125 160
Taiwan 25 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 65 30 35
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 35 20 0
Other places of birth in Asia 285 180 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 105 35 75
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 475 225 250
Americas 120 55 65
United States 25 0 25
Mexico 10 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 35 15 15
Colombia 30 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 105 55 55
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 25 0 15
Africa 45 25 20
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 205 95 110
Philippines 55 0 40
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 35 15 20
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 25 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 21,065 10,295 10,765
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 6,015 2,945 3,070
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 6,295 3,020 3,280
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 8,750 4,330 4,425
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 21,065 10,295 10,765
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,390 2,150 2,235
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,005 490 510
Chinese 1,020 505 520
Black 575 320 255
Filipino 255 95 155
Latin American 205 75 135
Arab 690 360 335
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 130 70 60
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 210 105 110
Korean 145 70 70
Japanese 40 0 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 40 20 20
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 65 30 40
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 16,680 8,145 8,530
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 21,065 10,295 10,770
North American Aboriginal origins 220 100 120
First Nations (North American Indian) 165 70 90
Inuit 25 0 15
Métis 35 15 20
Other North American origins 5,025 2,510 2,515
Acadian 45 20 20
American 365 210 155
Canadian 4,640 2,280 2,360
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 110 45 65
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 14,500 7,060 7,445
British Isles origins 5,080 2,415 2,665
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,075 950 1,120
Irish 2,555 1,255 1,300
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,835 775 1,055
Welsh 225 105 120
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 605 320 285
French origins 3,570 1,835 1,730
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 3,570 1,835 1,730
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,555 730 820
Austrian 140 55 85
Belgian 170 70 100
Dutch 365 195 170
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 830 385 445
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 120 65 60
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 145 70 75
Danish 20 0 0
Finnish 30 0 20
Icelandic 15 10 0
Norwegian 50 25 15
Swedish 45 15 25
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,555 1,245 1,310
Bulgarian 15 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 90 45 45
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 430 290 140
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 50 15 30
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 915 355 555
Romanian 290 140 150
Russian 685 390 300
Slovak 70 30 40
Ukrainian 575 245 330
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 6,210 3,030 3,180
Albanian 50 30 20
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 30 25
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,310 690 620
Italian 4,210 2,040 2,170
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 20 10
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 320 135 185
Serbian 25 15 15
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 20 15 0
Spanish 600 270 325
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 595 375 225
Basque 25 0 10
Jewish 555 350 205
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 420 225 195
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 40 25 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 240 105 135
Jamaican 45 25 20
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 30 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 40 20 15
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 530 200 330
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 65 25 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 20 0 0
Brazilian 55 0 40
Chilean 25 0 15
Colombian 140 65 75
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 50 15 30
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 65 10 50
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 55 0 35
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 30 0 15
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,200 670 530
Central and West African origins 65 20 45
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 30 0 20
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 890 510 380
Algerian 25 0 20
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 45 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 670 390 285
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 120 90 30
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 40 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 75 0 75
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 200 145 50
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 190 140 50
Asian origins 4,465 2,205 2,260
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,710 885 825
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 270 110 155
Armenian 295 175 115
Assyrian 25 0 0
Azerbaijani 15 0 0
Georgian 20 0 0
Iranian 275 140 135
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 30 0 20
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 635 340 295
Palestinian 100 55 45
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 90 60 30
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 75 40 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 1,095 520 570
Bangladeshi 50 25 30
Bengali 25 0 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 905 450 455
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 115 40 75
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 45 25 25
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,640 765 865
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 1,155 580 575
Filipino 270 105 165
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 45 0 35
Korean 150 80 75
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 25 0 25
