Income Explorer, 2021 Census

Release date: April 17, 2024

This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations to show statistics of selected income sources by various characteristics and geographies.

The '2019/2020 Income' visualization shows median values of selected income sources by age and selected geographies for 2019 and 2020. This visualization aims to show the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on various income sources across Canada.

The 'Characteristics' visualization shows average and the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, 95th, 96th, 97th, 98th and 99th percentiles for selected income sources, various population groups and geography. Enter an income value to view its standing in relation to these statistics.

A corresponding table below the chart shows income statistics for the categories selected.

Data Table


  1. Median income is the amount that divides an income distribution into two halves. It is the income level at which half of the units have income above it and half below it.
  2. Income for 2019 is presented in 2020 constant dollars.
  3. The 90th percentile means 90% of the population with an income falls below this threshold, the 50th percentile is the median where 50% of the population is above and 50% is below. The 25th percentile means 75% of the population is above this threshold and 25% of the population is below.
  4. Income statistics of individuals are calculated only for those with income (positive or negative). For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary and Census Income Reference Guide.
  5. Gender refers to an individual's personal and social identity as a man, woman or non-binary person (a person who is not exclusively a man or a woman).

    Gender includes the following concepts:

    • gender identity, which refers to the gender that a person feels internally and individually;
    • gender expression, which refers to the way a person presents their gender, regardless of their gender identity, through body language, aesthetic choices or accessories (e.g., clothes, hairstyle and makeup), which may have traditionally been associated with a specific gender.

    A person's gender may differ from their sex at birth, and from what is indicated on their current identification or legal documents such as their birth certificate, passport or driver's licence. A person's gender may change over time.

    Some people may not identify with a specific gender.

    Given that the non-binary population is small, data aggregation to a two-category gender variable is sometimes necessary to protect the confidentiality of responses provided. In these cases, individuals in the category "non-binary persons" are distributed into the other two gender categories and are denoted by the "+" symbol.

    "Men+" includes men (and/or boys), as well as some non-binary persons.

    "Women+" includes women (and/or girls), as well as some non-binary persons.

    For additional information, see Filling the gaps: Information on gender in the 2021 Census.

  6. Values suppressed due to confidentiality rules are displaying as zeros in the data visualization tool and accompanying data table.

Source: Statistics Canada, Census of Population, 2021.

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