Data visualization, 2021 Census

The 2021 Census of Population collects data for the total population of Canada. As the amount of data gathered increases, data visualizations have been introduced to help people, business owners, academics, and management at all levels, understand key information derived from the data. Data visualization can be used to quickly communicate a message, to simplify the presentation of large amounts of data, to see data patterns and relationships, and to monitor changes in variables over time.

2021 Census of Population data visualization

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2021 Census of Population data visualization
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Product Product type

Title:Age Pyramids

Interactive chart: 98-504-X2021001

Description: Age pyramids are dynamic applications that allow users to see the evolution of the age structure of the Canadian population over a given time period and for selected geographies.

Interactive chart

Title:Income Explorer, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021002

Description: This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations showing statistics of selected income sources by various characteristics and geographies.

Interactive chart

Title:Interprovincial migration by language group in Canada from 1976 to 2021

Interactive dashboard: 71-607-X2023031

Description: This product offers a visual overview of interprovincial migration by language group in Canada from 1976 to 2021. The language variables showcased in this product are the first official language spoken and mother tongue. It provides information on the number and rate of in-migrants, out-migrants and the net migration of each province and territory from 1976 to 2021. Data can be filtered by province or territory, language variable, language group, and group of migrants.

Interactive dashboard

Title:Focus on Geography Series

Profile of a community or region: 98-404-X2021001

Description: Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2021 Census. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product. The geographic levels presented in this product include Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations, census divisions and census subdivisions.

Profile of a community or region

Title:Canadian-born Black populations: Educational attainment and earnings

Infographic: 11-627-M2023048

Description: This infographic analyzes three different Canadian-born Black populations: those with at least one parent born in Africa, those with at least one parent born in the Caribbean, and those with both parents born in Canada. It looks at how educational attainment differs between the three different Canadian-born Black populations, and how education along with other factors contributes to earnings differences between the different Black populations and between Black and non-Indigenous non-racialized populations.


Title:Municipal Quality of Life Dashboard

Interactive dashboard: 71-607-X2023025

Description: This interactive dashboard presents selected quality of life indicators for Canadian municipalities. It presents the most recent data available from the Census of Population for census subdivisions.

Interactive dashboard

Title:A portrait of non-permanent residents in Canada

Infographic: 11-627-M2023039

Description: This infographic uses data from the 2021 Census of Population to provide a profile on non-permanent residents (NPRs) living in Canada. It presents various demographic and socio-economic characteristics of NPRs, and disaggregates by type of non-permanent resident. It reports on the topics of age, country of origin, labour market outcomes, and housing.


Title:Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV)

Interactive dashboard: 98-507-X2021001

Description: The Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV) is an advanced web-based data visualization tool that will make statistical information more interpretable by presenting key indicators in a statistical dashboard. The CPDV makes it easy to find many places in Canada, see them on a map, and get basic geographic and sociodemographic data for those places. To find a specific place of interest, you can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or you can search by place name or postal code. The CPDV then displays the appropriate thematic map showing boundaries and other features. The CPDV will also enable users to easily compare indicator values for different places and help identify relationships between indicators.

Interactive dashboard

Title:Thematic maps

Thematic map: 92-173-X

Description: A thematic map focuses on the spatial variability of a specific distribution or theme (such as population density or average annual income) for standard geographic areas, whereas a reference map focuses on the location and names of geographic features. Thematic maps normally include some location or reference information to help users familiarize themselves with the geographic area covered on the map.

Thematic map

Title:Indigenous languages in Canada, 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M2023029

Description: Using data from the 2021 Census of Population, this infographic shows the relative number of Indigenous people who can speak an Indigenous language well enough to conduct a conversation by language. It also shows the percent growth or decline in number of Indigenous people who can speak each Indigenous language since the 2016 Census of Population.


Title:Employed labour force who worked full year, full time and reported employment income in 2020, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021006

Description: This interactive diagram shows the proportion of employed labour force in each occupation category, as well as the median employment income of the employed labour force who worked full year, full time and reported employment income in 2020.

Interactive chart

Title:Children eligible for instruction in the minority official language, 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M2022084

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, this infographic provides information on children eligible for instruction in the minority official language in Canada.


Title:Going to college after finishing a degree

Infographic: 11-627-M2022083

Description: This infographic shows the proportion of college students who had previously completed a bachelor’s degree or higher, including information by province, gender, and immigrant status.


Title:Commuting in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic: What changed from 2016 to 2021?

Infographic: 11-627-M2022081

Description: Based on the 2021 Census data, the following infographic looks at changes in commuting in Canada since 2016.


Title:Diversity of Canada’s Veterans and Military Population

Infographic: 11-627-M2021074

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, this infographic presents highlights of the diversity of the military and Veteran population in Canada.


Title:Immigrant population by selected places of birth, admission category and period of immigration, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021005

Description: These interactive charts show the distribution of the immigrant population by selected places of birth and by various geographic regions in Canada. Two charts are presented: one is for places of birth and the second, geographic areas. Selecting the outer ring of a region expands the number of regions with corresponding distributions in the place of residence chart. Selecting a place of residence shows the distribution from the places of birth.

Interactive chart

Title:Overview of Canadian citizenship in 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M2022070

Description: Based on the 2021 Census data, the following infographic provides information on Canadian citizenship.


Title:How the Census counts Indigenous People in Urban Areas

Infographic: 11-627-M2022059

Description: The infographic provides a high-level description of how the Census counts people, including Indigenous people, particularly those in urban areas. This includes efforts before and during data collection including communications and advertising, reminders, follow up calls and visits, and special outreach. It also outlines the practice of counting people based on usual place of residence on Census day. Finally, the infographic discusses studies that Statistics Canada undertakes to estimate undercoverage, that is, the net impact of some people being missed and others that are being counted more than once by the Census.


Title:Housing indicators, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021004

Description: This interactive chart is comprised of two visualizations which show statistics of housing outcomes for selected population groups. The chart displays one of four housing indicators: affordability, core housing need, suitability and adequacy. The data table describes the population group's tenure status of household. Housing outcomes can be produced by making selections from the age, gender, characteristic, household type and geography dropdown menus.

Interactive chart

Title:Core housing need in Canada

Infographic: 11-627-M2022056

Description: This infographic shows core housing need rates in Canada from the 2021 Census of Population.


Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

Infographic: 11-627-M2022057

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic shows population statistics for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada.


Title:Mother tongue by geography, 2021 Census

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021003

Description: This interactive tree map shows the proportion of the population by mother tongue. You can search by one of two criteria: region or language.

Interactive chart

Title:Increasing diversity of languages, other than English or French, spoken at home

Infographic: 11-627-M2022051

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about the languages spoken at home in Canada.


Title:More than one language in the bag: The rate of English–French bilingualism is increasing in Quebec and decreasing outside Quebec

Infographic: 11-627-M2022052

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic is about English-French bilingualism in Canada.


Title:Income in Canada, 2020

Infographic: 11-627-M2022040

Description: Based on the data from the 2021 Census, the following infographic looks at income in Canada for 2020, including median household income, the prevalence of low-income and income inequality.


Title:A portrait of Canada’s families in 2021

Infographic: 11-627-M2022039

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic provides information on Canada’s families.


Title:Ranking of the 10 most populated municipalities, 1901 to 2021

Interactive chart: 98-505-X2021001

Description: The interactive ribbon chart is a data visualization product that shows the evolution of most populated municipalities over time. It depicts the top 10 municipalities (also called census subdivisions, or CSDs) ranked by population for each census year.

Interactive chart

Data visualization from previous censuses

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