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 75 45 35
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 40 35 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 40 35 0
Oceania origins 25 0 15
Australian 25 0 15
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 21,065 10,295 10,770
Buddhist 145 80 70
Christian 16,155 7,615 8,535
Anglican 680 300 375
Baptist 95 50 40
Catholic 11,520 5,400 6,115
Christian Orthodox 1,695 820 875
Lutheran 145 75 75
Pentecostal 85 25 55
Presbyterian 225 95 135
United Church 570 270 300
Other Christian 1,145 585 565
Hindu 275 135 145
Jewish 705 380 325
Muslim 875 445 430
Sikh 275 140 130
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 45 20 30
No religious affiliation 2,585 1,480 1,100
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,065 10,295 10,770
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 45 0 35
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 25 0 15
Métis single identity 0 0 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 10 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 10 0 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 21,020 10,280 10,735
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 21,065 10,295 10,770
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 20 0 15
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 21,045 10,290 10,755
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 21,065 10,295 10,765
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 220 100 125
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 160 70 90
Métis ancestry 35 15 15
Inuit ancestry 25 0 10
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 20,845 10,195 10,650
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 9,540 4,505 5,040
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,535 4,505 5,040
Italian 2,460 1,210 1,255
Portuguese 265 115 150
Romanian 185 95 95
Spanish 1,115 450 670
Dutch 80 35 45
Flemish 0 0 0
German 460 205 255
Yiddish 35 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 45 25 25
Czech 15 15 0
Macedonian 25 15 0
Polish 355 130 225
Russian 285 145 135
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0
Slovak 20 0 25
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 160 50 115
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 865 395 470
Armenian 195 115 80
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 140 90 50
Turkish 50 30 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,010 535 480
Hebrew 65 40 20
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 105 55 50
Gujarati 55 35 25
Hindi 330 165 165
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 10 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 365 180 185
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 160 85 75
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 245 120 130
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 75 40 30
Tamil 40 25 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 40 0 25
Korean 140 75 70
Cantonese 165 85 75
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 115 60 55
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 490 245 240
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 0 0
Vietnamese 55 25 30
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 35 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 135 40 95
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 340 145 190
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 30 0 20
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 20,955 10,220 10,735
Non-movers 19,620 9,550 10,070
Movers 1,335 670 665
Non-migrants 615 290 325
Migrants 720 375 340
Internal migrants 600 315 285
Intraprovincial migrants 550 290 265
Interprovincial migrants 55 25 20
External migrants 120 60 55
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 20,200 9,855 10,350
Non-movers 15,750 7,640 8,105
Movers 4,455 2,210 2,240
Non-migrants 1,890 990 900
Migrants 2,570 1,225 1,345
Internal migrants 1,875 895 975
Intraprovincial migrants 1,680 795 885
Interprovincial migrants 195 100 90
External migrants 695 325 370
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 17,365 8,410 8,960
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,685 845 845
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 3,660 1,630 2,030
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 12,020 5,935 6,090
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 985 570 415
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,535 1,605 1,930
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,155 545 610
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,355 3,220 3,130
Bachelor's degree 3,845 1,710 2,130
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,510 1,510 1,000
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 11,280 5,310 5,970
No certificate, diploma or degree 300 165 135
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,840 730 1,110
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 9,145 4,415 4,730
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 675 350 325
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 2,130 940 1,190
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 860 400 460
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 5,475 2,725 2,750
Bachelor's degree 3,335 1,475 1,860
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,145 1,245 895
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 17,365 8,410 8,960
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 5,345 2,475 2,870
Education 690 80 605
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 405 225 175
Humanities 645 185 460
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,470 540 935
Business, management and public administration 3,565 1,615 1,950
Physical and life sciences and technologies 780 405 380
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 650 430 220
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,130 1,910 225
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 135 90 45
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 1,195 255 940
Personal, protective and transportation services 355 195 160
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 17,370 8,410 8,960
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 5,345 2,475 2,870
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,020 5,940 6,085
Location of study inside Canada 9,940 4,880 5,060
Same as province or territory of residence 9,245 4,480 4,765
Another province or territory 695 400 300
Location of study outside Canada 2,080 1,060 1,025
