NHS Profile, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Fredericton, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 91,770 44,775 47,000
Canadian citizens 89,075 43,495 45,580
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,675 9,160 8,515
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,395 34,330 37,065
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,700 1,280 1,420
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 91,770 44,775 46,995
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 85,210 41,565 43,635
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 5,675 2,785 2,895
Before 1971 1,265 555 710
1971 to 1980 835 440 395
1981 to 1990 590 300 290
1991 to 2000 810 385 430
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,180 1,105 1,070
2001 to 2005 660 385 275
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,520 725 795
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 885 420 465
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 5,680 2,785 2,890
Under 5 years 750 335 410
5 to 14 years 1,255 590 660
15 to 24 years 1,205 645 560
25 to 44 years 2,175 1,020 1,155
45 years and over 305 195 110
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 91,770 44,770 47,000
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 85,210 41,570 43,640
Born in province of residence 60,995 29,395 31,605
Born outside province of residence 24,210 12,175 12,035
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 5,680 2,785 2,890
Americas 1,210 615 590
United States 795 380 420
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 50 50 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 50 40 0
Trinidad and Tobago 50 0 40
Colombia 110 65 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 120 55 75
Europe 2,125 1,035 1,090
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 990 485 505
Italy 25 10 0
Germany 420 180 245
Poland 25 0 0
Portugal 15 0 0
Netherlands 130 65 65
France 30 0 0
Romania 60 35 30
Russian Federation 40 40 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 0
Croatia 35 20 20
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 40 45
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 45 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 175 110 65
Africa 385 205 180
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 30 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 25 20
Nigeria 30 0 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 225 125 105
Asia 1,905 900 1,005
India 230 130 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 430 205 220
Philippines 190 45 145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 85 35 45
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 145 80 60
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 430 220 210
Lebanon 125 65 60
Taiwan 25 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 60 25 35
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 130 60 75
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 30 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 55 30 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 885 415 465
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,515 725 790
Americas 190 80 115
United States 60 15 40
Mexico 10 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 35 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 0 25
Europe 160 105 55
France 0 0 0
Germany 25 0 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 10 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 20 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 60 50 15
Other places of birth in Europe 15 0 0
Africa 225 100 120
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 150 65 85
Asia 940 440 500
Philippines 130 0 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 170 75 90
India 30 20 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 115 65 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 335 185 150
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 60 25 30
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 45 25 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 91,770 44,775 47,000
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 7,005 3,430 3,575
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 8,000 4,055 3,950
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 76,760 37,290 39,470
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 91,770 44,770 46,995
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,440 2,275 2,165
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 895 485 410
Chinese 890 440 450
Black 855 445 420
Filipino 245 100 145
Latin American 360 210 145
Arab 260 150 115
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 55 25 35
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 140 75 60
Korean 510 250 260
Japanese 120 60 65
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 20 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 85 35 55
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 87,325 42,500 44,830
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 91,775 44,775 46,995
North American Aboriginal origins 5,135 2,345 2,795
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,365 2,030 2,335
Inuit 130 45 85
Métis 695 305 385
Other North American origins 38,115 18,680 19,435
Acadian 1,845 905 945
American 945 400 550
Canadian 36,265 17,800 18,465
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 85 45 45
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 67,640 32,840 34,805
British Isles origins 57,315 27,430 29,885
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 10 15 0
English 31,500 14,830 16,675
Irish 26,390 12,565 13,825
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 25,805 12,295 13,510
Welsh 2,460 1,210 1,250
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,200 975 1,220
French origins 17,285 8,190 9,100
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 17,285 8,190 9,100
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,020 4,355 4,665
Austrian 140 105 35
Belgian 205 100 110
Dutch 3,025 1,380 1,650
Flemish 50 15 30
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,885 2,880 3,000
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 210 85 130
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,935 900 1,030
Danish 760 340 420
Finnish 195 100 100
Icelandic 70 40 30
Norwegian 480 235 245
Swedish 390 160 235
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 60 35
Eastern European origins 2,705 1,435 1,265
Bulgarian 20 0 15
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 115 55 60
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40 25 15
Estonian 30 0 25
Hungarian 260 115 140
Latvian 45 20 30
Lithuanian 55 40 10
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 1,110 600 510
Romanian 165 100 65
Russian 450 250 200
Slovak 115 70 45
Ukrainian 735 415 315
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 2,470 1,180 1,290
Albanian 40 30 0
Bosnian 80 40 40
Croatian 85 35 50
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 105 60 45
Italian 1,390 655 730
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 40 20 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 295 150 145
Serbian 60 30 30
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 50 40 0
Spanish 370 145 220
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 80 25 60
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 355 170 185
