NHS Profile, Alfred-Pellan, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Alfred-Pellan, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alfred-Pellan
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 95,425 46,410 49,015
Canadian citizens 91,800 44,550 47,250
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,210 10,220 9,985
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,595 34,325 37,265
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,630 1,855 1,770
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 95,425 46,410 49,015
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 75,640 36,465 39,170
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 19,375 9,735 9,640
Before 1971 4,120 2,235 1,880
1971 to 1980 3,060 1,530 1,530
1981 to 1990 3,110 1,540 1,565
1991 to 2000 4,000 1,905 2,100
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,085 2,525 2,565
2001 to 2005 2,665 1,340 1,325
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,420 1,185 1,240
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 415 210 205
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 19,375 9,735 9,640
Under 5 years 2,125 1,200 925
5 to 14 years 3,555 1,820 1,735
15 to 24 years 5,045 2,390 2,655
25 to 44 years 7,330 3,715 3,615
45 years and over 1,320 615 705
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 95,425 46,410 49,020
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 75,635 36,465 39,170
Born in province of residence 74,155 35,820 38,335
Born outside province of residence 1,480 640 840
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 19,375 9,735 9,640
Americas 7,040 3,275 3,770
United States 420 200 215
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 4,255 1,860 2,395
Mexico 220 110 110
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 345 180 165
El Salvador 355 180 175
Peru 245 135 110
Chile 235 130 105
Other places of birth in Americas 950 475 480
Europe 6,470 3,570 2,900
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 40 30 0
Italy 3,320 1,805 1,510
Germany 60 40 30
Poland 55 20 40
Portugal 795 445 345
Netherlands 10 0 0
France 835 525 315
Romania 575 320 255
Russian Federation 120 60 60
Greece 75 55 15
Ukraine 35 0 25
Croatia 20 0 0
Hungary 10 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 20 20
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 475 220 255
Africa 2,775 1,395 1,385
Morocco 770 375 390
Algeria 1,160 585 575
Egypt 165 95 65
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 675 320 355
Asia 3,070 1,495 1,580
India 55 20 35
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 195 70 130
Philippines 60 10 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 20 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 425 190 235
Pakistan 15 10 10
Sri Lanka 85 45 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 0 25
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 955 535 420
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 55 25 25
Bangladesh 35 0 0
Afghanistan 140 50 90
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 225 120 105
Other places of birth in Asia 715 345 370
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 415 210 205
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,420 1,185 1,240
Americas 1,070 550 520
United States 105 65 40
Mexico 90 55 30
Cuba 45 25 0
Haiti 640 305 330
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 50 20 30
Colombia 80 40 40
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 30 20 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 20 15 10
Europe 330 195 145
France 55 35 20
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 120 75 50
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 15 10 10
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 90 45 40
Africa 575 275 305
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 245 120 125
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 195 90 100
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 50 0 30
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 65 30 35
Asia 440 165 270
Philippines 20 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 10 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 95 30 65
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 75 40 25
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 105 40 60
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 35 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 20 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 95,425 46,410 49,015
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 19,905 10,000 9,905
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 19,125 9,320 9,795
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 56,400 27,085 29,315
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 95,425 46,410 49,015
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 17,835 8,620 9,215
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 285 170 120
Chinese 535 225 310
Black 8,855 4,270 4,585
Filipino 80 20 60
Latin American 2,675 1,325 1,350
Arab 3,670 1,825 1,850
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,255 555 700
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 255 130 125
Korean 20 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 20 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 170 65 95
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 77,590 37,785 39,805
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 95,425 46,410 49,015
North American Aboriginal origins 1,610 705 905
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,485 640 840
Inuit 20 0 0
Métis 120 65 60
Other North American origins 44,445 21,320 23,125
Acadian 320 185 135
American 435 205 235
Canadian 41,895 20,135 21,760
New Brunswicker 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 15 0 15
Québécois 2,400 1,120 1,280
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 46,235 22,880 23,355
British Isles origins 5,320 2,345 2,975
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,360 635 725
Irish 3,275 1,370 1,900
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,240 530 715
Welsh 55 20 35
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 165 75 85
French origins 21,190 10,440 10,750
Alsatian 30 10 20
Breton 145 60 85
French 21,025 10,380 10,650
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,370 1,145 1,225
Austrian 150 60 95
Belgian 825 395 425