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 12,595 6,430 6,165
Single responses 10,595 5,475 5,120
English 7,185 3,750 3,440
French 3,350 1,690 1,655
Non-official languages 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 20 15 0
Multiple responses 2,000 955 1,045
English and French 1,925 920 1,005
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 12,590 6,430 6,165
English 7,185 3,745 3,435
French 3,355 1,690 1,660
Non-official language 55 35 25
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 55 35 25
English and French 1,925 920 1,000
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 20 20
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 17,365 8,410 8,955
In the labour force 11,840 6,070 5,765
Employed 11,030 5,625 5,405
Unemployed 810 445 365
Not in the labour force 5,530 2,340 3,190
Participation rate 68.2 72.2 64.4
Employment rate 63.5 66.9 60.4
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.3 6.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 11,840 6,070 5,765
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 230 130 105
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 11,605 5,940 5,665
Employee 10,155 4,935 5,215
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 1,455 1,000 450
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 11,835 6,070 5,770
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 230 130 105
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 11,605 5,940 5,665
0 Management occupations 2,320 1,495 825
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,395 770 1,630
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,250 995 260
3 Health occupations 725 140 585
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 985 310 675
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 400 180 220
6 Sales and service occupations 2,705 1,300 1,405
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 555 545 0
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 60 50 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 210 155 50
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 11,835 6,070 5,770
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 230 130 105
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 11,605 5,940 5,665
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 30 20 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 0 0
22 Utilities 40 30 0
23 Construction 315 250 60
31-33 Manufacturing 1,415 905 510
41 Wholesale trade 1,225 660 565
44-45 Retail trade 1,275 610 665
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 640 405 230
51 Information and cultural industries 440 280 155
52 Finance and insurance 545 235 310
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 305 170 125
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,395 890 505
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 240 135 105
61 Educational services 825 250 575
62 Health care and social assistance 1,060 200 860
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 310 115 195
72 Accommodation and food services 735 380 355
81 Other services (except public administration) 385 180 205
91 Public administration 375 185 190
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 11,840 6,070 5,765
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 550 290 255
Worked in 2010 11,285 5,780 5,510
1 to 13 weeks 595 275 315
14 to 26 weeks 745 355 390
27 to 39 weeks 630 235 395
40 to 48 weeks 1,860 850 1,010
49 to 52 weeks 7,460 4,065 3,395
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.9 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 11,835 6,070 5,765
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 550 290 260
Worked in 2010 11,290 5,780 5,515
Worked full-time in 2010 8,725 4,860 3,865
Worked part-time in 2010 2,565 920 1,645
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 11,025 5,625 5,400
Worked at home 920 485 435
Worked outside Canada 70 55 20
No fixed workplace address 615 415 200
Worked at usual place 9,420 4,675 4,750
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 10,035 5,085 4,950
Car, truck or van - as a driver 7,860 4,130 3,730
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 515 215 300
Public transit 1,245 575 670
Walked 245 90 155
Bicycle 25 0 0
Other methods 150 75 75
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 10,035 5,090 4,945
Median commuting duration 22.9 25.8 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 10,035 5,085 4,945
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 1,850 1,140 710
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 6,550 3,125 3,420
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 1,640 820 815
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 6,830 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 6,515 ... ...
Major repairs needed 315 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 6,825 ... ...
1960 or before 120 ... ...
1961 to 1980 3,005 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,150 ... ...
1991 to 2000 980 ... ...
2001 to 2005 385 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 185 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 6,830 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 365 ... ...
5 rooms 330 ... ...
6 rooms 540 ... ...
7 rooms 1,105 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,490 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 8.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 6,830 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 170 ... ...
2 bedrooms 475 ... ...
3 bedrooms 2,025 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,155 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 6,830 ... ...
Owner 6,440 ... ...
Renter 385 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 6,825 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 495 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 6,335 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 6,830 ... ...
1 household maintainer 3,625 ... ...
2 household maintainers 3,120 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 85 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 6,825 ... ...
Under 25 years 25 ... ...
25 to 34 years 370 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,145 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,125 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,660 ... ...
65 to 74 years 950 ... ...
75 years and over 545 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 6,830 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 6,800 ... ...