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 280 120 160
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 65 40 20
Caribbean origins 170 75 95
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 60 15 40
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 0 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 0 25
Latin, Central and South American origins 460 235 220
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 25 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 130 80 50
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 25 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 20 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 145 75 70
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 0 20
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 30 0 0
Venezuelan 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 865 450 425
Central and West African origins 150 110 40
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 20 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 10 0 0
Yoruba 25 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 120 75 45
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 110 70 35
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 220 135 90
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 75 55 20
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 30 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 40 0 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 450 195 265
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 60 20 40
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 395 175 225
Asian origins 3,895 1,985 1,910
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,065 575 490
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 60 20 40
Armenian 10 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 200 105 95
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 0 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 655 380 270
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 30 25 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 50 35 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 925 500 425
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 765 425 345
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 0 30
Pakistani 105 50 55
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 60 35 25
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,930 920 1,015
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 930 460 470
Filipino 280 105 175
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 135 70 65
Korean 525 260 260
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 35 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 0 15
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 10 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 15 10 0
Oceania origins 85 35 45
Australian 35 0 30
New Zealander 30 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 91,770 44,770 46,995
Buddhist 290 105 185
Christian 67,045 31,295 35,750
Anglican 8,385 3,955 4,430
Baptist 11,180 5,270 5,905
Catholic 25,705 12,140 13,565
Christian Orthodox 270 150 120
Lutheran 250 115 135
Pentecostal 2,680 1,240 1,445
Presbyterian 1,050 565 490
United Church 9,685 4,240 5,445
Other Christian 7,845 3,620 4,225
Hindu 330 150 180
Jewish 145 85 65
Muslim 690 390 305
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 40 30 10
Other religions 425 160 265
No religious affiliation 22,790 12,555 10,230
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 91,770 44,775 46,995
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,440 1,625 1,820
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,785 1,310 1,480
Métis single identity 450 240 215
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 70 20 50
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 125 60 70
Non-Aboriginal identity 88,330 43,155 45,180
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 91,770 44,775 47,000
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,155 985 1,175
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 89,610 43,790 45,820
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 91,775 44,770 47,000
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,135 2,345 2,795
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,365 2,030 2,335
Métis ancestry 695 310 385
Inuit ancestry 130 50 80
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 86,635 42,435 44,200
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 6,235 2,955 3,285
Aboriginal languages 385 160 230
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 60 0 50
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 330 150 180
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,860 2,800 3,060
Italian 205 60 145
Portuguese 70 30 40
Romanian 95 55 40
Spanish 1,150 505 640
Dutch 140 55 85
Flemish 0 0 0
German 690 385 310
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 30 0 30
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 20 20
Afrikaans 30 0 20
Gaelic languages 55 20 0
Bosnian 60 30 30
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 60 25 30
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 70 35 35
Russian 170 120 50
Serbian 40 30 15
Serbo-Croatian 45 0 40
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 20 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 35 0 25
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 15 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 330 175 150
Hebrew 35 20 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 130 70 60
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 195 100 95
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 25 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 170 80 95
Nepali 45 20 25
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 190 100 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 25 0 0
Malayalam 15 0 0
Tamil 40 30 10
Telugu 60 40 10
Japanese 100 35 65
Korean 510 255 260
Cantonese 25 10 10
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 250 105 140
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 515 280 235
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 25 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 15 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 220 75 145
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 0 0
Swahili 100 50 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 220 55 165
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 90,840 44,330 46,510
Non-movers 76,150 37,140 39,015
Movers 14,685 7,195 7,490
Non-migrants 9,040 4,505 4,540
Migrants 5,645 2,685 2,955
Internal migrants 5,255 2,530 2,730
Intraprovincial migrants 2,960 1,420 1,540
Interprovincial migrants 2,295 1,105 1,195
External migrants 390 160 230
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 86,705 42,180 44,525
Non-movers 46,575 22,270 24,300
Movers 40,130 19,910 20,220
Non-migrants 19,660 9,605 10,055
Migrants 20,470 10,300 10,165
Internal migrants 18,385 9,295 9,095
Intraprovincial migrants 9,245 4,680 4,570
Interprovincial migrants 9,140 4,615 4,525
External migrants 2,080 1,005 1,070
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 76,790 37,075 39,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,760 6,285 6,475
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,640 10,820 10,815
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 42,390 19,965 22,420