Dutch 95 60 30
Flemish 35 0 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,220 565 655
Luxembourger 25 25 0
Swiss 120 70 55
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 155 70 90
Danish 25 20 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 55 0 40
Swedish 60 25 35
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,085 960 1,125
Bulgarian 115 45 70
Byelorussian 10 0 0
Czech 70 30 40
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 55 40 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 205 75 130
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 420 180 240
Romanian 755 380 375
Russian 365 140 220
Slovak 30 15 0
Ukrainian 330 155 180
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 20,895 10,675 10,215
Albanian 45 35 0
Bosnian 10 0 0
Croatian 30 20 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 575 300 275
Italian 17,305 8,790 8,515
Kosovar 40 0 0
Macedonian 30 15 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,935 1,000 935
Serbian 50 20 30
Sicilian 20 0 0
Slovenian 30 0 15
Spanish 1,425 710 715
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 120 80 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 225 90 135
Basque 40 0 25
Jewish 135 60 75
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 50 0 0
Caribbean origins 7,920 3,775 4,145
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 220 95 125
Dominican 260 130 125
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 7,445 3,570 3,875
Jamaican 40 15 25
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 20 15 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 45 20 25
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,135 1,580 1,550
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 85 35 50
Argentinian 115 50 65
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 35 0 25
Brazilian 65 25 40
Chilean 455 260 195
Colombian 435 240 195
Costa Rican 35 30 0
Ecuadorian 30 0 15
Guatemalan 300 160 140
Guyanese 40 0 30
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 115 55 55
Maya 20 0 15
Mexican 330 185 145
Nicaraguan 50 30 20
Panamanian 25 15 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 370 185 180
Salvadorean 715 310 405
Uruguayan 50 30 15
Venezuelan 65 45 20
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 35 10 20
African origins 4,910 2,370 2,545
Central and West African origins 510 225 290
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 35 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 95 55 40
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 160 60 95
Gabonese 30 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 10 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 20 0 15
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 90 30 60
Nigerian 25 0 0
Peulh 25 0 15
Senegalese 110 50 60
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 10 0 10
North African origins 3,285 1,550 1,730
Algerian 1,020 490 530
Berber 840 370 475
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 220 135 85
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,160 520 635
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 165 85 75
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 10 0
Southern and East African origins 185 110 80
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 65 25 40
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 30 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 50 35 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 955 500 455
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 80 35 45
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 950 500 445
Asian origins 6,205 3,145 3,060
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,850 2,070 1,785
Afghan 135 70 65
Arab, n.o.s. 635 295 335
Armenian 250 160 90
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 120 60 65
Iraqi 45 40 10
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 15 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 15 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,935 1,015 915
Palestinian 65 35 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 395 230 160
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 420 240 180
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 430 240 185
Bangladeshi 35 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 270 160 115
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 15 10 10
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 75 50 20
Tamil 15 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 40 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,915 830 1,080
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 305 140 170
Chinese 740 315 425
Filipino 85 20 60
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 15 0 0
Korean 25 0 0
Laotian 210 100 115
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 40 0 0
Thai 55 30 30
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 705 315 385
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 20 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 20 0 0
Oceania origins 15 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 15 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 95,430 46,410 49,020
Buddhist 945 415 530
Christian 81,170 39,055 42,110
Anglican 140 60 80
Baptist 1,095 510 580
Catholic 73,250 35,205 38,045
Christian Orthodox 1,540 760 780
Lutheran 110 65 45
Pentecostal 570 270 300
Presbyterian 45 20 25
United Church 50 0 40
Other Christian 4,370 2,145 2,230
Hindu 160 95 65
Jewish 155 110 45
Muslim 4,645 2,240 2,410
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 80 55 25
No religious affiliation 8,275 4,450 3,830
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 95,425 46,410 49,015
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 575 290 280
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 330 165 165
Métis single identity 185 110 75
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 0 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 94,850 46,115 48,730
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 95,425 46,410 49,015
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 155 70 80
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 95,270 46,340 48,935
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 95,425 46,410 49,020
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,610 705 905
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,485 645 845