More than one person per room 35 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 6,830 ... ...
Suitable 6,640 ... ...
Not suitable 190 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 6,825 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 5,715 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 1,105 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 905 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 6,440 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 50.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,009 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,215 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,676 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 451,030 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 385 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 0.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 53.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,201 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,302 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 17,370 8,410 8,960
Without income 1,165 590 570
With income 16,210 7,820 8,385
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 1,800 860 935
$5,000 to $9,999 1,190 455 735
$10,000 to $14,999 1,430 510 925
$15,000 to $19,999 1,045 385 660
$20,000 to $29,999 1,655 695 960
$30,000 to $39,999 1,590 625 965
$40,000 to $49,999 1,400 650 745
$50,000 to $59,999 1,080 505 575
$60,000 to $79,999 1,610 825 780
$80,000 to $99,999 1,110 620 480
$100,000 and over 2,310 1,690 620
$100,000 to $124,999 875 590 290
$125,000 and over 1,440 1,100 330
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,382 46,317 29,497
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 54,129 67,756 41,420
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 17,365 8,410 8,960
Without after-tax income 1,155 590 565
With after-tax income 16,215 7,825 8,395
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 1,860 865 990
$5,000 to $9,999 1,245 475 770
$10,000 to $14,999 1,440 515 920
$15,000 to $19,999 1,135 455 680
$20,000 to $29,999 2,105 820 1,280
$30,000 to $39,999 1,870 870 995
$40,000 to $49,999 1,590 695 895
$50,000 to $59,999 1,255 625 630
$60,000 to $79,999 1,640 975 665
$80,000 to $99,999 975 665 315
$100,000 and over 1,095 845 255
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,606 39,230 26,441
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 42,158 51,293 33,646
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 99.9 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.6 95.3 88.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.1 80.3 74.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.0 74.5 70.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.1 5.9 4.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.9 5.6 6.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.2 6.5 5.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.3 2.8 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.4 4.8 11.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.4 2.1 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.8 1.3 2.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.6 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 0.9 0.7 1.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 22.1 24.3 18.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 77.9 75.8 81.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 2.0 0.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 6,275 3,580 2,700
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 63,366 71,823 51,625
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 79,515 91,630 63,471
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 5,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 115,391 ... ...
Average family income ($) 138,296 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 93,770 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 107,822 ... ...
Average family size 3.4 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 1,530 ... ...
Median family income ($) 90,032 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,606 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,944 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,545 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 3,765 ... ...
Median family income ($) 136,434 ... ...
Average family income ($) 160,226 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 110,170 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 123,934 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 580 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,205 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,052 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,551 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 62,682 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 920 290 630
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 41,009 48,423 38,075
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 52,585 65,200 46,783
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,680 39,433 32,488
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 40,612 47,580 37,407
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 21,065 10,295 10,770
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 6,120 2,935 3,185
In bottom decile 770 360 415
In second decile 845 365 485
In third decile 1,375 650 730
In fourth decile 1,630 840 795
In fifth decile 1,495 725 770
In top half of the Canadian distribution 14,940 7,360 7,580
In sixth decile 1,640 795 840
In seventh decile 2,385 1,150 1,235
In eighth decile 2,775 1,340 1,435
In ninth decile 3,055 1,460 1,590
In top decile 5,095 2,620 2,475
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 6,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 110 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 70 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 110 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 245 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 280 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 360 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 805 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 785 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 820 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 665 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,040 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 6,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 115 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 35 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 75 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 110 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 285 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 375 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 505 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 630 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 1,080 