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,525 4,395 2,135
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,595 5,265 8,330
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,450 895 1,560
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,815 9,420 10,395
Bachelor's degree 13,005 5,750 7,250
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,815 3,665 3,145
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 50,950 24,640 26,305
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,240 2,690 2,550
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,120 6,615 6,500
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 32,585 15,340 17,250
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,725 3,170 1,555
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,390 4,255 6,135
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,750 710 1,040
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,730 7,200 8,525
Bachelor's degree 10,285 4,435 5,845
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,445 2,765 2,675
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 76,790 37,080 39,715
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 34,405 17,105 17,290
Education 4,295 1,025 3,270
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,125 465 660
Humanities 2,940 1,185 1,760
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,970 1,535 2,435
Business, management and public administration 9,020 2,870 6,150
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,785 955 830
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,225 1,485 745
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,815 7,185 630
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,140 860 280
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,530 980 4,555
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,530 1,420 1,110
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 76,790 37,075 39,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 34,400 17,105 17,290
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,385 19,970 22,420
Location of study inside Canada 39,405 18,360 21,045
Same as province or territory of residence 29,445 13,510 15,930
Another province or territory 9,965 4,850 5,115
Location of study outside Canada 2,980 1,610 1,375
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,635 29,315 27,325
Single responses 55,665 28,910 26,755
English 54,470 28,575 25,895
French 1,105 305 805
Non-official languages 90 35 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 40 10 30
Multiple responses 965 400 565
English and French 930 375 555
English and non-official language 35 30 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,635 29,310 27,320
English 54,470 28,570 25,895
French 1,105 305 800
Non-official language 90 30 55
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 30 55
English and French 925 370 555
English and non-official language 40 25 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 76,790 37,075 39,715
In the labour force 52,165 27,060 25,105
Employed 47,945 24,765 23,180
Unemployed 4,220 2,305 1,920
Not in the labour force 24,625 10,015 14,610
Participation rate 67.9 73.0 63.2
Employment rate 62.4 66.8 58.4
Unemployment rate 8.1 8.5 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 52,165 27,060 25,105
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 795 350 440
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,375 26,715 24,665
Employee 47,910 24,475 23,435
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,465 2,235 1,225
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 52,170 27,065 25,105
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 795 350 445
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,375 26,710 24,660
0 Management occupations 5,635 3,435 2,205
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,980 2,155 5,825
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,125 3,190 935
3 Health occupations 2,975 650 2,330
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,905 5,130 4,780
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,505 675 830
6 Sales and service occupations 12,420 5,175 7,245
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,045 4,820 225
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 860 700 160
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 910 780 135
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 52,165 27,065 25,105
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 795 350 440
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,375 26,715 24,665
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 685 460 230
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 70 50 20
22 Utilities 860 495 365
23 Construction 2,380 2,170 210
31-33 Manufacturing 1,480 1,170 310
41 Wholesale trade 965 775 195
44-45 Retail trade 6,205 2,810 3,390
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,720 1,240 480
51 Information and cultural industries 1,180 645 535
52 Finance and insurance 1,390 555 830
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 660 350 310
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,365 2,060 1,300
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 15 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,610 1,450 1,155
61 Educational services 4,890 1,935 2,950
62 Health care and social assistance 5,115 920 4,195
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 780 375 405
72 Accommodation and food services 3,345 1,220 2,130
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,030 775 1,250
91 Public administration 11,605 7,230 4,380
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 52,165 27,060 25,105
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,965 905 1,065
Worked in 2010 50,200 26,160 24,040
1 to 13 weeks 2,330 1,075 1,255
14 to 26 weeks 4,120 2,025 2,100
27 to 39 weeks 2,965 1,380 1,590
40 to 48 weeks 6,310 3,275 3,040
49 to 52 weeks 34,475 18,415 16,055
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.6 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 52,170 27,065 25,105
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,965 900 1,065
Worked in 2010 50,205 26,165 24,040
Worked full-time in 2010 40,955 23,075 17,875
Worked part-time in 2010 9,250 3,080 6,165
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 47,945 24,760 23,185
Worked at home 2,360 1,155 1,205
Worked outside Canada 150 125 25
No fixed workplace address 4,735 3,455 1,280
Worked at usual place 40,700 20,030 20,670
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 45,435 23,485 21,950
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,550 19,070 16,475
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,005 1,665 2,335
Public transit 1,295 555 740
Walked 3,270 1,595 1,675
Bicycle 650 330 315
Other methods 670 270 400
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 45,435 23,480 21,950
Median commuting duration 15.0 15.1 13.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 45,435 23,485 21,950
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,770 5,265 2,510
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,360 14,335 15,025
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,300 3,880 4,415
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 39,210 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 35,735 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,470 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 39,210 ... ...