Métis ancestry 125 65 60
Inuit ancestry 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 93,815 45,705 48,115
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 34,810 16,765 18,050
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 34,810 16,765 18,045
Italian 13,195 6,435 6,760
Portuguese 1,610 845 765
Romanian 700 355 345
Spanish 6,225 2,900 3,320
Dutch 20 15 0
Flemish 0 0 0
German 275 140 130
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 0 0
Bulgarian 90 30 65
Croatian 25 15 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 15 10
Polish 110 45 70
Russian 330 155 180
Serbian 55 20 30
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 25 20 0
Ukrainian 35 0 30
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 360 185 170
Armenian 150 90 65
Albanian 75 40 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 45 15 30
Turkish 365 200 170
Berber languages (Kabyle) 255 110 145
Oromo 280 140 140
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,470 2,270 2,200
Hebrew 40 35 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 40 0 0
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 40 15 25
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 10 10
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 45 25 20
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 240 105 130
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 120 70 55
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 35 0 25
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 120 55 65
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 100 45 55
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 100 175
Lao 185 80 105
Thai 20 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 245 105 140
Vietnamese 625 275 350
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 60 0 50
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 25 20
Swahili 15 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 5,935 2,790 3,145
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 320 155 170
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 94,450 45,935 48,510
Non-movers 85,935 41,870 44,060
Movers 8,515 4,060 4,450
Non-migrants 4,545 2,085 2,455
Migrants 3,970 1,975 1,995
Internal migrants 3,450 1,715 1,730
Intraprovincial migrants 3,405 1,695 1,710
Interprovincial migrants 45 25 20
External migrants 520 255 265
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 90,285 43,610 46,675
Non-movers 61,500 29,900 31,600
Movers 28,780 13,710 15,075
Non-migrants 14,940 6,980 7,960
Migrants 13,845 6,730 7,115
Internal migrants 11,890 5,750 6,140
Intraprovincial migrants 11,760 5,680 6,080
Interprovincial migrants 130 70 65
External migrants 1,950 985 970
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 78,815 37,940 40,875
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,440 7,480 7,960
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,875 8,810 10,065
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,495 21,650 22,850
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,805 6,935 4,875
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,840 6,040 7,805
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,605 1,975 2,635
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,245 6,705 7,540
Bachelor's degree 9,685 4,125 5,565
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,555 2,580 1,975
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 51,720 24,785 26,935
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,280 3,260 3,020
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,740 5,105 5,635
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 34,695 16,420 18,275
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,060 5,045 4,015
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,910 4,255 5,660
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,570 1,545 2,025
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,155 5,580 6,575
Bachelor's degree 8,295 3,545 4,750
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,855 2,035 1,825
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 78,815 37,940 40,875
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 34,315 16,290 18,025
Education 3,275 665 2,615
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,675 750 930
Humanities 2,475 1,055 1,420
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,930 1,260 2,670
Business, management and public administration 11,825 4,610 7,215
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,585 845 740
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,025 1,345 685
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,005 8,300 700
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 360 200 155
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,615 1,195 4,415
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,735 1,430 1,295
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 78,815 37,940 40,875
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 34,315 16,295 18,020
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,500 21,650 22,850
Location of study inside Canada 40,520 19,500 21,015
Same as province or territory of residence 39,920 19,205 20,720
Another province or territory 600 300 300
Location of study outside Canada 3,980 2,150 1,830
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,145 28,120 27,020
Single responses 50,255 25,455 24,795
English 6,190 3,110 3,085
French 43,785 22,185 21,600
Non-official languages 270 160 105
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 65 45 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 40 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 150 95 55
Multiple responses 4,890 2,660 2,225
English and French 4,505 2,445 2,055
English and non-official language 15 10 0
French and non-official language 135 70 65
English, French and non-official language 230 135 100
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,145 28,120 27,025
English 6,195 3,105 3,090
French 43,785 22,185 21,600
Non-official language 270 165 105
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 270 160 105
English and French 4,505 2,445 2,055
English and non-official language 20 10 0
French and non-official language 135 65 65
English, French and non-official language 235 135 100
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 78,815 37,940 40,875
In the labour force 52,220 26,415 25,805
Employed 48,760 24,470 24,290
Unemployed 3,465 1,945 1,520
Not in the labour force 26,595 11,525 15,070
Participation rate 66.3 69.6 63.1
Employment rate 61.9 64.5 59.4
Unemployment rate 6.6 7.4 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 52,220 26,415 25,810
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,180 580 600
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,040 25,835 25,205
Employee 45,715 22,065 23,655
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,325 3,775 1,550
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 52,225 26,415 25,805
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,185 585 600
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,045 25,835 25,210
0 Management occupations 5,880 3,930 1,945
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,235 2,845 7,390
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,355 2,630 725
3 Health occupations 3,700 650 3,050
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,310 1,555 3,755
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,300 560 740
6 Sales and service occupations 12,530 5,860 6,670
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 6,520 6,240 285
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 205 180 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,005 1,380 625
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 52,220 26,415 25,805
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,180 585 600
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,040 25,830 25,205
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 195 125 70
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 30 25
22 Utilities 390 245 150
23 Construction 3,565 3,005 565
31-33 Manufacturing 5,290 3,615 1,670
41 Wholesale trade 2,905 1,555 1,350
44-45 Retail trade 6,875 3,335 3,540
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,480 1,855 625
51 Information and cultural industries 1,200 680 520
52 Finance and insurance 2,395 795 1,595
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 925 550 375
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,090 2,250 1,835
55 Management of companies and enterprises 60 40 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,240 1,320 925
61 Educational services 3,555 965 2,590
62 Health care and social assistance 6,685 1,340 5,340
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 900 520 375
72 Accommodation and food services 2,440 1,215 1,230
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,130 1,040 1,085
91 Public administration 2,665 1,350 1,310
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 52,220 26,415 25,805
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,645 1,265 1,375
Worked in 2010 49,580 25,150 24,425
1 to 13 weeks 2,240 1,015 1,220
14 to 26 weeks 3,580 2,020 1,555
27 to 39 weeks 2,550 1,240 1,310
40 to 48 weeks 9,425 4,625 4,800
49 to 52 weeks 31,785 16,250 15,535
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.2 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 52,220 26,415 25,805
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,640 1,265 1,380
Worked in 2010 49,580 25,155 24,430
Worked full-time in 2010 40,250 21,685 18,560
Worked part-time in 2010 9,330 3,465 5,865
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 48,760 24,470 24,290
Worked at home 2,475 1,405 1,070
Worked outside Canada 75 50 20
No fixed workplace address 4,175 3,080 1,095
Worked at usual place 42,035 19,935 22,100
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,210 23,015 23,195
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,840 19,215 16,630
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,435 485 955
Public transit 7,330 2,680 4,650
Walked 925 300 615
Bicycle 250 125 125
Other methods 430 210 220
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,210 23,015 23,195
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.3 30.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,210 23,015 23,195
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,850 8,415 5,435
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,185 10,605 13,580
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,180 3,995 4,180
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 36,840 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 34,935 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,905 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 36,840 ... ...
1960 or before 5,745 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,170 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,260 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,025 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,400 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,235 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 36,840 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,955 ... ...
5 rooms 6,130 ... ...
6 rooms 5,555 ... ...
7 rooms 5,395 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,810 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 36,835 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,395 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,820 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,975 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,645 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 36,840 ... ...
Owner 27,030 ... ...
Renter 9,805 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 36,840 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,450 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 33,385 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 36,840 ... ...
1 household maintainer 21,260 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,115 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 460 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 36,835 ... ...
Under 25 years 645 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,145 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,665 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,600 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,005 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,025 ... ...
75 years and over 3,750 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 36,840 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 36,445 ... ...
More than one person per room 395 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 36,835 ... ...
Suitable 35,090 ... ...
Not suitable 1,750 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 36,780 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 28,605 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,175 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,010 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,005 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 973 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,048 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 262,077 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 301,131 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,800 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 4.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 708 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 745 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 78,815 37,940 40,875
Without income 4,385 1,885 2,500
With income 74,430 36,060 38,370
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,550 3,550 2,995
$5,000 to $9,999 5,640 2,105 3,535
$10,000 to $14,999 6,570 2,295 4,280
$15,000 to $19,999 6,505 2,470 4,035
$20,000 to $29,999 10,695 4,830 5,865
$30,000 to $39,999 10,875 5,060 5,810
$40,000 to $49,999 8,380 4,145 4,235
$50,000 to $59,999 5,880 3,155 2,725
$60,000 to $79,999 7,195 4,140 3,060
$80,000 to $99,999 2,770 1,805 965
$100,000 and over 3,370 2,505 870
$100,000 to $124,999 1,545 1,135 410
$125,000 and over 1,825 1,370 455
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,038 35,510 27,178
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,752 44,935 32,942
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 78,815 37,940 40,875
Without after-tax income 4,400 1,885 2,515
With after-tax income 74,420 36,055 38,365
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,710 3,590 3,120
$5,000 to $9,999 5,810 2,140 3,670
$10,000 to $14,999 6,780 2,410 4,370
$15,000 to $19,999 7,185 2,875 4,310
$20,000 to $29,999 13,490 6,150 7,335
$30,000 to $39,999 13,075 6,440 6,635
$40,000 to $49,999 9,000 4,750 4,250
$50,000 to $59,999 5,395 2,930 2,460
$60,000 to $79,999 4,200 2,690 1,515
$80,000 to $99,999 1,435 1,020 410
$100,000 and over 1,340 1,055 285
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,064 31,313 24,796
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,948 36,026 28,115
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.9 90.6 82.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.4 75.2 71.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.1 69.9 68.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.3 5.3 3.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.6 5.7 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.6 8.2 6.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.4 1.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.1 9.4 17.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.3 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.5 4.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.5 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.3 0.2 5.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.9 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.6 19.8 14.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.4 80.2 85.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.2 2.8 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 27,620 14,815 12,810
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,421 46,287 39,585
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,785 57,389 45,305
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,555 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,834 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,197 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,192 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,321 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,272 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,150 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,339 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,286 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,135 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,081 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,074 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,977 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,914 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,285 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,245 ... ...
Average family income ($) 60,045 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,249 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,824 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 10,545 4,565 5,985
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,678 33,710 28,356
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,825 42,476 34,277
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,733 29,798 25,821
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,250 33,897 29,231
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 95,430 46,410 49,015
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 47,470 22,220 25,250
In bottom decile 6,600 3,175 3,430
In second decile 7,720 3,255 4,465
In third decile 11,065 5,105 5,955
In fourth decile 11,235 5,445 5,790
In fifth decile 10,855 5,240 5,620
In top half of the Canadian distribution 47,955 24,190 23,760
In sixth decile 11,435 5,635 5,800
In seventh decile 11,720 5,875 5,850
In eighth decile 9,900 5,090 4,810
In ninth decile 7,820 3,980 3,840
In top decile 7,080 3,610 3,470
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 36,835 ... ...
Under $5,000 735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 440 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 920 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,690 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,740 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,500 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,430 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,370 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,120 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,680 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,755 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,075 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,380 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 36,835 ... ...