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 930 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,695 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 845 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,850 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 6,830 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 102,908 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 128,477 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,842 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 100,115 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 815 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,085 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 53,882 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,767 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 41,404 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 6,015 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 115,405 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 138,571 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 93,776 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 108,059 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 21,065 10,295 10,770
Less than 18 years 4,915 2,535 2,375
Less than 6 years 1,080 580 500
18 to 64 years 13,700 6,565 7,135
65 years and over 2,450 1,195 1,260
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 1,175 540 640
Less than 18 years 300 160 135
Less than 6 years 40 25 15
18 to 64 years 725 330 395
65 years and over 155 50 105
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 5.6 5.2 5.9
Less than 18 years (%) 6.1 6.3 5.7
Less than 6 years (%) 3.7 4.3 3.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.3 5.0 5.5
65 years and over (%) 6.3 4.2 8.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kirkland, V, Quebec (Code 2466102) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Kirkland, V, Quebec

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Kirkland, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kirkland, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 21,253 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 20,491 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 6,921 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 6,828 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,204.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 9.64 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 21,250 10,335 10,915
0 to 4 years 860 450 410
5 to 9 years 1,190 610 580
10 to 14 years 1,650 825 820
15 to 19 years 1,945 1,000 940
15 years 360 175 185
16 years 375 195 180
17 years 390 195 195
18 years 400 220 180
19 years 415 215 200
20 to 24 years 1,670 840 825
25 to 29 years 870 430 435
30 to 34 years 740 380 360
35 to 39 years 920 405 515
40 to 44 years 1,540 665 880
45 to 49 years 2,095 1,020 1,075
50 to 54 years 2,085 1,010 1,080
55 to 59 years 1,655 785 865
60 to 64 years 1,400 720 680
65 to 69 years 930 475 460
70 to 74 years 595 305 290
75 to 79 years 445 210 230
80 to 84 years 330 110 215
85 years and over 345 90 255
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.8 41.8 43.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.6 81.8 83.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 17,555 8,450 9,105
Married or living with a common-law partner 10,930 5,440 5,490
Married (and not separated) 10,045 5,005 5,040
Living common law 885 440 450
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,625 3,010 3,620
Single (never legally married) 4,975 2,600 2,380
Separated 205 75 125
Divorced 650 205 445
Widowed 795 125 670
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 6,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 2,015 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 1,395 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,945 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 715 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 6,075 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 5,400 ... ...
Married couples 4,960 ... ...
Without children at home 1,490 ... ...
With children at home 3,470 ... ...
1 child 1,050 ... ...
2 children 1,755 ... ...
3 or more children 665 ... ...
Common-law couples 445 ... ...
Without children at home 190 ... ...
With children at home 250 ... ...
1 child 95 ... ...
2 children 115 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 665 ... ...
Female parent 510 ... ...
1 child 250 ... ...
2 children 205 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Male parent 160 ... ...
1 child 90 ... ...
2 children 50 ... ...
3 or more children 15 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 8,265 ... ...
Under six years of age 1,070 ... ...
6 to 14 years 2,615 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,120 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,410 ... ...
25 years and over 1,050 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.4 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 21,060 10,295 10,770
Number of persons not in census families 1,325 470 860
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 350 105 250
Living with non-relatives only 135 75 60
Living alone 835 290 555
Number of census family persons 19,735 9,825 9,910
Average number of persons per census family 3.3 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 2,480 1,160 1,320
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 670 135 530
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 195 30 165
Living with non-relatives only 35 20 15
Living alone 445 95 350
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 1,805 1,020 785
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 6,830 ... ...
Census-family households 5,915 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 5,485 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 4,910 ... ...
Without children 1,505 ... ...
With children 3,410 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 570 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 435 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 290 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 245 ... ...
Without children 55 ... ...
With children 185 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 45 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 145 ... ...
Non-census-family households 910 ... ...
One-person households 835 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 75 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 6,830 ... ...
Single-detached house 5,820 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 335 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 675 ... ...
Semi-detached house 70 ... ...
Row house 570 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 5 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 35 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 6,830 ... ...
1 person 840 ... ...
2 persons 1,835 ... ...
3 persons 1,345 ... ...
4 persons 1,900 ... ...
5 persons 665 ... ...