1960 or before 9,000 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,225 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,340 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,610 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,350 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,680 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 39,205 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,460 ... ...
5 rooms 6,950 ... ...
6 rooms 5,965 ... ...
7 rooms 5,170 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,655 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 39,205 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,970 ... ...
2 bedrooms 10,645 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,655 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,935 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 39,210 ... ...
Owner 26,440 ... ...
Renter 12,410 ... ...
Band housing 355 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 39,205 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,470 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 37,735 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 39,205 ... ...
1 household maintainer 23,190 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,280 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 735 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 39,205 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,880 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,560 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,915 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,805 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,855 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,310 ... ...
75 years and over 3,885 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 39,210 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,930 ... ...
More than one person per room 275 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 39,210 ... ...
Suitable 37,830 ... ...
Not suitable 1,375 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 38,785 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,905 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,875 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 6,350 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 26,395 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 819 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 931 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 180,097 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 192,921 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 12,410 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 759 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 755 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 76,790 37,075 39,715
Without income 3,095 1,275 1,815
With income 73,700 35,800 37,900
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,055 3,225 3,830
$5,000 to $9,999 5,990 2,040 3,955
$10,000 to $14,999 6,260 2,250 4,015
$15,000 to $19,999 6,720 2,440 4,280
$20,000 to $29,999 10,600 4,315 6,285
$30,000 to $39,999 9,115 4,195 4,915
$40,000 to $49,999 7,895 4,215 3,680
$50,000 to $59,999 6,285 3,950 2,335
$60,000 to $79,999 7,860 4,920 2,945
$80,000 to $99,999 2,845 1,915 930
$100,000 and over 3,065 2,340 725
$100,000 to $124,999 1,575 1,110 460
$125,000 and over 1,490 1,230 265
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,164 38,439 23,710
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,865 45,331 30,813
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 76,790 37,075 39,715
Without after-tax income 3,105 1,275 1,830
With after-tax income 73,685 35,800 37,885
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,270 3,250 4,015
$5,000 to $9,999 6,240 2,065 4,180
$10,000 to $14,999 6,425 2,330 4,095
$15,000 to $19,999 7,510 2,805 4,695
$20,000 to $29,999 12,570 5,340 7,230
$30,000 to $39,999 11,330 5,555 5,770
$40,000 to $49,999 8,800 5,340 3,460
$50,000 to $59,999 5,610 3,530 2,085
$60,000 to $79,999 5,040 3,350 1,690
$80,000 to $99,999 1,595 1,155 440
$100,000 and over 1,295 1,075 225
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,209 33,778 22,001
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,881 37,534 26,540
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.4 91.9 83.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.8 76.7 69.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.8 72.8 68.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 3.9 1.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.9 2.5 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.9 11.1 8.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.6 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.6 8.1 16.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.2 5.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.0 2.1 4.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.8 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.3 0.9 1.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.8 17.2 13.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.2 82.8 86.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 2.4 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,495 17,130 13,360
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,044 50,401 39,910
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,336 57,002 44,073
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,650 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,890 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,571 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,978 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,934 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,335 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,220 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,442 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,349 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,385 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 92,652 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,504 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,963 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,078 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,570 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,125 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,624 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,685 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 39,961 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 16,105 7,380 8,725
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,873 30,744 24,182
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,346 36,242 30,897
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,909 26,786 22,668
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,504 30,402 26,899
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 91,770 44,775 46,995
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 48,180 22,495 25,680
In bottom decile 10,500 4,820 5,680
In second decile 8,910 3,925 4,990
In third decile 9,270 4,500 4,775
In fourth decile 9,540 4,615 4,925
In fifth decile 9,950 4,630 5,320
In top half of the Canadian distribution 43,595 22,285 21,310
In sixth decile 9,790 5,065 4,720
In seventh decile 9,615 4,995 4,620
In eighth decile 9,415 4,680 4,735
In ninth decile 8,400 4,185 4,215
In top decile 6,375 3,355 3,020
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 39,205 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,040 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 940 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,155 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,660 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,785 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,635 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,025 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,415 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,710 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,190 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,900 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 39,205 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,050 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,075 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 990 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,180 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,690 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,560 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,130 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,545 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,115 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,550 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,995 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,555 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 39,205 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,113 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 71,176 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,555 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 59,919 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 10,560 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,022 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,416 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,229 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,608 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,650 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,185 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,616 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,815 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,350 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 90,620 44,185 46,430
Less than 18 years 17,845 9,200 8,645
Less than 6 years 5,965 3,080 2,880
18 to 64 years 60,520 29,560 30,960
65 years and over 12,255 5,425 6,830
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 13,410 5,965 7,445
Less than 18 years 3,170 1,670 1,500
Less than 6 years 1,105 610 500
18 to 64 years 8,895 3,965 4,930
65 years and over 1,335 325 1,010
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.8 13.5 16.0
Less than 18 years (%) 17.8 18.2 17.4
Less than 6 years (%) 18.5 19.8 17.4
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 13.4 15.9
65 years and over (%) 10.9 6.0 14.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, New Brunswick (Code 13003) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Fredericton, New Brunswick

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Fredericton, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 93,181 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 85,886 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 42,258 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,181 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 33.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 2,825.12 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 93,180 45,340 47,840
0 to 4 years 5,185 2,575 2,615
5 to 9 years 4,870 2,430 2,440
10 to 14 years 5,095 2,655 2,440
15 to 19 years 5,725 2,930 2,790
15 years 1,005 520 485
16 years 1,135 575 565
17 years 1,120 565 555
18 years 1,220 635 580
19 years 1,240 635 605
20 to 24 years 8,010 4,145 3,865
25 to 29 years 7,135 3,635 3,495
30 to 34 years 6,360 3,140 3,220
35 to 39 years 6,205 3,020 3,190
40 to 44 years 6,310 3,055 3,260
45 to 49 years 7,065 3,475 3,585
50 to 54 years 6,595 3,220 3,375
55 to 59 years 5,850 2,710 3,140
60 to 64 years 5,580 2,690 2,890
65 to 69 years 4,000 1,855 2,145
70 to 74 years 3,210 1,495 1,715
75 to 79 years 2,440 1,055 1,380
80 to 84 years 1,770 710 1,060
85 years and over 1,780 550 1,230
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.5 37.0 39.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.7 83.1 84.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 78,030 37,680 40,345
Married or living with a common-law partner 45,675 22,850 22,825
Married (and not separated) 37,545 18,775 18,775
Living common law 8,130 4,075 4,050
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 32,350 14,830 17,525
Single (never legally married) 21,405 11,515 9,895
Separated 2,280 920 1,360
Divorced 4,315 1,600 2,720
Widowed 4,350 795 3,550
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,675 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,420 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,925 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,705 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,620 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,675 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,500 ... ...
Married couples 18,445 ... ...
Without children at home 9,310 ... ...
With children at home 9,135 ... ...
1 child 3,875 ... ...
2 children 3,910 ... ...
3 or more children 1,350 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,055 ... ...
Without children at home 2,480 ... ...
With children at home 1,570 ... ...
1 child 850 ... ...
2 children 515 ... ...
3 or more children 205 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,175 ... ...
Female parent 3,370 ... ...
1 child 2,090 ... ...
2 children 985 ... ...
3 or more children 300 ... ...
Male parent 805 ... ...
1 child 550 ... ...
2 children 210 ... ...
3 or more children 45 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 24,805 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,195 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,875 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,170 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,355 ... ...
25 years and over 2,210 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 91,760 44,665 47,095
Number of persons not in census families 17,780 8,335 9,445
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,555 635 925
Living with non-relatives only 5,690 3,235 2,455
Living alone 10,530 4,460 6,065
Number of census family persons 73,980 36,330 37,650
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,375 5,415 6,955
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,015 1,010 3,005
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 435 95 345
Living with non-relatives only 250 95 145
Living alone 3,335 820 2,515
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,360 4,400 3,955
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 39,180 ... ...
Census-family households 26,230 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,455 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,090 ... ...
Without children 10,995 ... ...
With children 10,105 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,360 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,775 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,345 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 845 ... ...
Without children 440 ... ...
With children 405 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 500 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 430 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,955 ... ...
One-person households 10,530 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,420 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 39,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,630 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 390 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,820 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 13,340 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,160 ... ...
Row house 1,315 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,535 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,235 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 39,180 ... ...
1 person 10,535 ... ...
2 persons 14,935 ... ...
3 persons 6,485 ... ...
4 persons 5,060 ... ...
5 persons 1,605 ... ...
6 or more persons 575 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 91,755 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,455 45,065 47,395
  Single responses  91,380 44,565 46,825
    English  79,645 38,795 40,845
    French  7,125 3,405 3,720
    Non-official languages  4,615 2,360 2,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  25 5 20
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,355 2,240 2,105
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  20 15 10
        Arabic  450 265 185
        Armenian  0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Bengali  100 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  30 15 15
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  70 40 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  475 250 220
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  40 15 20
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  25 5 15
        Dutch  140 80 60
        Estonian  10 5 0
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  350 145 205
        Greek  25 15 15
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  85 45 45
        Hungarian  35 20 15
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  75 40 40
        Japanese  50 15 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  545 285 260
        Kurdish  0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  20 15 10
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  180 90 85
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  45 25 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  210 120 90
        Polish  65 25 40
        Portuguese  50 25 25
        Romanian  85 45 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  135 80 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  75 40 30
        Serbo-Croatian  30 15 20
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  275 150 130
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  75 25 50
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  35 20 15
        Telugu  15 10 10
        Thai  35 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  25 15 10
        Ukrainian  30 10 20
        Urdu  60 30 30
        Vietnamese  45 25 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 230 110 120
  Multiple responses          1,070 505 570
    English and French  675 310 370
    English and non-official language  355 170 180
    French and non-official language  20 15 10
    English, French and non-official language 20 15 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,455 45,060 47,395
  English only 72,135 35,810 36,325
  French only 595 285 310
  English and French 19,465 8,845 10,615
  Neither English nor French 255 125 135
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,455 45,060 47,390
  English 84,825 41,415 43,415
  French 7,030 3,360 3,670
  English and French 370 180 185
  Neither English nor French 235 110 125
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,210 3,450 3,765
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 7.8 7.7 7.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,455 45,065 47,390
  Single responses 91,300 44,495 46,805
    English 84,685 41,215 43,470
    French 4,160 1,995 2,165
    Non-official languages 2,455 1,280 1,175
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,385 1,250 1,140
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 0
        Amharic 10 5 0
        Arabic 220 120 100
        Armenian 5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 60 35 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 55 30 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 365 205 160
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 10 5 5
        Czech 0 5 0
        Danish 0 0 5
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 10 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 5 5
        German 65 30 35
        Greek 10 0 5
        Gujarati 5 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 40 15 20
        Hungarian 0 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 10 5 5
        Japanese 15 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 465 240 230
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 20 10 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 145 75 70
        Marathi 0 5 0
        Nepali 35 15 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 160 95 70
        Polish 20 5 15
        Portuguese 15 10 10
        Romanian 40 25 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10
        Russian 95 50 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 70 40 30
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 130 70 60
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30 15 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 15 5 5
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 10 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 5
        Turkish 15 5 10
        Ukrainian 10 0 5
        Urdu 40 15 20
        Vietnamese 35 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 70 35 35
  Multiple responses         1,155 570 585
    English and French 545 250 295
    English and non-official language 575 300 275
    French and non-official language 10 0 5
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 92,455 45,060 47,390
  None 84,240 41,190 43,055
  Single responses  8,045 3,795 4,255
    English  2,875 1,390 1,490
    French  3,380 1,510 1,870
    Non-official languages  1,790 890 900
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 5 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  30 10 20
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,485 745 740
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  10 5 0
        Arabic  190 105 85
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  20 10 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  10 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 45 50
        Creoles  10 0 5
        Croatian  10 5 10
        Czech  5 0 0
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  60 25 35
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  170 85 80
        Greek  10 5 5
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  50 25 20
        Hungarian  25 15 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  20 10 15
        Japanese  30 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  45 30 20
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 20 15
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  25 15 15
        Polish  20 10 10
        Portuguese  15 10 5
        Romanian  20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  30 25 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  190 90 100
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 10 25
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  30 15 15
        Vietnamese  5 0 0
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 270 135 135
  Multiple responses          165 80 85
    English and French  20 10 15
    English and non-official language  40 25 15
    French and non-official language  100 45 55
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, New Brunswick (Code 13003) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Fredericton (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Fredericton, New Brunswick (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Fredericton (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), New Brunswick

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census