Under $5,000 770 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 455 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 930 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,790 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,300 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,170 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,280 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,370 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,395 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,830 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,805 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 36,835 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 64,737 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,299 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,171 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 64,541 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,725 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,201 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,755 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,427 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,657 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,110 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,105 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 90,263 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 66,495 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,437 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 95,425 46,410 49,020
Less than 18 years 20,920 10,665 10,255
Less than 6 years 6,220 3,335 2,885
18 to 64 years 60,690 29,385 31,305
65 years and over 13,810 6,360 7,460
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 10,505 4,740 5,765
Less than 18 years 2,570 1,315 1,255
Less than 6 years 915 460 450
18 to 64 years 6,360 2,995 3,370
65 years and over 1,575 435 1,135
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.0 10.2 11.8
Less than 18 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.2
Less than 6 years (%) 14.7 13.8 15.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.2 10.8
65 years and over (%) 11.4 6.8 15.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Alfred-Pellan, Quebec (Code 24004) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Alfred-Pellan, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Alfred-Pellan, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Alfred-Pellan
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 98,040 47,940 50,105
0 to 4 years 5,120 2,645 2,480
5 to 9 years 5,405 2,690 2,715
10 to 14 years 6,030 3,140 2,885
15 to 19 years 7,155 3,645 3,505
15 years 1,355 685 670
16 years 1,425 730 700
17 years 1,480 735 745
18 years 1,415 740 675
19 years 1,480 755 720
20 to 24 years 6,095 3,080 3,020
25 to 29 years 4,985 2,555 2,430
30 to 34 years 5,330 2,580 2,750
35 to 39 years 6,040 2,905 3,135
40 to 44 years 7,180 3,475 3,705
45 to 49 years 8,445 4,220 4,225
50 to 54 years 8,465 4,155 4,315
55 to 59 years 6,725 3,250 3,475
60 to 64 years 5,585 2,735 2,855
65 to 69 years 4,595 2,175 2,420
70 to 74 years 3,775 1,735 2,040
75 to 79 years 3,350 1,520 1,825
80 to 84 years 2,255 935 1,320
85 years and over 1,500 485 1,020
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.1 41.2 43.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.1 82.3 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 81,485 39,460 42,025
Married or living with a common-law partner 47,255 23,700 23,555
Married (and not separated) 35,095 17,630 17,465
Living common law 12,155 6,070 6,085
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 34,230 15,760 18,470
Single (never legally married) 23,380 12,500 10,880
Separated 1,365 560 800
Divorced 5,025 1,765 3,260
Widowed 4,460 935 3,530
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,810 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,690 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,140 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,440 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,540 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,810 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 23,105 ... ...
Married couples 17,045 ... ...
Without children at home 7,075 ... ...
With children at home 9,965 ... ...
1 child 3,335 ... ...
2 children 4,665 ... ...
3 or more children 1,965 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,060 ... ...
Without children at home 2,830 ... ...
With children at home 3,225 ... ...
1 child 1,385 ... ...
2 children 1,395 ... ...
3 or more children 450 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,705 ... ...
Female parent 3,715 ... ...
1 child 2,170 ... ...
2 children 1,130 ... ...
3 or more children 415 ... ...
Male parent 1,000 ... ...
1 child 620 ... ...
2 children 290 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 32,050 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,160 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,290 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,175 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,545 ... ...
25 years and over 3,885 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 95,520 46,450 49,065
Number of persons not in census families 12,550 5,480 7,070
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,990 715 1,275
Living with non-relatives only 1,855 1,070 785
Living alone 8,705 3,690 5,015
Number of census family persons 82,965 40,970 41,995
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,030 6,360 7,670
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,235 1,155 3,080
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 800 155 645
Living with non-relatives only 250 120 130
Living alone 3,190 885 2,305
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,795 5,200 4,590
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 36,870 ... ...
Census-family households 27,275 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,150 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,365 ... ...
Without children 9,170 ... ...
With children 12,195 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,785 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,120 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,605 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,025 ... ...
Without children 350 ... ...
With children 680 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 580 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 520 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,595 ... ...
One-person households 8,705 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 895 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 36,870 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,345 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 745 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 20 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,760 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,405 ... ...
Row house 890 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 775 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,610 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 36,870 ... ...
1 person 8,705 ... ...
2 persons 12,175 ... ...
3 persons 6,210 ... ...
4 persons 6,490 ... ...
5 persons 2,315 ... ...
6 or more persons 970 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 95,515 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 96,405 46,840 49,565
  Single responses  93,195 45,275 47,915
    English  6,190 3,210 2,980
    French  62,730 30,065 32,670
    Non-official languages  24,270 12,005 12,270
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,125 11,930 12,190
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  70 40 30
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  2,920 1,520 1,400
        Armenian  95 50 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  145 75 65
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  40 20 20
        Bulgarian  60 25 35
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  40 20 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  225 110 120
        Creoles  2,630 1,095 1,530
        Croatian  65 30 35
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  20 10 10
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  140 65 75
        Greek  260 135 125
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  85 45 45
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  9,745 4,950 4,790
        Japanese  5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  240 110 130
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  15 5 5
        Lao  105 45 55
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  25 10 10
        Lithuanian  10 10 0
        Macedonian  10 5 10
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  35 15 25
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  185 105 80
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  25 15 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  115 55 55
        Polish  125 50 75
        Portuguese  1,175 570 610
        Romanian  740 375 365
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  175 75 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 5
        Slovenian  25 10 15
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  3,425 1,730 1,695
        Swahili  15 10 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  60 10 45
        Taiwanese  0 5 0
        Tamil  125 65 60
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  145 70 75
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  40 10 25
        Vietnamese  505 250 260
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 150 70 75
  Multiple responses          3,210 1,565 1,645
    English and French  800 390 410
    English and non-official language  460 230 230
    French and non-official language  1,610 775 830
    English, French and non-official language 340 165 175
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 96,400 46,840 49,565
  English only 2,015 1,070 945
  French only 39,925 17,595 22,335
  English and French 53,435 27,810 25,625
  Neither English nor French 1,030 365 660
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 96,405 46,840 49,565
  English 14,985 7,635 7,350
  French 75,530 36,235 39,300
  English and French 4,885 2,615 2,270
  Neither English nor French 1,005 360 645
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 17,425 8,945 8,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 18.1 19.1 17.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 96,400 46,840 49,565
  Single responses 90,790 44,110 46,675
    English 13,565 6,905 6,660
    French 67,830 32,690 35,135
    Non-official languages 9,390 4,515 4,880
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,360 4,500 4,865
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 40 20 20
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,290 635 660
        Armenian 70 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 55 25 30
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 35 20 15
        Bulgarian 55 25 25
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 30 15 15
        Chinese, n.o.s. 140 70 70
        Creoles 880 340 540
        Croatian 35 15 20
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 35 15 15
        Greek 80 40 40
        Gujarati 5 5 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 55 25 30
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 2,000 975 1,025
        Japanese 0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 160 75 80
        Korean 5 0 0
        Kurdish 10 0 0
        Lao 75 30 40
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 0 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 35 15 25
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 45 25 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 5 5
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 80 40 45
        Polish 60 30 35
        Portuguese 445 215 235
        Romanian 580 295 285
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 120 65 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 5
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 2,195 1,100 1,100
        Swahili 0 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 120 55 65
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 100 45 55
        Ukrainian 15 5 10
        Urdu 25 5 15
        Vietnamese 375 185 195
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 30 15 15
  Multiple responses         5,615 2,730 2,885
    English and French 1,175 580 595
    English and non-official language 660 320 340
    French and non-official language 3,005 1,460 1,545
    English, French and non-official language 770 365 405
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 96,400 46,835 49,565
  None 72,335 35,020 37,320
  Single responses  21,410 10,500 10,910
    English  5,200 2,615 2,585
    French  6,350 3,110 3,240
    Non-official languages  9,860 4,775 5,090
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,740 4,725 5,015
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  20 10 10
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,320 670 650
        Armenian  25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
        Bengali  0 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 30 25
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  0 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  50 25 30
        Creoles  2,350 1,045 1,305
        Croatian  15 10 5
        Czech  5 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  35 15 15
        Greek  120 60 55
        Gujarati  0 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  5 0 5
        Hungarian  10 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  3,845 1,905 1,935
        Japanese  5 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 30 40
        Korean  5 0 0
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  40 15 25
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  5 0 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  90 55 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  15 10 5
        Polish  10 5 10
        Portuguese  375 180 195
        Romanian  95 50 50
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  30 15 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  830 435 395
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 0 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  15 0 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 15 15
        Ukrainian  10 5 5
        Urdu  10 5 5
        Vietnamese  75 35 40
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 50 70
  Multiple responses          2,655 1,320 1,335
    English and French  690 350 340
    English and non-official language  730 350 380
    French and non-official language  1,225 615 610
    English, French and non-official language  10 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Alfred-Pellan, Quebec (Code 24004) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Alfred-Pellan (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Alfred-Pellan, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Alfred-Pellan, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data <