6 or more persons 250 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 21,065 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 21,075 10,300 10,775
  Single responses  20,100 9,810 10,290
    English  9,020 4,490 4,535
    French  4,430 2,075 2,355
    Non-official languages  6,650 3,245 3,395
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,620 3,235 3,390
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  650 325 325
        Armenian  110 50 60
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  35 20 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 5 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  25 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  105 50 55
        Chinese, n.o.s.  420 200 220
        Creoles  85 40 40
        Croatian  35 20 20
        Czech  25 10 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  30 15 10
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  235 100 135
        Greek  475 235 245
        Gujarati  75 40 35
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  20 10 5
        Hindi  65 30 35
        Hungarian  90 45 45
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,710 860 850
        Japanese  10 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5
        Korean  80 40 40
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  10 5 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  10 5 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  25 10 15
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  85 40 45
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  230 110 120
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  285 155 130
        Polish  230 105 120
        Portuguese  160 80 80
        Romanian  155 80 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  150 70 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  10 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  15 10 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  355 155 205
        Swahili  10 0 10
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 10 45
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  40 20 25
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  100 50 60
        Urdu  150 80 70
        Vietnamese  80 40 45
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 15 10
  Multiple responses          975 490 485
    English and French  425 225 200
    English and non-official language  300 140 160
    French and non-official language  100 50 45
    English, French and non-official language 150 70 80
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 21,070 10,300 10,770
  English only 3,895 1,875 2,025
  French only 610 225 380
  English and French 16,310 8,110 8,195
  Neither English nor French 260 85 170
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 21,075 10,300 10,770
  English 14,180 7,040 7,145
  French 5,055 2,360 2,695
  English and French 1,590 815 770
  Neither English nor French 250 85 165
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 14,975 7,445 7,525
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 71.1 72.3 69.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 21,075 10,300 10,775
  Single responses 19,845 9,700 10,150
    English 13,500 6,695 6,800
    French 3,795 1,770 2,025
    Non-official languages 2,555 1,230 1,325
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,545 1,230 1,315
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 5
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 280 135 150
        Armenian 40 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 15 5 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 10 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 90 45 45
        Chinese, n.o.s. 285 135 150
        Creoles 45 20 25
        Croatian 20 10 15
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 45 25 20
        Greek 90 40 50
        Gujarati 35 20 15
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 35 15 15
        Hungarian 10 5 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 190 85 105
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
        Korean 65 30 35
        Kurdish 0 5 0
        Lao 5 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 70 30 35
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 155 85 70
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 205 105 100
        Polish 85 50 35
        Portuguese 40 20 25
        Romanian 135 65 70
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 120 60 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 0 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 10
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 205 95 115
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 20 10 10
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 5 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 15 5 10
        Urdu 75 35 40
        Vietnamese 40 20 20
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10 5 5
  Multiple responses         1,225 600 625
    English and French 415 215 200
    English and non-official language 495 245 250
    French and non-official language 95 45 50
    English, French and non-official language 225 100 125
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 21,075 10,300 10,770
  None 13,400 6,605 6,795
  Single responses  6,935 3,345 3,590
    English  2,180 1,050 1,130
    French  2,495 1,225 1,270
    Non-official languages  2,260 1,070 1,190
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,260 1,070 1,190
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  255 120 140
        Armenian  35 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  10 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  15 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 15 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  60 30 30
        Creoles  55 25 30
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  0 5 0
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  85 40 45
        Greek  300 140 155
        Gujarati  30 15 10
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  55 25 35
        Hungarian  25 10 15
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  640 320 325
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  5 5 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  5 5 0
        Malayalam  15 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 10
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  55 20 35
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 15 15
        Polish  60 20 35
        Portuguese  55 25 30
        Romanian  15 10 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  20 15 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 5 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  145 60 80
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 10 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  40 20 20
        Urdu  40 20 15
        Vietnamese  20 10 15
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 5 0 0
  Multiple responses          735 345 385
    English and French  250 110 135
    English and non-official language  80 35 45
    French and non-official language  400 195 205
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kirkland, V, Quebec (Code 2466102) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Kirkland, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Kirkland, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Kirkland, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Kirkland, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec